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Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Romania is currently facing a lot of challenges in the public administration (PA) eld. In this paper, we are going to show how the European Union Services Directive implementation impacted the Romanian PA reform process by achieving one major objective: the implementation of a Point of Single Contact (PSC) in Romania. We started this quest by identifying and conducting an analysis of the existing administrative framework within the Romanian Trade Register Of ce (TRO), as part of the EUSDRO project. We developed a model for the TRO front and back of ce administrative processes. Our ndings suggest that although progress has been made there are still several drawbacks associated with the administrative process, within the Romanian TRO. Thus we proposed an improved model for the Romanian PSC.
Preda Ana - Maria,Stanica Justina Lavinia,Crisan Daniela Alexandra,Coculescu Cristina
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The development of public services is one of the priorities on the agendas of all policies, both national and European. One of the most recent concerns of the European Commission, as shown in the 2010 Innobarometer, is to find ways and develop strategies to support the innovation in the public administration sector, in the context of the continuously changing economic background. In this paper, we'll investigate the relationship between e-Government, and the overall innovation performance at national level, for some European Union countries. e-Government is already a known concept, widespread in the world, promoting the implementation of information and communication technologies in the public administration, in order to provide better public services to citizens and businesses. A main component of the e-Government concept is the 'counter reform', aimed to streamlining administrative act quickly in order to respond to the demands of citizens, businesses and government structures. Innovation in e-Government will be measured with two Eurostat indicators e-Government on-line availability and e-Government usage by individuals while for the overall innovation performance we'll use a composite indicator the Summary Innovation Index (SII) - from the Innovation Union Scoreboard (IUS). In Romania, even if the values of these indicators are not at the level of other EU countries, we can say that the situation has improved and electronic public services are being used increasingly often. The study also includes a comparison between two modest innovators: Romania and Bulgaria. Regarding the overall innovation performance, according to the 2010 Innovation Union Scoreboard ranking, Romania is the leader of the modest innovators countries, overcoming Latvia, Bulgaria and Lithuania. However, in the field of e-Government our country has major shortcomings. Romania has registered a significant progress in the years after the EU integration, followed by a setback in 2009, still having values below those of other EU countries, including Bulgaria.
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Public administration reform reflects substantive changes in its major components, both at central government and local administrative level, and in the delivery of public services in general. On the other side, democratic consolidation requires the development of a new relationship between citizen and administration, a strengthened role of the authorities and the redefinition of the partnership with the civil society and the local elected officials. This article makes specific comments on the decentralization challenges based on the study in “Public administration reform in the context of the European integration”1. The document is focused on the technical questions related to the decentralization. The angle from which problems are observed is the angle of the local governments. The first “Conceptual framework” part aims to introduce the underlying principles on one hand, and the rules derived on these to be respected when designing decentralization policies. The next part “Analysis and findings” is structured according the current conditions in Romania. The final section will try to orient the readers’ attention to possible risks of the reform process.
Cristina Morari
CES Working Papers , 2011,
Abstract: This article represents an analysis of the experience of Romania in accession and integration of the state into the European Union. It is a tentative to identify Romanian domestic policies of European integration. In order to achieve this objective, the study is focused on analyzing the evolution of Romania accession negotiations, internal and external activities and problems of country’s European integration. Another important goal of the article was to identify some important conclusions for the European roadmap of the Republic of Moldova under the experience of Romania. The main lesson for the Republic of Moldova presented by the author is that for a successful European integration of the Republic of Moldova it is essential to prepare the country from inside by formulating and providing in practice concrete tasks and mechanisms in the internal policies of the country.
The Reform of the National Public Policies Process under the Influence of Europeanization Changes in the Policy-Making in Romania on Institutional and Legislative Level
Ani MATEI,Tatiana-Camelia DOGARU
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: The construction initiated by Monnet, Schuman, Adenauer and De Gasperi had a remarkable evolution not only concerning the number of the Member States, but also in terms of institutional and functional development, the European Union being one of the most important changing factor concerning the governance and the policy-making process at European level and not only. The number of researches studying the European Union from the perspective of its role or its impact in the development and implementation of public policies has increased in the last decades, emphasizing the various approaches of this issue. Using the theoretical, analytical and empirical framework, described by various scholars, the paper aims:- to explore the conceptual dimension of Europeanization and European integration, stressing the differences and similarities;- to achieve a progressive analysis of the reforms made by the European Union in the European policy framework, outlining the methods used in elaboration of its policies;- to emphasize the efforts of regulatory and institutional change made by Romania in its policy-making process, as a result of the European integration and Europeanization processes. For achieving the aims of the actual paper we have used bibliographical research and study of legislation at European and national level, applied to European and domestic public policies as well as the study of procedural documents carried out by Romanian authorities for domestic public policy elaboration.
Mardiros Daniela-Neonila
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The importance of this research lies from the need to know the economies developed, emerging and frontier of the European Union and the mode of their manifestation according to the market indicators. Consequently, we had in mind a presentation of the economies in the categories mentioned above framed in terms of market criteria used by FTSE Group, a provider of stock market indices and associated data services. Using data from a series of reports published by FTSE we made an analysis of how each of the considered economies and in particular Romania, acts according of these. Was taken into consideration criteria as: market and regulatory environment (formal stock market regulatory authorities actively monitor market; fair and non-prejudicial treatment of minority shareholders; non or selective incidence of foreign ownership restrictions; free and well-developed equity market; no objections or significant restrictions or penalties applied on the repatriation of capital; free and well-developed foreign exchange market; non or simple registration process for foreign investors); custody and settlement (settlement-rare incidence of failed trades; custody-sufficient competition to ensure high quality custodian services; clearing and settlement; stock lending permitted; settlement-free delivery available; custody-omnibus account facilities available to international investors); dealing landscape (brokerage-sufficient competition to ensure high quality broker services; liquidity-sufficient broad market liquidity to support sizeable global investment; transaction costs-implicit and explicit costs to be reasonable and competitive; short sales permitted; off-exchange transactions permitted; efficient trading mechanism; transparency); derivates (developed derivatives market). The final part of the paper is reserved to the understanding of the mode in which each of the considered economies of the European Union, including Romania and regardless of what category they belong (developed, emerging or frontier economies) behave in relation to the above criteria used by the FTSE in relation with the market quality. In terms of research methodology, this took into account the data collection through the observation method. This method use, as research tool, the observation guide. We have also had regard to the proper definition of the concepts and their operationalization in order to bring to the fore a number of relevant indicators for the economies of the European Union.
Vasile CIOMO?
Revista Transilvan? de ?tiin?e Administrative , 2004,
Abstract: In the perspective of the Romania’s integration in the European Union, the elaboration of the local public services’ sustainable development strategy is of high importance. Municipal services are part of the common values of the EU members and constitute a pillar of the European society model. Most of them are provided by public utilities. The organization, setting up and functioning procedures, as well as the level of local authorities’ control are different from one country to another. Unified procedures are now under development at European Commission level. In Romania, the local authorities are charged to provide the municipal services, according to the law. From legal point of view, most of the operators are autonomous regains or commercial companies. The population’s access to these services is yet quite limited and their quality is often poor. In this respect, Romania’s integration in the EU will require important efforts, including the concepts’ harmonization.
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: This paper aims to highlight the main stages of development within the financial accounting system for the protection of the personnel engaged in Romania and at the same time, to compare it with the one of other European countries. The importance of the work consists in identifying forms of social protection through the legislative framework in order to achieve a diagnosis of Romanian social welfare. As a research model used in a particular study, the methodology includes information accompanying theoretical basis and methods for it. This paper contains a positivist tinge and it's constructive, going with the research's mainstream. Of course, one aspect is not left out: the critical approaches to the accounting referential standard concerning the protection of the staff in Romania as well as in Europe. The foundation of the research is represented by the last decades economic reality. The work tries to find answers to the question: How did the Romanian social protection develop and which was its legal framework? The research type is a deductive one which means that the there's a way crossed from the general to the particular, starting from a theory which has as purpose applying the prediction itself and, at the same time, assuring a wider range of knowledge and being more operative. Information gathering was done through various methods such as quantitative and qualitative research and the pieces of information presented in this paper were collected from various sources such as published articles, books, legal documents, all from the economical field. Afterwards, the collection of the pieces of information was followed by data analysis. Having this as purpose, the following research methods and techniques have been applied: cross-section (analysis protection staff at a time) and longitudinal (protection of staff development in Romania), survey (protection of staff is described, compared and explained in Romania and the European context), non-participating observation (as statistical data) and analysis (collection, sorting and interpreting the information in the protection of staff in Romania). Research results and general conclusions concerning the information system for the protection of staff are listed at the end of the paper.
Turkey's Accession to the European Union in terms of impact on the EU's security and defense policies: potential and drawbacks
Pinto, Maria do Céu;
Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-73292010000100005
Abstract: this study explores the impact of turkey's likely entry in the european union (eu) in terms of the eu's foreign, security and defense policies. it reviews turkish capabilities, namely its military capabilities, which could provide the eu with valuable defense assets. there are differences related to turkey's relations with the eu, which have increasingly spilled over into the nato, hindering the development of cooperation over crisis management operations. the article then delves in the implications of turkey's strategic geographical location to eu policies. it reviews how far the eu and turkey may have convergent interests in some of the neighboring regions, especially in the middle east.
Moraru Marilena Ortansa
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: New Public Management (NPM) is considered as a global paradigm emerging in response to economic, institutional, political, and ideological changes.Many attempts to define the New Public Management have been made and there are several definitions of this notion, referring to the implementation of management ideas from business and private sector into the public services.Over the past few years, Romania has been facing a great challenge as it has to enhance its public management for achieving the European standards and values of transparency, predictability, accountability, adaptability and efficiency. The necessity of a modern administration at European standards exists both at the level of the citizen, and at the level of institutions delivering public services.According to the provisions of its last stand-by arrangement with IMF, Romania placed emphasis on restoring medium- and long-term sustainability and paved the way for future growth. Structural reforms were a large component of the program, including tax administration, pensions, public wages and employment, and social benefits, improving public sector efficiency, as well as enhancing the business environment.\\r\\n\\r\\nSince 2009 a public financial management structure was introduced for multi-year budgeting while limiting intra-year budget revisions. Fiscal rules were introduced on spending, public debt and primary deficit, and a framework for managing guarantees and other contingent liabilities was approved. Local public finance law was amended to bolster fiscal discipline and limit risks from local governments.Thus, presently, the legal framework envisages the use of new instruments and structures to support local administration authorities to increase their administrative capacity in order to perform in accordance with their new authority and thereby increases the quality of the already decentralized public services.The Common Assessment Framework (CAF) a€“ the total quality management tool was introduced in Romania, public institutions acknowledging the need for change and improvement, the importance of peoplea€ s involvement within the organizationa€ s self-assessment process, the importance of measuring the results, objectives prioritization, the need to assume responsibility for the identified improvement actions, as well as the need to share knowledge and experience.Most of the Romanian public institutions apply the diagnosis obtained through CAF implementation as a solid ground to develop and implement their Multi-annual Modernizing Strategies, thus assuring the sustainability of the r
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