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Quisqualis indica Linn : A Review of its Medicinal Properties  [PDF]
Jyoti Sahu,Pushpendra Kumar Pate,Balakrishna Dubey
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Phytopharmacological Research , 2012,
Abstract: An herbal medicine is crude drugs obtained from vegetables or plant which are the origin of herbal drugs utilized for the treatment of disease states, often of a chronic nature, or to attain or maintain a condition of improved health. Phytogenic agents have traditionally been used by herbalists for several diseases from the past two decades. This article contain brief reviews of medicinal properties of plant Quisqualis Indica Linn which had been proved but are rarely used as a herbal medicines, the point which have to be considered that this plant can be available easily as it is an evergreen plant and most of the people were used to decorate their house, as this is an ornamental plant too which doesn’t depend on seasons to grow. Quisqualis indica Linn contains phytoconstituents such as trigonelline (alkaloid), L-proline (α-amino acid), L-asparagine (α-amino acid), quisqualic acid (agonist for both AMPA receptors), rutin (flavonoid) and two forms of the cysteine synthase, isoenzyme A and isoenzyme B (enzyme) and due to presence of these phytoconstituents it is showing various activities such as anti-inflammatory activity, antipyretic activity, immunomodulatory activity, antistaphylococcal activity, anthelmintic activity, antiseptic activity etc.
Review MADHUCA LONIGFOLIA (Sapotaceae): A review of its traditional uses, Phytochemistry and pharmacology  [cached]
priyanka yadav
International Journal of Biomedical Research , 2013, DOI: 10.7439/ijbr.v3i7.292
Abstract: Madhuca longifolia (Mahua) which belongs to family Sapotaceae. Madhuca commonly known as the Butter nut tree is a medium to large sized deciduous tree distributed in Nepal, India and Sri Lanka. Madhuca longifolia is a large tree, about 17m high with a large top. Mahua is a large, shady, deciduous tree doting much of the central Indian landscape, both wild and cultivated. Mahua seeds are of economic importance as they are good source of edible fats. Medicinal herbs are moving from fringe to mainstream use with a great number of people seeking remedies and health approaches free from side effects caused by synthetic chemicals. Madhuca longifolia is reported to contain sapogenins, triterpenoids, steroids, saponins, flavonoids and glycosides. It is used as spasmogenic, oxytocic, uterotonic, anti-bacterial, anti-implantation, anti-tumour, anti-progestational, antiestrogenic activity against menorrhagia and anti-cancer. This review contains the traditional uses of various parts of plant, Phytochemical constituent and different reported pharmacological activity.
Epigeal Cryptocotyly in Madhuca indica J. F. Gmel. (Sapotaceae)  [PDF]
A. Mundhra,N.D. Paria
International Journal of Botany , 2009,
Abstract: An unusual case of epigeal cryptocotyly found in Madhuca indica J. F. Gmel. (Syn. Bassia latifolia Roxb.) of Sapotaceae is described and discussed in this study. The morphological characters shown by M. indica seedlings such as thickened hypocotyl, thick woody seed coat and non photosynthetic haustorial cotyledons are closely related to its epigeal cryptocotyly. The incidence of epigeal cryptocotylar germination in angiosperms seems to be scarce in available literatures. Such knowledge of germination and seedling morphology can throw some light in the silvicultural practices of this tree.
Medicinal properties of fractionated acetone/water neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extract from Nigeria: a review
U Anyaehie
Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The global scenario is now supporting the development of modern drugs from less toxic plant products with proven medicinal properties. Each part of neem plant (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) reportedly has various medicinal properties and has been in use in many continents for centuries. Recently, a fractionated neem-leaf extract known as IRAB with reported activities against Malaria, HIV/AIDS and cancer has been developed into a drug and currently marketed in Nigeria as IRACAP . This paper reviews the medicinal properties, clinical studies and safety concerns of this fractionated acetone-water neem leaves extract as a footstep to further studies both on the extract and/or its chemical constituents.
Comparison of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis for synthesis of biodiesel from Madhuca indica oil  [PDF]
B. SINGH,FAIZAL BUX,Y.C. SHARMA
Chemical Industry and Chemical Engineering Quarterly , 2011,
Abstract: Biodiesel was developed by transesterification of Madhuca indica oil by homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis. KOH and CaO were taken as homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts, respectively. It was found that the homogeneous catalyst (KOH) took 1.0 h of reaction time, 6:1 methanol to oil molar ratio, 0.75 mass% of catalyst amount, 55±0.5 C reaction temperature for completion of the reaction. The heterogeneous catalyst (CaO) was found to give optimum yield in 2.5 h of reaction time at 8:1 methanol to oil molar ratio, 2.5 mass% of catalyst amount, at 65±0.5 C. A high yield (95-97%) and conversion (>96.5%) was obtained from both the catalysts. CaO was found to leach to some extent in the reactants and a biodiesel conversion of 27-28% was observed as a result of leaching.
Investigation of Anti-Inflammatory, Analgesic and Antipyretic Properties of Madhuca indica GMEL
Neha Shekhawat,Rekha Vijayvergia
International Journal of Molecular Medicine and Advance Sciences , 2011, DOI: 10.3923/ijmmas.2010.26.30
Abstract: The crude methanolic extract of Madhuca indica (Sapotaceae) at 50, 100 and 200 mg kg-1 body weight were evaluated for anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities in male wistar rats. Anti-inflammatory activity was studied by using carrageenan induced oedema right hind paw volume while the analgesic effect was evaluated using acetic acid-induced abdominal pains i.e., nociception response. The brewer s yeast-induced pyrexia model was used for antipyretic investigation. Phytochemical screening of the alcoholic extract revealed the presence of tannins, flavonoids, steroids, terpenes, cardiac glycosides and saponins. The extract at all the doses used and the indomethacin significantly inhibited carrageenan induced inflammation in a manner that was not dose dependent. The extract reduced the acetic acid induced pain licking. While the 50 and 100 mg kg-1 body weight of the extract reduced the brewer s yeast provoked elevated body temperature in rats after 60 min that of 200 mg kg-1 body weight manifested from 30 min. The results suggest a potential benefit of M. indica methanolic extract in treating conditions associated with inflammation, pain and fever. These properties might be adduced to the presence of the phytoconstituents.
IN VITRO CYTOTOXICITY OF MADHUCA INDICA AGAINST DIFFERENT HUMAN CANCER CELL LINES  [PDF]
Satish K. Verma et al.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research , 2012,
Abstract: Cancer is a public health problem all over the world. Large number of plants and their isolated constituents has been shown to potential anticancer activity. Ethanolic whole plant extract of Madhuca indica showed in vitro cytotoxicity against different human cancer cell lines such as lung, neuroblastima, and colon. There was no growth of inhibition recorded against liver cancer cell line. Sulforhodamine B dye (SRB) assay was done for in vitro cytotoxicity test assay. The in vitro cytotoxicity was performed against five human cancer cell lines namely of lung (A-549), liver (Hep-2) colon (502713 HT-29) and neuroblastima (IMR-32). The activity was done using 100μg/ml of the extract. Against lung (A-549) cell line plant extract showed 83% growth of inhibition. In case of liver (Hep-2) showed no activity reported, where as in case of colon 502713 cell line plant extract showed maximum activity. In case of HT-29 liver human cancer line and IMR-32 neuroblastima cell line plant extract showed 99% and 98% activity respectively.
FLORA OF CONCERN ENDANGERED MEDICINAL PLANTS - PART I VATERIA INDICA LINN, DIPTEROCARPACEAE – A REVIEW  [PDF]
Venkatesh K. R. Hari,Sushrutha C.K
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2010,
Abstract: Herbal medicine in India is resurrecting with a huge demand, with a number of new pharmacies sprouting out in the due course of time. Though the situation is promising to the Herbal practitioners, the increase in consumption of the flora in the name of medicine, timber etc. critically affects the Bio-diversity, there by drawing a plenty of indigenous plants to the endangered species list released by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Sarja (Vateria indica Linn.) is one such Indigenous & Endemic plant species to the Western Ghats, which requires an urgent attention to be conserved. On critically analyzing the status of Vateria indica Linn. It was found to be over exploited & highly felled for the purpose of making Plywood’s. Datas reveal that a shocking rate of around 6200 tons of timber per annum was being used for the same purpose in the late 1960’s. Traditional medicine & Astrological sciences too yield references which make us understand its bondage with the culture and tradition of the country. This study is being undertaken to bring about awareness among the Herbal practitioners & Environmentalists to take Voluntary measures in conserving such Red listed plants, so that it would be made available to the generations to come. “Nature creates, human predates & only humane protects”.
TRADITIONAL USES, MEDICINAL AND PHYTOPHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF ERYTHRINA INDICA LAM: AN OVERVIEW  [PDF]
Suryawanshi H. P.,Patel M. R.
International Journal of Research in Ayurveda and Pharmacy , 2011,
Abstract: Medicinal plants are the nature’s gift to human society to make disease free healthy life. It plays a vital role to buildup and preserve our health. In our country more than thousands medicinal plants are recognized. The present review is therefore, an effort to give a detailed survey of the literature on its Phytopharmacological properties. Erythrina indica belonging to the family Leguminosae is a compact shrub with knobby stems, growing wild throughout the costal forest of India. It is popular in indigenous system of medicine like Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy. In the traditional system of medicine various plant parts such as bark, root, leaves and fruits are used in fever, liver ailment, rheumatism, relieve joint pain, and to kill tapeworm, roundworm and threadworm.
Identification of Abiotic and Biotic Factors Causing Deterioration During Storage and Development of Storage Techniques for Mahua (Madhuca indica Syn. Bassia latifolia) flowers
Basanta Kumar Das
Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus (ACS) , 2010,
Abstract: Mahua (Madhuca indica syn. Bassia latifolia) flowers, occupy an important position in the life of the tribal in many parts of India. Particularly, the flowers of the plant are sugar rich and in certain cases it is the only source of livelihood for those people. However, its nutrient quality deteriorates during the postharvest storage and thus, poses a serious problem of adequate storage. In order to determine the cause of spoilage and to develop the measures to check it, collected flowers were stored using two methods in this investigation; first, under normally practiced conditions (NPS), i.e., the practice adopted by the flower’s collectors, and second, oven dried, powdered with liquid nitrogen, and stored at 00C (±10C) in different small airtight sterilized vials labelled as laboratory processed samples (LPS). Both LPS and NPS were stored for a year i.e. from one harvesting season to the next. Experiments were carried out, at every month interval, to identify the factors responsible for spoilage of flowers during storage. LPS did not exhibit deterioration in the nutrient value throughout the year of storage, but NPS showed spoilage due to various biotic and abiotic factors comprised of moisture, temperature and microorganisms. To check postharvest spoilage various innovative storage techniques like physical and chemical treatments were experimented. Results revealed that storage at low temperature by liquid nitrogen treatment and chemical conversion to oxalic acid were the most effective techniques for a long-term storage.
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