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La conciencia moral o civil en el pensamiento de Adam Smith y John Stuart Mill
Mu?oz Cardona,ángel Emilio;
Semestre Económico , 2008,
Abstract: the purpose of this article is to review the conception on moral or civil conscience from perspectives of adam smith and john stuart mill. in order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to ask the parents of economics how did they conceive man?, what is the real meaning of homo economics in their theoretical arsenal?, is man -by nature- a selfish, altruist being or a combination of both?, what should be done for achieving a better society, e.g., a group of pleasant social moral relations? the search for an answer to these questions allow evidencing that the moral and social conscience demands from human beings, unselfish actions based on social actions, almost natural and unselfish.
Gerenciamento de Pessoas: Sobre a Forma o dos Conceitos de Trabalho em Geral e em Abstrato: de John Locke a Adam Smith
Hermano Roberto Thiry-Cherques
GEST?O.Org : Revista Eletr?nica de Gest?o Organizacional , 2009,
Abstract: The evolution of management and technology of information associated with the moral and economic crises we attend in the last decade determined deep transformations in the way we manage and design organizations. The understanding of human factor role in production, mainly the use of concepts employed in human resources management, became inadequate to explain the phenomenon of work and to clarify its situation in the economic-organizational contemporary frame. In this article I seek to contribute to today’s reconstruction of people management conceptual corpus analyzing John Locke’s notion of work in general and Adam Smith’s notion of abstract work.
Adam Smith’s contribution to secularisation
Petrus Simons
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/koers.v78i2.427
Abstract: This article examined several crucial themes in Adam Smith’s philosophy with the purpose of highlighting and assessing his contribution to the secularisation of Western society. The article, written from the perspective of reformational philosophy, begins with a brief biography and sketch of Adam Smith’s influence on modern society, followed by a summary of Ponti Venter’s view on Smith. This sets the scene for a discussion of Adam Smith’s project, his method of tackling it, and his views on systems, philosophy of history and the concept of philosophy.
Adam Smith on public expenditure and taxation  [PDF]
Maurício C. Coutinho
Nova Economia , 2001,
Abstract: This paper presents Adam Smith s view on taxation and public expenditure, by means of an almost literal reading of the Wealth of Nations famous passages on the "duties of the sovereign" and on the "maxims of taxation". Contrarily to the commonest usage of these passages, we will show that their core is the preoccupation with the public expenditure soaring and the defence of decentralisation. Furthermore and also contrarily to the existing interpretations we defend the non-existence of any contradiction between Smith s income and price theory (and the incidence hypothesis), provided due attention is paid to the guiding role of the "maxims".
Fernando Luis, Gache,Dino, Otero
Visi?3n de futuro , 2010,
Abstract: In 1776 Adam Smith raised the matter that an invisible hand was the one which moved the markets to obtain its efficiency. Despite in the present paper we are going to raise the hypothesis, that this invisible hand is in fact the confidence that each person feels when he is going to do business. That in addition it is unique, because it is different from the confidence of the others and that is a variable nonlinear that essentially is ligatured to respective personal histories. For that we are going to take as its bases the paper by Leopoldo Abadía (2009), with respect to the financial economy crisis that happened in 2007-2008, to evidence the form in which confidence operates. Therefore the contribution that we hope to do with this paper is to emphasize that, the level of confidence of the different actors, is the one which really moves the markets, (therefore the economy) and that the crisis of the subprime mortgages is a confidence crisis at world-wide level.
John Maynard Smith dies
Catherine Brahic
Genome Biology , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/gb-spotlight-20040427-01
Abstract: Maynard Smith was probably most widely known for applying game theory to evolutionary biology. Originally developed in 1944 by John von Neumann and Oskar Morgentern, game theory is a mathematical model used by economists to study the outcomes of interactions between 'collaborators' and 'enemies' in situations in which neither can entirely predict the actions of the other, but can adapt their behavior according to what they see the other doing.Maynard Smith applied game theory to interactions between competing individuals of the same species that use different stratagems for survival.Imagine combat in which each individual must decide whether or not to escalate the fight without knowing his opponent's decision. Maynard Smith showed, with George Price, that the interests of both combatants are best served if both decide not to escalate the fight.In 1982, he published Evolution and the Theory of Games. In it, he described an evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS). An ESS is a stable collaborative situation that, if adopted by the majority of individuals in a population, will resist invasion by individuals with a new survival strategy.He was also known for his work on the adaptive value of sexual reproduction and for having demonstrated the 'twofold cost of sex'. Also known as the 'cost of males', this theory suggests that if an asexual individual were introduced into a sexually reproducing population, asexual reproduction would soon take over.In a population of sexual individuals, it takes two individuals to produce one. Alone, a female capable of reproducing parthenogenetically can produce as many individuals as any pair of sexually reproducing individuals. Since males contribute nothing to the offspring, the asexual subpopulation will grow twice as fast as its sexual counterpart.John Maynard Smith was born in Somerset, England. He was educated at prestigious Eton College, which he disliked. There, he discovered the work of geneticist H.B.S. Haldane, who was to become a
The Prevailing of the Human Nature in the Economics of Adam Smith
Mara Magda Maftei
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2006,
Abstract: Adam Smith is thought to be the first economist, his economic considerations being even nowadays valid, no matter the everchanging connotations of capitalism throughtout the world. Unfortunately, only The Wealth of Nations was translated in Romanian, and that is why there is a tendency among us to analyze Smith only by means of his economic paradigma, leaving out his preoccupations of moral philosophy, of finding the connections between political, juridical and economic aspects. Above all, we should insist on his obsession with human nature, obsession to be embbeded within the increasing importance of economic sciences in his time, growing out of moral philosophy and jurisprudence.
Adam Smith et le “républicanisme”
Alexandra HYARD
E-rea : Revue électronique d’études sur le Monde Anglophone , 2003, DOI: 10.4000/erea.276
Abstract: Je remercie Pierre Lurbe et Ann Thomson pour leurs remarques. Je tiens également à remercier Thierry Demals pour son aide précieuse. Néanmoins, je reste seule responsable des éventuelles erreurs contenues dans ce travail.Introduction Smith semble avoir toujours été en théorie un républicain, et il a s rement eu le vrai esprit d’un républicain dans son amour de toute liberté rationnelle. (Rae 124) Par cette phrase, Rae nous livre son opinion sur une des questions relatives à Adam Smith (1723-1...
Adam Smith et les passions musicales  [cached]
Marc Parmentier
Methodos : Savoirs et Textes , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/methodos.2905
Abstract: Dans sa Théorie des sentiments moraux (1759), Adam Smith classe les passions en trois catégories : passions sociales, asociales, égo stes. Cette classification résulte directement de leur capacité à susciter ou non la sympathie. Les passions sociales apparaissent ainsi comme les plus propres à susciter un écho sympathique. La question à laquelle tente de répondre l'article est de savoir pourquoi ces mêmes passions sociales sont qualifiées par A. Smith de naturellement musicales . L'utilisation du concept de sympathie dans le domaine musical est fréquente aux XVIIème et XVIIIème siècles, mais l'hypothèse avancée ici est que le lien est plus profond chez A. Smith. La sympathie met en effet en évidence une qualité d'ordre à la fois esthétique et morale inhérente à certaines passions, leur convenance (propriety) par opposition aux passions discordantes . Ces passions, produisant une superposition d'échos sympathiques comparables aux harmoniques d'un ton fondamental, sont les plus susceptibles d'être imitées par la musique, si l'on tient compte de la théorie esthétique originale formulée par A. Smith, pour qui la beauté des arts imitatifs ne tient pas à l'illusion mais au contraire à l'écart entre l'imitation et son objet. In his Theory of Moral Sentiments, Adam Smith distinguishes three types of passions: social passions, unsocial passions and selfish passions. This classification relies on their capacity to evoke sympathy. Social passions are the most apt to arouse a sympathetic echo in their observers. This article tries to answer the question why A. Smith describes social passions as naturally musical . In 17th and 18th centuries sympathy is often mentioned in connection with musical topics, but the link established by A. Smith is more profound. In fact, sympathy reveals an esthetic and moral quality of convenient , vs discordant , passions. These passions, that produce a superimposition of agreeable echoes in the same way as a fundamental tone is expanded in a series of harmonics, can therefore be easily imitated musically, especially vocally. Indeed, in his aesthetics, Smith declares that the beauty of imitative arts does not rely on an exact resemblance but on the disparity between the object imitating, and the object imitated .
D'Elia,Vanesa Valeria;
Revista de Economía Institucional , 2009,
Abstract: the assumption of rationality is central in current economic theory. this hypothesis is the pillar for the creation of the homo economicus of conventional theory. starting with adam smith's approach to rationality, the aim of this paper is to contribute to the discussion of the main characteristics of the individual underlying the rational man of economics and their implications for economic analysis. the meaning of rationality in several authors is reexamined and it is argued that the basis of adam smith's work are still valid
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