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Participation of Rural People in Dairy Enterprise in a Selected Area of Bangladesh  [PDF]
M.S. Rabbani,M.M. Alam,M.Y. Ali,S.M.R. Rahman
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2004,
Abstract: The aim of the study is to be participation of rural people in dairy enterprise in relation to their socio-economic characteristics in the selected areas of Bangladesh. The study was carried out at the five village of Bogra District of Bangladesh. From each village 20 farm families were selected with the purpose of the study and data were collected from them by direct interview. A total of 62% respondents were engaged in agriculture sector who have one or more dairy cattle. About 49% rural people were illiterate while 51% of them were literate. The result indicated that 65% men, 19% son, 10% women, 1% daughter and 4% servant were actively involved in the feeding practices. The farmer participation in feeding practices such as chopped straw, UMB and UTS, concentrate mixture and green grass to their cows were 90, 2, 40 and 90% respectively. In the study areas 78% rural people milked their cows once daily and about 31% farmers were inseminated their cows with artificial insemination. The Participation of in health care activities such as use of disinfectant to their dairy houses and utensils, use of vaccines, treated their diseased cow with veterinary Surgeon were 22, 22 and 29% respectively. It is evident that average total number of cattle per household was 6 and large farmers raised the highest number of crossbreed cattle (4.71 number/household). Small farmers were the highest of indigenous cattle raisers. Many problems were the barrier to milk production and establishing dairy enterprises in the study area. The result suggested that improved feeding technology, proper hygienic and sanitation program, proper treatment, sound breeding policy should be taken and more participation in management practices are necessary for increasing the milk production as well as establishing dairy enterprises.
The Analysis of Application of Technical Management on Various Small Holder Dairy Farm Scale in Garut Regency West Java  [cached]
Soni Sopiyana
Journal of Animal Production , 2006,
Abstract: The research has been carried out to study and evaluate application of technical management (reproduction, feeding, and daily management) on various small holders dairy Farm scales in Garut regency, West Java. This research used the survey method, and the number of respondent was 82 small holder dairy farms which were divided into 37 respondents on the first dairy cattle farm scales with the ownership of 1-3 cows, 33 respondents on second dairy cattle farm scales with the ownership of 4-6 cows, and 12 respondents on the third dairy cattle farm scales with the ownership of >7 cows. Simple random sampling was used for taking the respondents of smallholder dairy farm. Data were statistically analyzed using the Duncan method of one way ANOVA. The results of this research showed that: (1) Milk yields average on the third dairy cattle farm scale were same as the second and the third dairy cattle farm scales (13.98 vs. 13.91 vs. 13.32 kg) respectively, (2) Farm management level was highest on the third dairy cattle farm scale than both the second and the first dairy cattle farm scales. (Animal Production 8(3): 216-225 (2006) Key Words : Technical management, dairy farm, milk yield.
Bovine Brucellosis: An Epidemiological Study at Chittagong, Bangladesh
Suchandan Sikder*, AKM Anisur Rahman1, Mohammad Rayhan Faruque, Mohammad Abdul Alim2, Shubhagata Das2, Aungshuman Das Gupta3, Bhajan Chandra Das, Mohammad Inkeyas Uddin4 and Mohammad Abdul Matin Prodhan
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2012,
Abstract: An epidemiological survey was conducted to identify probable risk factors and prevalence of brucellosis in commercial and backyard dairy cows at Chittagong, Bangladesh. A total of 500 milk samples were collected (250 commercial and 250 backyards) for Milk Ring Test (MRT). The MRT positive cows were subjected to sera collection and Rose Bengal Plate Test (RBPT) and indirect ELISA were done for confirmatory diagnosis. The overall seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle was 5% (7.6% in commercial and 2.4% in backyard). Significantly higher (P<0.05) prevalence was found in the zero grazing (5.74%), pregnant cows (7.53%) and cows with history of retained placenta (7.89%) or abortion (5.88%) or both (11.76%) than non-pregnant (2.68%) and without any reproductive disorder (4.44%). A total of 420 farm attendants and owners were interviewed where 93.55 and 99.08% commercial and backyard personnel were found to have no knowledge of brucellosis and 9.67 and 87.77% consumed raw milk and yogurt respectively were highly vulnerable to zoonotic brucellosis. The results showed that brucellosis is widely distributed locally, underscoring the need for further studies including biovar determination.
Evaluation of Semen Fertility of Bulls by Non-return Rate at 60 Days of Cows under Artificial Insemination Programme in Bangladesh
M.J.U. Sarder
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: The present study were to evaluate the effect of individual bull, semen types, quality of bull semen, sources of semen on Non-return Rate (NRR) at 60 days of cows under field condition. A total 75550 cows were inseminated with 71 bull semens from Central Cattle Breeding Station and Dairy Farm (CCBSDF), Savar, Dhaka, Rajshahi Dairy and Cattle Improvement Farm (RDCIF), Rajabarihat and District Artificial Insemination Centre (DAIC), Rajshahi under 40 Artificial Insemination (AI) sub-centres/points of District AI centre, Rajshahi. The overall NRR was obtained 78.54% with chilled and frozen semen produced from three AI centres/stations. Analysis of variance showed that individual bull semen had significant (p<0.05) effect on NRR at 60 days after first insemination. Semen types, quality of bull semen and sources of semen had significant (p<0.001) effect on NRR at 60 days of cows. The significant (p<0.001) highest NRR (82.32%) was with chilled semen and lowest was with frozen semen (76.39%). The significant (p<0.001) maximum NRR (83.12%) was for the best quality bull semen and minimum (70.13%) for the poor quality bull semen. Significant (p<0.001) higher NRR (82.32%) was in semen from DAIC, Rajshahi and lower (73.01%) in semen from RDCIF, Rajabarihat. Results suggested that the NRR of cows at 60 days after first insemination under field condition may be a good practice to discard poor fertility semen among the individual bull semen, semen types (chilled and frozen), quality of bull semen (poor, good and best) and sources of semen (CCBSDF, Savar, RDCIF, Rajabarihat and DAIC, Rajshahi) for artificial insemination programme in Bangladesh.
Reproductive Problems of Cows at Bangladesh Agricultural University Dairy Farm and Possible Remedies  [PDF]
M.A.S. Talukder,M.A.M.Y. Khandoker,M.G.M. Rahman,M.R. Islam
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: The reproductive disorders are major causes of reduced fertility in cows that result in failure to produce or delay in producing the total annual calf crop. To identify the reproductive problems of dairy cows of Bangladesh Agriculture University (BAU) dairy farm initially different reproductive parameters in five genetic groups of cows were compiled in this study and 10 cows were identified as less performer. Jersey cross and Holstein Friesian cross were found as the less performer (30% reproductive disorder) followed by Sindhi and Sahiwal crossbred cows (20% reproductive disorder) and Red Chittagong was found as the best performer (0% reproductive disorder). The reproductive records of these 10 cows further taken into consideration and found to be anestrus. The cause of anestrus were further confirmed by rectal palpation and led to the anestrus due to unknown reason (20%) and ovarian abnormalities (80%). The ovarian abnormalities recorded to be as hypoplasia, deformed ovaries and cystic ovaries and their incidence percentages were 30, 20 and 30, respectively. For probable remedies related reproduction management were provided and the incidence (%) of improvement found in Jersey, Sindhi, Holstein Friesian and Sahiwal crossbreds cows were 66.7, 0.0, 33.3 and 100.0, respectively. It is concluded that Red Chittagong cows encountered least reproductive complains in BAU dairy farm. Moreover, Jersey and Holstein-Friesian crosses were found to be more susceptible to reproductive disorders than crosses of Sindhi and Sahiwal cows.
Causes and Consequences of Calf Mortality in a Dairy Farm of Bangladesh
Sarder Safiqul Islam,Ali Reza Ahmed,Ayesha Ashraf,Nargis Khanam,Mohammad Bashir Ahmed
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: The study was conducted in Milk and Cattle Improvement Farm, Bogra, Bangladesh with a view to identify the causes of calf mortality and its consequences on the reduction of milk yield. Records on 162 expired calves were used for the study that covered from 1995 to 2003. The dams of the farm were the crosses of indigenous zebu (Bos indicus) with Friesian and Shahiwal. Artificial insemination with deep frozen semen of exotic breeds was the means of breeding. Veterinary assistances were taken if and when necessary during parturition and newly born calves were fed colostrum ad libitum immediately after birth. Calf mortality was found highest in monsoon (36.4%) followed by winter (34.6%) and summer (29.0%). Mortality was higher in male calves (55.6%) than female (44.4%). Calf mortality rate was decreased with the increase in age of the calves and it was found highest in first month of life (35.2%). On the other hand, mortality decreased with the increase in birth weight. The predominant causes of calf mortality were pneumonia, foot and mouth disease (FMD), dystocia, calf scours etc. Among 162 expired calves, maximum 14.8% calves were died by pneumonia, followed by FMD (12.3%), dystocia (11.7%), calf scours (8.6%), black quarter (8.0%) etc. On an average 1012.39 kg of milk was lost for lose of each calf.
Comparative Study on the Productive and Reproductive Performance of Different Dairy Genotypes Reared in Bangladesh Agricultural University Dairy Farm  [PDF]
S.C. Mondal,M.M. Alam,M.M. Rashid,M.Y. Ali
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2005,
Abstract: The study was conducted at Bangladesh Agricultural University Dairy Farm for a period of six months. A total of 164 dairy cows belongs to different breeds, such as Jersey cross, Sahiwal cross, Sindhi cross, Holstein cross and Red Chittagong cows were selected and their information regarding milk production and other reproductive parameters were collected from farm records for a period of last five years (1993-1997). The number of animals of each of the genotypic classes were 48 for Jersey cross, 46 for Sahiwal cross, 35 for Sindhi cross, 20 for Holstein cross and 15 for Red-Chittagong. Significant difference was found within the milk yield (p<0.01), calving interval (p<0.05) and birth weight of calves (p<0.01) of different types of dairy cows. In case of lactation length, gestation length and service per conception, there were no significant differences (p>0.05). Highest milk yield (3.20 lit/day), highest birth weight of calves (15.2 kg) and lowest calving interval (414 days) were observed for Holstein cross. The lowest milk yield (2.46 lit/day) and lowest birth weight of calves were found in Red-Chittagong cows. Production performance of Holstein crossbred were superior to other dairy crossbreds. Jersey crossbred ranked second and performances of other genotypes were nearly similar.
Genetic and Phenotypic Parameters of Milk Production Traits of Crossbred Cattle in a Selected Farm of Bangladesh  [PDF]
Ali Reza Ahmed,Sarder Safiqul Islam,Nargis Khanam,Ayesha Ashraf
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: The study was conducted in Milk and Cattle Improvement Farm, Bogra, Bangladesh from 1995 to 2003 with a view to estimate genetic and phenotypic parameters of milk production traits of crossbred cattle. The milk production traits considered in the study were lactation length, yield per lactation, pick yield per day and daily milk yield. Heritability was calculated from parental half-sib relationship. The average mean of lactation length, yield per lactation, pick yield per day and daily milk yield were 338.19 ± 9.98 days, 1336.88 ± 60.23, 6.02 ± 0.17 and 3.93 ± 0.12 kg, respectively. The heritability estimates of lactation length, yield per lactation, pick yield per day and daily milk yield were 0.028 ± 0.01, 0.44 ± 0.10, 0.24 ± 0.08 and 0.20 ± 0.07, respectively, where the repeatability estimates of those traits were 0.10 ± 0.09, 0.14 ± 0.09, 0.36 ± 0.10 and 0.35 ± 0.10, respectively. The effects of genetic groups on various traits were non-significant except lactation length (P<0.01). The effects of parity on all traits under consideration were non-significant.
SOCIO-ECONOMIC DETERMINANTS OF OFF-FARM ACTIVITY PARTICIPATION IN BANGLADESH  [PDF]
M.S. Rahman
Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The study was conducted in two districts of Bangladesh to determine the factors affecting the participation in off-farm activity. A total of 150 sample farmers were selected for interview through random sampling technique. The results showed that the average annual income was higher for service holders (Tk.1,83,696) compared to business (Tk. 1,69,215) and off-farm labour activities (Tk.1,09,373). Participations in activities like business and services were positively influenced by the farm size and education respectively. On the other hand, farm size and education were inversely related with participation in off-farm labour activities. Farmers in the study areas mentioned low income from agriculture as a reason for participating in off-farm activity.
Genetic and Phenotypic Parameters on Reproductive Traits of Crossbred Cattle in a Selected Farm of Bangladesh  [PDF]
Sarder Safiqul Islam,Ali Reza Ahmed,Ayesha Ashraf,Nargis Khanam
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2004,
Abstract: The study was conducted in Milk and Cattle Improvement Farm, Bogra, Bangladesh from 1995 to 2003 with a view to estimate genetic and phenotypic parameters of crossbred cattle. The reproductive traits considered in the study were services per conception (SPC), age at first heat (AFH), age at first calving (AFC), gestation length (GL), calving interval (CI), post parturition heat (PPH) and birth weight (BW). Heritability was calculated from parental half-sib relationship. The average mean of SPC, AFH, AFC, GL, PPH, CI and BW were 2.76 0.13, 1223.60 62.47, 1751.02 71.79, 277.61 0.58, 105.80 6.08, 554.59 17.85 days and 22.18 0.23 kg, respectively. The heritability estimates of SPC, GL, PPH, CI and BW were 0.08 0.05, 0.31 0.08, 0.14 0.06, 0.38 0.05 and 0.33 0.09, respectively. The repeatability estimates of SPC, GL, PPH and CI were 0.46 0.08, 0.012 0.6, 0.35 0.09 and 0.022 0.04, respectively. The effects of genetic groups on various traits were non-significant except PPH (p<0.001). The results of the study revealed that the Local Crossbred cows are late maturing animals with a long inter-calving interval. High services per conception indicate their poor fertility. However, high magnitude of heritability estimates of some traits indicates additive genetic variance is pronounced and good response to selection can be achieved for these traits.
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