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Estrategias de ense anza de la lengua mapunzugun en el marco del PEIB Mineduc-Origenes (Comuna de Padre las Casas, IX Región-Chile)  [cached]
Gloria Quidel Catrilaf
Cuadernos Interculturales , 2011,
Abstract: En este artículo se describe y analiza las estrategias de ense anza del mapunzugun como segunda lengua en el aula y en el marco del componente de educación intercultural bilingüe del programa Mineduc-Orígenes. Este trabajo corresponde a la evaluación de la ense anza del mapunzugun, a partir de la investigación realizada en dos escuelas insertas en comunidades mapuche de la comuna de Padre las Casas, IX Región-Chile.
EVALUACIóN POSTURAL DE INDIVIDUOS MAPUCHE DE LA ZONA COSTERA DE LA IX REGIóN DE CHILE POSTURAL EVALUATION OF MAPUCHE INDIVIDUALS IN THE COASTAL AREA OF THE IX REGION IN CHILE
Mariano del Sol,Karina Hunter
International Journal of Morphology , 2004,
Abstract: El grupo étnico mapuche tiene una amplia distribución de asentamiento, predominantemente, en la zona costera de la IX Región de Chile, caracterizado por el aislamiento de centros urbanos e instituciones de la sociedad global chilena. Numerosos factores han sido considerados determinantes en una buena postura, entre ellos, los aspectos étnicos. Por tal motivo, nos propusimos identificar alteraciones a través de una evaluación postural en un grupo de individuos mapuche. Realizamos un estudio postural en 62 individuos (34 mujeres y 28 hombres) pertenecientes al grupo étnico mapuche, entre 3 y 70 a os de edad, de reducciones de la zona costera de la IX Región de Chile. La evaluación postural se efectuó en horas de la ma ana, de acuerdo al método de Kendall. Observamos la presencia de alteraciones a nivel de columna en el 35,5% de los individuos adultos, acompa ados de giba costal. En la región pélvica la anteversión de cadera se presentó en el 44% de los individuos. El genu valgo se observó en el 51,6% y el recurvatum en el 32,3% de los individuos mapuche. El medio ambiente heterogéneo en los cuales habitan y cómo desarrollan sus actividades, podría estar influyendo en la postura de los individuos evaluados The mapuche ethnic group has an extensive settlement distribution in the coastal area of the IX Region in Chile, which is characterized by the isolation from urban centers and institutions of the global Chilean society. As ethnic features are considered one of the numerous factors that influence good body posture, we decided to carry out this investigation. The postural exam was performed on 62 individuals (34 women and 28 men) between the ages of three and seventy, belonging to the Mapuche ethnic group, from parts of the costal area of the IX region in Chile. The postural evaluation took place during the morning hours, according to the Kendall method. We observed alterations at the level of the spine in 33.5% of adult individuals, accompanied by a costal hump. In the pelvic region the anterior version of the hip was present in 44% of the individuals. The genu valgo was observed in 51.6% and the recurvatum in 32.3% of the individuals. The heterogeneous environment where they live, their customs and additional social and cultural factors, could have an influence in the posture of the evaluated
La Calidad de las Aguas en los Ríos Cautín e Imperial, IX Región-Chile Water Quality in the Cautín and Imperial Rivers, IX Region-Chile  [cached]
N.R. Rivera,F. Encina,A. Mu?oz-Pedreros,P. Mejias
Información Tecnológica , 2004,
Abstract: El objetivo de este trabajo fue establecer la calidad descriptiva de agua de los ríos Cautín e Imperial que conforman la cuenca hidrográfica del río Imperial ubicada en la IX Región de la Araucanía-Chile. La caracterización fisicoquímica y microbiológica se efectuó fijando diez estaciones de muestreo. Los resultados muestran que las aguas de estos ríos no presentan problemas fisicoquímicos, de acuerdo a las normas chilenas oficiales. En la parte microbiológica se encontró un recuento alto de bacterias coliformes totales en algunas estaciones de muestreo, lo cual les da el carácter de no aptas para actividades con contacto directo y para el riego de verduras y frutas que se desarrollan a ras de suelo. Se puede predecir que una disminución del caudal de los ríos en el estiaje, provocará la mayor modificación del ecosistema, situación que se hace más crítica por la falta de un plan de manejo integral adecuado The objective of this work was to establish the descriptive water quality of the Cautín and Imperial rivers which form the Imperial River hydrographic basin in the IX Region of Araucanía, Chile. Physicochemical and microbiological evaluations were made at ten sampling stations. Physicochemical parameters measured in these rivers did not exceed the legally established Chilean water criteria. Microbiological testing showed high counts of coliform bacteria at some stations, exceeding water quality criteria for use in direct contact activities as well as for watering fruits and vegetables that develop at ground level. It can be predicted that reductions in river flow volume during dry periods will produce further modifications in this environment, which at present is not regulated by an appropriate integral management plan
Trabajo social y grupos étnicos: identidad étnica de la mujer mapuche en el contexto urbano de la comuna de Vi a del Mar  [cached]
Gheraldine Marambio
Cuadernos Interculturales , 2004,
Abstract: El presente artículo, producto de un seminario de título, constituye un acercamiento a la realidad étnica de la comuna de Vi a del Mar y a los intentos de resignificación cultural del colectivo mapuche en dicho espacio. Desde esta perspectiva, se indaga, a través de procesos de investigación-acción, el rol de la mujer mapuche urbana en los ámbitos de la familia, organización comunitaria y cultura.
Artritis reumatoidea en población mapuche.: Una experiencia de 16 a os en la IX región de Chile Rheumatoid arthritis among mapuche aborigines.: A 16 years experience  [cached]
Sonia Kaliski K,Luis Bustos M,Carmen Artigas A,César Alarcón V
Revista médica de Chile , 2001,
Abstract: Background: Mapuche, Chilean natives, represent approximately 9.8% of Chilean population and in the IX region of the country, they account for 18.4% of population over 15 years old. They preserve some socio-cultural characteristics that make them different to the rest of the population. Aim: To describe the epidemiological characteristics rheumatoid arthritis among Mapuche natives. Subjects and methods: Retrospective review of patients of Mapuche origin with rheumatoid arthritis, seen at Temuco Hospital between 1980 and 1996. Results: Among 308 cases gathered, only 106 (93 women, aged 55 ± 10 years old) complied with 1987 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for rheumatoid arthritis. The disease began between 29 and 52 years old in 73% of patients and the mean delay in diagnosis was 4.4 years. At diagnosis, 99% had symmetric poliarthritis, 28.3% had either fatigue, fever or weight loss, and 46.9% were in class III or in class IV of ACR-1991. Fifty three percent of patients developed Sicca syndrome, 36% developed nodules, 23% developed Raynaud phenomenon, 11% developed pulmonary involvement, 7% developed vasculitis, 5% developed neurological manifestations and 19% developed ophthalmologic involvement. Rheumatoid factor was positive in 78% and 73% had erosions. HLA DR4 was (+) in 60% of 30 patients. Thirty percent required 3 or more disease modifying drugs and prednisone over 10 mg/day. There was no correlation between functional capacity and several other features of the disease. Conclusions: Mapuche rheumatoid arthritis patients are detected late and have a poor functional capacity at the time of diagnosis. They also have a higher proportion of extraarticular manifestations, more erosions and require more aggressive treatments. (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 253-8).
EVALUACIóN POSTURAL DE INDIVIDUOS MAPUCHE DE LA ZONA COSTERA DE LA IX REGIóN DE CHILE
del Sol,Mariano; Hunter,Karina;
International Journal of Morphology , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022004000400017
Abstract: the mapuche ethnic group has an extensive settlement distribution in the coastal area of the ix region in chile, which is characterized by the isolation from urban centers and institutions of the global chilean society. as ethnic features are considered one of the numerous factors that influence good body posture, we decided to carry out this investigation. the postural exam was performed on 62 individuals (34 women and 28 men) between the ages of three and seventy, belonging to the mapuche ethnic group, from parts of the costal area of the ix region in chile. the postural evaluation took place during the morning hours, according to the kendall method. we observed alterations at the level of the spine in 33.5% of adult individuals, accompanied by a costal hump. in the pelvic region the anterior version of the hip was present in 44% of the individuals. the genu valgo was observed in 51.6% and the recurvatum in 32.3% of the individuals. the heterogeneous environment where they live, their customs and additional social and cultural factors, could have an influence in the posture of the evaluated
La Calidad de las Aguas en los Ríos Cautín e Imperial, IX Región-Chile
Rivera,N.R.; Encina,F.; Mu?oz-Pedreros,A.; Mejias,P.;
Información tecnológica , 2004, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-07642004000500013
Abstract: the objective of this work was to establish the descriptive water quality of the cautín and imperial rivers which form the imperial river hydrographic basin in the ix region of araucanía, chile. physicochemical and microbiological evaluations were made at ten sampling stations. physicochemical parameters measured in these rivers did not exceed the legally established chilean water criteria. microbiological testing showed high counts of coliform bacteria at some stations, exceeding water quality criteria for use in direct contact activities as well as for watering fruits and vegetables that develop at ground level. it can be predicted that reductions in river flow volume during dry periods will produce further modifications in this environment, which at present is not regulated by an appropriate integral management plan
índice Cefálico en un Grupo de Individuos Mapuches de la IX Región de Chile Cephalic Index in a Group of Mapuche Individuals in the IX Region of Chile  [cached]
Mariano del Sol
International Journal of Morphology , 2005,
Abstract: El grupo étnico mapuche tiene una amplia distribución de asentamiento en la IX Región de Chile, estando más aislados de centros urbanos aquellos individuos que viven en algunos sectores del litoral de la Región. Varios factores, entre éstos los aspectos étnicos son considerados determinantes en la forma de la cabeza y en sus índices. Se efectuó un estudio antropométrico en 50 individuos adultos (19-83 a os), de sexo masculino, del grupo étnico mapuche, pertenecientes a algunas reducciones de la zona costera de la IX Región de Chile. En ellos se midieron los diámetros cefálicos y curvas craneales y se determinó el índice cefálico. El diámetro occipitofrontal máximo promedio fue de 184 mm (DS 6), con límites superior de 185mm e inferior de 182mm. El diámetro transverso máximo promedio fue de 148 mm (DS 4), con límites superior de 149mm e inferior 140mm. Las curvas craneales fueron, en promedio: anteroposterior 395 mm (DS 13), supraauricular 315 mm (DS 12) y circunferencia máxima 632 mm (DS 20). Los individuos eran mesocéfalos en un 66 %, braquicéfalos el 28%, hiperbraquicéfalos el 4% y dolicocéfalos el 2%. El índice cefálico promedio fue de 80,4. Los individuos del grupo étnico mapuche, presentan características típicas de mesocefalia, con una clara tendencia a la braquicefalización. Los datos anatómicos y antropológicos obtenidos, aportarán nuevos conocimientos a la Antropología Biológica y Física y a los profesionales del área de la Salud Native Mapuches live mostly in the Chilean Araucania in the IX Region of the country, being most isolated those living along the coastline. Several factors are considered to be determining in their head shape and indexes, among which ethnic aspects can be pointed out. Fifty male native Mapuche individuals, all adults living in the coastal range of the IX Region of Chile, with ages ranging between 19-83 years, were anthropomorphically studied. Their cephalic diameters were measured and their cranial index determined. The mean of the greatest anteroposterior diameter (frontal-occipital) was 184mm (DS6) with superior limits of 185 mm and inferior 182 mm. The mean of the transverse maximum diameter was 148 mm (DS4) with superior limits of 149 mm and inferior 140 mm. The mean of the cranial curves were: anterior-posterior 395 mm (DS13), supra auricular 315 mm (DS12) and maximum circumference 632 mm (DS20). In the 66% of the individuals were mesocephalic, 28% brachycephalic, 4 % hyperbrachycephalic and 2 % dolichocephalic. The mean of cephalic index was 80.4. Native Mapuche individuals present typical mesocephalic characteri
Política de Salud Intercultural: Perspectiva de usuarios mapuches y equipos de salud en la IX región, Chile Intercultural health care policy from the perspective of health care providers and mapuche clients  [cached]
Ana María Alarcón M,Paula Astudillo D,Sara Barrios C,Edith Rivas R
Revista médica de Chile , 2004,
Abstract: Background: Intercultural health is becoming an emergent topic in the design of health care programs for Mapuche people of Chile. This process faces important challenges such as the scarce theoretical support about the meaning of intercultural health and their practical consequences for providers and clients. Aim: To explore the perception in providers and Mapuche clients about intercultural health. Material and methods: A survey performed in 11 counties with the highest concentration of Mapuche people, of the IX region of Chile. The perception about the development of a new health policy specially designed for Mapuche patients was surveyed in 399 Mapuche patients and 64 providers of primary health care centers. Results: Mapuche clients considered, as the main regional challenges, the indifference and discrimination of health care teams towards Mapuche patients, aggravated by the indifference of authorities. Providers considered that the main problem was a lack of knowledge about Mapuche culture and skills to deal with this ethnic group. Patients and providers agreed on the need to use Mapuche dialect in health care attentions, to coordinate actions with traditional healers and to accept ethnical therapeutic practices. Conclusions: There is scarce agreement between providers and Mapuche clients about the need for an special intercultural health policy, its contents, and the regional conditions for its implementation and development (Rev Méd Chile 2004; 132: 1109-14)
Artritis reumatoidea en población mapuche.: Una experiencia de 16 a?os en la IX región de Chile
Kaliski K,Sonia; Bustos M,Luis; Artigas A,Carmen; Alarcón V,César; Vega V,Miguel Angel; Cárdenas R,Cristián;
Revista médica de Chile , 2001, DOI: 10.4067/S0034-98872001000300003
Abstract: background: mapuche, chilean natives, represent approximately 9.8% of chilean population and in the ix region of the country, they account for 18.4% of population over 15 years old. they preserve some socio-cultural characteristics that make them different to the rest of the population. aim: to describe the epidemiological characteristics rheumatoid arthritis among mapuche natives. subjects and methods: retrospective review of patients of mapuche origin with rheumatoid arthritis, seen at temuco hospital between 1980 and 1996. results: among 308 cases gathered, only 106 (93 women, aged 55 ± 10 years old) complied with 1987 american college of rheumatology (acr) criteria for rheumatoid arthritis. the disease began between 29 and 52 years old in 73% of patients and the mean delay in diagnosis was 4.4 years. at diagnosis, 99% had symmetric poliarthritis, 28.3% had either fatigue, fever or weight loss, and 46.9% were in class iii or in class iv of acr-1991. fifty three percent of patients developed sicca syndrome, 36% developed nodules, 23% developed raynaud phenomenon, 11% developed pulmonary involvement, 7% developed vasculitis, 5% developed neurological manifestations and 19% developed ophthalmologic involvement. rheumatoid factor was positive in 78% and 73% had erosions. hla dr4 was (+) in 60% of 30 patients. thirty percent required 3 or more disease modifying drugs and prednisone over 10 mg/day. there was no correlation between functional capacity and several other features of the disease. conclusions: mapuche rheumatoid arthritis patients are detected late and have a poor functional capacity at the time of diagnosis. they also have a higher proportion of extraarticular manifestations, more erosions and require more aggressive treatments. (rev méd chile 2001; 129: 253-8).
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