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Prioritizing Project Performance Criteria within Client Perspective
Arazi Idrus,Mahmoud Sodangi,Mohamad Haq Husin
Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Successful performance in a construction project helps to deliver good products to the client. At present, there is no standard approach used by clients to evaluate project performance as project success carries different definitions to different people. Some used the traditional project performance measures of cost, quality and time while others used additional non-traditional measures such as the environment, health and safety, level of technology and contractor planning. The purpose of this study is to identify and rank the actual criteria used by local clients in current practice to measure the performance of a construction project during construction as well as upon completion. The ranking is based on the relative importance of the criteria as perceived by project performance decision makers working for clients’ organizations within the Malaysian construction industry using their accumulated experience and judgment. The objective of this study was investigated through a postal questionnaire which covered a selected sample of the study. Data were analyzed using mean, variance, frequency and severity index analyses. The results of this paper show that Quality of finished project, Construction cost and Construction time were the three most important criteria considered crucial by the respondents for evaluating project performance from current practice in Malaysia. The paper provides supportive practical solution for project performance decision makers working for clients’ organizations within the Malaysian construction industry to enhance and improve their practices in measuring their clients’ project performance so that their clients would enjoy higher satisfaction levels from their projects. More so, the paper would serve as a guide to contractors by helping them to understand that Quality of finished project, Construction cost and Construction time are the criteria given high priority by clients in measuring the performance of a construction project.
The Relationship between Academic/Professional Qualification and Longevity of Service Parameters in Trans-Cultural Client Care by Nurses of Fako, SWR, Cameroon
Mary Bi Suh Atanga, Roland Acha Achi, John Ngunde Palle
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1102278
Abstract: Every client seeking care comes from a cultural background. Each cultural background has elements that need to be diagnosed in order to provide care in a manner that is seriously conflicting with the client’s culture. Sometimes in the provision of care, conflicting ideas need negotiation and sometimes re-patterning, but these must be done in an acceptable manner such that the client is at ease, and so healing is enhanced. For these to occur, knowledge and qualification of the care provider play a role. At other times, the longevity of service and knowledge and attitudes either interfere or enhance the process. Based on these, this study on the relationship between academic/ professional qualification and longevity of service was conducted to test the presence or non presence of trans-cultural client care among some nurses and midwives in Health Care Institutions in Fako Division. The objectives were to sought the importance and preservation of trans- cultural client care (TCC); find out the relationship between academic/professional qualification; and relationship between longevity of service and the identified parameters of culture diagnostic, negotiating and re-patterning. Stratified samples of nurses/midwives working in Health Care Institutions in Fako Division, were administered multiple choice questionnaires, for a period of three weeks. One hundred and sixty five (165) participants filled the questionnaires and SPSS 16.0 was used to analyze the data collected. The results revealed high degree of dependence between the professional qualification (P-value = 0.023), academic qualification (P-value = 0.001), professional profile (longevity) (P-value = 0.000) of nurses/midwives and trans-cultural client care in healthcare institutions in Fako Division. These verifications let to the confirmation of the assumptions of the study. Professional qualification/academic qualification, and professional profile (longevity), influence trans-cultural client care among nurses/midwives in health institutions in Fako Division. We recommend that Health Care Institutions should regularly organize seminars and workshops on the effective use and application of clients’ culture during care.
Special identities for the pre-Jordan product in the free dendriform algebra  [PDF]
Murray R. Bremner,Sara Madariaga
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Pre-Jordan algebras were introduced recently in analogy with pre-Lie algebras. A pre-Jordan algebra is a vector space $A$ with a bilinear multiplication $x \cdot y$ such that the product $x \circ y = x \cdot y + y \cdot x$ endows $A$ with the structure of a Jordan algebra, and the left multiplications $L_\cdot(x)\colon y \mapsto x \cdot y$ define a representation of this Jordan algebra on $A$. Equivalently, $x \cdot y$ satisfies these multilinear identities: [see PDF]. The pre-Jordan product $x \cdot y = x \succ y + y \prec x$ in any dendriform algebra also satisfies these identities. We use computational linear algebra based on the representation theory of the symmetric group to show that every identity of degree $\le 7$ for this product is implied by the identities of degree 4, but that there exist new identities of degree 8 which do not follow from those of lower degree. There is an isomorphism of $S_8$-modules between these new identities and the special identities for the Jordan diproduct in an associative dialgebra.
The influence of the pre-scientific and scientific belief system of both counsellor and client on the success of the narrative process
W. Luyt,P.J.M. van Niekerk
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 2006, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v71i2-4.246
Abstract: The aim of this article is to investigate to what extent the belief system of both counsellor and client plays a role in counselling. It is generally accepted that beliefs play a central role in the life of all people. This article applies this notion, as described by, among others, Wright, Watson and Bell (1986), to the field of pastoral care and more specifically to the narrative approach within it. The narrative approach is an important instrument that helps people to understand how their life stories have been shaped by their beliefs about themselves. Throughout the article the researcher attempts to indicate how the counsellor, client and counselling process are influenced by their respective scientific and pre-scientific roots and development, as well as by their system of belief in general.
T. Smachylo
Economics of Development , 2012,
Abstract: In order to evaluate staff efficiency a method of qualifying estimates is used, which is based on calculation of average coefficients which represent qualification of particular workers. However it is known that work efficiency depends not only on employees’ qualification but also on what kind of qualification is necessary for the enterprise. That is, enterprise work efficiency depends on both qualification that is offered by workers, and the requirements for qualification which is essential for enterprise activity. It is common knowledge that any enterprise can work effectively if it employs workers with the qualification which complies with practical requirements of the enterprise taking into account its production technology.Insufficient or too high qualification of workers can lead to productivity decrease of the enterprise.The method of estimation of employees’ qualification influence on enterprise activity is described.The equations with criteria which analyze optimal management of dynamic system including the change of qualification among certain workers during production are suggested.The described model gives means to develop supporting tool for taking decisions when managing staff structure from the standpoint of employees’ qualification.
Generalized Qualification and Qualification Levels for Spectral Regularization Methods  [PDF]
Terry Herdman,Ruben D. Spies,Karina G. Temperini
Mathematics , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s10957-008-9492-1
Abstract: The concept of qualification for spectral regularization methods for inverse ill-posed problems is strongly associated to the optimal order of convergence of the regularization error. In this article, the definition of qualification is extended and three different levels are introduced: weak, strong and optimal. It is shown that the weak qualification extends the definition introduced by Mathe and Pereverzev in 2003, mainly in the sense that the functions associated to orders of convergence and source sets need not be the same. It is shown that certain methods possessing infinite classical qualification, e.g. truncated singular value decomposition (TSVD), Landweber's method and Showalter's method, also have generalized qualification leading to an optimal order of convergence of the regularization error. Sufficient conditions for a SRM to have weak qualification are provided and necessary and sufficient conditions for a given order of convergence to be strong or optimal qualification are found. Examples of all three qualification levels are provided and the relationships between them as well as with the classical concept of qualification and the qualification introduced by Mathe and Perevezev are shown. In particular, spectral regularization methods having extended qualification in each one of the three levels and having zero or infinite classical qualification are presented. Finally several implications of this theory in the context of orders of convergence, converse results and maximal source sets for inverse ill-posed problems, are shown.
Prioritization of W. Alarab Sub-Watersheds (North Jordan) for Conservation Measures Using RS, GIS, and Multi-Criteria Analysis  [PDF]
Yahya Farhan, Samer Nawaieh
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2019.118059
Abstract: Soil erosion and high sediment flow are of eminent environmental concern in Wadi Alarab catchment, northern Jordan. The objective of this research is to conduct a prioritization scheme using RS, GIS, and multi-criteria analysis approach based on morphometric analysis, land use/land cover (LULC) change analysis, and soil loss modeling based on RUSLE model factors. ASTER GDEM and Arc GIS were utilized to delineate watersheds and extract the drainage networks using the Arc Hydro tool. Five basic morphometric parameters, five linear and five shape parameters, six LULC classes, and five soil erosion risk classes are applied to prioritize 13 sub-watersheds connected to W. Alarab basin. LANDSAT images were subjected to supervised classification (the Maximum Likelihood Method) to determine land use/cover changes and to establish the LULC map/layer. Soil erosion risk classes were estimated using the RULSE model. RULSE factors (R, K, L, S, C, and P) were calculated in a GIS environment, then multiplied together so as to estimate soil loss (ton·ha-1·yr-1) and to establish a soil erosion risk map for the entire watershed and the thirteen sub-watersheds. A GIS-based integration of the three layers compiled for each criterion reveals that six sub-watersheds (1, 5, 8, 9, 10, and 11) are categorized under low priority. Further, three sub-basins (4, 12, and 13) are fall under moderate priority, and four sub-basins (2, 3, 6, and 7) are designated as of high priority. It is obvious that 53.8% of these sub-basins must be prioritized immediately for soil and conservation measures. The validity of the achieved priority classes was tested statistically using Discriminant Analysis (DA), and the results showed that morphometric parameters, LULC analysis, and soil loss are accepted criteria for prioritization. These results are intended to help decision-makers to prepare reliable soil erosion management plans.
Auditor nurse’s importance in qualification of the nurse care
Patrícia Mirapalhete Pereira, Paulo Petry, Adrize Rutz Porto, Maira Buss Thofehrn
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: to assess the opinion of nurses about the importance of the nurse auditor qualification of care. Methodology: it’s a qualitative research, descriptive and exploratory, developed with seven nurses in a hospital large, after approval by the Committee Research Ethics of Santa Casa de Misericordia de Pelotas, under protocol 048/2008. Data were collected through semi-structured interview in October and November 2008. Data analysis was thematic. Results: the respondents indicated that the auditor assesses customer satisfaction and services provided by the institution to the qualification of assistance, but they haven’t identified the importance of education in service. Conclusion: we can see that from the moment it is known the performance of the nurse auditor, he has a major influence on the team, maintains control of nursing records and materials necessary for the proper performance of services rendered to the client. The spokesperson stressed the quality of education in nursing, working with the nurse and his team with purpose of putting them, making sure that the client provides a qualified service, innovating the context of services education in the hospitals.
Qualification of Atomic Absorption Spectrometer in Prospective View of Pharmaceutical Analysis  [PDF]
Mahmood Ahmed, Muhammad Abdul Qadir, Malik Qaiser Hussain
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2014.510075
Abstract: AAS was qualified as per pharmacopoeia requirements. Copper, manganese, mercury and cadmium hallow cathode lamps were used for qualification purposes. Design qualification and installation qualification met the criteria of user requirements. Wavelength accuracy and reproducibility, resolution and baseline stability are in compliance with user requirements. Characteristics concentration or sensitivity, detection limit and characteristics mass were performed as a part of operational qualification which is 0.062 μg/mL, 0.00354 μg/mL, 1.41 pg respectively. Results of % RSD for precision study is 0.352 and 0.487 for flame and graphite furnace mode respectively fulfilled criteria of qualification. Performance qualification results of 20 consecutive days demonstrate the predetermined specification. Analytical instrument qualification and method validation relationship is also described by assay performed on haemodialysis concentrate. Good precision (<2%) and accuracy (95% - 105%), coefficient of determination (R2) greater than 0.9997 for potassium, magnesium and calcium linear curves, lower detection limits for all three ingredients and robust assay data as a part of validation studies conform the qualified AAS for its intended application.
A Novel Thin Client Architecture with Hybrid Push-Pull Model, Adaptive Display Pre-Fetching and Graph Colouring
Sumalatha.M.R,Sridhar S,Satish G
International Journal of Ad Hoc, Sensor & Ubiquitous Computing , 2012,
Abstract: The advent of cloud computing has driven away the notion of having sophisticated hardware devices for performing computing intensive tasks. This feature is very essential for resource-constrained devices. In mobile cloud computing, it is sufficient that the device be a thin client i.e. which concentrates solely on providing a graphical user interface to the end-user and the processing is done in the cloud. We focus on adaptive display virtualization where the display updates are computed in advance using synchronization techniques and classifying the job as computationally intensive or not based on the complexity of the program and the interaction pattern. Based on application, the next possible key-press is identified and those particular frames are pre-fetched into the local buffer. Based on these two factors, a decision is then made whether to execute the job locally or in the cloud or whether we must take the next frame from the local buffer or pull it from server. Jobs requiring greater interaction are executed locally in the mobile to reduce interaction delay. If a job is to be executed in the cloud, then the results of the processing alone are sent via the network to the device. The parameters are varied in runtime based onnetwork conditions and application parameters to minimise the interaction delay.
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