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Relationship between psychological bearing capacity and trait coping style of military drivers and the influencing factors thereof  [cached]
Li-yi ZHANG,Hui-min FAN,Wei GUO,Juan ZHAO
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army , 2013,
Abstract: Objective To explore the relationship between the psychological bearing capacity and trait coping style of military chauffeurs, and explore their influencing factors. Methods By random cluster sampling, a total of 390 military drivers (experimental group) and 396 military non-drivers (control group) were chosen as subjects, and they were investigated with the Military Personnel Resilience Scale (MPRS) and Trait Coping Styles Questionnaire (TCSQ). The relationship between the psychological bearing capacity and trait coping style, and the influencing factors were analyzed. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, correlation analysis and multiple stepwise regression analysis were performed by SPSS 17.0 software. Results  Compared to the control group, the scores of problem-solving, will power, self-confidence and the total score of MPRS were higher in experimental group (P<0.01 or 0.05). Correlation analysis suggested all the factors of MPRS in the drivers were positively correlated with positive coping style (P<0.01 or 0.05) and negatively correlated with negative coping style (P<0.01); the will power was positively correlated with educational level (P<0.05). Multiple stepwise regression analysis indicated that both the positive and negative coping style were incorporated into the regression equation with problem-solving, will power, interpersonal relationship, self-confidence and total score of MPRS as the dependent variables (P<0.01); negative coping style was incorporated into the regressive equation with family support as the dependent variables (P<0.01) and educational level was incorporated into the regressive equation with will power as the dependent variables (P<0.01). Conclusions The military drivers show a stronger psychological bearing capacity, and the major factor is trait coping style. In addition, educational level may affect the will power, so it may be regarded as a reference on psychological intervention to improve the psychological bearing capacity of military drivers.
应对方式与运动心理疲劳的关系:两种社会支持的调节效应
Relationship Between Coping Style and Sports Psychological Fatigue: Moderating Effects of Two Types of Social Support
 [PDF]

郭玉江
- , 2017, DOI: 10.19582/j.cnki.11-3785/g8.2017.12.011
Abstract: 摘要:目的和方法:为探讨应对方式与运动心理疲劳的关系,以及2种社会支持在其中的调节效应,采用问卷对208名在役运动员进行调查。结果:集中解决问题的应对对运动员心理疲劳有显著性负向影响,回避应对和超越应对有显著性正向影响;给予更多的社会支持有利于运动员采用集中解决问题的应对和集中处理情绪应对等积极的应对方式;实际社会支持中的主观支持对回避应对和超越应对与心理疲劳的关系有显著的调节效应,经常采用回避应对和超越应对的运动员获得越多的主观支持其心理疲劳反而越高。结论:社会支持在应对方式与运动心理疲劳之间起调节效应,其中主观支持维度起主要调节效应;领悟社会支持的调节效应不显著,建议开展运动员实际支持量大小和领悟社会支持能力等方面研究。
Abstract: Objective and Methods: A questionnaire of 208 athletes had been made to find out the relationship between coping style and sports psychological fatigue and the moderating effect of two types of social support. Results: Problem-focused coping had a significantly negative effect on athletes’ sports psychological fatigue while both avoidance coping and transcendental coping had significantly positive effects. More social support helped athletes use active coping ways including problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. Subjective support in real social support had an obvious moderating effect on the relationship between avoidance coping, transcendental coping and mental burnout. The level of sports psychological fatigue was higher for those athletes who frequently adopt avoidance coping and transcendental coping when they get more subjective support. Conclusions: Social support has moderating effect on the relationship between coping style and sports psychological fatigue, in which subjective coping has a significant moderating effect while perceived social support’s moderating effect is not obvious. Fact of support amount and perceived social support for athletes are recommended on future studies
Coping style and mental health on high school students  [PDF]
Zhi Wang
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.52023
Abstract:

Objective: To explore the coping style of high school students and its relationship to mental health. Methods: Make a survey upon 320 students through coping style questionnaire and MSMH. Results: High school students often resort to problem solving and appeal to coping factors. No distinct gender difference is found in coping style. There are different degrees of correlation between coping style and mental health. Remarkable grade difference is shown in the factor of appealing in coping style and the three factors of compulsion, anxiety and mental imbalance in mental health. Conclusion: Relatively mature coping style has come into existence among high school students, but more guidance and assistance are in need in cultivating the coping style and improving the mental health.

The Relationship between Positive Psychological Capital and Coping Styles: A Study on Young Adults  [PDF]
Pragati Gupta, Nikita De, Subhalina Hati, Chayanika Saikia, Rita Karmakar
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2019.1012109
Abstract: The concept of psychological capital can be defined as an individual’s positive psychological resource, which consists of four components which are self-efficacy/confidence, hope, optimism, and resilience. Positive Psychological Capital (PsyCap) is a recently developed higher order construct applied in the context of organizations, which has been hypothesized to aid employees cope with stress effectively in workplace increasing their psychological and physical well-being. Coping strategies refer to the specific efforts, both behavioural and psychological, that people employ to master, tolerate, reduce, or minimize stressful events by using rational, detached, emotional and avoidance coping. This study aims to explore the nature of Positive Psychological Capital (PsyCap) and Coping styles among male and female young adults and the relationship between PsyCap and Coping styles. Data were collected by using Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ) & Coping Styles Questionnaire (CSQ), administered on 100 participants aged between 18 - 25 years, from different colleges of Kolkata, using stratified simple random sampling method. Results indicated the following: 1) Hope and Resilience are significantly higher among female young adults than their male counterparts. 2) Detached and Avoidance coping style are significantly higher among male young adults & emotional coping style is significantly higher among female young adults. 3) Positive correlations exist between all the dimensions of PsyCap and functional coping style and negative relationship exists between dimensions of PsyCap and dysfunctional coping style. The study implies the effective use of PsyCap to promote positive outcomes, fostering development in young adult population.
The Impact of Coping Style on Gaze Duration  [PDF]
Tim Klucken,Anne-Marie Brouwer,Astros Chatziastros,Sabine Kagerer,Petra Netter,Juergen Hennig
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015395
Abstract: The understanding of individual differences in response to threat (e.g., attentional bias) is important to better understand the development of anxiety disorders. Previous studies revealed only a small attentional bias in high-anxious (HA) subjects. One explanation for this finding may be the assumption that all HA-subjects show a constant attentional bias. Current models distinguish HA-subjects depending on their level of tolerance for uncertainty and for arousal. These models assume that only HA-subjects with intolerance for uncertainty but tolerance for arousal (“sensitizers”) show an attentional bias, compared to HA-subjects with intolerance for uncertainty and intolerance for arousal (“fluctuating subjects”). Further, it is assumed that repressors (defined as intolerance for arousal but tolerance for uncertainty) would react with avoidance behavior when confronted with threatening stimuli. The present study investigated the influence of coping styles on attentional bias. After an extensive recruiting phase, 36 subjects were classified into three groups (sensitizers, fluctuating, and repressors). All subjects were exposed to presentations of happy and threatening faces, while recording gaze durations with an eye-tracker. The results showed that only sensitizer showed an attentional bias: they gazed longer at the threatening face rather than at the happy face during the first 500 ms. The results support the findings of the relationship between anxiety and attention and extend these by showing variations according to coping styles. The differentiation of subjects according to a multifaceted coping style allows a better prediction of the attentional bias and contributes to an insight into the complex interplay of personality, coping, and behavior.
Investigation on Test Anxiety and Coping Style of Middle School Students in Different Nationalities  [PDF]
Qiuyu Hu, Qingming Wu, Haiping Cheng
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.97080
Abstract: Background: To provide a theoretical basis for formulating effective measures to relieve test anxiety, we understand the current situation of examination anxiety and coping styles of middle school students from different ethnic groups. Methods: A stratified cluster random sampling survey was conducted on 251 junior middle school students in a middle school in Minhe County, Qinghai Province, using the middle school students’ test anxiety factors questionnaire (IFTAS) and the middle school students’ coping styles scale (CSS). Results: 1)Increasing the grades and ages, the score of different nationalities of middle school students’ test anxieties were higher(F = 4.795, P < 0.05; F = 2.468, P < 0.05); 2) The middle school students’ coping style ofpointing to the problem” had statistical significance among grades (F = 6.673, P < 0.05). 3)
Relationships of Stress and Coping Styles to Periodontal Disease: A Case-Control Study
Radafshar G.,Zarrabi H.,Jalayer S.
Journal of Dentistry , 2012,
Abstract: Statement of Problem: The effects of individual variations in coping strategies have been debated in studies of the association between stress and chronic perio-dontitis, with conflicting results.Purpose: To investigate the associations between stress, coping styles and perio-dontal disease in a sample of Iranian population.Materials and Method: Forty patients with chronic periodontitis and forty control subjects with a healthy periodontium were enrolled in this study and matched for age and gender. Participants were patients undergoing periodontal treatment at the Department of Periodontics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences. A single examiner performed periodontal examination. Psychological assessments, including the Life Events Questionnaire and the Ways of Coping Questionnaire were done by a second examiner; both examiners were blind to the study. Bi-variate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to compare results for patients and control subjects.Results: Statistically significant differences in the problem-focused coping (p< 0.01), intensity of stress (p< 0.006), as well as escape-avoidance (p< 0.01), and accepting responsibility (p< 0.001) subscales were observed between the patient and control groups. Multivariate logistic regression identified a negative association between periodontitis and tooth-brushing frequency (OR= 3.3, 95% CI: 1.22- 8.69), as well as the accepting responsibility coping style (OR= 1.5, 95% CI: 1.14- 1.98), and a positive association with stress intensity (OR= 1.081, 95% CI: 1.023-1.143).Conclusion: The results suggest that psychological stress associated with various life events is a significant risk indicator for periodontal disease. Although statisti-cally small, there was a clinically important link between coping strategies and periodontal disease.
Gender and coping style in old age.
Dorina Stefani
Interdisciplinaria , 2004,
Abstract: In this study, empirical results referring Argentine elderly people will be presented. The aim of the work is to find out whether gender influences: (1) the kind of situation which is perceived as potentially menacing, and (2) the kind of coping strategy used in order to lower the menace perceived. We will show the patterns of the groups of men and women for the kinds of situations which are seen as potentially menacing and the types of strategies used. A qualitative and quantitative comparative analysis is carried out according to gender.
The Relationship between College Students’ Critical Behavior and the Coping Style in China  [PDF]
Qing Zeng
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.814150
Abstract: This study aims to study the relationship between college students’ critical behavior and the coping style in China. 1135 college students from 10 universities in Guangdong were asked to answer the questionnaire on the behaving style in emergency situations and Coping Style questionnaire. The results show that: 1) In the view of gender, admission category, urban and rural sources, whether the only child, and family income point, there were significant differences in the behaviors in emergency situations. 2) The capacities in emergency situations and the coping style are significantly correlative. Meanwhile, the coping styles of self-blame, problem solving, fantasy, rationalization are the distinct predictors for the capacities in emergency situations.
The Study on the Relations among Perfectionism & Coping Style & Interpersonal Relationship of University Students  [cached]
Xiaofeng Zhang,Pingping Zhao
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v6n1p145
Abstract: The target of this thesis is to study the relations among the perfectionism, the coping style and the interpersonal relationship of university students. The main study methods are to make the use of Frost multi-dimensional perfectionism scale, coping style questionnaire and university student interpersonal relationship comprehensive diagnostic scale to measure 350 university students. The results of the study show that: (1) There is a significant negative correlation between the perfectionism and the mature coping style of university students, whereas there is a significant positive correlation between the perfectionism and the immature coping style. (2)There is a significant positive correlation between the perfectionism and the interpersonal relationship. (3)There is a significant positive correlation between the interpersonal relationship and immature/mixture coping style, whereas there is a significant negative correlation between the interpersonal relationship and mature coping style.(4)The concerning mistakes (CM), the action procrastination (AP), mixture and mature coping style can predict the perplexity of conversation distinctly.(5)The AP,personal standard (PS), immature and mature coping style can predict the perplexity of social intercourse & making friend distinctly.(6)The CM, parent criticism (PC) and mixture coping style can predict the perplexity of dealing with people distinctly.(7)The CM,AP, PS, parent expectation (PE), mixture and mature coping style can predict the perplexity of relating to the opposite sex distinctly. Therefore the conclusion of the thesis is as follows: there are close relations among perfectionism, coping style and interpersonal relationship; the perfectionism and coping style affect the interpersonal relationship of university students to a significant extent.
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