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Is Poland really 'immune' to the spread of cohabitation?  [cached]
Anna Matysiak
Demographic Research , 2009,
Abstract: Various data have constantly pointed out a low incidence of non-marital unions in Poland (at 1.4-4.9 among all unions). In this paper we demonstrate that these data, coming exclusively from cross-sectional surveys, clearly underestimate the scale of the phenomenon. By exploiting data on partnership histories we show that young Poles have increasingly opted for cohabitation. Consequently, in the years 2004-2006, entries to cohabitation constituted about one third of all first union entries. Consensual unions have traditionally been seen as being more widespread among the lower social strata, but a clear increase in cohabitation has been also been recently observed among groups with higher levels of educational attainment. Although the estimates of cohabitation incidence are far below those observed in Northern and Western Europe, our study suggests that Poland is not as 'immune' to the spread of consensual unions as it is commonly believed.
Cohabitation and social engagement  [PDF]
Christoph M. Schimmele,Zheng Wu
Canadian Studies in Population , 2011,
Abstract: In Canada, nonmarital cohabitation has become a normative life experience, but there are uncertainties regarding its contribution to social cohesion. This article compares and contrasts cohabitation with marriage (and other marital statuses) on two dimensions of social engagement:social networks and prosocial behaviour. The study employs GSS-17 microdata and logistic regression analysis. The findings illustrate that social engagement is similar among cohabitors and the married.
Cohabitation, nonmarital childbearing, and the marriage process  [cached]
Kelly Musick
Demographic Research , 2007,
Abstract: Past work on the relationship between cohabitation and childbearing shows that cohabitation increases fertility compared to being single, and does so more for intended than unintended births. Most work in this area, however, does not address concerns that fertility and union formation are joint processes, and that failing to account for the joint nature of these decisions can bias estimates of cohabitation on childbearing. For example, cohabitors may be more likely to plan births because they see cohabitation as an acceptable context for childbearing; alternatively, they may be more likely to marry than their single counterparts. In this paper, I use a modeling approach that accounts for the stable, unobserved characteristics of women common to nonmarital fertility and union formation as a way of estimating the effect of cohabitation on nonmarital fertility net of cohabitors' potentially greater likelihood of marriage. I distinguish between intended and unintended fertility to better understand variation in the perceived acceptability of cohabitation as a setting for childbearing. I find that accounting for unmeasured heterogeneity reduces the estimated effect of cohabitation on intended childbearing outside of marriage by up to 50%, depending on race/ethnicity. These results speak to cohabitation's evolving place in the family system, suggesting that cohabitation may be a step on the way to marriage for some, but an end in itself for others.
Cohabitation and Christian faith  [cached]
Francois P. M?ller
In die Skriflig , 2013, DOI: 10.4102/ids.v47i1.79
Abstract: The habit of cohabitation is an increasing phenomenon in our society. It is usually seen as a trial marriageto test the compatibility of the partners involved. Although it has become socially acceptable, it contradicts the most fundamental doctrines of the Christian faith. The question is therefore whether cohabitation could indeed be accepted as a trial marriageor even a marriage that differs in name only. Unfortunately most Christians find it difficult to give an answer to this question because they are not properly informed of the biblical view in this regard. Biblical direction is therefore important. This is done from a dogmatic-ethical perspective. The emphasis is not on counselling or the exegesis of certain scriptures as such, but on relevant biblical principles concerning this topic. This does not mean that scriptural passages could be ignored. It stands to reason that biblical principles should be derived from specific Scriptures, and the aim is to deal with these Scriptures in a responsible way. This means, inter alia, that context and historical background are important. In doing so, these principles will not only be identified as guidelines in dealing with the habit of cohabitation, but also as principles that make sense in applying them. This was done by identifying some of the problems involved in cohabitation, followed by a biblical perspective of that which constitutes marriage over against cohabitation. Saambly en die Christelike geloof. Die gebruik van ongetroudes om saam te bly, is ’n verskynsel wat in die samelewing toeneem. Dit word gewoonlik as ’ntoetshuwelik beskou om te bepaal of die paartjie regtig by mekaar pas met die oog op ’nhuwelik. Alhoewel dit ’nsosiaal-aanvaarde praktyk geword het, staan dit lynreg teenoor die mees fundamentele leerstellings van die Christelike geloof. Die vraag is daarom of saambly inderdaad as ’ntoetshuwelik aanvaar kan word of enigsins as ’nhuwelik beskou kan word – een wat net anders genoem word. Ongelukkig is dit vir die meeste Christene moeilik om hierdie vraag te beantwoord omdat hulle nie behoorlik ingelig is oor wat die bybelse siening in hierdie verband nie. Bybelse riglyne oor hierdie onderwerp is dus baie noodsaaklik. In hierdie artikel word sodanige riglyne verskaf vanuit ’ndogmaties-etiese perspektief. Die klem val nie op berading of die eksegese van bepaalde Skrifgedeeltes nie, maar op relevante bybelse beginsels rakende hierdie onderwerp. Dit beteken egter nie dat Skrifverwysings ge gnoreer kan word nie. Dit spreek vanself dat bybelse beginsels afgelei moet word van bepaalde skrifgedeelt
Intergenerational family ties and the diffusion of cohabitation in Italy  [cached]
Paola Di Giulio,Alessandro Rosina
Demographic Research , 2007,
Abstract: Cohabitation has been spreading in the population during the last thirty years, and this is one of the most striking aspects of wider social changes that have taken place throughout the industrialized world. However, this change did not take place uniformly across Europe. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the current debate around the compatibility of cohabitation experiences with the Italian cultural context. Using an individual-level diffusion approach we obtain results that are consistent with the crucial role that family ties play in the choice of cohabitation in place of (or before) marriage.
Premarital cohabitation and divorce: Support for the "Trial Marriage" Theory?  [cached]
PJ Boyle,Hill Kulu
Demographic Research , 2010,
Abstract: A number of studies show that premarital cohabitation is associated with an increased risk of subsequent marital dissolution. Some argue that this is a consequence of selection effects and that once these are controlled for premarital cohabitation has no effect on dissolution. We examine the effect of premarital cohabitation on subsequent marital dissolution by using rich retrospective life-history data from Austria. We model union formation and dissolution jointly to control for unobserved selectivity of cohabiters and non-cohabiters. Our results show that those who cohabit prior to marriage have a higher risk of marital dissolution. However, once observed and unobserved characteristics are controlled for, the risks of marital dissolution for those who cohabit prior to marriage are significantly lower than for those who marry directly. The finding that premarital cohabitation decreases the risk of marital separation provides support for the "trial marriage" theory.
Creation of meanings on the theme
Eveline Borges,Anna Maria Canavarro Benite,Claudio Roberto Machado Benite
Revista electr?3nica de investigaci?3n en educaci?3n en ciencias , 2011,
Abstract: Investments in policies for science teachers, as well as their adaptation to new realities and technologies are essential, since the teacher is the key to changing mindsets and attitudes of their students. Thus, conceptual discussions are proposed between chemistry teachers in a virtual environment on the Moodle platform on topics previously chosen by the education teacher. The objective is to analyze the process of creating meanings of participants of the forum on the theme "nature of science." It was noticed that new media can help building students' knowledge and motivate them to expand their research and scientific readings; however, rules must be preestablished so that a real interaction and mediation could occur. Initiatives like these are useful for the understanding of scientific and technical fields, and may also facilitate communication and interaction between teachers and students.
Cohesion and Meanings  [cached]
Fauzia Janjua
Canadian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720120802.2060
Abstract: Text analysis is a way of describing language functions. A text is defi ned as any passage, spoken or written, that forms a whole. According to Halliday, every text has a texture, “A text derives this texture from the fact that it functions as a unity with respect to its environment.” Cohesive elements are important linguistic features that pitch in the textual unity. The aim of this paper is to use linguistic tools that are useful in analyzing and understanding any written text. The principles of referencing, substitution, ellipsis, conjunction, and lexical cohesion stated by Halliday and Hasan (1976) were applied on the selected short story to reveal the significance of the cohesive elements that are present in the text which provide semantic links among the words, phrases and sentences for the interpretation of meanings that exists within the text thus furnishing the texture of the text and transforming it into a piece of discourse. Understanding how cohesion functions within the text to create semantic links could be beneficial for students of English as a second or foreign language to help “decode” meaning. Key words: Text; Texture; Cohesive elements; Semantic links; Meanings Résumé L’analyse du texte est une fa on de décrire les fonctions du langage. Un texte est défini comme tout passage, parlée ou écrite, qui forme un tout. Selon Halliday, chaque texte a une texture, “Un texte tire cette texture du fait qu’il fonctionne comme une unité par rapport à son environnement.” éléments cohésifs sont importantes caractéristiques linguistiques que la hauteur de l’unité textuelle. Le but de cet article est d’utiliser les outils linguistiques qui sont utiles pour analyser et comprendre un texte écrit. Les principes de référencement, la substitution, l’ellipse, la conjonction, et la cohésion lexicale a déclaré par Halliday et Hasan (1976) ont été appliquées sur l’histoire choisie courte pour révéler l’importance des éléments de cohésion qui sont présents dans le texte qui fournissent des liens sémantiques entre les mots, expressions et des phrases pour l’interprétation de la signifi cation qui existe dans le texte fournissant ainsi la texture du texte et en le transformant en un morceau du discours. Comprendre les fonctions de cohésion au sein de la fa on dont le texte pour créer des liens sémantiques pourrait être bénéfi que pour les étudiants de l’anglais comme langue seconde ou étrangère pour aider à décoder sens. Mots clés: Texte; Texture; éléments cohésifs; Liens sémantiques; Signifi cations
Cohabitation and children's living arrangements: New estimates from the United States  [cached]
Sheela Kennedy,Larry Bumpass
Demographic Research , 2008,
Abstract: This paper uses the 1995 and 2002 waves of the National Survey of Family Growth to examine recent trends in cohabitation in the United States. We find increases in both the prevalence and duration of unmarried cohabitation. Cohabitation continues to transform children's family lives, as children are increasingly likely to be born to a cohabiting mother (18 … during 1997-2001) or to experience their mother's entry into a cohabiting union. Consequently, we estimate that two-fifths of all children spend some time in a cohabiting family by age 12. Because of substantial missing data in the 2002 NSFG, we are unable to produce new estimates of divorce and children's time in single-parent families. Nonetheless, our results point to the steady growth of cohabitation and to the evolving role of cohabitation in U.S. family life.
The Meanings of “Made in Romania” among the Romanian Consumers
C?t?lin Mihail BARBU
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2011,
Abstract: In this paper I studied the meanings of made in Romania concept among the Romanian consumers. The methodology required that respondents were interviewed about their attitudes. The results show that made in Romania has a negative connotation, and that made in Germany and made in USA are better appreciated. Still, made in Romania has obtained a better score than made in China. There are perspectives for the improvement of the meanings of made in Romania, the intentions of respondents being a guarantee. The people working in Romania obtained a better score than the results of their work, a warranty for future improvements of made in Romania appreciation.
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