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Prevalence of various Human Papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes among women who subjected to routine Pap smear test in Bushehr city (South west of Iran)2008-2009
Keivan Zandi, Seyed Eghbali, Rasool Hamkar, Shahnaz Ahmadi, Elissa ramedani, Iman Deilami, Heidar Nejad, Fatemeh Farshadpour, Zahra Rastian
Virology Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1743-422x-7-65
Abstract: Based on the collected data, 11(5.5%) samples were detected positive for HPV DNA and 189(94.5%) samples out of 200 samples were detected negative for HPV DNA. Meanwhile 4(2%) samples detected positive for HPV DNA by PCR were detected positive for HPV by pap smear test as well. On the other hand 5 samples which were detected positive for HPV by pap smear test didn't have HPV DNA after being tested by PCR method. Among the 11 positive samples 7 samples were identified as HPV-16, 3 samples were HPV-18 and one was HPV-53.Regarding the prevalence of highly carcinogen genotypes of HPV in our study determination of genital HPV prevalence among the normal population of women of Bushehr city is recommended.Worldwide, cervical cancer is the second most common cancer affecting women. Nowadays screening programs have reduced the mortality and morbidity of this disease, but 500,000 new cases of invasive cancer of the cervix are still diagnosed annually. Epidemiological and molecular studies have demonstrated that certain types of human Papillomaviruses (Highly carcinogen genotypes) are the major cause of most cases of cervical cancer [1].Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) belong to Papillomaviridaefamily[2]. So far, 118 types have been identified according to their biological niche, oncogenic potential and Phylogenetic position. There are about 40 HPV viral types that are commonly found in the genital tract which are classified in the Alphapapillomavirus genus[3,4]. On the basis of molecular epidemiologic evidence, genital HPV types have been subdivided in to low-risk types and high-risk ones [5,6]. Several HPV types, such as HPVs 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59 and 66 have been implicated in cervical carcinogenesis (high risk types), whereas other types, such as HPVs 6 and 11, are frequently detected in benign lesions such as condylomata acuminate [1]. Women infected with high risk HPV types are considered to be at a higher risk for the development of cervical cancer
Incidence Rate of G6PD Deficiency in Newborns in Bushehr/Iran
A Movahhed,Sh Farrokhi
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2003,
Abstract: We studied 415 newborns in the city of Bushehr in order to identify infants with G6PD deficiency and eliminate the induction of acute hemolytic crisis by informing the families about the extrinsic factors that the G6PD-deficient patients should avoid. The method used in the study was the fluorescent spot test. Abnormal fluorescence due to G6DP deficiency (severe and partial) was found in 8.4% of the samples (6.5% severe and 1.9% partial), i.e. 1 in 51 females and 1 in 7 males. This study suggests the necessity for the establishment of a screening test as a routine for all newborns, especially in the coastal cities in order to make an opportune detection and an appropriate counseling available.
Ultrasonographic Prevalence of Thyroid Incidentaloma in Bushehr, Southern Iran
A Mohammadi,E Amirazodi,S Masudi,A Pedram
Iranian Journal of Radiology , 2009,
Abstract: Background/Objective: Thyroid nodule is one of the most common endocrine disorders. 5%- 10% of thyroid nodules undergo malignant degeneration. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of thyroid incidentaloma in Bushehr, southern Iran."nPatients and Methods: A total of 1503 consecutive 15 to 65-year-old patients who were referred to Fatemeh Zahra Hospital for any ultrasonographic examination other than the thyroid gland were included in this study. All patients underwent dedicated thyroid ultrasound by a 10 MHz linear probe for detection of thyroid nodules in the supine position."nResults: The prevalence of thyroid nodules was 13.6%. The nodules were observed in 17.5% of the women and 8.5% of the men. 61.8% of the nodules were smaller than 1 cm. Thyroid nodules were more frequent in older people."nConclusion: Bushehr has a high prevalence of thyroid nodules. The prevalence is age dependent and is higher in women than men.
Assessment of Avicennia marina Growth Characteristics on an Artificial Inlet at Bushehr, Iran
A. Ghasemi,H. Jalilvand,S. Mohajeri Borazjani
Research Journal of Soil and Water Management , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/rjswm.2013.7.12
Abstract: The purpose of this project was to asses ecological development of Avicennia marina in hyper saline condition. During 2001 and 2002 a restoration mangrove project planting A. marina in artificial inlet in Bushehr Province, Iran was carried out in Agriculture and Natural resources research center of Bushehr province in Sabkha lands. Some the vegetative characteristics of such as height, diameter and crown diameter in two aspects were recorded in 2012. To investigate physico-chemical properties of soil were taken in inside and outside of inlet and were analyzed: salinity, soil acidity, potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, texture of soil were measured. Both of treatments were analyzed by t-test in SAS Software.
Impact of Fishing Technology on Labor Productivity in Bushehr Province  [cached]
M. Ahmadpour Borazjani,G.R. Soltani
Journal of Science and Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources , 2000,
Abstract: Marine products are currently important in Iran due to the following reasons: 1) aquatics are recognized as safe and healthy food by food scientists; 2) because of low dependence of fishing technology on foreign resources, they are more reliable sources for protein and food security. Therefore, it is important to increase labor productivity using advanced fishing technology under a sustainable fishery management policy. In general, the prevailing methods of fishing in the southern coasts of Iran can be classified into three groups based on the level of technology and the length of journey made: traditional, semi-industrial, and industrial. In this study, labor productivity in the traditional and semi-industrial groups were compared using data obtained from a sample of 35 fishermen in Bushehr Province. To determine the marginal and average labor productivities, transcendental production functions were estimated for fish and shrimp, separately. The findings indicated that the marginal and average productivities of labor in semi-industrial fishing were significantly higher than in traditional fishing.
Scorpions of Iran (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part II. Bushehr Province.
Navidpour, S.,Soleglad, M.E.,Fet, V.,Kova?ík, F.
Euscorpius , 2008,
Abstract: The Bushehr Province of Iran contains the type localities of three scorpion taxa, Mesobuthus eupeus phillipsii (Pocock, 1889), Orthochirus iranus Kova ík, 2004, and Scorpio maurus townsendi (Pocock, 1900). Apart from them, Androctonus crassicauda (Olivier, 1807), Compsobuthus matthiesseni (Birula, 1905), Hottentotta saulcyi (Simon, 1880), Odontobuthus bidentatus Louren o & Pézier, 2002, Razianus zarudnyi (Birula, 1903), and Hemiscorpius lepturus Peters, 1862 have also been known to occur in the province. Collections made by a team under Shahrokh Navidpour (Razi Reference Laboratory of Scorpion Research, Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Ahvaz, Khoozestan, Iran) reveal four additional species recorded from the province for the first time: Buthacus macrocentrus (Ehrenberg, 1828), Compsobuthus jakesi Kova ík, 2003, Orthochirus farzanpayi (Vachon & Farzanpay, 1987), and Orthochirus stockwelli (Louren o et Vachon, 1995). In addition, Compsobuthus persicus sp. n. is described as a species new to science, bringing the total species count to 14. A key to all species of scorpions found in Bushehr Province is presented.
People Awareness on Diabetes Disease and Complications in Bushehr, Iran Using Linears Models
Babaee QR,Soltanian AR,Khalkhaly HR,Rabieian M
Payavard Salamat , 2007,
Abstract: Backgound: Approximately half of the diabetics population type 2 are not aware of their disease .Lack of awareness can lead to development of diabetes and increase cost of treatment. The aim of this survey was to determine the level of population awareness in Bushehr port in south of Iran in Bushehr prov-ince.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 719 subjects (417 male and 302 female) aged over 18 years old, without diabetes and inhabitant in Bushehr port in 2005 were assessed. Multi-stage random simple sampling was used. A 39 question questionnaire was used with validity checked by researchers in Yazd Diabetes Research Center and reliability alpha-cronbach=75%.The data were analyzed with independ-ent t-test, pearson correlation coefficient , ANOVA and Multiple Logistic Regression models by SPSS package ver. 10.05.Results: Mean and SD of scores of subjects knowledge levels were 16.96 and 6.29, respectively. The levels of males' awareness rate was more than females' (P=0.001). There was indirect relation between subjects awareness and their age (r=-0.203, P=0.001) and direct relation between awareness and the level of education (P=0.01, r=0.07).The mean of awareness scores was not similar between singles and married (P=0.042). Awareness regarding fundamental diabetes disease, primary symptoms, early com-pli-ca-tions, delay complications, diet awareness was low and concerning controlling methods of diabetes was high.Conclusion: Awareness in relation to fundamental and complications of diabetes disease was low, so the people need more education about diabetes.
Ecological sensitivity of the Persian Gulf coastal region (Case study: Bushehr province)
J Nouri, A Danehkar, R Sharifipour
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2007,
Abstract: Coastal area sensitivity evaluation is in fact, the evaluation of an extraordinary ecological rich region. This study has been based on established criteria and values. The aim of this sensitivity evaluation has been to give objectivity to the Bushehr Province coastline region, so as to be able to pinpoint areas requiring ecological protection. With this objective, initially, the boundaries of the area under evaluation were first established, based on the findings of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management plan (ICZM). Then, based on these parameters and by geo-referencing photo mosaic Land Sat Satellite images (2003) and IRS’ (2004) were taken and basic maps of two influential areas were evaluated within the above mentioned limits which included the coastal village boundaries. The coastal line of the area being evaluated (set back line) was 673.62 kms comprising an area of 384,810 hectares. In this research the blueprint of a linear mathematical model was planned according to the Analytic Hierarchy Process method backed by the Arc-GIS Software program. In this model the value of influencing sensitivity factors were not applied in the same manner but by determining weight coefficients, the value and importance of each factor was determined according to the amount of sensitivity inflicted on the specified environment. In total, in the area under consideration, about 30 percent were defined as very high sensitivity areas.
Increasing Antimicrobial Resistance among Shigella Isolates in the Bushehr, Iran  [PDF]
O. Gharibi,S. Zangene,N. Mohammadi,K. Mirzaei
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Antibiotics are drugs used for treatment of infections caused by bacteria. Misuse and overuse of these drugs have contributed to phenomena known as antibiotic resistance. In this research, the antimicrobial resistance of the Shigella has been determined. This descriptive research analyzed registered laboratory data of patients referred to Fatemeh Zahra Hospital of the Bushehr, Iran. Shigella was isolated from their cultured sample from the year 2002-2008. In this study, the total of 121 registered Shigella collected from 2002-2008 were analyzed. There were 62 cases of S. sonnei, 46 cases of S. flexneri, eight cases of S. boydii and five cases of S. dysenteriae among them. Furthermore, two cases of Shigella sonnei were collected from the blood and the rest from the watery stools of the infected patients. The following is the resistance pattern of these organisms; to ciprofloxacin, 4.25%; ceftizoxime, 8.62%; nalidixic acid, 12.12%; co-trimoxazole, 86.13% and to tetracycline, 93.02%. Results of antibiogram showed that highest rate of drug resistance belongs to tetracycline and Co-trimoxazole and the lowest belongs to ciprofloxacin and ceftizoxime. One of the important issue for clinicians, now a day is drug resistance of microorganisms. This phenomenon is increasing due to some factors such as improper use of antibiotics and irrational prescribing. These factors lead to development of new drug resistant species.
Relationship between tea drinking and bone mineral density in Bushehr population  [cached]
Somayeh Amiri,Abbasali Keshtkar,Hamidreza Aghaie-Meybodi,Bagher Larijan
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Tea consumption is common throughout the world, especially in Iran and it was known as the most common beverages. Several studies evaluated negative effect of coffee and relationship between its caffeine content with bone density. But relationship between tea drinking and bone mineral density is less observed. Considering high amount of tea consumption and prevalence of osteoporosis in Iran, it is important to investigate this relationship.Materials and Method: Population study includes 1125 subjects (aged 20- 72 years) randomly selected by cluster sampling in Bushehr, who participated in general project of prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The participants were categorized based on degree of tea consumption: high tea drinkers (more than 4 cups of tea per day) and low tea drinkers (equal or less than 4 cups of tea per day).Results: In high tea drinkers, mean score for bone density was significantly higher in neck and total femur. But this difference in isolated groups (according to sex, age and both of them) was not seen.Conclusion: The result of this study indicates on a direct relationship between tea drinking and increasing of bone mineral density. Moreover, it shows the prevalence of osteoporosis is lower in people who have a regular daily habit of tea consumption
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