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Perceived Parental Overprotection and Separation Anxiety: Does Specific Parental Rearing Serve as Specific Risk Factor  [cached]
Sakineh - Mofrad,Rohani - Abdollah,Bahaman Abu Samah
Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v5n11p109
Abstract: The present study was designed to explore the role of perceived parental rearing style in Separation Anxiety Disorder (SAD). We examined the association between perceived parental overprotection and rejection rearing style with children’s SAD symptoms. The study was conducted with a normal sample of first grade school children. Findings indicate significant association between parental overprotection and SAD symptoms, means those children with SAD symptom perceived their mother as high overprotective than others. Also, we discovered parental rejection merely was not significant predictor, but it could modify the effect of parental overprotection.
Self-Perceived Health among School Going Adolescents in Pakistan: Influence of Individual, Parental and Life Style Factors?  [cached]
Asad Ali Khan Afridi,Komal Motwani,Saleem Khawaja,Adeel A Khoja
Global Journal of Health Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v5n4p71
Abstract: Background: Adolescents are at substantial risk of acquiring behaviors which might influence their health status. This study was aimed to assess the proportion of school going adolescents (both males and females) with poor self-perceived health and its associated factors. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in three major cities of Pakistan i.e. Karachi, Lahore and Quetta. From each city, six (6) secondary schools were randomly selected (3 public and 3 private). Pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire was distributed to students. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine independent factors associated with poor self-perceived health. Results: Approximately 29% adolescents (119/414) reported poor self-perceived health. Individual and parental factors significantly associated with poor self-perceived health were being male (AOR = 1.75, 95% CI: 1.09 - 2.79), living in extended family (AOR = 2.65, 95% CI: 1.66 – 4.22), unskilled employment of father (AOR = 2.17, 95% CI: 1.35 – 3.48), lack of parental-child communication (AOR = 1.74, 95% CI: 1.03 – 2.91) and unfair treatment by parents (AOR = 1.80, 95% CI: 1.09 – 2.96). Life style factors such as use of smokeless tobacco (AOR = 2.14, 95% CI: 1.26 – 3.96) and unhealthy diet (AOR = 3.60, 95% CI: 1.76 – 7.33) were associated with poor self-perceived health. Conclusion: Better employment opportunities for father, parental counseling and increase awareness for adolescents about healthy diet are recommended to improve adolescent self-perceived health in Pakistan.
Relationship between the level of motor skill and perceived anxiety before and after practice climbing in Primary School children
Raquel Pérez Ordás, Elena Hernández Hernández, Inmaculada García Sánchez
Retos : Nuevas Perspectivas de Educación Física, Deporte y Recreación , 2011,
Abstract: This study was carried out with the purpose of: (1) Identifying whether age influenced motor skill levels and the anxiety perceived by a group of elementary students before and after making a practice of climbing. (2) Checking the level of motor ability was related to perceived anxiety of the children before and after climbing practice. A sample of 116 public schools was used, between 6 and 10 years of age. A motor skills test and a visual analogue scale of facial drawings suitable for subjects of these ages were used. It was established that the motor ability level of the group significantly improved with the increased age of the subjects (p d 0.01). We observed significant differences in perceived anxiety in the group before and after scaling (p d 0.01). The perception of anxiety increased from 2.67 ± 1.56 before practice (value that corresponds to a magnitude of the positive affect scale of facial drawings) to 4.28 ± 1.41 (value that corresponds to a magnitude of the affect scale of neutral facial drawings) when it ended. However, there was a clear trend towards significance (p = -0.07) when the skill level associated with perceived anxiety caused the group to end the climbing practice.
The Impact of Parent’s Socioeconomic Status on Parental Involvement at Home: A Case Study on High Achievement Indian Students of a Tamil School in Malaysia
Suresh Kumar N Vellymalay
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The current study focuses on the impact of parent’s socioeconomic status on parental involvement in their child’s education at home. Forty Indian students studying in one the best performance- based National Type Tamil Schools in the state of Kedah, Malaysia were chosen based on purposive sampling. The sample comprised 10 students from Year Two, 10 students from Year Three, 10 students from Year Four and 10 students from Year Five. Those were the high achievement students identified based on the previous final year school examination results. Questionnaires were used by the researcher to obtain quantitative data related to the parent’s socioeconomic background and their involvement strategies in their children’s education at home from the students’ parent. In addition, in-depth interviews with twenty students, that is, five students from each Year were conducted to gather information on their parent’s involvement. The findings of this study indicate that most parents are from a higher socioeconomic background and they show a high degree of involvement in most of the involvement strategies at home to ensure their child’s educational success. Moreover, the economic and academic capital among the middle-class parents serve to enhance their understanding and knowledge on the actual values that need to be placed on their child’s education. As a result, these children gain in terms of good skills, behaviour and values, all of which are crucial to their academic success.
Perceived Parental Control in Chinese Adolescents in Hong Kong: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study
Daniel T.L. Shek
The Open Family Studies Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.2174/1874922400801010007]
Abstract: Utilizing a longitudinal research design, perceived parental control in 2,559 Chinese adolescents over three consecutive years was examined by measures of indigenous Chinese parental control concepts (Chinese Paternal Control Scale: CPCS; Chinese Maternal Control Scale: CMCS). The relationships between CPCS and CMCS and measures of parental control and parent-child relational qualities were also investigated. Although Chinese parents had high expectations about their children, they were not strict in parental discipline. The CPCS and CMCS scores were significantly correlated with measures of parental control and perceived parental endorsement of traditional Chinese parenting beliefs in early adolescent years. While CPCS and CMCS had weak concurrent and prospective relationships with parent-child relational qualities measures, the observed relationships were moderated by parental psychological control. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings are discussed.
Academic Success in College: Socioeconomic Status and Parental Influence as Predictors of Outcome  [PDF]
Devin L. Merritt, Walter Buboltz
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.35018
Abstract: Bandura (1986) postulated that beliefs about one’s ability (self-efficacy) were better predictors of achievement than ability itself [1]. Therefore, in academics, the higher the beliefs that a student develops regarding his or her ability to succeed in school, the greater the likelihood that he or she will attain academic success. Although academic goals vary among students, academic self-efficacy appears to be essential in order for academic aspirations to be achieved. Multiple factors, including socioeconomic status (SES) are related to academic self-efficacy. Past research has noted that SES influences academic attainment [2] [3]. Familial backgrounds, such as SES [4] and parental influence [5], have been found to impact academic achievement. This study examined the relationship between socioeconomic status, academic self-efficacy, and perceived success in college. A total of 298 undergraduate students from a southern university completed self-report measures that consisted of sociodemographic questions, the Multidimensional Scales of Perceived Self-Efficacy (MSPSE), and the Perceptions of Parental and Teacher Academic Involvement. Results indicated that SES was significantly related to self-efficacy, and parental influence was a significant predictor of academic self-efficacy. Results also showed that parental involvement mediated the relationship between familial SES and self-efficacy.
Parental bonding in males with adjustment disorder and hyperventilation syndrome
For-Wey Lung, Ting-Hsuan Lee, Mei-Feng Huang
BMC Psychiatry , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-244x-12-56
Abstract: A total of 917 males were recruited, 156 with adjustment disorder and hyperventilation syndrome (AD?+?HY), 273 with adjustment disorder without hyperventilation syndrome (AD–HY), and 488 healthy controls. All participants completed the Parental Bonding Instrument, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, and Chinese Health Questionnaire.Analysis using structural equation models identified a pathway relationship in which parental bonding affected personality characteristics, personality characteristics affected mental health condition, and mental health condition affected the development of hyperventilation or adjustment disorder. Males with AD–HY perceived less paternal care, and those with AD?+?HY perceived more maternal protection than those with adjustment disorder and those in the control group. Participants with AD–HY were more neurotic and less extroverted than those with AD?+?HY. Both groups showed poorer mental health than the controls.Although some patients with hyperventilation syndrome demonstrated symptoms of adjustment disorder, there were different predisposing factors between the two groups in terms of parental bonding and personality characteristics. This finding is important for the early intervention and prevention of hyperventilation and adjustment disorder.Parental attachment and premorbid personality traits play an important role in shaping the developmental trajectory of an individual and influence their ability to adjust to stressful events [1-3]. In particular, problems with parental attachment during childhood are considered to be a predisposing factor for the onset of many psychiatric conditions, such as anxiety, depressive states, and maladjustment behaviors [4-8].Hyperventilation syndrome refers to various somatic and psychological symptoms that appear to be a consequence of episodes of hyperventilation with no known organic basis [9]. It was identified first by DaCosta in 1871 in military personnel [10]. A study of functional somatic complaint
S.Gunesekaran,I.sekar,A.thomas William
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Parents, neighbourhood and peers play a powerful predictor in the life of youth. They not only shape the personality, promote their education, career and family life but also prevent them from disruptive behaviours. The perceived social support system of parents, neighbourhood elders and peer group is measured in this descriptive study from the rural youth selected through systematic random sampling method. Parental and other adults and peer group support system are perceived at a higher level. It has been observed that younger the age; higher the perceived support to youth and support does not vary among the various religious groups but difference is found in caste. Higher the education higher the perceived parental and other adults support. The nuclear family and small family perceive better parental and family support. Only one third are getting high support from their neighbourhood adults. Majority of rural youth depend on their peer members for personal matters; but when it comes to money related consultancy they depend on parents. Similarly, majority of youth consult on risk behaviour such as drugs and alcohol with peer members than their father, mother, adults, leaders and educationist. Youth, for important and crucial issues; consult peers rather than parents and other adults, is observed as a gap. Better social structure, awareness and strengthen family relationship and for which the role of Government and NGO's are suggested.
Perceived School Climate and Internet Gaming Disorder Among Junior Middle School Students: The Mediating Role of Academic Self-efficacy and The Moderating Role of Parental Academic Involvement

- , 2016, DOI: 10.16187/j.cnki.issn1001-4918.2016.03.13
Abstract: 采用问卷法对462名初中生进行调查,考察了初中生学业自我效能感在感知校园氛围与网络游戏成瘾(Internet gaming disorder, IGD)关系间的中介效应,以及父母学业卷入对这一中介过程的调节效应。结果发现:(1)在控制了性别、年龄、家庭月收入和父母受教育水平后,感知校园氛围显著负向预测初中生IGD;(2)学业自我效能感在感知校园氛围与IGD关系间起着显著的部分中介效应;(3)父母学业卷入对中介路径"感知校园氛围→学业自我效能感→IGD"具有显著的调节效应,即相对于父母学业卷入水平低的初中生而言,这一间接效应对于父母学业卷入水平高的初中生更强。实践干预时,可以通过提高青少年的学业自我效能感和/或调整父母学业卷入程度来预防和控制青少年IGD。
The present study investigated the relationship between perceived school climate and adolescents' internet gaming disorder (IGD), and the mediating effect of academic self-efficacy as well as the moderating effect of parental academic involvement. The perceived school climate scale, academic self-efficacy scale, parental academic involvement questionnaire and internet gaming disorder questionnaire were administered to 462 adolescents (Mean age=13.02, male=207) from junior middle school in Guangdong province. The results indicated that:(1) perceived school climate negatively predicted IGD; (2) the relationship between perceived school climate and IGD was partially mediated by academic self-efficacy; (3) This indirect link was stronger for adolescents with high parental academic involvement than for those with low parental academic involvement.
Does Perceived Physical Attractiveness in Adolescence Predict Better Socioeconomic Position in Adulthood? Evidence from 20 Years of Follow Up in a Population Cohort Study  [PDF]
Michaela Benzeval, Michael J. Green, Sally Macintyre
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0063975
Abstract: There is believed to be a ‘beauty premium’ in key life outcomes: it is thought that people perceived to be more physically attractive have better educational outcomes, higher-status jobs, higher wages, and are more likely to marry. Evidence for these beliefs, however, is generally based on photographs in hypothetical experiments or studies of very specific population subgroups (such as college students). The extent to which physical attractiveness might have a lasting effect on such outcomes in ‘real life’ situations across the whole population is less well known. Using longitudinal data from a general population cohort of people in the West of Scotland, this paper investigated the association between physical attractiveness at age 15 and key socioeconomic outcomes approximately 20 years later. People assessed as more physically attractive at age 15 had higher socioeconomic positions at age 36– in terms of their employment status, housing tenure and income - and they were more likely to be married; even after adjusting for parental socioeconomic background, their own intelligence, health and self esteem, education and other adult socioeconomic outcomes. For education the association was significant for women but not for men. Understanding why attractiveness is strongly associated with long-term socioeconomic outcomes, after such extensive confounders have been considered, is important.
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