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PHARMACOGNOSTICAL STUDY OF NEOLAMRCKAIA CADAMBA (ROXB.) BOSSER BARK
Patel Divyakant A.,Patel Yogesh K.,Dr. Shah Paresh B.
International Research Journal of Pharmacy , 2012,
Abstract: The bark of Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser Family Rubiaceae is reported to have good medicinal values in traditional system of medicines. The present study deals with pharmacognostical examination of morphological and microscopical characters of Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser barks including determination of ash values and extractive values.
Capparis sepiaria Linn - Pharmacognostical standardization and toxicity profile with chemical compounds identification (GC-MS)  [cached]
P. Rajesh,S. Latha,P. Selvamani,V. Rajesh Kannan
International Journal of Phytomedicine , 2011,
Abstract: The present study was intended to evaluate the various pharmacognostical procedures in the leaves of Capparis sepiaria Linn., (Capparidaceae). The various pharmacognostical parameters were carried out as per WHO guidelines procedure i.e., bitterness, fineness, microscopical sections, loss on drying, water and alcoholic extractive values, water insoluble ash, acid soluble ash, total ash, swelling index, foaming index, heavy metal analysis, phytochemical analysis and toxicity studies (acute, subacute and chronic toxicity). The study was extended with analyzing the chemical compounds identification in the EECS (ethanolic extract of Capparis sepiaria by using GC-MS. The presence of various phytoconstituents such as glycosides, reducing sugars, flavonoids, saponins, starch and terpenoids is evidenced in EECS & AECS. The results showed that acid insoluble ash (1.70%), total ash (8.68%), water soluble ash (3.42%), water extractive (31.55%), alcohol extractive (5.06%), foaming index (105.26 Unit), loss on drying (9.84%), swelling index (4.16%), acute toxicity (nil), sub-acute toxicity (nil), chronic toxicity (nil). The study was concluded with the plant has standardized as per the World Health Organization procedures. The result of the pharmacognostical standardization of this plant serves as a reference piece and helps in future identification and authentication of this plant specimen. Might be the plant C. sepiaria has potential property by the standardization and it can be included in the normal flora of the plant kingdom. Keywords: C. sepiaria; Microscopical; Macroscopical standardization.
Pharmacognostical studies of Hardwickia binata Roxb (Fabaceae)  [PDF]
G. Gunaselvi,V. Kulasekaren,G. Magalakshmi,V. Gopal
International Journal of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Standardization of herbal drugs means a systemic approach to quality control. Herbal medicine is a triumph of popular therapeutic diversity. Almost in all the traditional medicine, the medicinal plants play a major role and constitute the backbone for the same. In order to make sure the safe use of these medicines, a necessary first step is the establishment of standards of quality, safety and efficacy. To ensure reproducible quality of herbal products, proper control of starting material is utmost essential. The first step towards ensuring quality of starting material is authentication. Thus, in recent years there has been a rapid increase in the standardization of selected medicinal plants of potential therapeutic significance. There is no pharmacognostical study of leaves of Hardwickia binata Roxb., (Fabaceae) has been reported. Therefore, the present investigation was planned to study the microscopical studies of leaves of Hardwickia. binata Roxb., (Fabaceae).
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL INVESTIGATIONS ON IPOMOEA AQUATICA FORSK.  [PDF]
Mital N. Manvar
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2011,
Abstract: Plants are a great source of medicines, which are useful in the treatment of various diseases. Ipomoea aquatica Forsk of family Convolvulaceae commonly known as Kalmisag or Nalanibhaji is being used as a green leafy vegetable and have great medicinal value in Indian medicine. It is used in Unani System of Medicine as carminative, lessens inflammation, useful in fever, jaundice, biliousness, bronchitis and liver complaints. In present investigation, the detailed pharmacognostic study of Ipomoea aquatica Forsk leaf is carried out to lay down the standards which could be useful in future experimental studies. The study includes macroscopy, microscopy, preliminary phytochemical screening and physicochemical evaluation.
Pharmacognostical Evaluation on the leaves of Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb) R.Br.
S. Lakshmi Devi1*,Madhu C. Divakar
Hygeia : Journal for Drugs and Medicines , 2012,
Abstract: Plan: A preliminary Pharmacognostical study on theleaves of Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb) R.Br.Methodology: The Wrightia tinctoria (Roxb) R.Br., leaves were collected dried and studied to determine various parameters of Pharmacognosticalstandards such as ash values, extractive values, phytochemical tests andmicroscopical characters of leaf powder. The shade dried powder and varioussolvent extracts (viz., methanol, 70% ethanol, aqueous, dichloromethane,chloroform, ethyl acetate and petroleum ether) have been analyzed for their phytoconstituentsandfluorescence characters. The methanolic extract was found to contain presenceof triterpenes.Outcome: The data generated for the Pharmacognostical evaluation on Wrightia tinctoria leaves may beuseful for establishing thestandardization protocols. The HPTLC analysis data indicated that the collectedWrightia tinctoria leaves contain 47.6mg of lupeol/ g of the total methanolicextract.
PHARMACOGNOSTICAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTHELMINTIC EVALUATION OF NARINGI CRENULATA (ROXB)  [cached]
Ramalingam Ramani
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development , 2010,
Abstract: The present study deals with pharmacognostical, phytochemical and anthelmintic evaluation of leaves of Naringi crenulata. This evaluation reveals the presence of many phytochemical constituents. Leaves were extracted with petroleum ether, chloroform and methanol. Crude tannins were isolated from methanol extract and evaluated for anthelmintic activity. Chloroform, methanol extracts and crude tannins showed very good anthelmintic activity. Paralysis and death times of crude tannins were very close to standard drug Albendazole.
REVIEW ON CAREYA ARBOREA ROXB
Kumar B.N Satish,Swamy B.M Vrushabendra,Kumar Goyal Kamal,Behera Gobinda Mohan
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2010,
Abstract: Careya arborea Roxb. belongs to the family Lecythidaceae is found in many places of the world. It is known as “Kumbhi” in Ayurveda. This is the oldest remedy known to mankind in herbal medicines. India is known worldwide for its Ayurvedic treatment. Medicinal herbs have curative properties due to presence of various complex chemical substance of different composition, which are found as secondary plant metabolites in one or more parts of these plants. The pharmacological activity depends upon the chemical constituents in the plants, so to isolate proper chemical constituents an exact identification of the drug should be done by Pharmacognostical characters. Hence this review provides an entire overlook on Pharmacognosy, chemical constituents, ethnopharmacologial action and pharmacological actions of Careya arborea Roxb.
EVALUATION OF HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF CAPPARIS SEPIARIA LEAVES  [cached]
R. Thirumalaikumaran,Uma Maheswara Reddy
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2011, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v2i3.93
Abstract: The effect of the ethanolic extract of the leaves of capparis sepiaria Linn was studied against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in Wister rats. Significant hepatoprotective effects were obtained liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride as evident from decreased serum levels of glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT),glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT), alkaline phosphatase (SAKP) and bilirubin (SB) in the capparis sepiaria (CS) treated groups (100,200 mg/kg), compared to the intoxicated controls. The hepatoprotective effect was further confirmed by histopathalogical studies of the liver, which showed improved architecture, absence of nuclear pycnosis, hepatocyte congestion and necrosis, when compared with the liver of the toxin group of animals. capparis sepiaria (CS) extract also showed significant free radical scavenging activity in vitro. Thus the present study provides a scientific rationale for the traditional use of this plant in the management of liver disorders.
EVALUATION OF HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF CAPPARIS SEPIARIA LEAVES  [cached]
R. Thirumalaikumaran,Uma Maheswara Reddy
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2013, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v2i3.93
Abstract: The effect of the ethanolic extract of the leaves of capparis sepiaria Linn was studied against carbon tetrachloride induced hepatotoxicity in Wister rats. Significant hepatoprotective effects were obtained liver damage induced by carbon tetrachloride as evident from decreased serum levels of glutamate pyruvate transaminase (SGPT),glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase (SGOT), alkaline phosphatase (SAKP) and bilirubin (SB) in the capparis sepiaria (CS) treated groups (100,200 mg/kg), compared to the intoxicated controls. The hepatoprotective effect was further confirmed by histopathalogical studies of the liver, which showed improved architecture, absence of nuclear pycnosis, hepatocyte congestion and necrosis, when compared with the liver of the toxin group of animals. capparis sepiaria (CS) extract also showed significant free radical scavenging activity in vitro. Thus the present study provides a scientific rationale for the traditional use of this plant in the management of liver disorders.
PHARMACOGNOSTIC STUDIES ON THE SPINE OF ZANTHOXYLUM RHETSA (ROXB.)DC.  [PDF]
Lalitharani S,Kalpanadevi V,Mohan V R
Bioscience Discovery , 2013,
Abstract: Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Roxb.) DC. known to the Kanikkars as “Malvapoou” is an important medicinal plant. The Kanikkar tribe, inhabitants of the Agasthiarmalai Biosphere Reserve, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, applied the paste prepared by rubbing the hard spines on the rock along with water on the breast to give relief from pain and increase lactation in nursing mothers. From the exhaustive literature survey, it is found that so far no proper pharmacognostical and phytochemical studies of spine of Zanthoxylum rhetsa have been reported. The present investigation deals with the pharmacognostic studies of the spine of the said plant. Pharmacognostic studies include microscopic, physicochemical constants (ash & extractive values), fluorescence analysis and preliminary phytochemical evaluations
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