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Palaeolithic research at the Institute of Archaeology  [cached]
Andrew Garrard,Norah Moloney,Dietrich Stout,Ignacio de la Torre
Archaeology International , 2005, DOI: 10.5334/ai.0905
Abstract: Since its foundation in 1937, the Institute of Archaeology has been an important centre of research on Pleistocene environments and Palaeolithic archaeology. Frederick Zeuner (loA: 1937-1963) was greatly respected for his teaching and research on the subject, including his 1945 publication The Pleistocene period and John Waechter (loA: 1954-1978) for his Palaeolithic excavations at Gorham's Cave in Gibraltar and Swanscombe in the Thames Valley. Mark Newcomer (loA: 1973-1989) inspired many of the students with his experimental research on prehistoric bone and flint technology and for his innovative work on the microwear analysis of flint tools. In 1982, Mark Roberts began his excavations at the Lower Palaeolithic site of Boxgrove in Sussex and more recently Matthew Pope has been involved in an extensive survey of the Middle Pleistocene raised beaches along the south Sussex coast. Simon Parfitt has been undertaking groundbreaking research into the Lower Palaeolithic of East Anglia. Andrew Garrard and Norah Moloney joined the staff of the Institute of Archaeology in 1990 and 1994 respectively, and Dietrich Stout and Ignacio de la Torre in 2005. Each are involved in research relating to human developments through the Pleistocene and this is outlined in the four sections that follow. Several other staff also undertake research in related fields, including Ole Gron, Simon Hills on, Richard Macphail, Marcello Mannino, Tim Schadla-Hall, James Steele and Ken Thomas. The work of several of these has featured in recent issues of Archaeology International.
Histoire tertiaire de l'Arche de Brahmaputra ; son r le dans la prospection des hydrocarbures du Haut Assam (Inde) (résumé) Tertiary History of Brahmaputra Arch. Its Role in Hydrocarbon Prospects of Upper Assam, India (Abstract)  [cached]
Murty K. N.,Tongaonkar C. S.
Oil & Gas Science and Technology , 2006, DOI: 10.2516/ogst:1980013
Abstract: On analyse l'histoire tertiaire de la plate-forme du Haut Assam (Inde) et on discute les facteurs géologiques responsables du caractère pétrolier de cette importante province ainsi que ses relations avec la ceinture mobile de Naga au Sud-Est et avec l'avant-fosse himalayenne au Nord-Ouest. A cette intention, on a préparé des cartes paléologiques pour différentes formations dans la vallée supérieure de l'Assam, basées sur de nombreux puits et levers géophysiques. A partir de ces cartes, on a construit une série de coupes paléogéologiques pour illustrer l'évolution structurale de la plate-forme du haut Assam. Cette étude montre que la structure régionale de la haute vallée de l'Assam est en subsurface une arche large - l'Arche de Brahrnaputra - parallèle à, et juste au sud de la rivière Brahmaputra, formée par un double basculernent opposé : un ancien talus vers le Sud-Est durant le Paléogène et l'autre tourné vers le Nord-Ouest pendant le Mio-Pliocène. On peut identifier deux phases de migration des hydrocarbures. L'étude permet l'affirmation d'objectifs futurs en Haut Assam. Cette arche a une histoire géologique voisine de celle de l'arche de Bend du centre-nord du Texas et de l'arche de Hunton-Seminole-Ozark en Oklahoma où de riches gisements ont été trouvés dans presque tous les terrains impliqués dans le bombement. The Tertiary history of Upper Assam shelf, India is analysed. The geological factors responsible for making this an important petroleum province and ifs relationship with the Nago mobile belt in the south-east and the Himalayan fore deep in the north-vvest ore discussed. Sub-crop maps of différent geological formations in Upper Assam Valley based on a number of drilled wells and various geophysical surveys ore prepared for this purpose. From these maps, a series of palaeogeological sections are constructed to illustrate the structural evolution of the Upper Assam shelf. The study reveals thot the sub-surface regional structure of the present Upper Assam Valley is a broad arch - Brahmaputra arch - parallel to and just a little south of Brahmaputra river, formed by two opposite tiltings: an initial palaeoslope towards south-east during Palaeocene-Oligocene and the other towards north-west during Mio-Pliocene. Two phases of migration of hydrocarbons con be recognised. The study enables assessment of future hydrocarbon prospects in Upper Assam. This arch has similar geological history as that of Bend-arch of north-central Texas and Huffon-Seminole-Ozark Arch of Oklahoma where rich pools have been found in nearby oil the rocks involved in the a
Collaboration, Participation and Technology: The San Joaquin Valley Cumulative Health Impacts Project  [cached]
Jonathan K. London,Tara Mirel Zagofsky,Ganlin Huang,Jenny Saklar
Gateways : International Journal of Community Research & Engagement , 2011,
Abstract: Community-university partnerships have been shown to produce significant value for both sets of partners by providing reciprocal learning opportunities, (re)building bonds of trust, and creating unique venues to formulate and apply research that responds to community interests and informs collaborative solutions to community problems. For such partnerships to be mutually empowering, certain design characteristics are necessary. These include mutual respect for different modes and expressions of knowledge, capacity-building for all parties, and an environment that promotes honest and constructive dialogue about the inevitable tensions associated with the interplay of power/knowledge. This article explores an innovative case of community-university partnerships through participatory action research involving a coalition of environmental justice and health advocates, the San Joaquin Valley Cumulative Health Impacts Project, and researchers affiliated with the University of California, Davis. In particular, we examine how participatory GIS and community mapping can promote co-learning and interdependent science. Keywords Community-based participatory research, environmental justice, Public Participation Geographic Information System
The Palaeolithic, preservation and the public  [cached]
Nicholas Stanley-Price
Archaeology International , 1999, DOI: 10.5334/ai.3016
Abstract: The caves and open sites of the Palaeolithic lack the monumental remains that attract visitors to many later prehistoric and historic sites, and they tend to be more difficult to preserve and interpret successfully to the public. These issues are examined through a comparison of three very different sites, in China, Tanzania and Portugal, two of which have been accorded World Heritage status.
An Example of The Efforts Which Create The Contemporary Urban Environment: The Urban Renewal Project of Portakal Cicegi Valley/ Ankara  [PDF]
A. Uslu,L. Yetim
Journal of Tekirdag Agricultural Faculty , 2006,
Abstract: In this study; the renewal project of Portakal i e i Valley in order to create green area for Ankara, hasbeen investigated. For this purpose; the study includes mainly three sections. In the first section of the study;the study area has been defined and, given detail knowledge about urban renewal project. In the secondsection of the study; current situation of the valley and its problems has been explored. Results from takenquestionnaires to evaluate the perceptions of users group in the park have been appraised and, someproposals which improve the quality of area and its identity have been given in the last section of the study.
Palaeolithic extinctions and the Taurid Complex  [PDF]
W. M. Napier
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16579.x
Abstract: Intersection with the debris of a large (50-100 km) short-period comet during the Upper Palaeolithic provides a satisfactory explanation for the catastrophe of celestial origin which has been postulated to have occurred around 12900 BP, and which presaged a return to ice age conditions of duration ~1300 years. The Taurid Complex appears to be the debris of this erstwhile comet; it includes at least 19 of the brightest near-Earth objects. Sub-kilometre bodies in meteor streams may present the greatest regional impact hazard on timescales of human concern.
The Palaeolithic occupation of southern Alentejo: the Sado River Drainage Survey
Burke, Ariane,Meignen, Liliane,Bisson, Michael,Pimentel, Nuno
Trabajos de Prehistoria , 2011, DOI: 10.3989/tp.2011.11057
Abstract: The Sado River Drainage Survey project (2004-2008) was designed to fill a significant gap in our knowledge of the prehistory of Portugal. Southern Alentejo constitutes nearly one third of the total land mass of continental Portugal, but has received comparatively little attention from Palaeolithic archaeologists. Practically nothing was known about the prehistory of the Sado River basin, which includes the southern Alentejo plain, before now. The results of the Sado River Drainage Survey (SRDS) indicate that the Sado River basin was likely occupied at low population densities during the Middle Palaeolithic. There is some evidence for a Lower Palaeolithic presence but little or no evidence of an Upper Palaeolithic occupation. The emerging pattern suggests either an occupational hiatus or a major shift in settlement pattern towards the end of the Middle Palaeolithic. Possible explanations for this pattern, including aridification driven by climate change, are explored here. El proyecto de prospección de la cuenca del río Sado (SRDS), llevado a cabo entre el 2004 y el 2008, se dise ó para suplir la carencia de información concerniente al conocimiento actual de la Prehistoria de Portugal. Aunque la cuenca del río Sado conforma casi un tercio de la superficie continental de Portugal, aún no había recibido la debida atención para el Paleolítico. Antes de este proyecto, prácticamente nada se conocía acerca de la Prehistoria de dicha cuenca, incluyendo la llanura de Alentejo. Nuestros resultados indican una baja densidad de población durante el Paleolítico Medio, rastro de ocupaciones del Paleolítico Inferior y casi ninguna evidencia de ocupaciones asociadas al Paleolítico Reciente. A partir de los datos obtenidos, se desprende un modelo en el que se evidencia que, hacia finales del Paleolítico Medio, hubo una discontinuidad en la ocupación, probablemente asociada a cambios climáticos o del uso del territorio.
TL age of loess deposits in the Yezupil I Palaeolithic site on the upper Dniester River (Ukraine)
Maria anczont, Stanis aw Fedorowicz, Jaros aw Kusiak, Andrij Boguckij, Oleksandr Sytnyk
Geologija , 2009, DOI: 10.2478/v10056-009-0010-4
Abstract: The Yezupil I archaeological loess site, situated in the East Carpathian Foreland (Ukraine), with two cultural layers (Middle and Upper Palaeolithic), has been systematically investigated by archaeologists and naturalists for about 20 years. These joint researches gave a very good basis for the palaeogeographical, cultural, and stratigraphic interpretation of the profile. The scope of the research included also TL analysis. The set of TL dates obtained formerly at the Lublin laboratory was supplemented with the dating results from the Gdańsk laboratory. Altogether, 28 samples were dated, enabling us to establish the chronostratigraphy of the profile. The obtained results correlate well with the European schemes of Pleistocene stratigraphy and Palaeolithic periodization. Additionally, finds connected with considerably younger (Holocene) settlement phases (Early Neolithic, Iron Age) in the Dniester River valley were dated.
Boxgrove: Palaeolithic hunters by the seashore  [cached]
Mark B. Roberts
Archaeology International , 1997, DOI: 10.5334/ai.0104
Abstract: Excavations at Boxgrove in Southeast England have yielded a detailed picture of how humans lived there, and of the environments they occupied, 500,000 years ago. The director of the project - which is funded by English Heritage - discusses Boxgrove's place in the early colonization of Europe and argues that the site's occupants were highly capable hunters.
Site Distribution at the Edge of the Palaeolithic World: A Nutritional Niche Approach  [PDF]
Antony G. Brown, Laura S. Basell, Sian Robinson, Graham C. Burdge
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0081476
Abstract: This paper presents data from the English Channel area of Britain and Northern France on the spatial distribution of Lower to early Middle Palaeolithic pre-MIS5 interglacial sites which are used to test the contention that the pattern of the richest sites is a real archaeological distribution and not of taphonomic origin. These sites show a marked concentration in the middle-lower reaches of river valleys with most being upstream of, but close to, estimated interglacial tidal limits. A plant and animal database derived from Middle-Late Pleistocene sites in the region is used to estimate the potentially edible foods and their distribution in the typically undulating landscape of the region. This is then converted into the potential availability of macronutrients (proteins, carbohydrates, fats) and selected micronutrients. The floodplain is shown to be the optimum location in the nutritional landscape (nutriscape). In addition to both absolute and seasonal macronutrient advantages the floodplains could have provided foods rich in key micronutrients, which are linked to better health, the maintenance of fertility and minimization of infant mortality. Such places may have been seen as ‘good (or healthy) places’ explaining the high number of artefacts accumulated by repeated visitation over long periods of time and possible occupation. The distribution of these sites reflects the richest aquatic and wetland successional habitats along valley floors. Such locations would have provided foods rich in a wide range of nutrients, importantly including those in short supply at these latitudes. When combined with other benefits, the high nutrient diversity made these locations the optimal niche in northwest European mixed temperate woodland environments. It is argued here that the use of these nutritionally advantageous locations as nodal or central points facilitated a healthy variant of the Palaeolithic diet which permitted habitation at the edge of these hominins’ range.
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