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South American Haplothrips Species (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae), with a new species of biological control interest to Australia against weedy Heliotropium amplexicaule (Boraginaceae)
Mound, Laurence A.;Zapater, Miguel C.;
Neotropical Entomology , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-566X2003000300009
Abstract: a new species, haplothrips heliotropica, is described from argentina causing severe damage to the leaves of heliotropium amplexicaule (boraginaceae), a south american plant that is now a serious weed of pastures in australia. observations are presented on the host specificity, seasonal population changes and overwintering of this thrips. the genus haplothrips includes more than 230 species worldwide, mostly feeding in flowers. in contrast, adults and larvae of h. heliotropica feed exclusively on green tissues. this is only the third south american species of haplothrips. character states are given for distinguishing these three species, and also for haplothrips heliotropii priesner from egypt and yemen.
Comparative Population Assessments of Nautilus sp. in the Philippines, Australia, Fiji, and American Samoa Using Baited Remote Underwater Video Systems  [PDF]
Gregory J. Barord, Frederick Dooley, Andrew Dunstan, Anthony Ilano, Karen N. Keister, Heike Neumeister, Thomas Preuss, Shane Schoepfer, Peter D. Ward
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100799
Abstract: The extant species of Nautilus and Allonautilus (Cephalopoda) inhabit fore-reef slope environments across a large geographic area of the tropical western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans. While many aspects of their biology and behavior are now well-documented, uncertainties concerning their current populations and ecological role in the deeper, fore-reef slope environments remain. Given the historical to current day presence of nautilus fisheries at various locales across the Pacific and Indian Oceans, a comparative assessment of the current state of nautilus populations is critical to determine whether conservation measures are warranted. We used baited remote underwater video systems (BRUVS) to make quantitative photographic records as a means of estimating population abundance of Nautilus sp. at sites in the Philippine Islands, American Samoa, Fiji, and along an approximately 125 km transect on the fore reef slope of the Great Barrier Reef from east of Cairns to east of Lizard Island, Australia. Each site was selected based on its geography, historical abundance, and the presence (Philippines) or absence (other sites) of Nautilus fisheries The results from these observations indicate that there are significantly fewer nautiluses observable with this method in the Philippine Islands site. While there may be multiple possibilities for this difference, the most parsimonious is that the Philippine Islands population has been reduced due to fishing. When compared to historical trap records from the same site the data suggest there have been far more nautiluses at this site in the past. The BRUVS proved to be a valuable tool to measure Nautilus abundance in the deep sea (300–400 m) while reducing our overall footprint on the environment.
Bonnie and Clyde’s “Other Side”: the Good-Bad Outlaws of Larry Buchanan  [cached]
Mary Elizabeth Strunk
American Studies Journal , 2007,
Abstract: Arthur Penn’s 1967 film, Bonnie and Clyde created a cultural sensation and still appears on critics’ lists of the best and most influential films ever made. Remembered for having sealed the folk-heroic myth of 1930s bandits Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, Penn’s film actually did far less to humanize and romanticize the outlaws than did The Other Side of Bonnie and Clyde, an allegedly anti-Bonnie and Clyde docudrama shot by Larry Buchanan in 1968.
Australia and the Indonesian Independence  [cached]
Sah-Hadiyatan Ismail
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n5p151
Abstract: Immediately after World War II, the Indonesian nationalists declared the independence of Indonesia and staunchly opposed the return of the Dutch to the Netherlands East Indies. The Australian Labor government took the position to support the Indonesian nationalist instead of the Dutch. This position was taken based on the rights of self-government for the dependent peoples enshrined in the United Nations Charter and championed by Australia. Besides Australia’s idealism on the colonial issue, the concern for political development in Indonesia was also based on the growing awareness of the consequences this issue might pose to Australian security. Australia’s support for Indonesia put Australia in a different position with the United States and Britain as both countries supported the Dutch. Australia worked hard to settle the ‘crisis’ in Indonesia and brought the Indonesian-Dutch disputes to the United Nations Security Council even it against the US advise. The period of August 1945 to October 1949 clearly showed that Australia’s independence in making decision on its foreign policy away from the influence of the American and British policy in Southeast Asia. The short-lived independence in foreign policy was overturned in late 1949 with the formation of the new Australian government by the Liberal-Country Party.
The Changing Epidemiology of Kunjin Virus in Australia  [PDF]
Natalie A. Prow
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph10126255
Abstract: West Nile virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne virus responsible for outbreaks of viral encephalitis in humans and horses, with particularly virulent strains causing recent outbreaks of disease in Eastern Europe, the Middle East and North America. A strain of WNV, Kunjin (WNV KUN), is endemic in northern Australia and infection with this virus is generally asymptomatic. However in early 2011, an unprecedented outbreak of encephalitis in horses occurred in south-eastern Australia, resulting in mortality in approximately 10%–15% of infected horses. A WNV-like virus (WNV NSW2011) was isolated and found to be most closely related to the indigenous WNV KUN, rather than other exotic WNV strains. Furthermore, at least two amino acid changes associated with increased virulence of the North American New York 99 strain (WNV NY99) compared to the prototype WNV KUN were present in the WNV NSW2011 sequence. This review summarizes our current understanding of WNV KUN and how the epidemiology and ecology of this virus has changed. Analysis of virulence determinants of contemporary WNV KUN isolates will provide clues on where virulent strains have emerged in Australia. A better understanding of the changing ecology and epidemiology associated with the emergence of virulent strains is essential to prepare for future outbreaks of WNV disease in Australia.
Remembering the Battle for Australia  [cached]
Elizabeth Rechniewski
PORTAL : Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies , 2010,
Abstract: For the last two years, Australia has commemorated, on the first Wednesday in September, the ‘Battle for Australia Day’, to mark the role of Australian forces fighting the Japanese in the Pacific in WWII. The aim of this article is to identify the agents involved in the campaign for the gazetting of this day and the justifications advanced; to trace the conflicting narratives and political and historical controversies surrounding the notion of a ‘Battle for Australia’; and to outline the shifts in domestic and international politics and generational change that provide the context for the inauguration of this day.
Contemporary slavic studies in Australia  [PDF]
Kseniya V. Voshchenko
European Researcher , 2011,
Abstract: The article under consideration deals with academic level of Slavic studies in Australia: work of scientific organizations, universities, centers and libraries on the preparation of scientific publications and recommendations to the Government in recent years.
American Nationality in Postethnic Perspective  [cached]
David A. Hollinger
Scienza & Politica : per una Storia delle Dottrine , 1995, DOI: 10.6092/issn.1825-9618/2970
Abstract: American Nationality in Postethnic Perspective
American Ethnicity in Postnational Perspective  [cached]
Craig Nation
Scienza & Politica : per una Storia delle Dottrine , 1995, DOI: 10.6092/issn.1825-9618/2971
Abstract: American Ethnicity in Postnational Perspective
English as Mother tongue in Australia.
Sawyer, W.
L1 Educational Studies in Language and Literature , 2007,
Abstract: This article reports on some commonalities among the eight education systems in Australia in terms of mother-tongue education. It discusses the context in which mother-tongue education is conducted in Australia, in particular the ‘competition’ to English-as-discipline that comes from ‘literacy’ and from a growing trend towards inter-disciplinary, cross-curricular education.
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