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Transparent Format Migration of Preserved Web Content  [PDF]
David S. H. Rosenthal,Thomas Lipkis,Thomas Robertson,Seth Morabito
Computer Science , 2004,
Abstract: The LOCKSS digital preservation system collects content by crawling the web and preserves it in the format supplied by the publisher. Eventually, browsers will no longer understand that format. A process called format migration converts it to a newer format that the browsers do understand. The LOCKSS program has designed and tested an initial implementation of format migration for Web content that is transparent to readers, building on the content negotiation capabilities of HTTP.
Resources Organization and Searching Specification: The “Butterflies of Taiwan” Project
Szu-Chia Lo,Hsueh-Hua Chen
Journal of Library and Information Studies , 1999,
Abstract: “Butterflies of Taiwan” is a sub-project under Taiwan Digital Museum Project (TDMP), sponsored by the National Science Council of Taiwan. ”Butterflies of Taiwan”, a cooperative project, was proposed by National Chi-Nan University and National Museum of Natural Science; its metadata was developed by Resources Organization Searching Specification (ROSS, also a sub-project under TDMP) Research Team. In order to design the appropriate elements and create the butterfly metadata, ROSS started to gather relevant information on butterfly and information cataloging in August 1998. The main purpose of this project is to establish a digital museum to support and promote science education. Task of ROSS is the following: with respect to information storage and retrieval demand, to develop butterfly metadata format and design system specification based on the project content. This article presents the metadata format created for butterfly project and discusses issues related with its implementation. In order to promote information exchange, mapping of butterfly metadata to Dublin Core will also be presented.[Article content in Chinese]
An Investigation of Early Childhood Teachers’ Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) in Taiwan
Hsueh-Hua CHUANG,Chao-Ju HO
Journal of Kirsehir Education Faculty , 2011,
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) of early childhood teachers in Taiwan. Quantitative Data was collected from a sample of 335 in-service early childhood teachers in Taiwan. The instrument was translated and adapted from Schmidt et al. (2009) TPACK survey instrument with added items to fit the early educational context in Taiwan. Data analysis methods included descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation, and MANOVA. Findings from the study were summarized as follows: (a) The development of early childhood teachers‘ pedagogical knowledge (PK), content knowledge (CK) and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) were the best among the seven knowledge sub domains in TPACK.(b)The number of years of teaching experience was significantly positively correlated with early childhood teachers‘ pedagogical knowledge (PK), content knowledge (CK) and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). Besides, early childhood teachers with over ten years of teaching experience had better self-assessed pedagogical knowledge (PK), content knowledge (CK) and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) than those teachers with less than ten years of teaching experience. (c) A significant positive correlation was found between pedagogical knowledge (PK), and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) and age; however, a significant negative correlation existed with technology knowledge (TK) and age. Older early childhood teachers‘ self-assessed pedagogical knowledge (PK) was better than younger teachers while the young early childhood teachers had a better self-assessed technology knowledge (TK) (d) Early childhood teachers with a frequency of using information technology above 20 hours a week had better self-assessed technology knowledge (TK) and technological content knowledge (TCK) than those with a frequency under 5 hours a week Recommendations were also provided based on the findings from this study.
Content Analysis on the Trends and Issues of Theses and Dissertations of Mobile-Learning in Taiwan
Feng Kuang Chiang,C. C. Lin,C. S. Sun
International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET) , 2007,
Abstract: This manuscript reports the trends and issues of mobile-learning in Taiwan. We selected 43 research papers published in mobile-learning field and analyzed the research content including methodology, applied subjects and utilized information technology instruments. We found that most of research focus on the design and development of mobile learning, and the research methodology mainly focuses on learning systemic development, and the subjects of researches the most are elementary school students. Finally, these researches of m-learning which combined learning system as the most informational technology instruments.
Enhancing Curiosity Using Interactive Simulations Combined with Real-Time Formative Assessment Facilitated by Open-Format Questions on Tablet Computers  [PDF]
F. V. Kowalski,S. E. Kowalski
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: Students' curiosity often seems nearly nonexistent in a lecture setting; we discuss a variety of possible reasons for this, but it is the instructor who typically poses questions while only a few students, usually the better ones, respond. As we have developed and implemented the use of InkSurvey to collect real-time formative assessment, we have discovered that it can serve in an unanticipated role: to promote curiosity in engineering physics undergraduates. Curiosity often motivates creative, innovative people. To encourage such curiosity, we solicit questions submitted real-time via InkSurvey and pen-enabled mobile devices (Tablet PCs) in response to interactive simulations (applets) run either before or in class. This provides students with practice in asking questions, increases metacognition, and serves as a rich springboard from which to introduce content and/or address misconceptions. We describe the procedure for measuring curiosity and results from applying this method in a junior level electromagnetics engineering physics course. We conclude that students are indeed more curious than they appear in class, and students participate even without extrinsic motivation. This method of enhancing curiosity using interactive simulations coupled with real-time formative assessment in response to open-format questions could be implemented in a wide variety of science and engineering courses as well as elsewhere.
Tracking Scientometric Research in Taiwan Using Bibliometric and Content Analysis  [PDF]
Yu-Wei Chang
Journal of Library and Information Studies , 2012,
Abstract: his study used bibliometric analysis and content analysis to explore characteristics and trends of scientometric research authored by researchers in Taiwan based on journal articles and theses. The findings indicated that after the first article on scientometrics was published in 1987, an increasing trend was observed in the number of scientometric-related publications after 2000, indicating that scientometric research received more attention in recent years. The scope of disciplines of researchers was broad, and the number of disciplines continued to increase. This confirms the interdisciplinary nature of scientometric research with relationships that cross over different areas. From the perspective of the authors’ disciplines, the largest percentage of the authors were from the fields of library and information science (LIS), followed by business and management, and medical science, but a considerable drop in number was observed in the percentage of LIS. In addition, co-authored articles were dominant. Over half of these articles were classified as inter-institutional collaboration and exhibited a steadily increasing trend. The number of interdisciplinary articles also exhibited an upward trend. Most of the research topics focused on citation analysis and characteristic of literature. The same trends were also found in the top two research methods: general bibliometric analysis and citation analysis. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of scientometric research, the academic backgrounds of the researchers would naturally be diverse. Given this characteristic, this study suggests that the relationship between disciplines of researchers and research topics can be further explored.
Patient-reported physical activity questionnaires: A systematic review of content and format
Kate Williams, Anja Frei, Anders Vetsch, Fabienne Dobbels, Milo A Puhan, Katja Rüdell
Health and Quality of Life Outcomes , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-10-28
Abstract: Questionnaires were identified by a systematic literature search of electronic databases (Medline, Embase, PsychINFO & CINAHL), hand searches (reference sections and PROQOLID database) and expert input. A qualitative analysis was conducted to assess the content and format of the questionnaires and a Venn diagram was produced to illustrate this. Each stage of the review process was conducted by at least two independent reviewers.104 questionnaires fulfilled our criteria. From these, 182 physical activity domains and 1965 items were extracted. Initial qualitative analysis of the domains found 11 categories. Further synthesis of the domains found 4 broad categories: 'physical activity related to general activities and mobility', 'physical activity related to activities of daily living', 'physical activity related to work, social or leisure time activities', and '(disease-specific) symptoms related to physical activity'. The Venn diagram showed that no questionnaires covered all 4 categories and that the '(disease-specific) symptoms related to physical activity' category was often not combined with the other categories.A large number of questionnaires with a broad range of physical activity content were identified. Although the content could be broadly organised, there was no consensus on the content and format of physical activity PRO questionnaires in elderly and chronically ill populations. Nevertheless, this systematic review will help investigators to select a physical activity PRO questionnaire that best serves their research question and context.Many patients with chronic diseases experience physical activity limitations or suffer symptoms during physical activities. This is concerning given the wealth of evidence demonstrating the importance of a physically active lifestyle in the prevention and management of many chronic diseases [1,2]. Physical activity has been defined as 'any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscle that increases energ
Developing a patient-centered outcome measure for complementary and alternative medicine therapies I: defining content and format
Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Mimi Nichter, Mark A Nichter, Kimberly L Kelly, Colette M Sims, Iris R Bell, Heide M Casta?eda, Charles R Elder, Mary S Koithan, Elizabeth G Sutherland, Marja J Verhoef, Sarah L Warber, Stephen J Coons
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-11-135
Abstract: From a database of patient interviews (n = 177) from six diverse CAM studies, 150 interviews were identified for secondary analysis in which individuals spontaneously discussed unexpected changes associated with CAM. Using ATLAS.ti, we identified common themes and language to inform questionnaire item content and wording. Respondents' language was often richly textured, but item development required a stripping down of language to extract essential meaning and minimize potential comprehension barriers across populations. Through an evocative card sort interview process, we identified those items most widely applicable and covering standard psychometric domains. We developed, pilot-tested, and refined the format, yielding a questionnaire for cognitive interviews and psychometric evaluation.The resulting questionnaire contained 18 items, in visual analog scale format, in which each line was anchored by the positive and negative extremes relevant to the experiential domain. Because of frequent informant allusions to response set shifts from before to after CAM therapies, we chose a retrospective pretest format. Items cover physical, emotional, cognitive, social, spiritual, and whole person domains.This paper reports the success of a novel approach to the development of outcome instruments, in which items are extracted from patients' words instead of being distilled from pre-existing theory. The resulting instrument, focused on measuring shifts in patients' perceptions of health and well-being along pre-specified axes, is undergoing continued testing, and is available for use by cooperating investigators.Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) systems are widely used among individuals who continue to use conventional medicine [1]. CAM encompasses healing systems such as traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture, naturopathy, homeopathy, chiropractic, Ayurveda, massage therapy, yoga, tai chi [2], and eclectic blends of health practices [3]. Most CAM practitioners se
Spatiotemporal Trends in Oral Cancer Mortality and Potential Risks Associated with Heavy Metal Content in Taiwan Soil  [PDF]
Chi-Ting Chiang,Ie-Bin Lian,Che-Chun Su,Kuo-Yang Tsai,Yu-Pin Lin,Tsun-Kuo Chang
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph7113916
Abstract: Central and Eastern Taiwan have alarmingly high oral cancer (OC) mortality rates, however, the effect of lifestyle factors such as betel chewing cannot fully explain the observed high-risk. Elevated concentrations of heavy metals in the soil reflect somewhat the levels of exposure to the human body, which may promote cancer development in local residents. This study assesses the space-time distribution of OC mortality in Taiwan, and its association with prime factors leading to soil heavy metal content. The current research obtained OC mortality data from the Atlas of Cancer Mortality in Taiwan, 1972–2001, and derived soil heavy metals content data from a nationwide survey carried out by ROCEPA in 1985. The exploratory data analyses showed that OC mortality rates in both genders had high spatial autocorrelation (Moran’s I = 0.6716 and 0.6318 for males and females). Factor analyses revealed three common factors (CFs) representing the major pattern of soil pollution in Taiwan. The results for Spatial Lag Models (SLM) showed that CF1 (Cr, Cu, Ni, and Zn) was most spatially related to male OC mortality which implicates that some metals in CF1 might play as promoters in OC etiology.
E-Catalogs: A New Marketing Tool for Taiwan Electronics Industry Buyers and Sellers
Charles V. Trappey,Jiang-Liang Hou,Yung-Chuan Peng
International Journal of Electronic Business Management , 2003,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to derive baseline statistics from a sample of Taiwan electronics companies, particularly information about the usage of traditional paper catalogs versus the emerging electronic or Internet based catalogs. The baseline study compares paper catalogs to website catalogs (e-catalogs) for the Taiwan computer and peripherals manufacturing industry but also looks at the usage and content of paper catalogs by manufacturers of portable computers or laptops, personal digital assistants, and electrical computer cables and connectors. Comprehensive catalog content information was collected using Internet searches, factory site visits, phone interviews, and mail-out requests for paper product catalogs. The paper catalogs and web-sites were analyzed using code sheets by a team of two analysts that double checked each other’s evaluations. The taxonomy of products was studied across five classification systems, as well as across local trade show classifications and association standards. As a result, this study identifies some of the problems with implementing Internet based catalogs and provides recommendations for promoting the use of generic e-catalog content to better expose prospective buyers to the items offered for sale by Taiwan electronics manufacturers.
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