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AROEIRA (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) SEEDLING PRODUCTION FOR RECUPERATING BAUXITE MINED AREAS
Anderson Cleiton José,Ant?nio Cláudio Davide,Sandro Longuinho de Oliveira
CERNE , 2005,
Abstract: This work evaluated aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) seedling quality (diameter, height, dry weight and rootgrowth potential), cultivated in different plastic tube sizes and evaluated the seedling post-planting performance in the field cultivatedin plastic tubes and in plastic bags. It was found that plastic tube size and seedling densities, significantly, influenced the seedling quality(diameter, height, dry weight and root growth potential). The seedling post-planting performance did not show significant differencewhen cultivated in plastic tubes or in plastic bags.
Tratamento da vaginose bacteriana com gel vaginal de Aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi): ensaio clínico randomizado  [cached]
Amorim Melania Maria Ramos de,Santos Luiz Carlos
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2003,
Abstract: OBJETIVOS: testar a eficácia e a tolerancia do gel de aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) para tratamento da vaginose bacteriana. MéTODOS: quarenta e oito mulheres com vaginose bacteriana sintomática (de acordo com os critérios de Amsel) foram incluídas em ensaio clínico randomizado, duplo-cego, controlado, comparando-se o uso do gel vaginal de aroeira (25 casos) com placebo (23 casos). Os principais desfechos avaliados foram: taxa de cura, presen a de lactobacilos na colpocitologia depois do tratamento e efeitos colaterais. Realizou-se análise estatística usando os testes chi2 e exato de Fisher, ao nível de significancia de 5%. RESULTADOS: adotando-se os parametros clínicos de Amsel para vaginose bacteriana, a taxa de cura foi de 84% no grupo da aroeira e 47,8% no grupo placebo (p = 0,008). Observou-se freqüência significativamente maior de lactobacilos na colpocitologia entre as pacientes tratadas com aroeira (43,5%) em rela o ao placebo (4,3%) (p = 0,002). Efeitos adversos relacionados ao tratamento n o foram freqüentes em ambos os grupos. CONCLUS ES: o presente estudo indica que o gel vaginal de aroeira é efetivo e seguro para o tratamento da vaginose bacteriana. Além disso, sugerem-se potenciais efeitos benéficos na flora vaginal.
Efeito fungitóxico do óleo essencial de aroeira da praia (Schinus terebinthifolius RADDI) sobre Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Fungitoxic effect of essential oil from aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius RADDI) on Colletotrichum gloeosporioides  [cached]
L.F.G Oliveira Junior,R.B. Santos,F.O. Reis,S.T Matsumoto
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais , 2013,
Abstract: Neste trabalho foi avaliado o efeito do óleo essencial do fruto de Schinus terebinthifolius sobre o crescimento micelial do fungo Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in vitro, e no desenvolvimento da antracnose no período de pós-colheita em mam es. As diferentes concentra es de óleo foram diluídas em Tween 80 a 8%. No experimento in vitro foram preparados meios de cultura BDA nas concentra es de 0,05; 0,10; 0,25 e 0,50% do óleo essencial. O controle negativo foi realizado apenas com meio BDA e o controle solvente com meio BDA e Tween 80 a 8%. A inibi o do crescimento do fungo foi diretamente proporcional à quantidade do óleo e a maior inibi o encontrada foi de 79,07% na concentra o de óleo de 0,50%. No experimento in vivo os frutos do mamoeiro foram inoculados com o fungo em quatro tratamentos: com biofilme; com biofilme mais 0,50% do óleo; com fungicida Prochloraz e frutos controle. Embora o tratamento com óleo tenha sido eficiente contra o fungo, n o foi indicado comercialmente, pois apresentou valores elevados de perda de massa fresca, de firmeza, e também sintomas de fitotoxidade. O óleo tem propriedade antifúngica contra C. gloeosporioides in vitro e in vivo, contudo, n o é recomendado para o mam o em fun o da fitotoxidez This study evaluated the effect of essential oil from Schinus terebinthifolius fruit on the mycelial growth of the fungus Colletotrichum gloeosporioides in vitro and on the anthracnose development during the postharvest period of papaya fruits. The different oil concentrations were diluted in 8% Tween 80. For the in vitro experiment, PDA culture media were prepared at the concentrations of 0.05, 0.10, 0.25 and 0.50% essential oil. Negative control was prepared with PDA medium alone, while solvent control was prepared with PDA medium and 8% Tween 80. Fungal growth inhibition was directly proportional to the oil amount and the greatest inhibition was 79.07% at 0.50% oil concentration. For the in vivo experiment, papaya fruits were inoculated with the fungus in four treatments: with biofilm, with biofilm plus 0.50% oil, with the fungicide Prochloraz and control fruits. Although treatment with oil was efficient against the fungus, it was not commercially recommended since it presented high values of loss of fresh mass and firmness, as well as phytotoxicity symptoms. The oil has antifungal property against C. gloeosporioides both in vitro and in vivo; however, it is not recommended for papaya fruits due to its phytotoxicity.
Tratamento da vaginose bacteriana com gel vaginal de Aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi): ensaio clínico randomizado
Amorim, Melania Maria Ramos de;Santos, Luiz Carlos;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032003000200004
Abstract: purpose: to test the efficacy of and tolerance to schinus terebinthifolius raddi gel in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. methods: forty-eight women with symptomatic bacterial vaginosis (according to amsel's criteria) were enrolled in a randomized, double-blind, controlled trial comparing schinus terebinthifolius raddi gel (25 cases) with placebo (23 cases). the main outcome parameters were: rate of cure, presence of lactobacilli in pap smear after treatment and side effects. statistical analysis was performed using the c2 and the fisher exact test at 5% level of significance. results: using amsel's clinical parameters of bacterial vaginosis, the cure rate was 84% in the schinus group and 47.8% in the placebo group (p=0.008). a significant increase in the frequency of lactobacilli was observed in the pap smear of the group treated with schinus (43.5%) compared to the patient group (4.3%) (p=0.002). treatment-related adverse events were not frequent in either group. conclusios: the present study indicates that schinus vaginal gel is effective and safe in the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. in addition, potential beneficial effects on the vaginal flora are suggested.
Avalia??o do extrato de Aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) no processo de cicatriza??o de gastrorrafias em ratos
Santos, Orlando José dos;Ribas Filho, Jurandir Marcondes;Czeczko, Nicolau Gregori;Castelo Branco Neto, Manoel Lages;Naufel Jr, Carlos;Ferreira, Lydia Masako;Campos, Rodrigo Peixoto;Moreira, Hamilton;Porcides, Rafael Dib;Dobrowolski, Samuel;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502006000800007
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the healing process of gastric suture in rats using hydroalcoholic aroeira (schinus terebinthifolius raddi) extract. methods: forty adult male rats, divided into two groups of 20 animals were operated and named as follows: aroeira group (ga), and the control group (gc). each group was divided into two subgroups (sg) of 10 animals (sga and sgc) according to the time of provoked death (three and seven days). the same surgical procedure was performed in all animals consisting in incision and simple suture of the stomach (prolene? 6-0). the only difference was on the type of medical treatment. the aroeira group received a single 100mg/kg of aroira extract in an intraperitoneal dose and the animals from the control group received the same quantity in milliliters (ml) of the isotonic saline solution. the evaluated parameters were: macroscopic alterations, microscopic healing process and toleration to atmospheric air insufflation. results: all animals had good healing process of abdominal wall with no clinical evidence of infection, dehiscence, abscesses and peritonitis. both groups presented adherences to gastric suture line area with surrounding organs, mainly the liver, lower intestines and the abdominal wall. microscopic analysis showed only chronic inflammation significant difference between the aroeira and control groups on the third day of observation. resistance tests did not present significant statistical differences in the studied groups. conclusion: the use of aroeira (schinus terebinthifolius raddi) hydro-alcoholic extract did not alter the stomach healing process, considered on macroscopic, tensiometric and microscopic assessment.
Estabelecimento in vitro de aroeira da praia (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) em diferentes concentra??es de 6-benzilaminopurina (BAP)
Paiva, A.M.S.;Aloufa, M.A.I.;
Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-05722009000300011
Abstract: brazilian pepper (schinus terebinthifolius raddi) is anacardiaceae presenting medicinal proprieties which are extensively exploited by common citizens to treat uterine inflammation, especially in the northeast region of brazil. the aim of this study was to establish ideal concentrations of 6-benzilaminopurine (bap) for the in vitro establishment of schinus terebinthifolius using nodal, internodal, cotyledonary and apical stem segments. explants were cultured on ms medium supplemented with 3% sucrose, 0.1 g l-1 myo-inositol and distinct concentrations of bap: 0, 2.25, 4.5, 9.0 and 18.0 μm. the evaluated parameters were sprout induction, and sprout number and length. nodal segment is the most suitable explant for the in vitro establishment of brazilian pepper. internodal segments only develop callus, not inducing adventitious sprouts. the treatment with 4.5 μm bap was the most responsive to schinus terebinthifolius regeneration.
Efeito do extrato hidroalcoólico de Aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) na cicatriza??o de anastomoses col?nicas: estudo experimental em ratos
Coutinho, Itágores Hoffman I. Lopes Sousa;Torres, Orlando Jorge Martins;Matias, Jorge Eduardo F.;Coelho, Júlio Cezar U.;Stahlke Júnior, Henrique Jorge;Agulham, Miguel ?ngelo;Bachle, ênio;Camargo, Paulo Antonio Monteiro;Pimentel, Silvania Klug;Freitas, Alexandre Coutinho Teixeira de;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502006000900008
Abstract: introduction: the healing is a complex biological event that involves inflammation, chemotaxis, cells proliferation, differentiation and remodelation. in brazilian popular medicine, the "aroeira" is used to treat different situations the anastomotic healing is always a preoccupation among surgeons. the fail in intestinal anastomosis leads to fistulas and dehiscences. purpose: to evaluate the effect of the hidroalcoholic extract of schinus terebinthifolius raddi (brazilian peppertree) in the healing of colonic anastomosis. methods: forty wistar rats were randomly divided in two groups (aroeira and control), each one with 20 animals, according to the treatment received after the anastomosis (aroeira extract or saline solution 0,9%) and each group was divided in two subgroups (c3 and c7 and a3 and a7,) according to the euthanasia day (at 3rd and at 7th). the macroscopic, microscopic and bursting pressure measurements were performed. to evaluate the groups, the non-parametric test of mann-whitney was applied. results: in the macroscopic aspects, there was no significant difference between the aroeira and the control group, both at the 3rd and the 7th days. when compared the subgroups of microscopic analysis at the 3rd day, the difference between the aroeira and the control group was significant in the variables congestion (p = 0,005), polymorphonuclears (p = 0,034), mononuclears (p = 0,023), fibroblastic proliferation (p = 0,023) and at the healing stage (p = 0,001). at the 7th day analysis, the difference between the aroeira and the control group was significant in all the variables of microscopic analysis. no significant differences were found in the bursting pressure. conclusion: it was observed a favorable effect of aroeira, at microscopic level, in the healing process of colonic anastomosis.
Caracteriza??o funcional do sistema reprodutivo da aroeira-vermelha (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi), em Florianópolis-SC, Brasil
Lenzi, Maurício;Orth, Afonso Inácio;
Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-29452004000200004
Abstract: dioecy, as the reproductive system of s. terebinthifolius (anacardiaceae), was investigated in an area with human interference and in a sandbank area, in the municipal district of florianópolis, sc. during two reproductive periods the following pollination tests were performed: open pollination and manual cross-pollination have been developed in plants of both sexes, and tests of anemophily, agamospermy and parthenogenesis, accomplished only in female plants. pollen grains have been germinated in different sucrose concentrations to verify their viability. the pollination treatments that resulted into fruit set were the open pollination, with the greatest average of 45%, and manual cross-pollination, with the greatest average of 56,2%. the other pollination tests did not result in fruit set, showing that the reduced gynoecium of the male flowers is not functional, proving dioecy of the species, neither the species is anemophilic, nor apomitic, and it does not present partenocarpy. the pollen/ovule ratio between a male and a female flower was high (99,267:1), classifying the species as xenogamic.
Antiulcer effect of the pepper trees Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (aroeira-da-praia) and Myracrodruon urundeuva Allem?o, Anacardiaceae (aroeira-do-sert?o)
Carlini, Elisaldo A.;Duarte-Almeida, Joaquim M.;Rodrigues, Eliana;Tabach, Ricardo;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2010000200001
Abstract: schinus terebinthifolius raddi and the myracrodruon urundeuva allem?o were evaluated in rats and mice for antiulcer effects, as these two plants are widely used in brazil for gastric ulcer treatment. extracts of the plants showed a marked protective effect against gastric ulcerations induced by immobilization stress at low temperature in rats. they also showed an increase in the ph and volume of the gastric contents, and reduction in gastric hemorrhage in rats, and decrease in intestinal transit in mice, even at the low doses of 3.4 mg/kg (1/4 of the dose used by humans).
Avalia??o do efeito do extrato hidroalcoólico de Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi (Aroeira) no processo de cicatriza??o da linea alba de ratos
Nunes Jr., José Aldemir Teixeira;Ribas-Filho, Jurandir Marcondes;Malafaia, Osvaldo;Czeczko, Nicolau Gregori;Inácio, Cristiano Machado;Negr?o, Alexandre Wolanski;Lucena, Periguari Luiz Holanda de;Moreira, Hamilton;Wagenfuhr Jr., Jorge;Cruz, Jordan de Jesus;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86502006000900003
Abstract: purpose: to evaluate the healing process in the abdominal wall of rats after the intra-peritoneal injection of the hydro-alcoholic schinus terebinthifolius raddi extract. methods: forty wistar rats were used, distributed in two groups of 20 animals, divided into two subgroups, according to the death day, three or seven, after the intra-peritoneal injection of the extract. the experimental group was injected with only one dose of the hydro-alcoholic aroeira extract (100mg per animal kilogram); the control group was injected with only one dose of isotonic saline solution at 0.9%. after the animal death, an inventory of the peritoneal cavity was carried out in a careful search for any adhesion, followed by the resection of the anterior abdominal wall encompassing the operating incision in order to examine it for evidence of infection. the adhesions were classified according to the nair criteria. the tensiometric assessment was performed by means of the measurement of the maximum charge and maximum deformity tolerated, measured in a universal tiratest type testing machine and, finally, the histological evaluation was performed by means of the hematoxylin-eosine staining in following parameters: severe inflammation, chronic inflammation, ischemic necrosis, gigantocellular reaction of the foreign body type, fibroblastic proliferation, fibrosis, re-epithelization and co-optation of the suture borders. results: the macroscopic evaluation didn't have any evidence of significant adherence between the alba linea and the intra-abdominal viscera in the study groups. the tensiometry showed significant effect for the maximum charge and maximum deformity (p=0.006 and p=0.000, respectively) between the 7-day control and experimental groups. the histological 3-day and 7-day control and experimental intergroup evaluation did not show significant alteration for the parameters vascular neoformation, necrosis, fibrosis, re-epithelization and co-aptation. a significant difference was perc
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