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Development and validation of a scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics
Vargas, Divane de;Luis, Margarita Antonia Villar;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000500016
Abstract: the objective of this study was the construction and validation of a scale that would measure the attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and the alcoholic, called the scale of attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and the alcoholic. the face and content validations, as well as the factor analysis of the data obtained in a preliminary test with 144 nursing students resulted in a scale consisting of 96 items, divided into 5 factors: attitudes towards the alcoholic person: care and interpersonal relations; etiology; disease; repercussions deriving from alcohol use/abuse; alcoholic beverages. the general scale presented a consistency level of 0.90. the resulting instrument is concluded to be a reliable tool to evaluate attitudes towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcohol addicts.
álcool e alcoolismo: atitudes de estudantes de enfermagem Alcohol y alcoholismo: actitudes de estudiantes de enfermería Alcohol and alcoholism: attitudes of nursing students  [cached]
Divane Vargas,Marina Nolli Bittencourt
Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem , 2013,
Abstract: Estudo descritivo exploratório que objetivou verificar as atitudes dos estudantes de enfermagem frente à bebida alcoólica, ao alcoolismo e ao alcoolista segundo sua posi o frente aos itens de uma escala de atitudes. Para coleta dos dados, utilizou-se a Escala de Atitudes Frente ao álcool, ao Alcoolismo e ao Alcoolista, aplicada a 144 estudantes de enfermagem. Evidenciou-se tendência a atitudes negativas desses estudantes frente ao alcoolismo, ao alcoolista e à bebida alcoólica, pois a maioria se colocou na categoria indiferente ou discordo dos itens positivos, concordando com os itens negativos da escala. Conclui-se que essa tendência a atitudes negativas deve-se à pouca aten o dada à temática durante a forma o do enfermeiro, constatando-se a necessidade de que maior importancia seja dada a essa problemática. Estudio exploratorio descriptivo, que tuvo como objetivo conocer las actitudes de los estudiantes de enfermería frente a la bebida alcohólica, el alcoholismo, y al alcohólicos, de acuerdo a su posición ante los ítems de una escala de actitudes. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizo la Escala de Actitudes frente al alcohol, al alcoholismo y al alcohólico, aplicada a 144 estudiantes de enfermería. Los resultados muestran una tendencia a actitudes negativas de estos estudiantes frente al alcoholismo, las bebidas alcohólicas y a los alcohólicos, desde que la mayoría de los participantes fueron clasificados en la categoría indiferentes o no de acuerdo con los elementos positivos, y de acuerdo con los elementos negativos de la escala. Llega-se a la conclusión de que esta tendencia de actitudes negativas es debida a la insuficiente atención al tema durante la formación de los enfermeros, observando-se la necesidad de que sea dada mayor importancia a este problema. This is a descriptive exploratory study that aimed to verify nursing students' attitudes facing to the alcoholic drinks, alcoholism and alcoholics, according to their position in face of an attitudes scale items. For data collection, it was used the Scale of Attitudes to alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholic, applied to 144 nursing students. The results showed a tendency to negative attitudes of these students in face of alcoholism, alcoholic person and alcoholic drinks, since most participants were placed in category indifferent or disagree with the positive items, agreeing with negative scale items. We conclude that this trend of negative attitudes is connected to insufficient attention given to the subject during the nurses' education, being verified the need for greater importance to be gi
Formal education and nurses' attitudes towards alcohol and alcoholism in a Brazilian sample
Pillon, Sandra Cristina;Laranjeira, Ronaldo Ramos;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31802005000400004
Abstract: context and objective: nurses are one of the largest groups of healthcare professionals sharing in patient care responsibilities, including caring for those who use and abuse psychoactive substances. the objective was to evaluate the theoretical-practical knowledge acquired by nurses in undergraduate and postgraduate studies and their perceptions about alcohol users. design and setting: quantitative, descriptive survey at universidade federal de s?o paulo - escola paulista de medicina and hospital s?o paulo. methods: the sample included nurses, students and nursing teachers. the survey included questions about sociodemographic characteristics; a nurses' attitudes and beliefs scale; and a questionnaire to identify formal nursing education on the use of alcohol and its consequences. results: 59.7% out of 319 volunteers were nurses, 22.7% were nursing teachers and 17.6% were nursing students. 70% of the participants had received little or no information on physical, family and social problems related to alcohol use; 87% had received little or no information on high risk related to specific segments of the population; 95% had received little or no information on nursing procedures for alcohol-abuse patients. conclusion: formal education regarding the use of alcohol and its consequences is limited, especially with regard to offering adequate care and management for patients who have problems with or are addicted to alcohol.
Alcohol, alcoholism and alcohol addicts: conceptions and attitudes of nurses from district basic health centers
Vargas, Divane de;Luis, Margarita Ant?nia Villar;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000700007
Abstract: this qualitative study aimed to learn the conceptions and attitude tendencies of nurses from public district basic health units towards alcohol, alcoholism and alcohol addicts. the sample consisted of ten nurses from three institutions in a city located in s?o paulo. data were recorded and submitted to content thematic analysis. subjects evidenced that these nurses are permissive towards moderate alcohol use, but reject alcoholism, conceiving it as a potentially fatal disease, and tend to associate it to personal will, indicating the influence of the moral concept on their conceptions and attitudes. the participating nurses' knowledge about the topics alcohol and alcoholism was also evidenced. based on the results, the authors suggest training this group and preparing these professionals for the care, recognition and prevention of disorders related to alcohol use/abuse at these health centers.
Influência das cren?as do enfermeiro na comunica??o com o alcoolista
Diniz, Sebastiana A.;Ruffino, Márcia Caron;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 1996, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11691996000700003
Abstract: alcoholism, one of the most frequent diseases in the world, has been transformed in a serious social problem and in brazil, it has triplicated in the last decades. as nurses, we understand that alcoholics are sick people that need help and that communication is a fundamental method to achieve nursing intervention goals aiming at giving an adequate nursing care it is necessary to know the reasons why nurses have some adverse attitudes related to alcoholics. this inquietude led us to investigate the restraints that interfere in nurse-alcoholics communication, presented in national and international nursing literature reviewed through medllne and cepen catalogue. we observed that the alcoholics stereotype exist and remains constant through the time; the stereotype belief held by health professionals determines the quality of care the patient receives as well as the focus of research and attitudes presented about alcohol and alcoholics. therefore, the belief would be presenting a negative influence and keeping hack the communication between nurse and the alcoholic.
Nurses' attitudes towards alcoholism: factor analysis of three commonly used scales
Pillon, Sandra;Laranjeira, Ronaldo;Dunn, John;
Sao Paulo Medical Journal , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-31801998000200004
Abstract: objective: to investigate the psychometric properties of three scales commonly used to measure attitudes and beliefs about alcoholism. design: cross-sectional study using a systematic sample. setting: hospital s?o paulo (a public general tertiary hospital) and the adjoining federal university of s?o paulo, brazil. participants: 310 nurses and nursing teachers. instruments: the marcus alcoholism questionnaire, the seaman mannello nurses' attitudes towards alcohol and alcoholism scale and the tolor-tamarin attitudes towards alcoholism scale, which were combined into one self-administered questionnaire. analysis: the scales were re-grouped into their original formats and each underwent a principal components analysis with orthogonal rotation of factors. results: each scale was found to consist of three main factors. there was some degree of overlap in the nature of the factors that the scales measured but each scale also measured something unique. coclusion: the results of this comparative analysis could be used as a basis for developing a new scale covering all the important attitudinal groups identified by this study.
Actitud de la enfermera de un complejo hospitalario en relación al paciente alcoholico
Reyes Navarrete, Pilar;Luis, Margarita Antonia Villar;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692004000700018
Abstract: this psychometric study aims to evaluate the attitudes of nurses working in a hospital network towards alcoholic patients. research participants were 71 nurses from public hospitals in la paz, bolivia. data were collected through the seaman mannello scale (nurses' atittudes towards alcohol and alcoholism), which consists of five subscales. according to the research results, nurses agree that alcoholic patients' life in unpleasant, so that they are not their preferred patients. they believe these patients deserve nursing care like everybody else but disclose indifference towards feeling comfortable about this care, although they affirm their willingness to help the patient. nurses perceive alcoholics as sensitive persons and think that alcohol consumption turns normal persons fragile and silly, which is risky since they conceptualize alcoholics as serious and unrecoverable patients. these data illustrate that the nurses' attitudes reflect their personal and professional context and probably their nursing education about this subject.
Vers?o reduzida da escala de atitudes frente ao álcool, alcoolismo e ao alcoolista: resultados preliminares
Vargas, Divane de;
Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0080-62342011000400018
Abstract: this study aimed to analyze the items of the scale of attitudes toward alcohol, alcoholism and alcoholics in order to prepare a reduced version keeping the instrument's psychometric properties. the preliminary version of the scale composed by 165 items was tested in a sample with 144 nursing student. the evaluation process of the items consisted of the total-item coefficient correlation and reliability of the instrument was estimated by cronbach's alpha coefficient. results indicate the permanence of 83 items, divided into five factors that showed satisfactory values in the different coefficients of internal consistency. further studies are needed with larger samples in order to give continuity to the process of scale validation among health professionals.
Cutaneous changes in chronic alcoholics  [cached]
Rao Gatha
Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology , 2004,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption can have a variety of cutaneous manifestations. Awareness of the cutaneous changes of alcohol abuse can allow early detection and intervention in an attempt to limit the adverse medical consequences. Hence a study was planned to determine the cutaneous changes in chronic alcoholics. AIMS: To determine the cutaneous changes in chronic alcoholics. METHODS: All the patients attending alcohol de-addiction camps were examined for cutaneous changes. The results were analyzed using Gausian test and compared with other reports. RESULTS: Out of 200 alcoholics examined for cutaneous changes, 182 (91%) had cutaneous, nail, hair or oral cavity changes. Nail changes were found in 51 (25.5%) alcoholics, koilonychia being the commonest (16%). Oral changes were present in 107 (53.5%) alcoholics and changes due to nutritional deficiency in 20 (10%). Diseases due to poor hygiene were seen in 55 (27.5%) alcoholics. Tinea versicolor (14%) and seborrheic dermatitis (11.5%) were the commonest cutaneous changes noted. CONCLUSION: Even though alcohol abuse has a variety of cutaneous manifestations and perhaps aggravates many diseases, there are no specific cutaneous signs of alcoholism. Knowledge of the spectrum of cutaneous manifestations of alcohol abuse can allow its early detection and treatment in an attempt to minimize the medical consequences.
Alcoolismo: doen a e significado em Alcoólicos An nimos Alcoholism: illness and meaning in Alcoholics Anonymous  [cached]
Edemilson Antunes de Campos
Etnográfica , 2009,
Abstract: O objetivo deste artigo é o de compreender o modelo terapêutico construído pela irmandade de Alcoólicos An nimos (AA) para dar conta da chamada “doen a do alcoolismo”, por meio de uma análise dos códigos culturais que operam no processo saúde-doen a. A partir de uma pesquisa etnográfica feita em grupos de AA localizados na periferia da cidade de S o Paulo - Brasil -, faz-se uma análise dos significados atribuídos à experiência do alcoolismo, com ênfase na linguagem que permite aos alcoólicos encontrar um sentido para suas afli es. O modelo de AA opera a constru o simbólica da doen a alcoólica e, por essa via, os alcoólicos encontram um sentido para o mal que os aflige, recuperando as rela es familiares e profissionais perdidas no tempo do alcoolismo ativo. The purpose of this article is to understand the therapeutic model of the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) to approach the so-called alcoholism illness by means of an analysis of cultural codes that operate in the health-illness process. Starting from an ethnographic research made among AA groups located in the outskirts of the city of S o Paulo - Brazil -, an analysis is made on the meanings attributed to the experience of alcoholism, with stress on the language that allows alcoholics to find a meaning for their afflictions. The AA model operates the symbolic construction of the alcoholic illness. This way, alcoholics find a meaning for the evil that afflicts them and recover family and professional relationships lost in the times of active alcoholism.
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