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圖書線上資訊交換標準之探究 A Study of ONIX for Books  [PDF]
Ho-Chin Chen,Hui Ou-Yang
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: 由於網路購書的與起,出版社與批發商、零售商、書店之間,為了圖書資訊的快遠流通,越來越需要通用標準,ONIX圖書線上資訊交換標準遂應運而生。與另一電子書標準OeBF相比,OeBF著墨於電子書內容的標準規範,而ONIX則強調於資料的著錄與交換。本文即從ONIX的起源開始,介紹ONlX標準的發展與現況,並觀察圖書館界對此標準的反應。目前ONIX已成為出版社與網路書店間的溝通橋樑,並已完成ONIX與MARC間的對應,未來若能解決ONIX轉換成MARC而缺少權威控制的問題,將可簡化圖書館技術工作的負荷,並豐富書目記錄的內容。 Since the Internet has grown as a popular place to buy books, the publishers need badly a standard format that can use to distribute electronic information about their books to wholesale and retail booksellers, and anyone else involved in the sale of books. ONIX,stands for Online Information eXchange, is one of such standard formats. This article describes the background and development of ONIX, also explores the library's role in the mapping from ONIX to MARC.
數位學習標準與SCORM的發展 | Learning Technology Standards and SCORM  [cached]
徐文杰、林沛傑 Wen-Jye Hsu、Pe-Chieh Lin
Journal of Library and Information Science , 2003,
Abstract: 頁次:15-28 數位學習標準使教師、學員、學習機構、電腦平台廠商、出版商都可依循相同的平台與內容規範,獲取共同的利益。數位學習標準的主要目的,在促進教學資源的可再用性 (Reusability)、可即性 (Accessibility)、耐久性 (Durability)、可互通性 (Interoperability)、彈性 (Adaptability)、經濟性 (Affordability)和可管理性 (Manageability) 。目前廣為國內外E-Learning產業所認定的標準是ADL ( Advanced Distributed Learning )組織所制定的SCORM(Sharable Content Object Reference Model,共
期刊線上資訊交換標準ONIX for Serials初探 A Study on ONIX for Serials  [PDF]
Ho-Chin Chen,Hsiao-Hui Chang
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: 網際網路(World-Wide Web)的興起促成了電子商務的發展。為紓解出版商、代理商及圖書館間龐大期刊資料傳輸的重擔,期刊標準在未來的地位將會越來越重要。期刊標準種類繁多,其中EDItEUR及NISO合作發展的期刊線上資訊交換標準 ONIX of Serials是專為期刊資源而發展的結構化、全面性及可擴展性詮釋資料標準,設計於支援期刊界特定商業需要。ONIX for Serials標準若欲充分發揮效能,必須使用定義精確的識別碼。而發展於60年代末、70年代初,一向被用來辨識紙本期刊的國際標準期刊號碼(International Standard Serial Number, ISSN),由於多重媒體格式設定不同ISSN,加上出版商和圖書館在執行上的差異,導致ISSN的不確定性無法成為ONIX for Serials的識別碼。ISSN本身也必須修訂始能因應數位時代的需求。本文針對與期刊交易處理有直接關係的期刊線上資訊交換標準ONIX for Serials,探討其源起、內涵、發展趨勢及ISSN的修訂現況,或許可供台灣圖書館界及出版界的參考。 The growth of WWW has led to a rapid development of electronic commerce. The transmission of data relating to serial subscriptions has resulted in a heavy burden for libraries, publishers, and subscription vendors. To ease the burden, serial standards are becoming even more important in this digital age. ONIX for Serials, a serial standard co-developed by EDItEUR and NISO, is one of the many varieties of serial standards. ONIX for Serials is a standard format for communicating information pertaining to libraries’ subscriptions to serial titles and related products and services. For ONIX for Serials to be an identification number, ISSN needed revision, which is undertaken by the ISO/TC 46/SC 9 Working Group 5. The origin, current status, and future development of ONIX for Serials are summarized in this paper.
描述文物之資料內容標準CCO Data Content Standards for Describing Cultural Objects
Ho-Chin Chen
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: 「文物」是指人類在歷史發展過程中遺留下來具有歷史、藝術及科學價值的遺物和遺蹟。文物資源的描述一向是文化資產典藏單位(亦即圖書館、檔案館及博物館等)共同的工作重點。為求作業標準化以交換及分享資訊資源,有史以來,資料標準存在已久。 尤其越來越多文化資訊以電子形式出現於網際網路,將更凸顯文物描述資料標準的重要性。2006年,美國圖書館協會(American Library Association)出版文化資產界關於文物描述的第一套資料內容標準Cataloguing Cultural Objects: A Guide to Describing Cultural Objects and Their Images,簡稱CCO。為進一步了解此項工具,筆者試從相關文獻探討其歷史發展背景、範圍及組織結構,並與 其他資料內容標準比較,包括圖書館界廣泛使用的編目規則《中國編目規則》、《英美編目規則》(Anglo-American Cataloging Rules,AACR)及檔案界的《檔案描述內容標準》(Describing Archives: A Content Standard, DACS),擬找出CCO的特色及可應用性,供台灣之圖書館、博物館或檔案館相關人士參考。 Cultural objects are relics that have remained historical, artistic and scientific values after experiencing human development processes. Cultural objects cataloging has been a common main point for works of culture heritage related institutions such as library, archives and museum. To standardize operations of exchanging and sharing information resources, data description standards have existed since the beginning of recorded history. Especially, the more electronic cultural information emerges over the internet, the more important cultural objects description standards are. In 2006, American Library Association published Cataloging Cultural Objects: A Guide to Describing Cultural Objects and Their Images, as known as CCO, the first set of data content standards for cultural objects. In order to get further information about this tool, the author explored the historical background, characteristics, and importance of CCO by making comparisons with other data content standards (including CCR, AACR2R and DACS) for those who work for domestic museums, libraries and archives.
標準、規格及其資訊資源與服務 Standards, Specification, and Their Information Sources  [PDF]
Ming-yueh Tsay
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: 本文從標準的歷史與定義、標準的特性、目的與功能,以及標準類型、標準組織,加以論述,並進一步探討重要的標準資訊資源與服務,以供科技圖書館或資訊中心及其使用者參考。 This article describes the definitions and developments of standards. It also reviews the characteristics and types of standards and presents a list of organizations that issue standards. In addition, guidelines are given for the development of a standard collection.Moreover, methods and tools to identify and acquire standards, especially via WWW,are explored along with resources to support standard information services.
關於中藥標準規格草案的制訂問題  [PDF]
樓之岑
中国中药杂志 , 1955,
Abstract: 本文主要內容曾在藥學通報2卷9期發表(題为“中藥標準規格問題”),現經作者根據目前情况加以補充修正,以供各地進行中藥標準規格草案制訂工作的同志們參考。
研究/電子資源使用統計標準與規範之探討/陳雪華;許嘉珍;朱雅琦 | Study of the Electronic Resources Usage Statistics Standards and Guidelines/ Hsueh-Hua Chen;Chia-Chen Hsu;Ya-Chi Chu  [cached]
陳雪華、許嘉珍、朱雅琦  
Journal of Library and Information Science , 2007,
Abstract: 近年來,由於資訊科技的進步,圖書館中的電子資源數量快速增加,所佔預算金額比例也大幅增長。圖書館希望能夠透過評鑑電子資源的使用,以便能夠在電 子資源館藏發展等方面做出正確的決策。由於體認到電子資源使用統計之重要性,圖書館界與相關組織紛紛發展或修訂圖書館統計標準,增列電子資源使用統計的項 目以充分反映圖書館電子資源使用之狀況。本文主要採用文獻分析法以及內容分析法,收集探討並比較近軍來國內外電子資源使用統計之相關規範及標準,包含 ISO 2789、 ICOLC Guidelines、州ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrlcs、E-Measures Project、以及Project COUNTER等。 Recently, due to the advances of information technology, electronic resources are gradually replacing print resources as the largest consumer of library acquisition budgets. Logically, libraries want to evaluate the usage of electronic resources and incorporate the results into their decision making regarding electronic resource acquisition. Over these years, there is a general awareness among libraries to develop statistics standards and guidelines for library electronic resources usage. In this paper, literature review and content analysis methods are used to compare several library statistics standards, including: ISO 2789 、ICOLC Guidelines、ANSI/NISO Z39.7、CNS13151、ARL E-Metrics、E-Measures Project、and Project COUNTER etc. 頁次:89-102
Study on Electronic-Government in China  [cached]
Lan-rong YANG
Cross-Cultural Communication , 2005, DOI: 10.3968/1731
Abstract: The development of electronic-government is the important field in the informational proceeding. According to China’s situation, we should enhance guidance, definitude the target, make a uniform programming, conformity information resource, strengthen the legislation of e-government, foster the civil servants, in order to insure the successful development of e-government. Key words: E-Government, Information Resource, Management, Standard Résumé: Le développement de l’électronisation des affaires du gouvernement est devenu le domaine le plus important de l’informatisation contemporaine et la focalisation du monde entier . Dans le processus de la mise en oeuvre du système de l’électronisation des affaires du gouvernement en Chine , il faut renforcer la direction , déterminer l’objectif , élaborer un plan commun , réorganiser les ressources informatiques , légiférer l’électronisation des affaires du gouvernement , mettre l’accent sur la formation des fonctionnaires pour assurer le développement progressif de l’électronisation des affaires du gouvernement Mots- clés: l’électronisation des affaires du gouvernement , les ressources informatiques , le standard , la gestion 摘 要:電子政務的發展已成為當代資訊化的最重要的領域和全世界關注的熱點。在中國電子政務系統建設和實施過程中,必須加強領導,明確目標,統一規劃,整合資訊資源,加強電子政務的立法,抓好公務員的培訓工作,確保電子政務穩步、健康地向前發展。 關鍵詞:電子政務;資訊資源;管理;標準
對中國標準時區劃分的建議
胡繼勤
科学通报 , 1954,
Abstract: 我國前中央觀象台曾將全國劃分為三大時區及兩個半時區。但是這種劃分法還有些缺點,特別是兩個半時區與國際規定不相符合。今天,我國社會主義建設正在大規模進行,交通事業日益發展,行政區劃也已經過調整,全國的標凖時
對中國標準時區劃分的建議  [PDF]
胡繼勤
科学通报 , 1954,
Abstract: 我國前中央觀象台曾將全國劃分為三大時區及兩個半時區。但是這種劃分法還有些缺點,特別是兩個半時區與國際規定不相符合。今天,我國社會主義建設正在大規模進行,交通事業日益發展,行政區劃也已經過調整,全國的標凖時间似有重新割分及公布的必要。
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