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FEDRP Based Model Implementation of Intelligent Energy Management Scheme for a Residential Community in Smart Grids Network  [PDF]
Qamar Zia, Muhammad Ali, Zulfikar Ahmad Zaidi, Chaudhry Arshad, Amjad Ullah, Hafeez ur Rahman, Muhammad Ahsan Shahzad, Beenish Taj
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2012.34045
Abstract: In the framework of liberalized deregulated electricity market, dynamic competitive environment exists between wholesale and retail dealers for energy supplying and management. Smart Grids topology in form of energy management has forced power supplying agencies to become globally competitive. Demand Response (DR) Programs in context with smart energy network have influenced prosumers and consumers towards it. In this paper Fair Emergency Demand Response Program (FEDRP) is integrated for managing the loads intelligently by using the platform of Smart Grids for Residential Setup. The paper also provides detailed modeling and analysis of respective demands of residential consumers in relation with economic load model for FEDRP. Due to increased customer’s partaking in this program the load on the utility is reduced and managed intelligently during emergency hours by providing fair and attractive incentives to residential clients, thus shifting peak load to off peak hours. The numerical and graphical results are matched for intelligent energy management scenario.
Supporting Urban Planning of Low-Carbon Precincts: Integrated Demand Forecasting  [PDF]
Steffen Lehmann,Atiq U. Zaman,John Devlin,Nicholas Holyoak
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5125289
Abstract: Waste is a symbol of inefficiency in modern society and represents misallocated resources. This paper outlines an on-going interdisciplinary research project entitled “Integrated ETWW demand forecasting and scenario planning for low-carbon precincts” and reports on first findings and a literature review. This large multi-stakeholder research project develops a shared platform for integrated ETWW (energy, transport, waste and water) planning in a low-carbon urban future, focusing on synergies and alternative approaches to urban planning. The aim of the project is to develop a holistic integrated software tool for demand forecasting and scenario evaluation for residential precincts, covering the four domains, ETWW, using identified commonalities in data requirements and model formulation. The authors of this paper are overseeing the waste domain. A major component of the project will be developing a method for including the impacts of household behavior change in demand forecasting, as well as assessing the overall carbon impacts of urban developments or redevelopments of existing precincts. The resulting tool will allow urban planners, municipalities and developers to assess the future total demands for energy, transport, waste and water whilst in the planning phase. The tool will also help to assess waste management performance and materials flow in relation to energy and water consumption and travel behavior, supporting the design and management of urban systems in different city contexts.
Three-Party Energy Management With Distributed Energy Resources in Smart Grid  [PDF]
Wayes Tushar,Bo Chai,Chau Yuen,David B. Smith,Kristin L. Wood,Zaiyue Yang,H. Vincent Poor
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: In this paper, the benefits of distributed energy resources (DERs) are considered in an energy management scheme for a smart community consisting of a large number of residential units (RUs) and a shared facility controller (SFC). A non-cooperative Stackelberg game between RUs and the SFC is proposed in order to explore how both entities can benefit, in terms of achieved utility and minimizing total cost respectively, from their energy trading with each other and the grid. From the properties of the game, it is shown that the maximum benefit to the SFC in terms of reduction in total cost is obtained at the unique and strategy proof Stackelberg equilibrium (SE). It is further shown that the SE is guaranteed to be reached by the SFC and RUs by executing the proposed algorithm in a distributed fashion, where participating RUs comply with their best strategies in response to the action chosen by the SFC. In addition, a charging-discharging scheme is introduced for the SFC's storage device (SD) that can further lower the SFC's total cost if the proposed game is implemented. Numerical experiments confirm the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.
Finding practical approaches to Integrated Water Resources Management
John Butterworth,Jeroen Warner,Patrick Moriarty,Stef Smits
Water Alternatives , 2010,
Abstract: Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has often been interpreted and implemented in a way that is only really suited to countries with the most developed water infrastructures and management capacities. While sympathetic to many of the criticisms levelled at the IWRM concept and recognising the often disappointing levels of adoption, this paper and the series of papers it introduces identify some alternative ways forward in a developmental context that place more emphasis on the practical in-finding solutions to water scarcity. A range of lighter, more pragmatic and context-adapted approaches, strategies and entry points are illustrated with examples from projects and initiatives in mainly 'developing' countries. The authors argue that a more service-orientated (WASH, irrigation and ecosystem services), locally rooted and balanced approach to IWRM that better matches contexts and capacities should build on such strategies, in addition to the necessary but long-term policy reforms and river basin institution-building at higher levels. Examples in this set of papers not only show that the 'lighter', more opportunistic and incremental approach has potential as well as limitations but also await wider piloting and adoption.
Integrated water resources management: evolution, prospects and future challenges
Muhammad Mizanur Rahaman,Olli Varis
Sustainability : Science, Practice and Policy , 2005,
Abstract: This paper analyzes the evolution of the concept of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) at international conferences over the past three decades and addresses the prospects of IWRM in resolving the current water crisis. It also identifies seven crucial challenges to implementing IWRM. Our rivers and aquifers are the life-blood of the planet. To achieve sustainable development, we must manage our most vital natural resource, water, in an integrated manner, or precisely through Integrated Water Resources Management. Since water is fundamental to many aspects of life, and to the surrounding natural environment, there is a need not only to review IWRM’s evolution in the last three decades, but also to identify future challenges to its implementation.
The integrated resource planning of the energy sector as a basis to water management in urban areas
Ricardo da Silva Manca,Gilberto de Martino Jannuzzi
Engenharia Ambiental : Pesquisa e Tecnologia , 2008,
Abstract: The Water Resources Planning in use doesn′t diverges substantially from the Traditional Energy Planning. With the energy crisis occurred at Brazil in 2001 the blackout possibility shows that the impact on the society might happen at any time. The same occurs to the water because of its scarcity. The Integrated Resource Planning (IRP) was diffused as a way of fully managing a resource by the supply and demand sizes and can be considerated a viable option for the conventional planning. This composition is meant to do a study of the specific bibliography about the energy IRP and the Water Resource Management. Utilizing conceptions of the energy area, Water Integrated Resource Planning has been created to be used at the public utilities. The Water Integrated Resource Planning conducts the Water Integrated Management through this resource saving, joining this to a different tax and increasing the supply with alternative options such as the wastewater and the rainwater use.
Integrated management of natural resources in the Ecuador Highlands  [PDF]
Víctor Hugo Barrera, Luis Orlando Escudero, Jeffrey Alwang, Robert Andrade
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/as.2012.35093
Abstract: The Andean region of Ecuador is characterized by extreme poverty caused by low agricultural productivity, limited off-farm opportunities, and lack of access to markets. Poverty is related to degradation of natural resources as lagging agricultural productivity leads to incursions into fragile areas and use of erosive farming techniques on steeply sloped hillsides. Food production in fragile areas degrades soil and water resources, contributes to deforestation and loss of biodiversity, and reduces productive potential over time. This article discusses an agricultural development project designed to reduce the long-term downward development spiral in a watershed in Bolivar, Ecuador. The applied research program began with analysis of the state of soil resources, water, and biodiversity in the Chimbo sub-watershed. This information was used to design a plan with the input of local stakeholders to introduce environmentally friendly farming practices, soil and water conservation techniques, and various institutional innovations to promote resource conservation. This adaptive management program has been a solid success. This article describes the project, the challenges it faced, and how the process of adaptive management led to consensus among stakeholders about the appropriateness of sustainable management practices. We show how implementation of enhanced management practices contribute to reduced environmental vulnerability and improved welfare.
Real-Time Residential-Side Joint Energy Storage Management and Load Scheduling with Renewable Integration  [PDF]
Tianyi Li,Min Dong
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: We consider joint energy storage management and load scheduling at a residential site with integrated renewable generation. We aim at optimizing the load scheduling and energy storage control simultaneously in order to minimize the overall system cost within a finite time period. Besides assuming unknown arbitrary dynamics of renewable source, loads, and electricity pricing information and incorporating battery operational costs, we model the load in terms of individual tasks with their own intensities, requested service durations, and maximum and average delay constraints. To tackle this finite time horizon stochastic problem, we propose a real-time scheduling and storage solution by applying a sequence of modification and transformation to employ Lyapunov optimization technique that otherwise is not directly applicable. We show that in our proposed algorithm, the joint scheduling and energy storage control can be separated and sequentially determined, and both scheduling and energy control decisions have close-form solutions for simple implementation. Through analysis, we show that our proposed real-time algorithm has a bounded performance guarantee from the optimal T-slot look-ahead solution and is asymptotically equivalent to it as the battery capacity and time period go to infinity. The effectiveness of joint energy storage control and load scheduling by our proposed algorithm is demonstrated through simulation as compared with alternative algorithms.
Planning and Decision Support Tools for the Integrated Water Resources Management in Vietnam  [PDF]
Christian Jolk,Sandra Greassidis,Sylvia Jaschinski,Harro Stolpe,Bj?rn Zindler
Water , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/w2040711
Abstract: Within the German-Vietnamese joint research project “Integrated Water Resources Management Vietnam”, Planning and Decision Support Tools on a regional scale are being developed. A Water Balance Tool is utilized to calculate and assess water demands and compares these with the quantity of water resources to identify surpluses or deficits. The sensitivity of water resources and the contamination potential are combined to display water quality aspects within a Contamination Risk Tool. A resulting evaluation is carried out with a Ranking Tool. It identifies areas with high priority need for action. The Planning and Decision Support Tools are being discussed with Vietnamese institutions and authorities.
Virtual water: an effective mechanism for integrated water resources management  [PDF]
Alaa El-Sadek
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/as.2011.23033
Abstract: In regions, which suffer from water shortage or potential water shortage like the Middle East, water policies and different mitigation measures are formulated. With the increasing population and increasing demand for food and drinking water with the fixed supply of water, the demand management policies have been introduced. Virtual Water has been adopted as an alternative or potential alternative water resource. In the application of the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), virtual water has to be considered as a resource of water. In this paper, the practical value of the virtual water concept as well as the possibility of the application of the concept in the regional and national level are discussed. The paper emphasizes on the application of virtual water in agriculture products and virtual water trade of these products. This research concluded that, there is a possibility for the application of the virtual water concept on the national level taking into account water endowments, and other natural and social economic conditions. The virtual water strategy seeks ways to consciously and efficiently utilize the internal and external water resources to alleviate water scarcity. This, however, by no means implies that importing food is the only response the water scarce countries and regions should and can take. Other measures concerning the supply and demand sides of water management are imperative. The argument here is that the virtual water strategy should be an integral component in the whole package of integrated water resources management.
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