Lentinula edodes is a macrofungus with
great potential for therapeutic applications and serves as a model for
investigating functional fungi properties and isolating pure compounds for
pharmaceutical use. Mushrooms have a great nutritional value and present
medicinal molecules including polysaccharides, terpenoids, sterols and lipids,
that participate actively in several human disorders and modulate mechanisms
involved in the immune system regulation. This review will focus on general
nutritional compounds and pharmacological properties of L. edodes.