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Aldwin G. LAURON
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2008,
Abstract: Collaborative learning is well suited to online learning environments built around threaded discussion. Research frameworks have developed around these practices providing methodological guidance for examining learning as a collective endeavor within the boundaries of a course. Understanding how to use the powerful learning techniques involved in collaborative learning in an online context is imperative. In this article, the focus is based on the importance of collaboration in online instructions. The major concerns are centering on the following questions: What is Collaboration? Why choose collaboration as a strategy? What collaboration tools are commonly used online? This paper will also examine the techniques used to facilitate good collaboration and the proper implementation of collaborative online discussions.
Ay?egul Y?ld?r?m,Tulay Akta?,At?f Akda?
TAF Preventive Medicine Bulletin , 2006,
Abstract: The term of management characterises the process of leading and directing all or part of an organization, often a business, through the manipulation of resources (human, financial, material, intellectual or intangible). Inter-professional collaboration, contribution, between nurses and physicians is an effective example of the management. The purpose of this study was to measure and compare collaboration between nursing and medical student. ‘The Jefferson Scale of Attitudes Toward Physician-Nurse Collaboration’ scale developped by Hojat et al. was used. The study included a total of 431 students from three medical faculties and three nursing colleges in Istanbul. Mean age of the students is 21.21 2.66. Among 431 students 42.9% (185) were male, 57.1% (246) were female. Nursing school students’ mean collaboration score was significantly higher than medical school students (p< 0.05 and t= 3.88). Comprising collaborative learning opportunities for nursing and medical students in their curriculum is feasible. Learning in multi-professional groups will help to increase understanding of others' professional roles by improving patient care and personal development.
The need for nursing instruction in patients receiving steroid pulse therapy for the treatment of autoimmune diseases and the effect of instruction on patient knowledge
Yu-Chu Pai
BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2474-11-217
Abstract: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and systemic sclerosis receiving steroid pulse therapy (N = 63) were recruited from a medical center in Taipei. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection before and after nursing instruction, and 1 week as well as 2 weeks after therapy. The need for nursing instruction and knowledge levels were validated using Cronbach's α reliability test.There was a significant difference (P < 0.001) in the need for nursing instruction among the 4 time points. There was a positive correlation between the need for nursing instruction and body weight change, frequency of treatment, and distress, but there was a negative correlation with knowledge level (β = -0.012, P = 0.003) regarding symptoms. The knowledge level of subjects after nursing instruction was significantly higher than before nursing instruction (80 ± 14.31 vs. 70.06 ± 17.23, P < 0.001).This study indicates that nursing instruction is needed by patients receiving steroid pulse therapy, and that by designing and administering nursing instructions according to the priority of patient symptoms, nurses can improve patient knowledge related to their diseases and treatments. In addition, the need for nursing instruction can be affected by patient characteristics.In medicine and nursing, care workers have to understand their patients in relation to their concerns and the experience of hospitalization, and fulfill their physical and psychological needs. A recent report indicated that the 2 most important concerns of inpatients were their physical condition and effective nursing care [1]. Effective, quality care is the ability to assess the patient's ability and provide him/her appropriate education to assist them in self-care [2], which can lead to a reduction in medical costs [3].Due to changes in health care and the impact of rising medical costs, hospital stays have become shorter, challenging nurses to provide inpatients with complete and adequate education and
Enhancing nursing knowledge through democratic cross-national collaboration
Breda, Karen Lucas;Wright, Maria da Gloria Miotto;
Texto & Contexto - Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-07072011000300022
Abstract: enhancing nursing knowledge requires the exchange of ideas worldwide through the collaboration of nurse scientists. healthy partnerships abide by the values of collaboration, mutual trust, respect and dignity. however, a lack of information exists regarding the nature of cross-national academic partnerships in nursing. the purpose of this article is twofold: to explore democratic cross-national collaborations in nursing and to pose theoretically-based interventions to enhance future democratic collaborations cross-nationally in nursing. while a review of the literature revealed some model nursing partnerships, nursing can benefit from having a better evidence based understanding of the topic. theoretical formulations from education, philosophy and critical anthropology offer complementary lenses to aid in the analysis. the process can help nursing academics to think more critically about the issues and to delineate theory driven protocols for democratic cross-national collaboration with the ultimate aim of enhancing nursing knowledge.
From Virtual Teams to Online Communities: Fostering Group Based Collaboration for Innovation and Knowledge Management  [cached]
Michael Amberg,Michael Reinhardt,Matthias Kittler
Communications of the IBIMA , 2008,
Abstract: This paper contrasts the characteristics of Virtual Teams and Online Communities with regard to their potentials for fostering Open Innovation Management. We develop scenarios to illustrate the potentially most effective usage for Virtual Teams and Open Innovation Communities in an enterprise and analyze how discontinuous innovations are developed in an open company environment. Core values, which should be taken into account when creating and operating a community effectively, will be identified and classified. To enhance and transfer our findings, we used semi-structured explorative interviews with practitioners engaged in the field of Innovation Management.
Spotlight Tiling  [PDF]
Bridget Eileen Tenner
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: This article introduces spotlight tiling, a type of covering which is similar to tiling. The distinguishing aspects of spotlight tiling are that the "tiles" have elastic size, and that the order of placement is significant. Spotlight tilings are decompositions, or coverings, and can be considered dynamic as compared to typical static tiling methods. A thorough examination of spotlight tilings of rectangles is presented, including the distribution of such tilings according to size, and how the directions of the spotlights themselves are distributed. The spotlight tilings of several other regions are studied, and suggest that further analysis of spotlight tilings will continue to yield elegant results and enumerations.
George C.K. Jor
K@ta : a Biannual Publication on the Study of Language and Literature , 2000,
Abstract: The paper highlights the importance of experimentation and an innovative approach to English language writing instruction with the help of information communication technology (ICT or IT). First, it describes the local situation of English language teaching at The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). Then, it summarizes the development of IT proficiency and student-led collaborative learning groups at CUHK. Third, it reports on an international Web-based writing project involving six collaborating schools in different parts of the world including China, the United States, Indonesia, and Hong Kong in the year 1999-2000. In the report, the author-presenter will share with the audience a new ELT course development titled "English Online: Writing on the Web." He will explain the course objectives, the background of participating classes, the Web Course Tools (WebCT), the design of the project, the evaluation of course effectiveness and the outcome of the new curricular initiative. Finally, the paper presents a summary of a practical guide to electronic collaboration and some of the lessons the writer has learnt in five years' experience of participant-observation in English teaching practice using the Web.
Amalgamethodology: A Research Methodology Unique to Nursing Fostering Critical Thinking Implications for Education and Practice  [PDF]
Darlene Sredl
Journal of Applied Medical Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The basic sciences have relied upon quantitative research methods since the scientific method surfaced in the 17th century. Reverend Bayes posited what we now know as Bayes’ Theorem to provide the underpinnings for the scientific evidence-based process. Nursing is a relative newcomer on the scientific discipline chart, but an important one none-the-less. In the roughly 160 years since its inception, nursing has striven to build a knowledge base unique to its composite meta-paradigm (person, health, nursing & environment). Within the last half-century, qualitative research methods have evolved, among them: phenomenology, feminist & gender studies, ethnography, and grounded theory methods. A need has been identified for the science of nursing to utilize its’ own methodology for research. Amalgamethodology is the research design proposed as unique to the science of nursing. This article defines Amalgamethodology, discusses its core components, identifies the importance of graphic representation within the design, and suggests research utilization scenarios to build the evidence-base for this research design unique to the science of nursing. Implications for the future of nursing research, education, and practice are discussed.
Fostering primary school students’ understanding of cells and other related concepts with interactive computer animation instruction accompanied by teacher and student-prepared concept maps  [cached]
Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching , 2008,
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of instruction (application) including interactive computer animation accompanied by teacher and student-prepared concept maps on primary students’ biology achievement during instruction, as well as revealing attitudes towards science as a school subject. A quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test control group design was used in this study. The experimental group had 31 students and the control group had 34 students. The experimental group received instruction including interactive computer animation accompanied by teacher- and student-prepared concept maps, while the control group received traditional instruction. A biology achievement test and an attitude scale toward science were used as data collection instruments. The present study indicates that the experimental group had significantly higher scores than the control group in the biology achievement test (regarding cells and other related concepts). Regarding students’ attitudes toward science as a school subject, there was no significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the pre- and post-test results. However there was a statistically significant difference between the gain scores of the control group and the experimental group in favor of the experimental group.
Problems and Instruction Needed in Relation to Nursing Students’ Handling of Patient Information—From a Survey of Nurses Coordinating Clinical Practicums in Japan  [PDF]
Mikiko Natsume
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.83019
The purpose of this study was to clarify and consider the instruction that is needed in relation to nursing students’ handling of patient information, as felt by the people in charge of student clinical practicums in hospitals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 7 people in charge of organizing practicums at hospitals where they are carried out. These subjects were asked about problems they had experienced in relation to nursing students’ handling of patient information and the instruction that is needed so that problems related to nursing students’ handling of information do not occur. Various problems were shown to occur in relation to nursing students’ handling of patient information, such as handling the information outside of the practicum setting. Many students receive no instruction with regard to the ethics of handling patient information in their classroom work, and their awareness regarding information is cannot be considered high, indicating the need for more consistent and reliable education in this area. The findings also suggest that instruction is needed with regard to the handling of sensitive information in accordance with the circumstances of individual patients.
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