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How engineers become CEOs: implications for education and training  [PDF]
S. Goh,W. Coaker,D. Thorpe
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2008,
Abstract: Purpose: This paper provides results of an investigation into the career progression of engineers in Australia,determining the skills and qualities they need to become large company CEOs and thus recommend strategiesfor long term career development.Design/methodology/approach: This investigation used a questionnaire to gain a view on the perceptions oftop-level executive who have an engineering degree on the training of engineers. It was aimed at discoveringtheir perceptions as to the skills and attributes that they possessed that had assisted in their success. Questionnaireparticipants were selected on the basis that they held a Bachelors degree in Engineering and have been successfulin the business world. These participants were sourced from the “Who’s Who In Business” (WWIB) database. Inorder to maximize the level of responses, the questionnaire was distributed by both email and regular mail.Findings: Findings indicate: CEOs often reach their position as natural career progression rather than activelyseeking management; key attributes and skills are perceived as being more important than qualifications;Leadership, communication skills and financial training are the most important training requirements; mostuniversities do not cover some highly desirable skill sets and attributes.Practical implications: University courses can be adjusted to better reflect the needs of industry; students andengineers can plan careers more effectively by considering their personal attributes and the skill sets required ofexecutives; professional development programs can be designed to maximise proficiencies at the most beneficialstage of their career.Originality/value: There is some overlap between the skill sets of CEOs and engineers. Thus by effectiveeducation and training, engineers may be in a better position for the transition into the management.
Managing reality shock: Expectations versus experiences of graduate engineers  [cached]
Sarah Riordan,Suki Goodman
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2007, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v33i1.259
Abstract: The objective of the study is an analysis of the relationship between the work expectations and experiences of graduate engineers during their early career period. It reports on discrepancies in graduates’ expectations of the world of work and the reality of the early career stage. Conclusions include recommendations of how "reality shock" can be managed better by both organisations and individuals. Qualitative data were obtained through in-depth interviews with sixteen participants with less than five years work experience, employed in a large utility organisation in the Western Cape. Results indicate that participants experience significant incongruence between their expectations of work and work experiences.
An Elementary Introduction to Training the Postgraduates for Professional Degrees in Oil and Gas Engineering  [PDF]
Qingyou Liu, Zhibin Liu
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.326126
Abstract: The demand of the talents in petroleum engineering of petroleum enterprises is analyzed in this paper according the current situation of the engineering education. The four levels of the professional talents needed by the petroleum enterprises are specified, which makes it clear that what the purpose and orientation of the higher education in petroleum engineering should be. The qualities of the petroleum engineers are discussed specifically and it is pointed out that the training of the postgraduate for professional degree in oil and gas engineering should be the cradle of the petroleum engineers. A training schedule is listed in this paper based on the discussion, including curriculum provision, practice link, thesis and training mode, which will be a pathfinder of the education of the professional degree graduate student in oil and gas engineering. Moreover, the practice can provide useful experience for the training and education of different type of graduates.
CRADLE TO CRADLE IN URBAN PLANNING  [cached]
Camelia Kusumo
Dimensi : Journal of Architecture and Built Environment , 2011,
Abstract: Cradle to Cradle is a well-known sustainability concept introduced by Braungart and McDonough. It is a concept about how a product can be designed from the outset so that, after their useful lives, they will provide nourishment for something new, thus “waste equals food” (Braungart and McDonough, 2002). This eco-effective principle has been applied widely in products development; however, it is less known in the urban planning discipline where sustainable development is the main ‘key word’ in transforming the urban area. The question that this paper expands on is whether it is possible to apply the Cradle to Cradle concept into urban planning practice. This article explains the difference between the eco-efficient concept and the eco-effective concept and elaborate from there on a possibility to apply the Cradle to Cradle principle to urban planning practice. It is shown that the Cradle to Cradle principle offers an instrument for bringing complex sustainable concepts within reach of planning thinking and discussion, and for generating alternatives which may not otherwise be given serious consideration.
Master’s Degree, a New Requirement to Become an RDN by 2024: A Comparison of Nutrition Graduate Programs Offered in the USA  [PDF]
Monica Sanchez, Deanna L. Pucciarelli
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2019.101001
Abstract: Background: The registered dietetic four-year degree educational structure has been intact since 1926. Master level nutrition programs exist in the U.S., but are not standardized or accredited unlike four-year degrees. Academic requirements for nutrition graduate programs vary regionally across the nation. Objective: To 1) quantify and describe the availability of Master level nutrition programs regionally; and 2) examine the current M.A. and M.S. program requirements for a nutrition graduate degree in the U.S. Methods: Nutrition graduate programs (n = 201) were analyzed and compared by geographical region. Data were collected between August 2017 and May 2018. Inclusion criteria were defined as: nutrition graduate programs listed in the American Society of Nutrition (ASN) database that had a nutrition graduate program website. Descriptive statistical analysis measured evaluated variables. Results: A total of 201 nutrition graduate programs in the U.S. were identified. The title of the programs was categorized into 29 main themes. The most common nutrition graduate program title was a M.S. in Nutrition, 55 institutions (27.4%). A total of 181 institutions offered a M.S. with a required thesis, whereas 95 offered a M.S. with a non-thesis option, and only eight offered a M.A. Region 3-South offered the highest number of nutrition graduate programs (66), followed by region 2-Midwest with 49 programs, region 1-Northeast offered a total of 46 programs, and 37 programs were offered in region 4-West. Conclusion: In 2024, as part of the RD eligibility criteria, it will be required that students possess a master’s degree. To date, only one master’s program in the U.S. is accredited, which assures the student a measure of confidence of program rigor and accountability. Dietitians’ three major professional concerns: respect, recognition and rewards are predicated on rigorous educational programs that meet ACEND standards. It is unlikely that all U.S. master level programs will be accredited by 2024.
Stokes' Cradle: Newton's Cradle with Liquid Coating  [PDF]
C. M. Donahue,C. M. Hrenya,R. H. Davis
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.034501
Abstract: Flows involving liquid-coated grains are ubiquitous in nature (pollen capture, avalanches) and industry (air filtration, smoke-particle agglomeration, pharmaceutical mixing). In this work, three-body collisions between liquid-coated spheres are investigated experimentally using a "Stokes' cradle", which resembles the popular desktop toy known as the Newton's cradle. Surprisingly, previous work indicates that every possible outcome was observed in the wetted system except the traditional Newton's cradle (NC) outcome. Here, we are able to experimentally achieve NC via guidance from a first-principles model, which revealed that controlling the volume of the liquid bridge connecting the two target particles is the key parameter in attaining the NC outcome. By independently decreasing the volume of the liquid bridge, we not only achieved NC but also uncovered several new findings. For example, in contrast to previous work on two-body collisions, three-body experiments provide direct evidence that the fluid resistance upon rebound cannot be completely neglected due to presumed cavitation; this resistance also plays a role in two-body systems yet cannot be isolated experimentally in such systems. The herein micro-level description provides an essential foundation for macro-level descriptions of wetted granular flows.
The cradle of pyramids in satellite images  [PDF]
Amelia Carolina Sparavigna
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: We propose the use of image processing to enhance the Google Maps of some archaeological areas of Egypt. In particular we analyse that place which is considered the cradle of pyramids, where it was announced the discovery of a new pyramid by means of an infrared remote sensing.
English For Engineers
Sam Sundar
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: In recent times, engineering students need to enhance their English communication skills and other soft skills to cope with tough competition in the job market. Mere subject knowledge in the chosen field of engineering is not going to assure any engineering graduate to be placed in any organization or to perform well. English language skills are considered as life skills or survival skills in the twenty-first century. Engineering students need to be able to think critically, solve problems, communicate clearly, be creative and work in a team in order to get placed in a reputed company. There is an increasing focus on and demand for soft skills and there should be a shift from imparting mere linguistic skills to multi-skills in an integrated manner.
uIP Support for the Network Simulation Cradle  [PDF]
Michael Kirsche,Roman Kremmer
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: This paper introduces the ongoing integration of Contiki's uIP stack into the OMNeT++ port of the Network Simulation Cradle (NSC). The NSC utilizes code from real world stack implementations and allows for an accurate simulation and comparison of different TCP/IP stacks. uIP(v6) provides resource-constrained devices with an RFC-compliant TCP/IP stack and promotes the use of IPv6 in the vastly growing field of Internet of Things scenarios. This work-in-progress report discusses our motivation to integrate uIP into the NSC, our chosen approach and possible use cases for the simulation of uIP in OMNeT++.
Exploring the feasibility of Cradle to Cradle (product) design: perspective from New Zealand Scientists  [cached]
Stephen D. Reay,Judith P. McCool,Andrew Withell
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v4n1p36
Abstract: This research project explores the feasibility of a Cradle to Cradle approach to sustainable product design in New Zealand. Relatively recently a framework for sustainable design was proposed by environmental chemist Michael Braungart and architect William McDonough who suggest that the current paradigm of “cradle to grave” product development is unable to provide a solution to the world’s current ecological crisis, and a “cradle to cradle” framework is more appropriate. They suggest that their approach, based on examples from nature, ensures that all human activities have a positive ecological footprint, capable of replenishing and regenerating natural systems, as well as guaranteeing that we are able to develop a world that is culturally and ecologically diverse. A sample of New Zealand scientists were asked to explore the underlining science and feasibility of the Cradle to Cradle design framework in an attempt to determine the potential of this approach to the design of sustainable products. Analysis of interview data indicated that sustainability is a complex and multi-faceted concept, especially with regard to practical application of ecological considerations, and product design. There is considerable environmental and economic potential in the successful application of cross-discipline collaboration between science and design in addressing the need for products that contribute to sustainable solutions.
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