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INFLUENCE OF CULTURAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL VICINITY IN ATTRACTING THE FDI IN BALKAN REGION. ALBANIA AS A CASE STUDY  [PDF]
Mamica Nene,Eleina Qirici
Contemporary Marketing Review , 2011,
Abstract: This study tried to identify the impact of qualitative parameters such as language, geographic and cultural vicinity between Albania and its neighbor countries for attracting foreign investments. In the beginning, there is a general overview of FDI in Balkan Region and then the study follows with a general overview of FDI in Albania. In this aspect, resources of secondary data were used. Information from these resources shows that foreign investors in Albania originate mostly from EU countries. The study is completed with collecting primary data which consisted on the personal interviews to 122 foreign businesses having their activity in Albania out of a total of 1347 businesses. Two hypotheses were identified related with the cultural and geographical vicinity between the host country and origin country of foreign investors and their reasons of investing in Albania. The statistical analysis of the questionnaires was made through SPSS17 program, which calculates the frequency of answers, creation of cross tables and verifies the hypotheses through x2test.
DETERMINING FACTORS OF FOREIGN DIRECT INNVESTMENTS IN ALBANIA  [PDF]
Mamica NENE,Eleina QIRICI
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2010,
Abstract: FDI are very important especially for the developing countries like Albania. The worldwide competition in attracting FDI is intensified the efforts concerning the reforms in improving the business climate. The efforts done toward the increase of the political stability, improvement of infrastructure, stimulating policies and the establishment of institutions which promote Albania in investors’ community show how much Albania has been trying to attract the foreign investors. The goal of this survey is to study the relation between such indicators as: political stability, GDP per capital, working power, promotion of investments and FDI. The survey contributes modestly in discussing scientifically what is needed for improving the climate of foreign direct investments in Albania.
FDI and Economic Growth: Does WTO Accession and Law Matter Play Important Role in Attracting FDI? The Case of Viet Nam  [cached]
Nguyen Dinh Chien,Zhang Ke Zhong,Tran Thi Giang
International Business Research , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v5n8p214
Abstract: This study focused on the impact of FDI on economic growth in the entire of Vietnam and in the provinces which are ranked differently on socio - economic conditions. Based on a panel dataset of 64 provinces and cities in Vietnam and used the fixed - effects estimation method for econometric models, the empirical results show that FDI has a positive impact on economic growth of Vietnam in the period 2000 - 2010. This effect in the provinces with better socio - economic conditions was stronger than in the provinces with worse socio- economic conditions. Promulgating Unified Enterprises and amending Investment Law in 2005 as well as accessing to WTO in 2007 have affected positively in attracting FDI in the period 2006 - 2010. However Law factor has a more positive and stronger impact on FDI attraction of Vietnam than WTO accession. In addition, the study examines the impact of FDI on economic growth by different regions in Vietnam. The results show that FDI has a positive impact on economic growth only exists in 4 of 6 regions of Vietnam in the period 2000 - 2010.
An Empirical Analysis to the Impact of Tax Incentives on FDI after WTO  [PDF]
Jue Yan
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.711121
Abstract: Based on 36 cities’ datum, We build a model to examine whether a series of tax incentives to promote FDI inflows have a significant effect or not after 2001. The results showed that: After WTO, preferential tax policies which were taken to promote FDI inflows and upgrade industrial structure indeed had a certain effect. From sub-regional perspective, preferential tax policies for central and western regions still attract FDI, while the eastern region is no longer significant.
Have the Special Economic Zones Succeeded in Attracting FDI?—Analysis for India  [PDF]
Tamali Chakraborty, Haripriya Gundimeda, Vinish Kathuria
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2017.73047
Abstract: The introduction of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) in India has injected hope for augmented economic growth in recent future. The motive behind establishment of SEZs was mainly to fuel rapid economic growth, provide world class infrastructure and employment, promote exports, increase foreign exchange reserves and attract more Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). The main objective of the paper is to investigate whether the enactment of SEZ policies had any impact on inflow of FDI among Indian states. This is tested using panel data techniques on 16 groups of states over 14 years period from 2001 to 2014. The results indicate that enactment of SEZ policy (as well as operational SEZs) in a state has induced more FDI inflow. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the states, which want to benefit from FDI inflow, they need to enact the policies sooner.
Analysis of Economic Factors Attracting FDI in West China since Reform and Opening-up  [cached]
Wenfei Lan,Qie Yin
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v4n2p26
Abstract: Since China performed the policy of reform and opening-up 30 years ago, foreign direct investment (FDI) has exerted important function in the quick development of economy, but the location factors of West China and East China are very different, and their attractions to FDI are not same. According to the location theory of FDI, in this article, taking the city of Chengdu as the example, we utilized the method of co-integration to empirically analyze the economic factors attracting FDI in West China in past 30 years since reform and opening-up. And the analysis results indicate that quicker economic growth, higher opening degree and investment in fixed assets are important economic factors to attract foreign investments for the city of Chengdu.
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Vietnam Economy  [PDF]
Bui Kieu Anh, Nguyen Quang Thai, Bui Trinh
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2019.94064
Abstract:

Foreign Direct Investment has positive impacts on developing economies, however without proper and effective policies in attracting and management of foreign investment, there can be negative impacts as well. This study attempts to provide a picture of foreign investment in Vietnam over the past time. The main research method used in the article is statistics analysis and Input-Output analysis method using data from Vietnam General Statistics Office, along with some contemporary policy discussion. A comprehensive statistical investigation shows that while FDI sector consistently accounts for about 20% of Vietnam GDP since 1995, this sector is becoming dominating in importing and exporting relatively to State and other non-State sectors. Besides, policies exercised by the Government are both showing signs of unfair treatment between FDI and domestic sectors and showing loopholes exploited by FDI firms (such as tax avoidance and price transfer). From the Input-Ouput analysis, we discovered that the sector which needs State investment the most—domestic sector with highest spillover effects to income and lowest to import—is begin neglected in favor of FDI sectors. Consequently, this has created a fragmented domestic economy that is assembly-based and not fully utilising its manufacturing potentials. Some recommendations drawn from the study are: increase effectiveness of policy in attracting and using foreign investments; ensure fairness in treatment between foreign and domestic firms; create incentives to boost domestic manufacturing; priorities foreign capitals which have positive spillover effects and technology transfer.

FDI AND INDIAN ECONOMY: A CASE OF JAPAN FDI  [PDF]
Prof. Dr. Badar Alam Iqbal,Dr. Farha Naz Ghuari
Business and Management Review , 2011,
Abstract: Foreign Direct Investment has been recognized a most powerful and convenient tool of transforming a traditional economy into a modern economy. Every nation world over is in the race of attracting more FDI inflows to accelerate the pace of economic progress and emancipation. India is no exception to this notion.India has been witnessing low growth in savings since independence and hence, keeping more pressure on the need of resources required for rapid rate of growth and development, the need of the hour. Keeping this in mind, since July 24, 1991, India has been trying hard to attract more FDI inflows to meet its development needs on the one hand and on the other hand to accelerate the pace of growth and development. But India has not been attracting FDI inflows commensuration to its requirement of the economy. The present paper analyses the emerging trends and issues in FDI inflows to India with added emphasis on Japanese FDI inflows to India. The paper has two sections. First deals with FDI inflows to India and Second Sections highlight emerging trends in Japanese FDI inflows to India.
Pattern of Engagement of People with Disabilities and Their Family Members in the Policy Making Process in Albania  [PDF]
Blerta Cani Drenofci,Marita Flagler
Academicus : International Scientific Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.7336/academicus.2010.02.08
Abstract: Foreign direct investments are very important for the implementation of strategic reforms, transfer of advanced technologies and managerial methods, thereby stimulating economic growth in developing countries and in particular, transition economies such as Albania is. During the last years, Albania experienced an increase in foreign investors’ interest in a wide range of sectors, with energy generation, telecommunication, cement production, mining, oil and industrial parks heading the list. However, the major obstacle factors for FDI inflows seem to remain the same: pervasive corruption, weak law enforcement, poor rule of law, lack of developed infrastructure, lack of a reliable energy supply and insufficiently defined property rights. Determining the factors that attract FDI, and furthermore identify the main characteristics of the host country’s economy, are essential to understand the reason of FDI inflows to a country or region. In the empirical perspective, various studies give different results. More specifically, this paper has focused on determining the factors for and against FDI in Albania.
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES AND FDI IMPACT IN HOST COUNTRIES  [PDF]
Zaman Gheorghe,Vasile Valentina,Cristea Anca
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: This survey analyses aspects of the relationship between FDI and sustainable development within the Romanian economy, focusing in particular on volume, dynamics and structure of FDI companies in Romania, impact on imports and exports as well as ratio between repatriated profit and profit reinvested in the host country. A series of proposals have been made for increasing the contribution of FDI in the sustainable development of Romania by attracting FDI in particular to the tradable sector and for increasing the favourable propagation effects to Romanian companies.
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