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Leadership – The Key Element in Improving Quality Management  [cached]
Iveta Paulová,Miroslava M?kva
Quality Innovation Prosperity , 2011,
Abstract: The present contribution is processed partial results of the survey application of leadership as one of the fundamental principles of quality management in organizations in the Slovak Republic. This survey was conducted in the research project VEGA No. 1/0229/08 Perspectives of quality management development in coherence with requirements of Slovak republic market. Results from the survey were the basis for proposals to improve the quality management in Slovak industrial organizations
Improving Project Change Management Using Leadership Spirit  [PDF]
Hamid Shafaei Bejestani
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.33040
Abstract: Projects seldom run exactly according to their plans due to changes. However, project deliverables must be provided on-time and on-budget, either by rejecting changes or by converting their threats to opportunities. To achieve this, project team should be kept ready to control changes. In this issue, leadership is an effective spirit for a project manager to keep his/her project team in its best condition for rejecting changes, or getting back on track, or earning benefits from changes. A project leader is more successful than a project manager in change management.
Attitudes of medical students to medical leadership and management: a systematic review to inform curriculum development
Mark R Abbas, Thelma A Quince, Diana F Wood, John A Benson
BMC Medical Education , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6920-11-93
Abstract: We searched major electronic databases and citation indexes within the disciplines of medicine, education, social science and management. We undertook hand searching of major journals, and reference and citation tracking. We accessed websites of UK medical institutions and contacted individuals working within the field.26 studies were included. Most were conducted in the USA, using mainly quantitative methods. We used inductive analysis of the topics addressed by each study to identity five main content areas: Quality Improvement; Managed Care, Use of Resources and Costs; General Leadership and Management; Role of the Doctor, and Patient Safety. Students have positive attitudes to clinical practice guidelines, quality improvement techniques and multidisciplinary teamwork, but mixed attitudes to managed care, cost containment and medical error. Education interventions had variable effects on students' attitudes. Medical students perceive a need for leadership and management education but identified lack of curriculum time and disinterest in some activities as potential barriers to implementation.The findings from our review may reflect the relatively little emphasis given to leadership and management in medical curricula. However, students recognise a need to develop leadership and management competences. Although further work needs to be undertaken, using rigorous methods, to identify the most effective and cost-effective curriculum innovations, this review offers the only currently available summary of work examining the attitudes of students to this important area of development for future doctors.There is a growing acknowledgement that doctors need to develop leadership and management competences. The Department of Health white paper 'Equity and excellence: Liberating the NHS' (2010) aims to empower health professionals by giving more control and decision-making to frontline staff [1]. In Tomorrow's Doctors (2009), the General Medical Council includes competences
The Influence of Leadership Art on Modern Enterprise Management  [PDF]
Dryamin Andrey
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2019.72067
Abstract: In today’s society, the rapid development of the knowledge-based economy puts forward new requirements for the leadership of enterprises: improving the ideas of employees and enterprises, improving leadership art has become extremely important content for the leadership management model in this new era. Leadership art is the content and performance of the leadership style. The correct use of leadership art is very important for the whole enterprise. It can not only effectively improve the efficiency of the enterprise, but also promote the common development of the company and employees. However, how to make the successful use of leadership art in enterprises has become an urgent problem to be solved. In this article, two or more existing situations are studied to determine their similarities and differences, the background, development, current conditions and environmental interactions of one or more individuals, groups, communities, businesses or institutions is observed, recorded and analyzed for stages of patterns in relation to internal and external influences. This article will briefly discuss the influence of leadership art on modern enterprise management.
Corporate leadership and knowledge management
Petkovi? Mirjana,Aleksi?-Miri? Ana,Bo?inovi? Ivana
Sociologija , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/soc1101001p
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of managers with leadership potentials in knowledge management within organization. This aim is further developed through the research questions: (1) Does leadership have important role in knowledge management? (2) Under which conditions leadership influences knowledge management and what is the direction of this influence? (3) Which elements of the leadership, skills and virtues of the leader, are important and what roles do they have in knowledge management? The paper is based on the field investigation, employing interviews and survey as the research techniques, on the random sample of Serbian companies.
Can an online clinical data management service help in improving data collection and data quality in a developing country setting?
Maarten A Wildeman, Jeroen Zandbergen, Andrew Vincent, Camelia Herdini, Jaap M Middeldorp, Renske Fles, Otilia Dalesio, Emile van der Donk, I Bing Tan
Trials , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-12-190
Abstract: Data items entered were checked for inconsistencies automatically when submitted online. The data were divided into primary and secondary data items. We analysed both the total number of errors and the change in error rate, for both Primary and Secondary items, over the first five month of the trial.In the first five months 51 patients were entered. The Primary data error rate was 1.6%, whilst that for Secondary data was 2.7% against acceptable error rates for analysis of 1% and 2.5% respectively.The presented analysis shows that after five months since the introduction of the CTDMS the Primary and Secondary data error rates reflect acceptable levels of data quality. Furthermore, these error rates were decreasing over time. The digital nature of the CTDMS, as well as the online availability of that data, gives fast and easy insight in adherence to treatment protocols. As such, the CTDMS can serve as a tool to train and educate medical doctors and can improve treatment protocols.Data collection concerning medical needs is required to assess the effectiveness of interventions and current health care practices [1]. Furthermore, data collection by Electronic Medical Record (EMR) systems has been proven to be helpful in data collection for scientific research and can be helpful in improving healthcare. These EMR systems allow for the early identification of missing data and the patients possibly loss-to-follow-up, which is essential for the conduct of proper scientific research [2-6].A Clinical Trial Data Management service (CTDMS) has been introduced for running a multicenter clinical trial in Indonesia and in the Netherlands. The same system has also been introduced for monitoring treatment results of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) in Indonesia.In most countries NPC is an orphan disease, but overall has a worldwide incidence of 80.0000 new cases per year, being endemic in Northern Africa, Southern China and Hong Kong, and the South-East Asian peninsula, including Malay
Building a Safer NHS for Patient. Improving Medication Safety
Laura Murianni,Cinzia Marano
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2005, DOI: 10.2427/5973
Abstract: Medication errors occur in all health care systems and in all health care settings. If the errors are identified through an active management and effective reporting system they can be removed before they can cause harm to patients. In order to reduce the risk it is important to understand the causes of medication errors. The NHS Report aims to provide a guide to current knowledge of the frequency, nature and causes of errors, the risk factors inherent in current medication processes and helping the NHS organizations and health professionals in achieving a reduction in serious medication errors. In July 2001 the UK Government established the National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA, http:// www.npsa.nhs.uk) which, in 2004, implemented a national reporting and learning system to enable the NHS to report all type of adverse incidents including those involving medicines. The NPSA core purpose is to improve patient safety and to accomplish this task; it looks at the identification of patterns and trends in avoidable adverse events so that the NHS can entrust practice and management to reduce the risk of recurrence. Before the establishment of the NPSA, there had been no attempt to establish a unified mechanism for reporting and analyzing medication errors. Despite the many published studies there is no clear definition for medication errors and thus they do not distinguish between errors and adverse drug reactions. The Report defines and highlights the differences between medical errors and drug reactions.
Clinical leadership and innovation  [cached]
David John Stanley
Journal of Nursing Education and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v2n2p119
Abstract: This article suggests that effective clinical leadership leads to innovation. Innovation leads to change and that change leadsto improvements in care, service, quality and professionalism. However, for this process to develop, clinical leadershipneeds to be clearly understood, clinical leaders need to be recognized, by their organizations and by themselves, andopportunities for genuine innovation and real change needs to be supported and fostered.
The Implications of Knowledge Management Sustainability For Leadership In An Organization: An Exploration and Analysis of Leadership Theories and Knowledge Management Practices In Bangwita Flores, Indonesia
Nikolaus Salo
The Interdisciplinary Journal of NTT Development Studies , 2009,
Abstract: Knowledge management has been recognized as an effective tool for improving the performance and productivity of organizations in this knowledge era. In this sense, knowledge management is a process. Knowledge management is a process of acquisition, validation,utilization, sharing, storage and diffusion of knowledge. However, many organizations have not implemented knowledge management in their strategic vision, mission and goals. Some organizations have articulated knowledge management, however, in an unsustainable way. One of the reasons is the limitation of leadership in accessing knowledge and the sources of knowledge. For that reason, this study attempts to address the implications of knowledge management sustainability for leadership in organizations through reviewing the contemporary literature and analyzing knowledge management practices in Bangwita. This study concludes that knowledge management sustainability in the organization has the implications for leadership. These implications are that knowledge management is a driving force for leaders in designing vision and mission in the organization, creating a conducive environment for knowledgemanagement initiatives, empowering, creating knowledge management systems and openness to change. This study is contextual. The objective is to offer insights into the knowledge sharingprocess and the results to a wider community who can consider the transferability of knowledge in their own context.
Health of Nurses with Leadership and Management Functions: An Integrative Review  [PDF]
C. Gonnelli, R. Raffagnino
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.610010
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present findings of an integrative literature review related to health and wellbeing of nurses with leadership and management functions and its associated factors, in order to provide the best available evidence on this topic. A large body of knowledge related to nursing health and well-being exists, but little we know about this topic in a nurse leadership and management role. It is a complex role in nursing that implies both clinical and leadership knowledge and abilities. A comprehensive search of electronic databases, focusing on articles published in English and Italian languages during 2009-2018, was completed. A three-step approach was used and from the original 1345 studies, 17 papers were included in this systematic literature review. Two independent reviewers analyzed these papers for critical appraisal on methodological quality and their topics. Narrative synthesis of the empirical literature allowed highlighting the most important results related to the topic investigated. This integrative review has shown that nurse leader and manager roles are stressful mainly for its specific functions and job demands. Directions for future high-quality research are suggested both to deepen the relative importance of the specific risk and protective health factors in nursing leadership roles.
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