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Evoking humanity: Reflections on the importance of university museums and collections  [PDF]
Alan D. Gilbert
University Museums and Collections Journal , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper, Professor Alan Gilbert, President and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Manchester, welcomes UMAC delegates and explains why he feels that museums in general - and university museums in particular - are singularly important.
Victor NICOL?ESCU,Corina CACE,Sorin CACE
Journal of Community Positive Practices , 2012,
Abstract: The re-emergence of the social economy sector as important agent for occupation, economic growth, social solidarity, associationism and social services, coincided with a higher importance of running program and project- based activities in all European countries, irrespective whether they are member states of candidate states. Within the context of the benefits specific to the social economy projects it is important to debate and analyse the subject of continuing the activities of this form of economy by consolidating the financial allocations. Thus, complementary to the identification of new consistent sources of financing of the activity performed by the social economy organisations, it is important to know the position of the initiatives within the current context of the global economy and to apply rigorously the project implementation methodology.
Museums "at the heart of community": local museums in the post-socialist period in Slovenia
Etnográfica , 2007,
Abstract: the author tries to define the changing role of local or community museums in the last few decades, when the crisis of museum institutions became a fact and when museum institutions were very often labeled as "fossilised", "ossified" and conservative institutions, and that are now facing the ongoing fast social changes. he points out that slovenian museums, in the last decade of socialist and post-socalist rule, have also gone through the same development. the first "incentives" for making necessary changes in museums and for using different methods and approaches came after 1980, mostly in local and regional museums, and most of the new approaches and efforts for transformation came from ethnologists. finally, he describes his personal museum experience in three museum projects from 1993, 2000 and 2006 where he tries to "humanize" museum objects and solve some problems concerning "museum crisis".
Museums, Diasporas and the Sustainability of Intangible Cultural Heritage  [PDF]
Saphinaz-Amal Naguib
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5052178
Abstract: This article is about the work of museums in constructing the intangible cultural heritage of migration and diasporas. I address the cultural dimension of sustainability and examine what happens to living traditions in migratory contexts, in particular, in contexts of international migrations, and consider different participatory approaches used by museums. I propose that collaborative projects drawing upon the principles of ecomuseology and what I describe as participation by endowment may provide new ways of involving groups of immigrant background. I limit the discussion to questions tied to the intangible cultural heritage of migration to Europe and argue that by recording, documenting, safeguarding and keeping the intangible heritage of diasporas alive, museums contribute in promoting self-esteem among these populations and social cohesion in society.
Symbolic legacies of slavery in Guyana
Alvin O. Thompson
New West Indian Guide , 2008,
Abstract: Focusses on the commemoration and symbolic functions of the slavery past in the Americas, with a particular focus on Guyana. Author explains that while symbolic representations of the legacies of slavery increased in the Americas since the 1960s, the nationalist government under Forbes Burnham since 1970 went further in using the slavery past as its ideological foundation. He discusses how this relates to Guyana's history and ethnic development of 2 main, often opposed groups of African- and Indian-descended groups, calling on their respective slavery or indenture past in emphasizing their national significance. He further describes slavery-related symbolic representations promoted under Burnham, specifically the 1763 slave revolt led by Cuffy, presented as first anticolonial rebellion aimed at liberation, and as a precursor to the PNC government, and other slave rebellions and rebels, such as led by Damon in 1834. He points out how some Indian-Guyanese found that Indian heroes were sidelined in relation to these. Author then describes how the annual commemoration of Emancipation Day continues to refer to the martyrdom of these slave rebels, along with other discursive connections, such as regarding reparations. He also pays attention to the activities of nongovernmental organizations in Guyana up to the present in commemorating the slavery past, often with broader African diaspora connections.
Visual artist price heterogeneity
Massimiliano Castellani,Pierpaolo Pattitoni,Antonello Eugenio Scorcu
Economics and Business Letters , 2012,
Abstract: This paper proposes an empirical analysis to establish the determinants of Artist Price Heterogeneity (APH), using a unique dataset, which comprises all artwork sales occurred in Italy between 2006 and 2010. APH is measured by Gini indices calculated on artist price distributions. A Beta Regression Model (BRM) is estimated to account for the characteristic of the dependent variable, which can only assume values in the standard unit interval. Our analysis shows that APH is influenced by number of trades, average price, artist specialization, descent, fame, production, market structure and nationality, and artistic period.
The Disciplinary Power of Museums
Ka Tat Nixon Chen
International Journal of Social Science and Humanity , 2013, DOI: 10.7763/ijssh.2013.v3.271
Abstract: Museums are powerful. Museums can discipline the mindset of people. Owing to the fact that people in general consider museums are reliable sources for gaining knowledge and understanding their surrounding, this facilitates museums to exercise their disciplinary power. This paper is to look into the ways how museums discipline the mindset of people. The research methodology used for this study is purely qualitative. The validity of this paper lays in those primary data collected through personal communication with administrators of museums, and is supported by secondary data from books. The findings are that museums can discipline the mindset of people to make them believe in a hierarchy of social and world order, to scope their understanding of their relationship with the world and to instruct and to edify them. Based on a situation that people in general consider museums are reliable sources, this paper raises the concern of the neutrality of museums as disseminators of knowledge and facilitators of making people understand themselves and their relationship with their surrounding at large.
Enlightening Chinese museums — lessons from university museums
Fang Hui,Li Huizhu
University Museums and Collections Journal , 2011,
Abstract: In recent years, with China's economic growth, a rapid expansion in the number and size of Chinese museums can be seen. Unfortunately, the aim of museums to serve communities has not reached the appropriate level. Visitors' participation and recognition need to be improved. In this article we explore the road ahead for Chinese. We suggest ways for Chinese museums raise money, attract more visitors and better serve and engage their interest.
Latin-American Network of University Museums  [PDF]
William Alfonso López Rosas
University Museums and Collections Journal , 2008,
Abstract: Following the 6th International Congress of University Museums and Collections in Mexico City in 2006, the National University of Colombia (the Master’s Degree in Museology and Patrimony Management together with the Fine Arts Museum) began discussions with colleagues from other Latin-American museums about the creation of a museum network which might provide a mechanism for regional integration, foster the sharing of knowledge, of experience, initiatives and projects, and communicate information about resources such as collections and museological programs, and set an agenda for Latin-American University Museums. // In May 2007, the first Latin-American Lecture in Museology and Cultural Patrimony Management took place in Bogotá, Colombia. Museum directors from the USA, the United Kingdom, Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Puerto Rico and Colombia were invited to discuss the main topic for this version: Museums, Universities and “Mundialización". This meeting saw the creation of the Latin-American University Museums Network and the formulation of its first strategy and action plan.
United States Holocaust Museums: Pathos, Possession, Patriotism  [cached]
Rob Baum
Public History Review , 2011,
Abstract: This article examines the role of United States holocaust museums in directing (American) knowledge and memory of World War II, and demonstrates how signifiers of race, colour and Jewishness are played out and theatricalised. Erected in two principal U.S. cities of Los Angeles and Washington, D.C., the Holocaust Museum and Museum of Tolerance uphold very different mandates: the first dedicated to revealing European civilian tragedies during WWII; the latter dealing with Jewish persecution and the L.A. Riots of 1991, with references to other cultural catastrophes. While these projects are different, they are not opposed; both museums locate the American perspective of events and their meanings at the forefront. American holocaust museums seem to challenge spaces between memory and its direction, vision and revision. Within the gruesome context of holocaust portrayal, interrogate the valences of memory’s play and expose American holocaust museums as theatres of pornographic memory. The seduction of feeling does not invite change so much as purgation, what Aristotle identified as catharsis — an emotional and physical release, unfortunately replicating the seductive techniques used by Goebbels for the glorification of Hitler. Through manipulation of viewers as automatic audiences, these museums function as centres for pathos I question the policy and polity of presenting genocide as an entertainment leading to catharsis, recognizing that the final act of purgation is all too easily negation.
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