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Observations of service identification from two enterprises  [PDF]
Ville Alkkiom?ki,Kari Smolander
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Service-oriented computing has created new requirements for information systems development processes and methods. The adoption of service-oriented development requires service identification methods matching the challenge in enterprises. A wide variety of service identification methods (SIM) have been proposed, but less attention has been paid to the actual requirements of the methods. This paper provides an ethnographical look at challenges in service identification based on data from 14 service identification sessions, providing insight into the practice of service identification. The findings identified two types of service identification sessions and the results can be used for selecting the appropriate SIM based on the type of the session.
Factors and processes shaping the population structure and distribution of genetic variation across the species range of the freshwater snail radix balthica (Pulmonata, Basommatophora)
Markus Pfenninger, Moritz Salinger, Timm Haun, Barbara Feldmeyer
BMC Evolutionary Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-135
Abstract: Populations of R. balthica were found throughout North-Western Europe with range margins marked either by dispersal barriers or the presence of other Radix taxa. Overall, the population structure was characterised by distance independent passive dispersal mainly along a Southwest-Northeast axis, the absence of isolation-by-distance together with rather isolated and genetically depauperated populations compared to the variation present in the entire species due to strong local drift. A recent, climate driven range expansion explained most of the variance in genetic variation, reducing at least temporarily the genetic variability in this area. Other factors such as geographic marginality and dispersal barriers play only a minor role.To our knowledge, such a population structure has rarely been reported before. It might nevertheless be typical for passively dispersed, patchily distributed taxa (e.g. freshwater invertebrates). The strong local drift implied in such a structure is expected to erode genetic variation at both neutral and coding loci and thus probably diminish evolutionary potential. This study shows that the analysis of multiple factors is crucial for the inference of the processes shaping the distribution of genetic variation throughout species ranges.One of the major unsolved questions in evolutionary biology is why the vast majority of species fails to adapt to conditions outside their present niche and, as a consequence, usually exhibit geographically confined range limits [1-5]. Theoretical considerations suggest that local adaptation to conditions outside the current niche depends crucially on the geographic distribution of genetic and demographic characteristics across the species' range [6].One of the most influential framework on the distribution of genetic variation across species' ranges is the Abundant-Centre Hypothesis (ACH) [7]. It states that individuals of a species should become most abundant in areas where the conditions for reproduction
Adaptive Model of Resistance to Risks of Business Processes of Enterprises of Alternative Energy Forms Адаптивная модель противодействия рискам бизнес-процессов предприятий альтернативной энергетики  [PDF]
Klimchuk Marina N.
Business Inform , 2013,
Abstract: The article develops and approves an adaptive model of resistance to risks of business processes at enterprises of alternative energy forms and formulates a matrix of distribution of coverage of various risks by various types of scenarios of development of risk situations in a company. Specific recommendations on risk management have been formed on the basis of analysis of modelling results and with consideration of specific features of formation and management of business processes at enterprises of alternative energy forms. The matrix of distribution of coverage of various scenarios is built for clear interpretation of development scenarios on the basis of scenario research and characteristics of linguistic variables “risk level” and “state of business process”. В статье разработана и апробирована адаптивная модель противодействия рискам бизнес-процессов на предприятиях альтернативной энергетики, также сформирована матрица распределения зон действия различных рисков по разным формам сценариев развития рисковых ситуаций на предприятии. На основании анализа результатов моделирования и учитывая особенности формирования и управления бизнес-процессами на предприятиях альтернативной энергетики, сформированы специфические рекомендации по риск-менеджменту. Матрица распределения зон действия различных форм сценариев построена для понятной интерпретации сценариев развития на основе сценарного исследования и характеристик лингвистических переменных степень риска и состояние бизнес-процесса
Enterprises marketing service functioning problems
Anzhelika O. Vartikyan,Sergey A. Bagretsev
European Researcher , 2011,
Abstract: The article reveals enterprises efficient marketing activity, its external and internal problems.
A Study of Service Desk Setup in Implementing IT Service Management in Enterprises  [PDF]
Xiaojun Tang, Yuki Todo
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2013.43022
Abstract: Information Technology Service Management (ITSM) provides a framework to provide IT related services and the interaction of IT staff with users, and is often related with the British Government’s Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL). ITIL offers a set of “best practices” for managing IT services and is one of the most widely accepted approaches to IT service management in the world. Recently, more and more enterprises implemented a centralized IT service management model based on the ITIL framework. However, even by adopting ITIL, most of the enterprises didn’t improve their IT service management level. Some factors become the barriers to the success of ITIL and ITSM implementation. In some cases, enterprises paid more attention to IT infrastructure setup and operation but neglect the importance of Service Desk. In this study, we first review ITSM, ITIL and Service Desk. Second, we identify a full function of new Service Desk and how to setup a good Service Desk. Enterprises should take proper measures in building a mature Service Desk to ensure successful implementation of ITSM.
Management of Innovative Processes at the Enterprises: Features of Realization  [PDF]
M. O. Boyarskaya
Economics of Development , 2011,
Abstract: Necessity of construction of a control system by innovative processes at the machine-building enterprises is proved. A system of management of innovatiye processes has been developed and the features of its realization were identified. The task of management the innovative processes of enterprise on the modern stage is solved by application of adaptive approaches and adaptive case frame which is built on the basis of forming of programmatic trajectory of the guided system on the concrete period of time and creation of the system of administrative actions. Clustering of machine-building enterprises of the Kharkiv region is held and proposed for each cluster in the framework of each subsystem detailed recommendations, which are presented clearly, as an example, for the first cluster in the context of the management of the subsystem are proposed.
Liquidity in diversification processes of industrial enterprises under crisis conditions
Mazurenok, Oksana Romanivna
Socìal?no-ekonomì?nì Problemì ì Der?ava , 2012,
Abstract: The aim of the article is to identify the main patterns of diversification in findingthe solutions at some mechanical engineering enterprises under profit lack conditions.Accordingly for the risks minimization and providing the high economic potential whilerealizing some diversification projects aimed at production processes improvement under crisisconditions it's necessary to determine the basic influencing factors and their interconnections in thesystem of diversification decisions concerning the choice of the most optimum diversificationstrategy.The main objectives of the study are to solve the problem of production optimization undercrisis condition, to increase its survival and efficiency. The general characteristics of the non-profitmaking enterprise diversification process are considered. The research resulted in the theoreticaljustification of the liquidity indices within diversification processes at the manufacturing sectorenterprises under crisis conditions.
Modeling of Industrial Enterprises' Business Processes Reengineering  [PDF]
L. Taraniuk
Economics of Development , 2010,
Abstract: The problem of the effective industrial enterprises' management technique is sharply arises under the indefinite and depressive conditions of the Ukrainian economy. However, the modeling scenarios of enterprises' development may become the main sign of the effective management, which defines the novelty of the research.Business processes modeling is studied by a great number of scientists, but the author of the research considers that little attention is paid tothe business processes modeling systematization, and the role ofenterprises' business processes reengineering modeling.The use of system tools of BPR (Business Processes Reengineering) modeling may help solving a lot of problems which arise in the course of manufacturing process. Its main goal is business processes' structure documentation.Attention should also be paid to the business processes modeling imitation which helps to define the optimal or non-optimal state of enterprise development during the conducting of reengineering business processes.The modeling of business processes reengineering (RBP) will increase the RBP quality, minimize its risk, lead the company out to a new enterprise development level and adapt enterprise to modern market conditions.
Optymisation of equipment setup processes in enterprises  [PDF]
K. Grzybowska,B. Gajdzik
Metalurgija , 2012,
Abstract: Fast equipment setup in a machine on production line is the key precondition to increase the fl exibility of the production. Methodology of SMED (Single Minute Exchange of Die) is an example which allows reducing the time of setup practically to the minimum. The article presents the theoretical bases and required rules as well as case study conducted in one of chosen enterprises. This paper also answers the question if SMED methodology is applicable in metallurgical sector, presenting the example of shortening the time between the production of various metallurgical products manufactured in the machine for continuous casting of steel (COS in Polish).
Integrating declarative and imperative approach to model logistics service processes  [cached]
Ying Wang,Lei Huang,Yi Guo
Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management , 2013, DOI: 10.3926/jiem.684
Abstract: Purpose: There is a widespread recognition of the importance of correctly modeling service processes as an effective way to provide a comprehensive understanding of the process and to enhance the service quality to clients. Taking this into account, this paper aims to construct the logistics service process model using the integration of the declarative approach and imperative approach. Design/methodology/approach: A methodology integrating the declarative and imperative process modeling approach is proposed for modeling the logistics service processes. Through investigation of the service departments and services involved, the process is decomposed into loosely-structured parts modeled by a declarative approach and highly structured parts modeled by an imperative approach. The loosely-structured and highly-structured parts are then integrated to form the model for the logistics service process. Findings: Through a case study for a Chinese bulk port, the integrative method proves to be effective in modeling the loosely-structured logistics service processes. The result model is able to express the logistics regulations and corresponding rules across different organizations as well as the strict execution order of the process activities inside a particular organization. Originality/value: The model could be the starting point for further logistics service process investigation. Future work could be conducted for conformance checking of the logistics service process using the model as a reference model.
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