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Demographic Features, Beliefs And Socio–Psychological Impact Of Acne Vulgaris Among Its Sufferers In Two Towns In Nigeria  [cached]
Ikaraoha CI,Taylor GOL,Anetor JI,Igwe CU
Online Journal of Health & Allied Sciences , 2005,
Abstract: There is paucity of reports in the demographic knowledge, belief and socio-psychological impact of acne vulgaris sufferers towards the disorder in a black population. This is the first study from Nigeria designed to address this issue. A total of 174 facial acne sufferers completed a self-administered questionnaire, which contained several items mentioning different areas in their belief, knowledge, perception, severity, socio-psychological impact and medication attention. The findings were discussed and compared to those of the Caucasians. The occurrence of the disorder was higher in females (65.0%) compared to the males (35.0%). About 54.0% of the female subjects indicated increase in severity of the disorder during their pre-menstrual period. Also 64.9% of acne sufferers indicated increase in severity during the rainy season, while 93.1% of the population implicated stress to perpetuate the severity of the disorder. Most (75.7%) of the acne sufferers believed that it is caused by oily diet, 40.8% thought that it is hereditary, while barely 5.2% had at sometime sought doctor's attention. Non- prescription products used by acne sufferers were cleansers and cream/lotions. Psychological abnormalities experienced by the sufferers included social inhibition, depression and anxiety. Pain and discomfort are the psychosomatic symptoms. No major differences were found in the beliefs, misconception and socio-psychological impact of acne sufferers in a black population (Nigeria) compared to the Caucasians. There is need to improve the understanding of the disorder in Nigeria through health education programmes
Chudoba v etiológii kriminality mladistvych (Kazuistika) (Poverty in the etiology of juvenile criminality)  [cached]
Slávka Démuthová
Ostium , 2007,
Abstract: Paper presents complex case study of sixteen years old imprisoned young male delinquent. Through the detailed anamnestic review and complex psychological examination by means of several verbal, nonverbal tests, questionnaires as well as other relevant methods points out to a possible cause of his criminality. Final part of presented study concentrates on theoretical background of poverty with emphasis upon its influence on delinquency and criminality.
Abolition of Commercial Motorbikes and Its Implication on Transportation and Criminality in Calabar Metropolis  [cached]
Christopher Eraye Michael,Usman Adekunle Ojedoku,Eke Chijioke Chinwokwu
International Journal of Social Science Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.11114/ijsss.v1i1.103
Abstract: The study examined the abolition of commercial motorbikes and its implications on transportation and criminality in Calabar Metropolis. The main objective of the study was to assess the implications associated with the abolition of commercial motorbikes as a means of transport and its effect on criminality in Calabar Metropolis. To achieve this objective, the study elicited data through questionnaire from 984 randomly selected respondents. Simple percentages and chi-square were employed to analyze elicited data at 0.05 levels of significance. The findings revealed that factors such as upsurge in criminal activities, rise in traffic accidents, traffic congestion and recklessness on the part of the operators of commercial motorbikes among others account for the abolition of motorbikes as a means of transportation in Calabar Metropolis. The study findings also revealed that the abolition of commercial motorbikes resulted in the delay of workers getting vehicles to their workplaces, increased in transportation fare charges and quarrel amongst commuters as they struggle to access few available transport vehicles. Furthermore, the study findings revealed that the abolition has resulted to an increase in criminal activities such as armed robbery, pick-pocketing, theft and snatching of valuables. The study recommends among others: the provision of alternative jobs for the displaced youths who have been affected by the government action, government should partner with private sectors to establish avoidable transport system for the masses and government should ensure that urban taxi cabs maintained approved standard transport fares in all routes to avoid arbitrary and unavoidable charges.
Individual and psychological features of persons at invalidiziruyushchy diseases
Nailya Ismailova
Koncept : Scientific and Methodological e-magazine , 2013,
Abstract: In article individual and psychological features of men and the women having invalidiziruyushchy diseases are considered. The author suggests to consider parameters of intelligence of life, pseudo-compensation, personal properties under individual and psychological features.
Socio-psychological features of management in terms of the Russian market
Dotsenko А. А.
Sociosfera , 2011,
Abstract: Discussed are some urgent problems of socio-psychological features of management in terms of the Russian market, with emphasis on existing misunderstanding of those that concern the meaningful life tie-basis of management, affect its socio-psychological dimension and make it possible to approach specific managerial actions in a more reasonable way to understand them better. Also analyzed are some most vulnerable aspects of management that are key points for defining a human factor as the most complicated one in cognition and the most difficult one in management decision-making.
Modern Forms of Electronic Criminality  [PDF]
Christina Kretsi
Intellectum , 2009,
Abstract: The digital era generated many modern forms of criminality, such as the Nigerian letter, electronic phishing messages, pharming and dialers. The rapid growth of the new electronic criminality causes many problems in the internet’s everyday use (given that the detection of the criminals is often difficult) and renders urgent the need of public awareness.
CRIMINALITY AT MINORS WITH MENTAL DEFICIENCY  [PDF]
Zoran Kitkanj
Journal of Special Education and Rehabilitation , 2009,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to present, from penological aspect, the involvement and structure of recidivism at minors with mental deficiency within the whole area of juvenile criminality in Macedonia. The research covers 62 subjects who pay the penalty in juvenile penitentiary or institutional measure directing to correctional institution for minors. Of the total number of minors who hold one of the above-mentioned sanctions, minors with lower average IQ are presented with 56.4%. The shown involvement is in penological terms (refers to minors who hold institutional measure correctional institution for minors or penalty - juvenile penitentiary) which does not mean that this category of juvenile delinquents participate in such percent in the total number of reported, accused and convicted minors. According to the research results it can be concluded that falling behind in intellectual development is an indicator for delinquent behavior but in no case it can be crucial or the most important factor for criminality. Of the total number of juvenile delinquents with intellectual deficit, 80% are repeat offenders in criminal legal sense. It is of great concern that 56% of the under average juvenile delinquents defied the law for the first time before the age of 14 years that is as children.
A Study on Maximization Paradox and Its Psychological Origin  [PDF]
Hao Ding, Aimei Li
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.94050
Abstract: Compared with satisficers, maximizers intend to pursue optimal results, leading to more negative emotions and worse experience. Even when they do get a better result, they are still less satisfied. We call it “maximization paradox”. Theoretically, the purpose of this study is to enrich and deepen research in fields of the maximization paradox and its psychological origin. What’s more, we intend to provide feasible advice for corporations and the government on the basis of our findings. By reviewing existing literatures, we find that the psychological origin of this paradox includes three aspects: the uncertainty of their optimal standards, their behavioral strategies to search and compare excessively, and more cognitive biases such as expectation biases and focusing biases. These conclusions help us to better understand the maximizing tendency and make relevant suggestions for decision-makers.
Information criminality - a phenomenon met within the informatics field  [PDF]
C. Filote,G. Nemtoi
Computer Science , 2010,
Abstract: The phenomenon described as "information criminality" has taken significant proportions in the last decade, fact that carried out towards an international legislative frame, by implementing judicial forms, which might stop its occurrences. As matter of fact, the information criminality represents an information technology aiming towards fraud and prejudicing the users of informational data, by various means to infringement of the law. In this way, some international organizations have dealt with performing a legislative framework, able to punish the phenomenon of information criminality and implicitly to protect the users of computers. The transnational expansions, extremely fast as concerns the computer networks, and extending the access to these networks, by means of mobile telephony, have brought the increasing of these systems' vulnerability and the creating of opportunities of breaking the law. Considering these aspects, the world legislation is continuously changing, due to a more and more accelerated development of the information technology.
current social conflicts and criminality in Serbia  [PDF]
Mitrovi? Milovan
Zbornik Matice Srpske za Drustvene Nauke , 2006, DOI: 10.2298/zmsdn0620114m
Abstract: This paper consists of two parts. The first part, in a theoretical-hypothetical manner, discusses social organization, conflicts and criminality, while the second discusses some specific problems related to corruption and organized crime in Serbia. The first part expounds the hypothesis that the social conflicts (war, external sanctions and the breakdown of the regime) led to a deep crisis and destruction (disorganization) of the Serbian society, which directly caused the sharp increase in all kinds of criminality in Serbia. Starting from the assumption that criminality has the characteristics of a total social phenomenon as well as many faces and seamy sides, the author distinguishes three sociologically most significant social roots and forms of criminality in Serbia, that is the systemic, anomic and transitional ones. The second part specially discusses corruption as a form of systematic and transitional criminality and as the backbone of organized crime in Serbia. The author believes that the deepest causes of corruption have their roots in the old socialist system and recent transitional regimes in which the public property (state and social property) was managed by the powerful individuals and privileged groups, usually according to their own will. In that sense, the author concludes that corruption and organized crime are, on the one hand, the consequences of war and disintegration of the socialist system and the heritage of the former regime, and on the other the consequences of interest blockades in the construction of new and more efficient institutions of social control and regular mechanisms of modern development, so in that sense they are a newly-created transitional phenomenon of the unfinished democratic system. Therefore, the paper points out that the reformed and strengthened public institutions are the only serious and efficient obstacle to corruption and all other forms of organized criminality. In the first place, reforms should imply the withdrawal of the state from the direct administrative management of economic activities, leaving them to a legally ordered market. Strengthening of public institutions would imply more efficient minimal state functions; all other institutions should get, on the one hand, real means and mechanisms to implement their duties, and on the other they themselves should be under public control in their work which has to be more "transparent" than it is today.
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