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A SHORT REVIEW ON UN-EXPLORED MEDICINAL PLANT: ECBOLIUM VIRIDIE  [PDF]
A. Elumalai,M. Chinna Eswaraiah,M. Lakshmi
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: Medicinal plants are the nature’s gift to human being to make disease free healthy life. It plays a vital role to preserve our health. In our country more than 2000 medicinal plants are recognized. Ecbolium viridie (Acanthaceae) is one of the important medicinal plant in India and Malaysia. Some of its medicinal uses have been mentioned in traditional system of medicine such as ayurveda, siddha and unani. This review attempts to encompass the available literature of Ecbolium viridie with respect to its traditional uses and summary of its pharmacological activities.
Review of Alston, W. P. A Realist Conception of Truth
Celso Reni Braida
Principia : an International Journal of Epistemology , 1997,
Abstract: Review of Alston, W. P. A Realist Conception of Truth
Chemical Constituents of Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston  [PDF]
Xiao-Hua Wei,Sheng-Jie Yang,Na Liang,De-Yu Hu,Lin-Hong Jin,Wei Xue,Song Yang
Molecules , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/molecules18011325
Abstract: The current study targets the chemical constituents of Caesalpinia decapetala (Roth) Alston and investigates the bioactivities of the isolated compounds. Fourteen known compounds were isolated using column chromatography, and structural identification was performed by physical and spectral analyses. The biological activities of the compounds were also evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethythiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and 2,2-diphenlyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assays. Emodin ( 6), baicalein ( 9), and apigenin ( 12) displayed antitumor activities against the MGC-803 cell line, while quercetin ( 2), rutin ( 5), baicalein ( 9), and epicatechin ( 13) showed stronger DPPH scavenging activities compared with ascorbic acid. Andrographolide ( 1), quercetin ( 2), bergenin ( 4), rutin ( 5), emodin ( 6), betulin ( 7), baicalein ( 9), polydatin ( 10), salicin ( 11), and apigenin ( 12), were obtained from C. decapetala (Roth) Alston for the first time.
Pharmacognostic Studies on the Leaf of Anisotes trisulcus (Forssk.) Nees  [PDF]
Adnan J. Al-Rehaily
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2000,
Abstract: Anatomical Studies on the leaf of Anisotes trisulcus (Forssk.) Nees have been carried out. Macro and microscopical charaters are illustrated. Fluorescence characteristics and ash and extractive values are given. Many diagnostic elements were found to be useful in the identification of the plant.
PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION OF CELLULASE FROMTRICHODERMA VIRIDE  [cached]
R. HIDAYAT,S. WULANDARI,K.G. WIRYAWAN,SURYAHADI
BIOTROPIA : the Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Biology , 2005,
Abstract: An appropriate preservation technology for forage such as silage n eeds to be developed in order to overcome the shortage of tropical forage during the dry season. A good quality of silage is obtained by decreasing the fibre contents (Neutral Detergent Fibr e, Acid Detergent Fibre and lignin). The research was conducted in two stages: 1). Production and activity test of crude enzymes from Trichoderma viride and 2). Comparative test using crude enzymes from Trichoderma viride strain QM 9414 (CETV) and commercial cellulase (Cellulase “Onozuka R-10”, heidelberg) on rice straw silage. The treatments were arranged as follows : P0=Untreated rice straw silage, P1=Treated with commercial cellulase at 10 IU kg-1, P2= Treated with CETV at 3.8 IU kg-1, P3=Treated with CETV at 7.6 IU kg-1 and P4= Treated with CETV at 11.4 IU kg-1 of fresh rice straw. All treatments were enriched with 5% molasses. The result of the research indicated that: 1). Th e activity of crude enzymes from Trichoderma viride strain QM 9414 (CETV) was 1.52 IUml-1. 2). The addition of both enzymes did not decrease dry matter of rice straw silage; however, organic matter significantly decreased (p<0.05) by addition of commercial cellulase. 3). The addition of both enzymes decreased fibre c ontents (NDF), furthermore increased (p<0.05) in sacco digestibility of dry matter and organic matter of rice straw silage.
In vitro Propagation of Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. and Schult.  [cached]
Kantamaht KANCHANAPOOM,Sunisa SUNHEEM,Kamnoon KANCHANAPOOM
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca , 2010,
Abstract: An in vitro protocol using shoot tip explants from seedling of Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem. and Schult. was developed. Explants were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various combinations of NAA and BA. The most effective medium for shoot proliferation at a high frequency of 5.20±1.10 shoots per explant consisted of 22.2 μM BA. High rooting and survival were achieved using MS medium supplemented with 0.3% activated charcoal and without any growth regulators. Rooted plants were successfully acclimatized to greenhouse conditions. This study showed that A. obesum could be micropropagated by utilizing multiple shoots derived from seedling shoot tips. A flow cytometric analysis for DNA content revealed no differences among the micropropagated plants and the in vivo natural grown plants. The resulting 2C DNA value (8.35±0.039 pg) of this species was estimated for the first time.
Chemical constituents from Astragalus annularis Forssk. and A. trimestris L., Fabaceae
El-Hawiet, Amr M.;Toaima, Soad M.;Asaad, Aya M.;Radwan, Mohamed M.;El-Sebakhy, Nadia A.;
Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-695X2010005000047
Abstract: the phytochemical investigation of the aerial parts of astragalus annularis forssk. and a. trimestris l., fabaceae, growing in egypt, resulted in the isolation of eight compounds, for the first time from these two species. these compounds were identified by chemical methods, nmr spectroscopy, uv spectroscopy as well as ms analysis. the antimicrobial activity of the isolated compounds were tested against staphylococcus aureus, esherichia coli and candida albicans.
The study of Analgesic, Antidiarrhoeal and Anti-oxidant Effect of Ethanolic Extracts of Ecbolium linnaenum in Albino Mice  [cached]
Md Shamsuddin Sultan Khan,Rabiul Islam,Md Kamrul Hasan Chowdhury
International Journal of Phytopharmacy , 2013, DOI: 10.7439/ijpp.v3i1.38
Abstract: The Ecbolium linnaenum(leaves) is used as a folk medicine in Bangladesh for pain, diarrhea and infectious diseases. Phytochemical evaluation of the ethanolic extracts of Ecboliumlinnaenumleaves demonstratesthese pharmacologic effect for the presence of alkaloids, tannins, gums,flavonoids and absence of carbohydrates, steroids, saponins. In this present study an attempt was made to determine the analgesic, antidiarrhoel, antioxidantand antimicrobial effectin Swiss Albino mice. Ethanolic extracts of250 and 500 mg/kg showed significant inhibition of writhing reflex 36.20% (P< 0.01) and 54.48% (P< 0.001), respectively while the standard drug diclofenac-Na was 75.52% (P< 0.001) at a dose of 25 mg/kg body weight.In the castor oil-induced diarrhoealmice, the ethanolic extracts of 250 mg/kg & 500 mg/kg, raised the latent period and reduced the number of stools comparing with standard drug Loperamide. 0.02% DPPH solution of ethanol on TLC plate showed the presence of anti-oxidant components in the Ecboliumlinnaenum.From the % inhibition of ascorbic acid and Ecboliumlinnaenum we observe that it has anti-oxidation effect. The IC50 (inhibitory conc. 50%) for ascorbic acid is approximately 1 μg/ml and for the sample it is more than 500 μg/ml. The ethanolic extract of Ecboliumlinnaenum was tested for antimicrobial activity against a number of both gram positive and gram-negative bacteria but it does not show any anti-microbial effect.
Percevoir Dieu ? Henri Bergson et William P. Alston  [cached]
Anthony Feneuil
ThéoRèmes : Enjeux des Approches Empiriques des Religions , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/theoremes.310
Abstract: William Alston (1921-2009) et Henri Bergson (1859-1941) semblent défendre une même thèse : celle de la valeur de l’expérience mystique pour la connaissance (valeur épistémique). L’étude comparée de la manière dont chacun d’entre eux la formule et la défend constitue un bon angle pour envisager la différence entre tradition analytique et tradition continentale en philosophie de la religion. Cet article vise à montrer les divergences et les convergences entre les deux auteurs, mais surtout à situer le point d’origine des divergences. Il appara t que celui-ci n’est pas à chercher dans deux conceptions irréductibles de la philosophie ou de la rationalité, dans une différence de compréhension de la mystique.
Case of alarm vocalization in a colony of Microtus guentheri (Danford & Alston, 1880) (Mammalia, Rodentia, Arvicolidae) from Southern Bulgaria  [PDF]
Ivan Pandourski
ZooNotes , 2011,
Abstract: The main frequency characteristics of alarm vocalization in Guenter’s vole Microtus guentheri (Danford & Alston, 1880), expressed by single whistle signal are presented. The alarm call was recorded in a colony of Guenter’s vole in the valley of Byala reka River in Eastern Rhodopes Mountains, Sothern Bulgaria. The start of the call is explosive and marked frequency modulated, followed by uniform frequency plateau withnarrow bandwidth of 2.3 KHz and maximum energy at 15.4 KHz.
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