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Expectations of high school young and adult students towards the school and their relation to the discipline of biology: an experience in a public school of Rio de Janeiro  [cached]
Alexandre Marques Jaloto
Educa??o : Teoria e Prática , 2011,
Abstract: Youth and Adult Education (EJA) is a basic education modality which constitutes a space with distinct characteristics of regular education. Such characteristics are due to the public which it is destined to: individuals with education delay who seek the completion of elementary education to keep in the race against exclusion in our competitive society. This study aims to understand the expectations of youth and adult students from a teacher’s experience and establish a connection with the curricular options of this modality of education. Thus, this paper discusses the history of EJA and the diversity of its public. The diversity and expectations of students from this modality of education will be analyzed through texts produced by them, analyses that guided the elaboration of two activities carried out in the classroom. The paper defends the importance of the teacher’s consideration on her/his aims, as well as the school’s and students' goals, with regard to Biology teaching, to adopt curricular options. One concludes the materials produced should consider the specificities of EJA and its public, besides contributing to the understanding and use of scientific language and to build an emancipative pedagogy which is, indeed, socially transformative.
The post-graduate public health school of Siena (Italy): ten years of experience  [cached]
Nicola Nante,Gabriele Messina,Fulvio Moirano,Simonetta Sancasciani
Italian Journal of Public Health , 2011, DOI: 10.2427/5685
Abstract: Introduction: Public universities and private schools in all countries have substantially expanded the postgraduate courses as a sign that degree is often not sufficient to ensure access to employment. Aim: To present the experience of an Italian Post-Graduate Public Health School (SPGPHS) from 1996-2005. Activity: We made a review of the Italian legislation governing the postgraduate training and we studied the structure of Post Graduate School in Public Health in several Italian and foreign prestigious universities. Results: The SPGPHS was attended by about 1,000 students from all the Italian Regions. 100 scientific papers were published and/or presented at national/international conferences; SPGPHS has also proven to be able to completely finance itself. Conclusions: Postgraduate university courses are becoming very important and attenders range widely in age. Many students undertake Postgraduate courses to improve their work position, to attain Continuing Medical Education credits, but at the same time, to gather multidisciplinary scientific knowledge and to acquire professional skills. SPGPHS has proven to be able in financing itself responding to the market logic which is guided by performance and efficiency aspects.
Intergenerational associations between a consensual childhood sexual experience and adult substance abuse among Latina mothers and daughters
Patria Rojas, Sunny Kim, Mario De La Rosa, et al
International Journal of Women's Health , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S7179
Abstract: tergenerational associations between a consensual childhood sexual experience and adult substance abuse among Latina mothers and daughters Original Research (4439) Total Article Views Authors: Patria Rojas, Sunny Kim, Mario De La Rosa, et al Published Date February 2010 Volume 2010:2 Pages 13 - 22 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S7179 Patria Rojas2,3, Sunny Kim4, Mario De La Rosa2,3, Frank R Dillon2,3, Theophile Niyonsenga1,3 1Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, 2School of Social Work, 3Center for Research on US Latinos HIV/AIDs and Drug Abuse, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA; 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Davis, CA, USA Purpose: Early onset of sexual activity has been linked to later substance abuse. Our study aimed to further describe the associations between Latina mothers’ and daughters’ early sexual activity and adult substance abuse. Methods: A survey was conducted with 92 Latina mother–daughter dyads whose members never experienced sexual abuse. Childhood sexual experience was defined as the occurrence of a consensual sexual encounter at the age of 15 years or younger. Substance abusers were identified by the extent of substance use during the 12 months prior to the interview. Path analysis was used to fit our conceptual models to the data. Main findings: Daughters’ current, adult substance abuse was associated independently with: their own childhood sexual experience (odds ratio [OR] = 6.0) and mothers’ current, adult substance abuse (OR = 2.0). Compared with daughters who first experienced sex after the age of 19, the odds of using substances were 17.7 times higher among daughters who had childhood sexual experience and 3.8 times higher among daughters who first experienced sex between the age of 16–19 years. Explicitly, sexual experiences between the ages of 16–19 years were also risk factors for later adult substance abuse. Mothers’ childhood sexual experience (OR = 7.3) was a strong predictor for daughters’ childhood sexual experience. Conclusions: Our study supported a link between mother and daughter childhood sexual experience among Latinas, and indicated it is a correlate of adult substance abuse. Family based substance abuse prevention efforts and future longitudinal studies should consider maternal childhood sexual experience as a potential indication of risk for Latina daughters.
Two decades of post-graduate training in Applied Public Health: The experience and challenges of the Uganda Public Health School Without Walls
Raymond Tweheyo, Christine Nalwadda, Nicholas Ayebazibwe, David Mukanga, Elizeus Rutebemberwa, William Bazeyo
Pan African Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: The objective of this work is to describe the experience of the Uganda Public Health School Without Walls (PHSWOW) in training public health professionals at post-graduate level to offer leadership in planning, delivery of health services and research within a decentralized health system. As one of the constituents of the Makerere University College of Health Sciences, the Uganda PHSWOW has the vision of becoming a Centre of Excellence, providing leadership in public health and the mission of promoting the attainment of better health of the people in Uganda and beyond through public health training, research and community service. Key to the successes of the program are the 238 program graduates, most of whom have remained in-country to serve at district and national levels of service delivery. Collaborations have been established with government, private, non-governmental and international institutions leading to increased health service provision and research for the improvement of health status of populations and influence on public policy. There is still a lot to do in diversifying the skills mix of graduates and contributing to an ambitious increment from 0.4 to 4.7 public health professionals per 10,000 population; as is currently the case in high-middle income countries. Currently, the Uganda PHSWOW has exceeded the proposed output for FETPs of training 3 to 5 graduates per 1 million population suggested by some authors, however the output is still inadequate. More also needs to be done to promote a culture of publication in an effort to translate public health evidence into policy and practice. Pan African Medical Journal 2011; 10(Supp1):11
Intergenerational associations between a consensual childhood sexual experience and adult substance abuse among Latina mothers and daughters  [cached]
Patria Rojas,Sunny Kim,Mario De La Rosa,et al
International Journal of Women's Health , 2010,
Abstract: Patria Rojas2,3, Sunny Kim4, Mario De La Rosa2,3, Frank R Dillon2,3, Theophile Niyonsenga1,31Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, 2School of Social Work, 3Center for Research on US Latinos HIV/AIDs and Drug Abuse, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA; 4Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California, Davis, CA, USAPurpose: Early onset of sexual activity has been linked to later substance abuse. Our study aimed to further describe the associations between Latina mothers’ and daughters’ early sexual activity and adult substance abuse.Methods: A survey was conducted with 92 Latina mother–daughter dyads whose members never experienced sexual abuse. Childhood sexual experience was defined as the occurrence of a consensual sexual encounter at the age of 15 years or younger. Substance abusers were identified by the extent of substance use during the 12 months prior to the interview. Path analysis was used to fit our conceptual models to the data.Main findings: Daughters’ current, adult substance abuse was associated independently with: their own childhood sexual experience (odds ratio [OR] = 6.0) and mothers’ current, adult substance abuse (OR = 2.0). Compared with daughters who first experienced sex after the age of 19, the odds of using substances were 17.7 times higher among daughters who had childhood sexual experience and 3.8 times higher among daughters who first experienced sex between the age of 16–19 years. Explicitly, sexual experiences between the ages of 16–19 years were also risk factors for later adult substance abuse. Mothers’ childhood sexual experience (OR = 7.3) was a strong predictor for daughters’ childhood sexual experience.Conclusions: Our study supported a link between mother and daughter childhood sexual experience among Latinas, and indicated it is a correlate of adult substance abuse. Family based substance abuse prevention efforts and future longitudinal studies should consider maternal childhood sexual experience as a potential indication of risk for Latina daughters.Keywords: early sex, child sex, Latina, substance abuse
Promoting Public Health Workforce Training for Developing and Transitional Countries: Fifty-Year Experience of the Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel
Yehuda Neumark,Orly Manor,Elliot M Berry
Public Health Reviews , 2011,
Abstract: The goal and responsibility of graduate institutions of public health is to educate and train the public health workforce to address the challenges of Health for All in the 21st century and meet the Millennium Development Goals. Over the past 50 years, the Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine in Jerusalem, Israel—through its international training activities including the International Master of Public Health (IMPH) program, PhD training, and short-term training workshops in Israel and abroad—has built a network of public health scholars in low-, transition- and high-income countries who benefit from academic expertise in Israel and transfer that expertise towards development efforts in their home communities. Given the number of IMPH graduates, the countries they come from, and the work they do upon their return, the IMPH has had real and sustainable impact on public health globally and in developing countries in particular.
Revising a Foreign Language Curriculum: A Challenging and Enhancing Experience at a Public School in Bogotá
Ortiz C,Aurora; Camelo G,Martha; Martín D,Maria Nelly; Sarmiento S,Marisol; Ruiz M,Maritza;
Profile Issues in Teachers` Professional Development , 2006,
Abstract: curriculum design essentially improves education standards; however, for teachers it remains a taboo kept for academics. nevertheless, curriculum design begins with teacher?s reflections. it goes from examining situations to piloting and adjusting proposals. this project involved teachers interested in improving the english learning process at a technical public school. the objective was designing a curriculum that conveyed community interests. first, documents describing existing curricular guidelines were analyzed, then surveys were applied, they evidenced strengths and weaknesses of the current program. data interpretation showed mixed perceptions regarding the english programme among community members. even teachers had different perceptions about curricular elements presented in school documents. this phenomenon leads us to consider the implications of a project regarding curriculum design.
Implementation of investigative activities in the science discipline in a public school: a didactic experience  [PDF]
Andreia de Freitas Z?mpero,Carlos Eduardo Laburú
Investiga??es em Ensino de Ciências , 2013,
Abstract: This article presents the results of a study on the use of an investigative activity on the content of photosynthesis and respiration in a class in the sixth year of primary education in the discipline of Sciences, in a public school in the city of Londrina, Brazil. The school where the research was conducted, using more traditional methods of teaching, so it was the first time that students had contact with investigative activities. The study pointed out some students' difficulties in understanding the proposal, such as the development of hypotheses and also showed resistance when they were given to situations where they needed to think about a particular problem. We realized clearly that they depend on the book to give their responses, thus showing a certain lack of autonomy both in their actions and in their thoughts. On the other hand, had good participation in discussions and were engaged throughout the activity. Thus, despite the difficulties encountered by students, we consider both possible and necessary the use of investigative activities in schools by encouraging, and the development of skills, also the ability to reason and giving students more rigorous ways of thinking, critical and creative.
Revising a Foreign Language Curriculum: A Challenging and Enhancing Experience at a Public School in Bogotá  [cached]
Ortiz C. Aurora,Camelo G. Martha,Martín D. Maria Nelly,Sarmiento S. Marisol
Profile Issues in Teachers` Professional Development , 2006,
Abstract: Curriculum design essentially improves education standards; however, for teachers it remains a taboo kept for academics. Nevertheless, curriculum design begins with teacher’s reflections. It goes from examining situations to piloting and adjusting proposals. This project involved teachers interested in improving the English learning process at a technical public school. The objective was designing a curriculum that conveyed community interests. First, documents describing existing curricular guidelines were analyzed, then surveys were applied, they evidenced strengths and weaknesses of the current program. Data interpretation showed mixed perceptions regarding the English programme among community members. Even teachers had different perceptions about curricular elements presented in school documents. This phenomenon leads us to consider the implications of a project regarding curriculum design. Key words: Curriculum, curriculum design, community interests, data analysis El dise o curricular es esencial para el mejoramiento educativo, pero los docentes lo creen exclusivo de académicos. éste parte de la reflexión docente, implica entre otras cosas el diagnóstico de una situación y la implementación de una propuesta. El proyecto fue realizado por docentes interesados en mejorar los procesos de aprendizaje del inglés en un colegio técnico. Se pretendió dise ar un currículo acorde con los intereses de la comunidad. Inicialmente se analizaron los documentos escolares existentes, se aplicaron encuestas que evidenciaron fortalezas y debilidades del programa. La interpretación de datos mostró las diferentes percepciones de la comunidad respecto al programa de inglés; incluso los profesores concebían de manera diferente los elementos curriculares. Esto impulsó la reflexión sobre el dise o curricular. Palabras claves: Currículo, dise o curricular, intereses de la comunidad, análisis de datos
A public summer school on astronomy in Denmark: experience from the course in 2002, 2003 and 2004
R. A. Pertzborn
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO) , 2005,
Abstract: In the past decade significant emphasis has been placed on increasing the involvement and influence of the professional scientific community in America's K-12 classrooms. The origins of this thrust have arisen from a variety of real and perceived crises occurring in America's K-12 classrooms. Projections for the nation's future workforce needs indicate an increased demand for science and technically literate workers, while fewer of the nation's students are pursuing advanced degrees in these academic areas of expertise. In an effort to address these issues and to impact the overall understanding and quality of science, math and technology education, several of the federal agencies have increasingly included a percentage of research funding devoted to the objective of improving the quality of kindergarten through Grade 12 (K-12, see Table 1) formal education and informal public outreach. To this end, NASA's Space Science Enterprise in particular has demonstrated a successful implementation approach and has been a national leader in forging strong partnerships with the education community to address these concerns.
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