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Desempleo y crisis económica en Espa a
Miguel Angel Malo Oca?a (entrevistado)
Encrucijadas : Revista Crítica de Ciencias Sociales , 2011,
Abstract: Entrevista desde el Consejo de Redacción de Encrucijadas a Miguel ángel Malo Oca as, profesor de Macroeconomía en la Universidad de Salamanca. En ella responde inquietudes sobre la crisis económica surgida en 2007 a partir de la crisis de las subprime; relaciones con el crack de 1929, gestión del gobierno socialista en Espa a, la alta tasa de desempleo o la posibilidad de una reducción de la jornada de trabajo.
Impacto de la crisis del sector rural en el mercado laboral urbano y nacional: un análisis de vectores auto-regresivos  [cached]
Pérez T. Francisco José
Cuadernos de Economía , 2009,
Abstract: Este artículo evalúa el impacto de la crisis de ocupación y del desempleo del sector rural sobre el mercado de trabajo urbano y nacional. El análisis desagrega el espacio urbano entre grandes ciudades y peque as cabeceras municipales, examina la estructura, la participación y la evolución de las variables laborales que caracterizan cada uno de esos espacios territoriales y económicos, estableciendo su peso real dentro del mercado laboral del país. Las relaciones encontradas se someten a un análisis de vectores auto-regresivos probando empíricamente la hipótesis de que las fluctuaciones de la ocupación rural y del desempleo inciden en el nivel de desempleo de los diferentes espacios territoriales.
Rethinking the role of regulation in the aftermath of the global financial crisis: The case of the UK
Slattery David,Nellis Joseph G.
Panoeconomicus , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/pan1103407s
Abstract: Following the global financial crisis, many countries have embarked on fundamental reviews of their regulatory systems in an attempt to identify the causes of the near collapse in financial systems and to pave the way for a new approach to regulation. The focus of this paper concerns the intellectual assumptions on which previous regulatory approaches have largely been built, both in the UK and in a number of other countries. We examine the analysis provided by the UK’s Turner Review (2009) which follows the “market failure” approach to regulation and we contrast this with the alternative “state failure” approach. Both approaches only offer partial and polarised views into the causes of the crisis. We offer a synthesis and argue that a new conceptual approach to the management of financial markets is required. The essence of this new approach is the recognition that the state and regulation are not external to the market. While this paper largely relates to the UK, it provides potentially important lessons for many other countries.
Consumption Patterns in the Aftermath of the Financial Crisis: The Case of Baby Boomers  [PDF]
Rebecca Abraham, Charles W. Harrington
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.62022
Abstract: This study examines the consumption decisions of baby boomers (40 - 64 year-old age cohort) with $75,000 - $140,000 in household income in the immediate aftermath of the financial crisis of 2007-2008 using the Consumer Expenditure Survey data of Bureau of Labor Statistics in 2009. Increasing unemployment and foreclosures of primary homes led to variability of income, which became a major consideration in evaluating consumption choices. In addition, we draw on Weberian social class theory to identify social influence on consumption decisions. Gender differences in processing information pertaining to new product purchases provided yet another means of stratifying the sample. By juxtaposing economic variables on social identification and gender-based preferences, this study sets forth the explanatory variables underlying eight separate product purchase decisions. Principal findings included Variability of Income and Risk of Foreclosure determined the Rent or Buy a home decision. The predictor of Expenditure on New Cars included the Cost of a New Car. For Expenditure on Used Cars, Deviation from New Car Buyers and Cost of a Used Car were the relevant predictors. For Lunch Brought from Home to the workplace, Lunch Consumed at Restaurants and Conformity to Own Referent Group were the most important explanatory variables. For Lunch Consumed at Restaurants, Lunch at Home and Socialization Opportunities explained the criterion. Conformity to the Referent Group explained Expenditure on Vacations, Furniture and Appliances and Small Appliances.
Crisis Management in the Health Sector: Qualities and characteristics of health crisis managers
Efstathiou Panos,Papafragkaki Dafni,Gogosis Kostas,Manwlidou Zacharoula
International Journal of Caring Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The rapidly evolving nature of today’s health systems and the need to adapt to modern demands,require that these systems are staffed with skilled health crisis managers. Based on that scenario, crisis managerswith good knowledge and training, adequate experience, as well as virtues of excellent organizational skills,operational planning, mental power and social sensitivity, can play a key role in dealing successfully with crisesin the health sector.
TAXATION OF FINANCIAL SECTOR AFTER THE CRISIS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION  [PDF]
Mara Eugenia-Ramona
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: Taxation of financial sector is an important issue of the actual fiscal policy, especially after the economic crisis impact. By taxing the financial sector, it is intended taxation of financial transactions, and financial activities. European Union supports the taxation of the financial system and makes proposals in this regard. This paper tries to reveal the major aspects concerning the taxation of financial sector, both theoretical and empirical aspects. It will analyze the reasons which justify the application of such taxes, but also difficulties involved in practice. Another major objective of this paper is to examine the role of taxation in the financial sector as important regulatory instrument. This subject is debated in European Commission papers and by many economists. There are underlined the necessity of such tax, the impact and the economic efficiency. Our purpose is to identify if this kind of tax is good for our economy and what can be the impact from budgetary point of view. For finding this answers the paper realize a complex analysis of the types of taxes applied on financial sector in countries which already adopted this kind of taxes, like United Kingdom, Austria, Hungary, Cyprus. We believe that the financial sector should be charged, because was responsible in great measure the economic crisis impact. A potential tax applied to financial sector is considered as an important source of budget revenues. This article tries to explore the possible tax measures for financial sector according to the major principle of public finance ¢a a€ equity and efficiency. Special attention will be given to the need to implement financial sector taxation in Romania. In the years before the crisis banks and entire financial sector in Romania recorded significant profits. For this reason such tax is justified given that this sector is exempt from VAT. Applying such a tax would reduce the budget deficit and on the long term will reduce the public debt.
The influence of crisis on the sector structure of economy focusing on agriculture.  [PDF]
S. Junková,E. Matu?ková
AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics , 2011,
Abstract: The Czech Republic entered the crisis with relatively good starting conditions - showed no significantmacroeconomic imbalances and financial system was not destabilized. However, the crisis has here also been and a decline in GDP in 2009 to 4.1% was mainly due to economic recession in the Euro zone. In many countries there has been a change in the sector scope. The Czech Republic belongs to the industrial-oriented countries and the significance of recession is also demonstrated by the development of industrial production and exports. Further economic increase depends mainly on exports, because there are many industries in the Czech Republic with foreign majority and a large part of their production goes abroad. Czech agriculture has been also facing adverse impacts of the crisis. These have occurred since the second half of 2008. The article analyses the contributions to GDP and trends in future years. There are also described changes in the sector economic structure with focus on agriculture.
STABILITY OF THE PARTICIPATION BANKING SECTOR AGAINST THE ECONOMIC CRISIS IN TURKEY  [cached]
Metin Akta?
International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues , 2013,
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze whether participating banking sector is more stable than conventional banking sector during the global economic crisis. The main point is that which banking system are financially less affected from the global economic crisis. For this anlysis, we have used trend analysis method for 2006-2011 on yearly basis. In this study, yearly financial ratios of conventional and participating banking sectors were utilized. Financial ratios can be sorted as profitability, liquidity, risknesss and asset quality ratios. Results of the study show that participating banking sector is more stable than conventional banking sector in terms of profitability, riskiness and liquidity during the analysis term which includes 2008 global economic crisis. In addition, both sectors are almost similiar and stable in terms of asset quality.
ESTRATEGIAS DE AFRONTAMIENTO DE CRISIS CAUSADAS POR DESEMPLEO EN FAMILIAS CON HIJOS ADOLESCENTES EN BOGOTá
PADILLA,ERNESTO MARTíN; FAJARDO GONZáLES,CARLOS; GUTIéRREZ MORALES,ADRIANA; PALMA PRIETO,DANIEL;
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2007,
Abstract: the objective of this article is to describe and understand coping strategies for facing a crisis caused by unemployment in families with adolescent children in the city of bogota. the conceptual framework for the study is the systemic approach that facilitates a relational and profound understanding of the problems dealt with. the social interpretative approach, based on the principles of social constructivism was the method used in the study, taking into account the relation with second order cybernetics. the qualitative strategy implemented consisted of in depth interviews carried out with six families and triangulated with mc cubbin, larsen, and olson?s scale of personal evaluation of family functioning in crisis situations (f-copes). the main purpose of the scale is to record effective attitudes and behaviours when having to solve a problem. the study concluded that the way in which a family system interprets its reality determines whether or not a crisis will emerge. the coping strategies most used by families were problem restructuring, spiritual support and passive assessment. the strategies that were least implemented included receiving social support such as charity and mobilizing to obtain and accept support.
ESTRATEGIAS DE AFRONTAMIENTO DE CRISIS CAUSADAS POR DESEMPLEO EN FAMILIAS CON HIJOS ADOLESCENTES EN BOGOTá
Martín Padilla, Ernesto,Fajardo Gonzáles, Carlos,Gutiérrez Morales, Adriana,Palma Prieto, Daniel
Acta Colombiana de Psicología , 2007,
Abstract: The objective of this article is to describe and understand coping strategies for facing a crisis caused by unemployment in families with adolescent children in the city of Bogota. The conceptual framework for the study is the systemic approach that facilitates a relational and profound understanding of the problems dealt with. The social interpretative approach, based on the principles of social constructivism was the method used in the study, taking into account the relation with second order cybernetics. The qualitative strategy implemented consisted of in depth interviews carried out with six families and triangulated with Mc Cubbin, Larsen, and Olson’s Scale of Personal Evaluation of Family Functioning in Crisis Situations (F-COPES). The main purpose of the scale is to record effective attitudes and behaviours when having to solve a problem. The study concluded that the way in which a family system interprets its reality determines whether or not a crisis will emerge. The coping strategies most used by families were problem restructuring, spiritual support and passive assessment. The strategies that were least implemented included receiving social support such as charity and mobilizing to obtain and accept support
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