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Creativity in Everyday Literacy Practices: The contribution of an ethnographic approach  [cached]
Karin Tusting,Uta Papen
Literacy and Numeracy Studies , 2011,
Abstract: In this article we explore creativity in everyday literacies. We argue that much creativity can be found in the seemingly mundane and repetitive acts of text production and text use that are part of everyday life and work. Such creativity can only be identified, however, if we look beyond the texts themselves and examine the practices of making and engaging with texts. Once we leave aside conventional text-based notions of creativity, which focus on aesthetic features of language, we can understand creativity as a ‘popular’ and ‘ubiquitous’ event. To support our argument, we give examples from two different contexts: research on literacy in a parish community in the North-West of England and a study of literacy in relation to community-based tourism in Namibia.
OxyContin, prescription opioid abuse and economic medicalization
Poitras G
Medicolegal and Bioethics , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/MB.S32040
Abstract: ntin, prescription opioid abuse and economic medicalization Original Research (750) Total Article Views Authors: Poitras G Published Date November 2012 Volume 2012:2 Pages 31 - 43 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/MB.S32040 Received: 17 September 2012 Accepted: 23 October 2012 Published: 23 November 2012 Geoffrey Poitras Faculty of Business Administration, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada Abstract: This paper examines the relevance of OxyContin diversion and abuse to the economic medicalization of substance abuse and addiction. Given that medicalization is the general social process of nonmedical problems being transformed into medical problems, economic medicalization occurs where the motivation for the transformation is commercial profitability or, in a corporate context, achieving the objective of shareholder wealth maximization. After considering potential conflicts between medical ethics and business ethics, practical aspects of economic medicalization are detailed by considering the methods used to market OxyContin by Purdue Pharma. Illegal practices are identified and contrasted with legal practices that facilitated economic medicalization. Implications of medicalization research for designing public heath solutions to the epidemic of prescription opioid abuse are discussed.
Conceptions and practices of health promotion according to dental students in Santa Catarina - Brazil
Luciane Campos,Ricardo Carniel,Gregory Hacke Azambuja,Elisabete Rabaldo Bottan
Revista Brasileira em Promo??o da Saúde , 2012,
Abstract: Objective: To investigate conceptions, practices and knowledge expressed by dental students in Santa Catarina, Brazil, concerning health promotion. Methods: This research was a descriptive study with qualitative approach, by means of primary data collection. The target population was composed by dental students in the State of Santa Catarina. The sample consisted of 148 freshmen students and 122 academic graduates. The data was obtained by the application of a semi-structured interview. For analysis, the Content Analysis principles were adopted. Results: The most cited concepts of health promotion by freshmen and seniors were: self-care/quality of life (37.3% and 19.4%), development of personal skills (18.4% and 34.6%), healthy public politics (3.8% and 3.5%), strengthening of community action (7.4% and 7.3%), reorientation of health care services (11.3% and 12.4%), prevention/treatment (21.5% and 23.7%). As health promotion practices, freshmen and seniors cited: development of personal skills (36.2% and 47.1%), prevention/treatment (38.4% and 35.3%), promotion of healthy environments (16.5% and 4.7%), strengthening of community action (6.7% and 6.7%), reorientation of health care services (1.3% and 5.1%) and healthy public politics (0.9% and 1.2%). Conclusion: Part of the subjects expressed concepts and practices of health promotion linked to the curative-preventive action, which is a mistake. However, a significant proportion of the interviewees mentioned concepts and practices accordingly to health promotion, which may indicate a moment of transition, where the biomedical model is gradually being replaced by the model of health promotion.
"The Needs of Consumers Oblige": Daily Problems and Criticism of the System in Public Letters in the 1960s and 1980s  [cached]
Reet Ruusmann
Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics , 2010,
Abstract: This article examines public letters as an expression of everyday household problems and practices. The sources used are those letters from among the archival materials of the Tartu Retail Trade Association and the Tallinn Markets Administration that have survived from the 1960s and 1980s. Using qualitative thematic analysis, I examine the points of criticism that have arisen in connection with retail trade and the (deficit) reality behind it, along with specific behavioural practices. In addition, my aim is to show the relations between individuals and the state, and their dynamics, by presenting criticism with the help of discourse analysis.
Knowledge & Perceptions of ICDS Anganwadi Workers with Reference To Promotion of Community Based Complementary Feeding Practices in Semi Tribal Gujarat  [PDF]
Purvi Parikh, Kavita Sharma
National Journal of Community Medicine , 2011,
Abstract: Objective: To assess ICDS anganwadi workersa€ knowledge and perception regarding promotion and enhance community based complementary feeding practices. Methodology: Total 17 anganwadi workersa€ (AWWs) from one semi tribal sector (covering approximately 850 children under three two years) of Vadodara district in Gujarat state, India were purposely selected. This study employed interview with AWWs as a principal method of data collection using a pretested semi-structured interview schedule. The entire interview was divided into 8 themes. Results: The knowledge of AWWs with regard to key IYCF practices was average. None of the AWWs knew the complete rationale for promoting breastfeeding till 2 years and beyond. Merely 65% AWWs recommended food with thick consistency while 47% recommended liquid diets for children. These practices in fact are one of the primary reasons which can be attributed to low energy and protein intake during complementary feeding. As low as 18% AWWs advised giving small frequent feeds during illness and only 6% advised additional meal after illness. None of the AWWs recommended persistence in feeding the child with required quantity of food. Total 41% listed sickness as key reason for child not feeling hungry, missing out on the other two imperative reasons i.e. micronutrient deficiency and mouth lesion. Conclusion: Overall knowledge and perceptions for promoting of community based CF practices was average amongst the ICDS AWWs with a percent score of 40%. The AWWs were aware of key IYCF practices, however the AWWs perceptions and knowledge with regard to the rationale applicable to the appropriate recommended CF practices being promoted was rather poor. This is noted to be a critical gap and needs to be addressed for equipping the ICDS frontline workers for effectively promoting successful adoptions of CF practices by community.
Every Kind of Everyday...  [cached]
Natalya Lusty
Cultural Studies Review , 2011,
Abstract: A review of Michael Sheringham, Everyday Life: Theories and Practices from Surrealism to the Present (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2006) and Kathleen Stewart, Ordinary Affects (Duke University Press, Durham and London, 2007)
COMPARATIVE STUDY REGARDING EU URBAN AREAS TOURISM PROMOTION USING OFFICIAL WEBSITES – EXAMPLES OF GOOD PRACTICES FOR ROMANIA’S CAPITAL CITY
Ruxandra Irina POPESCU,Alina-Georgiana PROFIROIU
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: At the beginning of the 21 st century the importance of Internet has gained dimensions which cannot be ignored both in respect of the business environment, as well as in respect of recreational activities. As a result of technological development which made superior technology available for a large part of population, Internet has become one of the most employed marketing channels. In these conditions, the urban destinations for tourists, in order to face the erce international competition, had to use as a solution the promotion over the Internet, which ultimately makes the difference between success and failure. The present study aims to research a series of practices for tourism promotion of leading cities of the EU (London, Paris and Rome) by the creation and use of of cial websites, in order to identify a set of best practices which will allow the know-how transfer for building a tourism website for the Romanian capital.
Midwives’ professionalization: a comparative approach. An interpretation of the phenomenon of childbirth medicalization  [PDF]
Spina, E.
Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Bra?ov. Series VII : Social Sciences and Law , 2010,
Abstract: The paper studies the problem of increasing medicalization of pregnancy and delivery, a phenomenon that started in Italy between the 1950s and the 1960s owing to deep political, social and cultural changes. The main aim of the study is the understanding of the origins of the phenomenon by investigating the causal relationships between medicalization and medical dominance.
Problems of psychiatrization, medicalization and related social phenomena
Opali? Petar
Medicinski Pregled , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/mpns0904142o
Abstract: The introduction contains definitions of the terms psychiatrization, medicalization, psychotherapeutization and psychologization of the society, i.e. social problems. Different aspects of the above phenomena are analyzed, their origin, relation with the professions they originate from, and, finally, their social significance, i.e. social function. In conclusion, the article points to different possibilities to prevent the above phenomena, undesirable both for the society and the objectives and activities of the professions they originate from.
Feminist Criticism in Television Studies  [cached]
E. Ann Kaplan
MedieKultur : Journal of Media and Communication Research , 1986,
Abstract: Feminist Criticism in Television Studies
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