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El argumento del objeto del pensamiento en el tratado aristotélico Sobre las Ideas (Peri ideon)
González Varela, José Edgar;
Diánoia , 2008,
Abstract: there are five platonic arguments for the existence of ideas in aristotle's treatise on ideas according to metaphysics a 9 two of these arguments are "more accurate" than the others. the standard interpretation of this distinction claims that the "more accurate" arguments are valid to conclude the existence of ideas while the "less accurate" ones are not. in this paper i call into question this interpretation, for i offer a new interpretation of one of the "less accurate" arguments, the object of thought argument, according to which this is valid to conclude the existence of ideas.
El argumento de lo uno sobre muchos del peri ideōn
José Edgar González Varela
Revista Latinoamericana de Filosofía , 2010,
Abstract: En Metafísica A.9 Aristóteles clasifica como "menos rigurosos" a tres de los argumentos platónicos a favor de las Ideas examinados en su tratado Sobre las Ideas (Peri ideōn). La interpretación estándar del Peri ideōn sostiene que estos argumentos son menos rigurosos porque sólo son válidos para postular universales aristotélicos, pero no para postular Ideas. En este trabajo me propongo poner en cuestión esta interpretación con respecto a uno de estos argumentos: el argumento de lo uno sobre muchos. Sostengo que este argumento, si bien no es válido para postular Ideas, tampoco lo es para postular universales aristotélicos. éste es válido sólo para afirmar una conclusión neutral entre platonismo y aristotelismo sobre universales: que hay entidades distintas de las cosas particulares. In Metaphysics A.9 Aristotle classifies as "less accurate" three of the platonic arguments for Ideas surveyed in his treatise On Ideas (Peri ideōn). The standard interpretation of the Peri ideōn claims that these arguments are less accurate because they are only valid to postulate Aristotelian universals, but not to postulate Ideas. In this paper I intend to call into question this interpretation with respect to one of these arguments: the one over many argument. I claim that this argument, although not valid to postulate Ideas, it is not valid either to postulate Aristotelian universals. This argument is valid only for a conclusion that is neutral between Platonism and Aristotelianism about universals: that there are other entities apart from the particulars.
El argumento de lo uno sobre muchos del peri ideōn
González Varela,José Edgar;
Revista latinoamericana de filosof?-a , 2010,
Abstract: in metaphysics a.9 aristotle classifies as "less accurate" three of the platonic arguments for ideas surveyed in his treatise on ideas (peri ideōn). the standard interpretation of the peri ideōn claims that these arguments are less accurate because they are only valid to postulate aristotelian universals, but not to postulate ideas. in this paper i intend to call into question this interpretation with respect to one of these arguments: the one over many argument. i claim that this argument, although not valid to postulate ideas, it is not valid either to postulate aristotelian universals. this argument is valid only for a conclusion that is neutral between platonism and aristotelianism about universals: that there are other entities apart from the particulars.
The interpretation of the ideas of I. Kant’s treatise Perpetual Peace in the modern liberal democratic peace theory
Salikov A. N.
Kantovskij Sbornik , 2012, DOI: 10.5922/0207-6918-2012-4-5
Abstract: This article focuses on the interpretation of ideas of Kant’s Perpetual Peace treatise in the modern democratic peace theory. Despite the fact that the advocates of the theory consider Kant’s perpetual peace project the political and philosophical framework of their concept, the analysis shows that the democratic peace theory misinterprets many ideas of Kant.
El argumento de "Lo Uno sobre lo múltiple" en el Tratado sobre las Ideas de Aristóteles
Di Camillo,Silvana Gabriela;
Synthesis (La Plata) , 2010,
Abstract: in this paper we attempt to offer, first, an analysis of the one over many argument, as it is provided by aristotle in his lost essay on ideas, in order to see what light it shed on the distinction between platonic ideas and aristotelian universals. secondly, we wonder about the validity of the reconstructed version of plato's argument and we conclude that aristotle does not distort plato's thought. finally, we stress what aristotle's criticism reveals, not only about the main differences between his own universals and the platonic idea, but also about his debts to platonic theories.
El argumento de la simplicidad y los conceptos de espacio y tiempo en Samule Clarke  [cached]
Laura Benítez Grobert
T?3picos , 2005,
Abstract: La autora de este estudio se propone poner de relieve la importancia del argumento de la simplicidad en el desarrollo de las ideas de espacio y tiempo en Samuel Clarke y su incidencia en el newtonianismo. Así, en primer lugar intenta poner al descubierto la importancia que la noción de simplicidad tiene para el dualismo de Samuel Clarke, en donde se ponen en conexión la extensión y la simplicidad cuando se considera que la inmensidad de Dios es extensión indivisa. Por otra parte, recorre las vicisitudes del argumento de la simplicidad en función de las nociones físicas de espacio y de tiempo, para concluir que los simples de Clarke (espacio y tiempo) son muy cercanos a los conceptos de espacio y tiempo absolutos en Newton. Finalmente se explica cómo en opinión de Clarke el alma humana, siendo una sustancia simple y, por tanto, indivisible, es sin embargo una sustancia extensa; en este caso las partes, como las concibe Clarke, no son burdas y diferenciadas, sino semejantes e inseparables, algo que Leibniz habría reducido a una única entidad, en vista de su argumento de la identidad de los indiscernibles. The author of this study intends to point out the importance of the argument of simplicity in the development of the ideas of space and time in Samuel Clarke and their incidence in newtonianism. Thus, she first intends to uncover the importance that the notion of simplicity possesses for Samuel Clark's dualism, in which extension and simplicity connect with one another, when we consider that God's immensity is indivisible extension. On the other hand, she goes through the vicissitudes of the argument of simplicity with regard to the physical notions of space and time, to conclude that Clarke's simples (space and time) stand very near the concepts of absolute space and time in Newton. Finally, an explanation comes of how, in Clarke's opinion, the human soul, being a simple substance, and therefore indivisible, is nevertheless an extensive substance; in this case, the parts, as Clarke conceives them, are not coarse and differentiated, but alike and inseparable, which Leibnitz is thought to have reduced to a single entity, in view of his argument of the identity of indiscernibles.
An attempt at reading Keynes' Treatise on Probability  [PDF]
Christian P. Robert
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: The book A Treatise on Probability was published by John Maynard Keynes in 1921. It contains a critical assessment of the foundations of probability and of the current statistical methodology. As a modern reader, we review here the aspects that are most related with statistics, avoiding a neophyte's perspective on the philosophical issues. In particular, the book is quite critical of the Bayesian approach and we examine the arguments provided by Keynes, as well as the alternative he proposes. This review does not subsume the scholarly study of Aldrich (2008a) relating Keynes with the statistics community of the time.
EL ARGUMENTO SEMáNTICO EN LA JURISPRUDENCIA COLOMBIANA. UNA MANIFESTACIóN DEL NEOCONSTITUCIONALISMO Y EL POSITIVISMO  [cached]
Lina Marcela Escobar Martínez
Revista de Derecho , 2009,
Abstract: Se ha dicho tradicionalmente que el argumento semántico es la máxima expresión del formalismo jurídico. Este artículo pretende desvirtuar dicha creencia y demostrar que el argumento en cuestión es una herramienta que ha sido utilizada también por el neoconstitucionalismo, inclusive para hacer activismo judicial. Con tal fin, a continuación se presentan ejemplos significativos del uso que de este instrumento han hecho las altas Cortes colombianas.
Towards a Completion of Archimedes' Treatise on Floating Bodies  [PDF]
Kurt Girstmair,Gerhard Kirchner
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: In his treatise on floating bodies Archimedes determines the equilibrium positions of a floating paraboloid segment, but only in the case when the basis of the segment is either completely outside of the fluid or completely submerged. Here we give a mathematical model for the remaining case, i.e., two simple conditions which describe the equilibria in closed form. We provide tools for finding all equilibria in a reliable way and for the classification of these equilibria. This paper can be considered as a continuation of a recent article of Rorres.
Translation and discussion of the De Iride, a treatise on optics by Robert Grosseteste  [PDF]
Amelia Carolina Sparavigna
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.18483/ijSci.296
Abstract: Here I am proposing a translation and discussion of the De Iride, one of the short scientific treatise written by Robert Grosseteste. In the first part of his Latin text we find reflection and refraction of light, described in a geometrical optics. In the second part, Grosseteste is discussing the rainbow and how the colors are created.
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