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Socialists, communists and post war democracy (an interview with Jose Pedro Renzi) Socialistas, Comunistas e democracia no pós-guerra  [cached]
Antonio Candido
Estudos de Sociologia , 2007,
Abstract: Antonio Candido talks about the Brazilian democratization process in the post war period. He gives his own opinion about the period, analyzing and explaining the leftists (socialists or communists) conceptions and acts, that is, their role in the political life of the country. Keywords: Politics. Democracy. Socialism. Intellectuals. Marxism. Nesta entrevista, Antonio Candido discute o processo de democratiza o brasileira no pós-guerra; analisa e descreve o clima político da época e o papel da esquerda – socialistas e comunistas –, suas concep es e atua o. Palavras-Chave: Política. Democracia. Socialismo. Intelectuais. Marxismo.
Os comunistas e a Constituinte de 1946: por ocasi o do 60o aniversário da Constitui o de 1946  [PDF]
Prestes, Anita Leocádia
Estudos Ibero Americanos , 2006,
Abstract: Neste artigo faz-se uma aprecia o do contexto sócio-político presente no Brasil durante o ano de 1945. Destaca-se a atividade dos comunistas, voltada para a luta pela convoca o de uma Assembléia Constituinte livremente eleita. Com a convoca o de elei es para a Assembléia Constituinte, os comunistas elegem uma bancada, cuja atua o na Constituinte de 1946 é analisada no artigo. This is an analysis of the sociopolitical context present in Brazil during the year 1945. Emphasis is given to the activity of the communists, directed to the fight for the convocation of a freely elected Constituent Assembly. With the convocation of elections for the Constituent Assembly, the communists elected a group of representatives, whose performance in the Assembly of 1946 is analyzed in this article.
Les gardiens yiddish du léninisme The Yiddish Custodians of Leninism: Polish Communist Veterans Settle Scores with the Past  [cached]
Gennady Estraikh
Bulletin du Centre de Recherche Fran?ais de Jérusalem , 2012,
Abstract: From the mid-1950s onward, “Lenin,” “Leninism” and “restoration of Leninist norms” were invocations reiterated by communists in many countries in an attempt to draw a line between their utopian beliefs and the Soviet reality. Yiddish-speaking Polish communists, who are in the center of this article, also viewed the 1920s as a highpoint of the Leninist approach to the nationalities problems, whereas Stalinist “deviations” from Leninism spelt doom for Jewish culture in the Soviet Union. Adoration of Lenin and Leninism remained an important part of their selves even when they were forced to live in emigration.
O comunismo histórico: idéia de revolu o no século XX  [cached]
Lincoln Secco
Diálogos , 2010, DOI: 10.4025/dialogos.v12i2 e 3.21
Abstract: O artigo analisa a experiência do “comunismo histórico” no mundo durante o século XX. S o acompanhadas as várias fases dessa experiência (ascens o, declínio, recupera o e decadência) e os múltiplos desafios e problemas enfrentados pelos comunistas neste século. A problemática eleitoral e o relacionamento com os socialistas s o especialmente enfatizadas. The article analyzes the experience of “historical communism” in the world during the 20th century. The different stages of that experience (rise, fall, recovery and decline) are monitored, as well as the multiple challenges and problems faced by communists in this century. The problem of elections and the relationship with socialists are particularly emphasized. Keywords: communism; revolution; socialismo. El artículo analiza la experiencia del “comunismo histórico” en el mundo durante el siglo XX. Para ello, son presentadas las distintas etapas de dicha experiencia (ascensión, declinación, recuperación y decadencia) y los múltiples desafíos y problemas enfrentados por los comunistas durante este siglo enfatizando, en particular, la cuestión electoral y su relación con los socialistas. Palabras Clave: comunismo; revolución; socialismo.
Afinal, de que tradi o eles est o falando?  [cached]
Hecker Alexandre
Revista Brasileira de História , 1998,
Abstract: Após a queda do muro tem-se observado um constante e generalizado comportamento político de antigos membros da esquerda que agora tendem a admitir qualquer modelo ético-político como válido. Diante da vitória do pensamento neoliberal é importante conhecer a pluralidade de tradi es que o socialismo desenvolveu entre nós, além de que, poder avaliar as idéias dos socialistas n o-comunistas, têm servido para romper um limite a que nossos estudos políticos pareciam destinados: partia-se do princípio de que n o houve no Brasil uma tradi o intelectual de ades o às idéias democráticas. A história do pensamento político brasileiro parecia estar sempre marcada pelo autoritarismo.
THE PUBLISHING RELATIONS WITH LITHUANIAN COMMUNISTS IN THE USA IN 1920–1940
Misiunas, Remigijus
Knygotyra , 2006,
Abstract: The connection between the Lithuanian Communist Party (LCP) and their partners in the USA were quite widely researched before 1990, but for different reasons it wasn’t objective. The same thing can be said about publishing relations. This article is written using the material from the LCP archives and might be considered as an attempt to look differently at this problem.There are three main domainsof this connection. First of all, there was the cooperation in the publishing of periodicals. LCP and Lithuanian communists in the USA exchanged articles, LCP was constantly indicating the directionthat the press of Lithuanian communists in the USA had to follow, how to organize its printing. The second domain was book publishing. The manuscripts of communist’s books were sent to the USA, the local communists were told which books should be published and which shouldn’t, what their structure should be like. The third domain of above-mentioned connection was exchange of literature. The press printed in the USA was sent to Lithuania and the Soviet Union, to the leaders of LCP and the press printed by communists in the Soviet Union was sent to the USA. Lithuanian communists of the USA also helped LCP to make publishing contacts with Lithuanian communists in Canada and South America. All these relations promoted the obedience of Lithuanian communists of the USA to the Commintern policy and their approval to the Soviet occupation of Lithuania in 1940.
From colony period in Brazil to the first republic: a review of the pedagogical ideas Da col nia à primeira republica: um balan o das idéias pedagógicas no Brasil  [cached]
Silza Maria Pazello Valente
Semina : Ciências Sociais e Humanas , 1992, DOI: 10.5433/
Abstract: The analysis of the pedagogical ideas, since the Colony Period till the end of the shows that politics and economy gathered to straighten the educational system. Also, shows that although these influence many carne up was heading to release the system of the political tyranny. The research showed that there were two different educational projects In First Republic: the official influenced by the Jesuit’s conception and the other presented by the socialists -anarchists and communists which aimed to answer the demand of the historical moment, when the work relations undergame by a deep change. Booth were overborne by a third project, the New School Project, which carne up in· the pedagogical world with conceptions imported from United States and made possible to the burgess which Were then threatened. A análise das idéias pedagógicas, desde a Col nia até a Primeira República, evidencia que política e economia se articularam no sentido de direcionar a educa o. Evidencia, também, que, no universo pedagógico, surgiram propostas apontando caminhos que visavam livrar a educa o formal da opress o. pesquisa desenvolvida demonstrou que existiam dois projetos educacionais antag nicos na vigência da Primeira República. Um oficial influenciado pelas idéias pedagógicas dos jesuítas, e outro proposto pelos socialistas -anarquistas e comunistas -, que pretendia responder As exigências de um momento histórico no qual as rela es de trabalho passavam por uma profunda transforma o. Ambos foram superados por um terceiro projeto da Escola Nova que invadiu o espa o pedagógico com um ideário importado da Europa e dos Estados Unidos, e possibilitou que uma classe que se via amea ada -burguesia -se reconstituísse e continuasse a exercer a hegemonia.
Sobre viejas y nuevas izquierdas. Los jóvenes comunistas uruguayos y el movimiento estudiantil de 1968 On the Old and New Left. Young Uruguayan Communists and the 1968 Student Movement  [cached]
Vania Markarian
Secuencia , 2011,
Abstract: Este trabajo se centra en la participación de los jóvenes comunistas uruguayos en el movimiento estudiantil de 1968 como parte de una generación de latinoamericanos que combinó una visión heroica de la militancia con la adopción de nuevas pautas culturales provenientes de Europa y Estados Unidos. Se analizan tanto las discusiones generadas en el seno de la izquierda sobre las "vías de la revolución" como el efecto de esas ideas y prácticas de circulación global en la conformación de identidades políticas a nivel local. La articulación entre militancia de izquierda, violencia política y cultura juvenil busca repensar algunas categorías usadas al estudiar los a os sesenta en América Latina, especialmente las de "nueva izquierda" e "izquierda revolucionaria". This article focuses on the participation of young Uruguayan communists in the 1968 student movement as part of the generation of Latin Americans who combined a heroic view of militancy with the adoption of new cultural guidelines for Europe and the United States. It analyzes both the discussion that arose in the left on the "pathways of the revolution" and the effect of these global ideas and practices in shaping local political identities. The link between leftist militancy, political violence and youth culture attempts to rethink some of the categories used in studying the 1960s in Latin America, particularly those of the "new left" and "revolutionary left."
Communicating the past into the present. Young voices about communism and communists in Romania  [cached]
Raluca PETRE
Essachess : Journal for Communication Studies , 2012,
Abstract: More than two decades have passed since the fall of communism; meanwhile, a new generation has come to age in the post-communist countries, with no direct experience of the past, yet still influenced by it. In the pages to follow I try to bring the voice of young Romanians to the fore, for it is a voice which has scarcely been heard. How do young people communicate about a past that they did not experience but which nevertheless influences them? How do they appropriate the past and what does it mean for them? The hypothesis emerging from empirical exploration is that “communist” is the term that the youth uses to mark their distinction and rebellion against the adult generation. It is not as much a political category but an everyday term that would silence the “other” of youth, the adults. “Communists” are described as authoritarian, dictatorial, limited, rigid, and indoctrinated. While “communist” is a term that seems easy to describe, there is no clear and coherent opinion when it comes to “communism”. More often than not, young people adopt the standardised version of history textbooks and combine it with the stories heard from their parents. It is to be pointed out that often the two versions collide, the textbooks presenting the recent past in dark colours as abusive, dictatorial, totalitarian, while many parents emphasise the safety of work and lodgings.
Pensar a Revolu o Soviética no século XXI: Revolu o e estratégias identitárias Thinking the Soviet Revolution in the Twenty-first Century: Revolution and Identity Strategies Penser la Révolution soviétique au XXIème siècle : Révolution et stratégies identitaires
Mário Machaqueiro
Revista Crítica de Ciências Sociais , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/rccs.762
Abstract: A problemática das identidades sociais tem sido um dos principais veios dos estudos soviéticos e pós soviéticos, sobretudo desde os anos 90. Esses trabalhos contribuem para aprofundar a compreens o da Revolu o Soviética, ao mesmo tempo que permitem uma articula o com a centralidade das quest es identitárias no momento histórico presente. Retomando o espírito desses estudos, mas também de investiga es que, entre nós, têm procurado desenvolver uma antropologia geral dos processos identitários, este artigo procura reanalisar a evolu o do pensamento de Lénine e do regime bolchevique à luz da inser o identitária ambivalente da Rússia entre a ásia e a Europa, entre o Oriente e o Ocidente. Para tal, recorre-se ao conceito de “identidade de fronteira”, utilizando-o para esclarecer as oscila es que caracterizaram as escolhas estratégicas dos comunistas russos no domínio da geopolítica. The problematics of social identities has been one of the main strands explored in Soviet and post-Soviet studies, above all after the 1990s. These studies have contributed to deepen an understanding of the Soviet Revolution, at the same time allowing for articulation within the centrality of identity issues in the current historical setting. Taking up the spirit of such studies, but also that of research in Portugal which has endeavoured to develop an overall anthropology of identity processes, this article sets out to re-analyse the evolution of Lenin’s thought and of that of the Bolshevist regime, in the light of Russia’s ambivalent identity stance between Asia and Europe, between East and West. To this end, the concept of “border identity” is applied to clarify the oscillations which characterise the strategic choices made by Russian communists in the geopolitical realm. La problématique des identités sociales a été l’une des principes voies des études soviétiques et post-soviétiques, surtout depuis les années 90. Ces travaux contribuent à approfondir la compréhension de la Révolution soviétique, en même temps qu’ils permettent une articulation avec la centralité des questions identitaires au moment historique présent. Tenant compte de l’esprit de ces études, mais aussi des recherches qui, entre nous, ont cherché à développer une anthropologie générale des processus identitaires, cet article tente de ré-analyser l’évolution de la pensée de Lénine et du régime bolchevique à la lumière de l’insertion identitaire ambivalente de la Russie entre l’Asie et l’Europe, entre l’Orient et l’Occident. Pour le faire, on recourra au concept d’ “identité de frontière” pour éclairer les
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