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Contaminación biológica intradomiciliaria y su relación con síntomas respiratorios indicativos de asma bronquial en preescolares de Bucaramanga, Colombia
Herrera,Astrid B; Rodríguez,Laura A; Niederbacher,Jürg;
Biomédica , 2011,
Abstract: introduction. indoorair pollution may play an important role in development and exacerbation of asthma in children. objective. the association between the presence of indoor biological contaminants and respiratory symptoms related to asthma was assessed in preschool children. materials and methods. this cross-sectional study was undertaken in bucaramanga, colombia, and included children <7 years of age living in two urban areas of with different levels of outdoor air pollution. the 678 children were an average of 3.5 years of age. respiratory symptoms indicative of asthma and indoor air pollutants were assessed by previously validated questionnaires.. biological samples potentially containing mites and fungi were collected by standardized laboratory methods. the log binomial regression model was used for multivariate analysis, using adjusted prevalence ratios (pr). results. the prevalence of asthmatic respiratory symptoms was 8.0%; (95% c.i: 5.6-9.6), without significant differences between the two areas. binomial model analysis showed that asthma symptoms were associated with mites (pr 1.78; 95% c.i. 1.0-3.0), acremonium sp (pr 6.24; 95 c.i.: 3.8-10.0) and a history of child pneumonia (pr 4.0; 95% c.i. 2.5-6.4), allergic rhinitis (pr 1.9; 95% c.i.: 1.2-3.1), prematurity (pr 3.4; 95% c.i. 1.8-6.5), parents with asthma (pr 2.6; 95% c.i. 1.4-5.0) and pet ownership (pr 0.4; 95% c.i. 0.2-0.9). conclusions. the indoor exposure to biological contaminants (dust mites and fungi), history of prematurity, pneumonia, rhinitis and family history of asthma increased the occurence of symptoms suggestive of asthma in young children.
Respiratory symptoms associated with asthma prevalence and air pollution in preschool children Prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios indicativos de asma y asociación con contaminación atmosférica en preescolares de Bucaramanga, Colombia  [cached]
Laura Andrea Rodríguez,Juan José Rey,Astrid Berena Herrera,Henry Castro
Biomédica , 2010,
Abstract: Introduction. Increases in the air pollution levels has well-documented harmful effects on human health, especially exacerbating problems of asthma and other allergies. Objective. The prevalence of symptoms associated with asthma was determined in preschool populations in zones with differing levels of air pollution. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Bucaramanga, Colombia, comparing respiratory symptoms in 768 children under seven years in two urban zones with different pollution levels of particulate matter and ozone. Morbidity was evaluated for respiratory indicators of asthma by means of a questionnaire version previously validated in Spanish. Results. The use of cigarettes (27.5%) and aerosols (22.7%) were the most frequent source of indoor air pollution. Wheezing prevalence was 25.6% (95% CI 23.2-29.8%) and diagnosis of asthma was 8.4% (95% CI 6.2-11.5%), with no differences between zones. The final multivariate model did not show an association between outdoor pollution and symptoms related with asthma. However, concrete flooring and presence of mold did show an association with these symptoms. Conclusions. Indoor air quality rather than outdoor air pollution may play a more important role in producing respiratory symptoms related with asthma in preschool children in the city of Bucaramanga, Colombia. Introducción. Actualmente se sabe que el incremento de los niveles de contaminación atmosférica externa e interna se asocia con efectos nocivos para la salud, especialmente asma y otras alergias. Objetivos. Determinar la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios indicativos de asma en la población preescolar y compararla entre zonas con diferentes niveles de contaminación atmosférica en Bucaramanga, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Estudio observacional analítico de corte transversal que compara los síntomas respiratorios en menores de siete a os de dos zonas de la ciudad con niveles diferentes de contaminación por material sólido en partículas y ozono. La morbilidad fue medida con un cuestionario sobre síntomas respiratorios indicativos de asma, validado al espa ol. Resultados. Se estudiaron 768 ni os distribuidos de las zonas de alta y baja contaminación. El uso de cigarrillos (27,5%) y aerosoles (22,7%) se encontraron como las fuentes de contaminación más frecuentes dentro de las viviendas. La prevalencia de ruidos respiratorios a lo largo de la vida fue de 25,6% (IC95% 23,2-29,8) y la de diagnóstico médico de asma fue de 8,4% (IC95% 6,2-11,5), sin diferencias significativas entre las zonas. El modelo final no mostró asoci
Prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios indicativos de asma y asociación con contaminación atmosférica en preescolares de Bucaramanga, Colombia
Rodríguez,Laura Andrea; Rey,Juan José; Herrera,Astrid Berena; Castro,Henry; Niederbacher,Jurg; Vera,Lina María; Cala,Luz Libia; Bolívar,Fabio;
Biomédica , 2010,
Abstract: introduction. increases in the air pollution levels has well-documented harmful effects on human health, especially exacerbating problems of asthma and other allergies. objective. the prevalence of symptoms associated with asthma was determined in preschool populations in zones with differing levels of air pollution. materials and methods. a cross-sectional study was conducted in bucaramanga, colombia, comparing respiratory symptoms in 768 children under seven years in two urban zones with different pollution levels of particulate matter and ozone. morbidity was evaluated for respiratory indicators of asthma by means of a questionnaire version previously validated in spanish. results. the use of cigarettes (27.5%) and aerosols (22.7%) were the most frequent source of indoor air pollution. wheezing prevalence was 25.6% (95% ci 23.2-29.8%) and diagnosis of asthma was 8.4% (95% ci 6.2-11.5%), with no differences between zones. the final multivariate model did not show an association between outdoor pollution and symptoms related with asthma. however, concrete flooring and presence of mold did show an association with these symptoms. conclusions. indoor air quality rather than outdoor air pollution may play a more important role in producing respiratory symptoms related with asthma in preschool children in the city of bucaramanga, colombia.
Expectancies toward the intake of alcohol in young adults of Bucaramanga, Colombia, 2005
Herrán,Oscar F.; Ardila,María F.;
Colombia Médica , 2009,
Abstract: objective: to settle down in young adults of bucaramanga if the statistical and conceptual performance of the test aeq-iii is similar to the one reached in young adults from mexico, and to describe the relationship of these expectancies with some variables of the context. methods: study of factorial validation and internal consistency. in bucaramanga, colombia, 156 young adults, answered 51 items of the alcohol expectancy questionnaire. a model of structural equation was developed to evaluate the goodness of fit of the factorial solution through the reason of verisimilitude chi-square (x2) and the half quadratic approach error (rmsea). the global internal consistency and intra expectancies were carried out with the alpha of cronbach. the scores for the expectancies were calculated with base in additives scales. results: the value reached for the x2 was 6921, with 1196 grades of freedom, p=0.000. the rmsea was 0.18. the global internal consistency and for the factors, it was bigger in this sample with regard to the mexican. equally, all the scores means was bigger in each factor and the smallest variability (p<0.001). conclusion: in young adults of bucaramanga, the internal consistency in the eight expectancies is good. however, the statistical coherence is poor. it is necessary to adapt the questionnaire to bucaramanga culture and in other age groups, before applying their results.
Expectancies toward the intake of alcohol in young adults of Bucaramanga, Colombia, 2005
Oscar F. Herrán,María F. Ardila
Colombia Médica , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To settle down in young adults of Bucaramanga if the statistical and conceptual performance of the test AEQ-III is similar to the one reached in young adults from Mexico, and to describe the relationship of these expectancies with some variables of the context.Methods: Study of factorial validation and internal consistency. In Bucaramanga, Colombia, 156 young adults, answered 51 items of the alcohol expectancy questionnaire. A model of structural equation was developed to evaluate the goodness of fit of the factorial solution through the reason of verisimilitude Chi-square (X2) and the half quadratic approach error (RMSEA). The global internal consistency and intra expectancies were carried out with the alpha of Cronbach. The scores for the expectancies were calculated with base in additives scales.Results: The value reached for the X2 was 6921, with 1196 grades of freedom, p=0.000. The RMSEA was 0.18. The global internal consistency and for the factors, it was bigger in this sample with regard to the Mexican. Equally, all the scores means was bigger in each factor and the smallest variability (p<0.001).Conclusion: In young adults of Bucaramanga, the internal consistency in the eight expectancies is good. However, the statistical coherence is poor. It is necessary to adapt the questionnaire to Bucaramanga culture and in other age groups, before applying their results.
Expectativas en el consumo de alcohol en Bucaramanga, Colombia Expectancies towards alcohol consumption in Bucaramanga, Colombia  [cached]
María F Ardila,óscar F Herrán
Revista médica de Chile , 2008,
Abstract: Background: Expectancies such as memories, motivations and emotions towards alcohol are an important predictor of alcohol consumption in the population. The Alcohol Expectancy Questionnaire (AEQ-III) can measure objectively these expectancies. Aim: To study which expectancies are associated to alcohol consumption in adults living in Bucaramanga, Colombia. Material and methods: The AEQ-III was applied to 601 adults (334 males) aged 18 to 60 years. A binomial regression was used to determine the expectancies that were associated with alcohol consumption after adjusting for social and demographic variables. Results: Eighty nine percent of the population consumes alcohol, without differences by age, gender, body mass index, educational or socioeconomic level. Positive expectancies related to disinhibition and feelings of power with a prevalence ratio (PR) of 1.33 (95% confidence intervals of1.06-1.67) and an age of ess than 16 years when alcohol consumption started, with a PR of 1.15 (95% confidence intervals of 1.08-1.23), were the only two explanatory variables for alcohol consumption. Conclusions: Alcohol comsuption is more associated to social context and group integration than with individual behaviors (Rev Méd Chile 2008; 136: 73-82)
Sexual and reproductive health services according to adolescents boys (Bucaramanga, Colombia)
Elvinia Pinilla G,Clara M. Forero B,MaríaC. Valdivieso C,Luis C. Orozco V
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2009,
Abstract: Adolescents face different dilemmas, which may happen tobe not timely solved, pose major risks to health. Objective:To characterize the basic needs and expectations of maleadolescents in Bucaramanga, Colombia, from its perception with respect to services for sexual and reproductive health(SRH). Methodology: qualitative ethnographic study, using astrategy of discussion groups. We used informal discussions,interviews and focal point. Was selected by a conveniencesample of male adolescents in Bucaramanga, 2-6 strata, frompublic and private institutions, and school, between 13 and 18years, with a total of 52 participants and 7 focus groups.Results: Despite the cultural and socioeconomic differences,young people are consistent in their perceptions, needs andexpectations about sexuality and SRH services. The finalanalysis showed four categories: service experiences SSR, SSR ideal services, pornography and sexuality. Conclusions:It is apparent invisibility of the SSR and the perception ofunfavorable, from the experience of those who know her.Nevertheless, adolescents need to consider this type of service.This research leads to reflection on the ignorance of youngboys from their being, their feelings and their wish to be.
Current prevalence of major depressive disorder in the general population from Bucaramanga, Colombia
Laura del Pilar Cadena,Luis A. Díaz,Germán E. Rueda,Nubia L. Hernández
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública , 2010,
Abstract: Major depressive disorder (m d d) is the disorder with the most important global burden in terms of disability-adjusted life years. Objetive: to determine the current prevalence of m d d in the general population in Bucaramanga, Colombia, and to explore the risk factors associated with them. Methodology: this is a cross-sectional survey with a population random sampling that involved 18-65 year-old people living in Bucaramanga. A psychiatric diagnosis of a m d d during last month was accomplished using Structured Clinical Interview for Axis I diagnoses (s c i d-i) according to the d s m-i v-t r criteria issued by the American Psychiatric Association. Results: a total amount of 266 people were selected (57,1% women). Their mean age were 37,4 years and the formal education years were 9,8. A total of 12,0% was unemployed, 56,1% had a stable couple, and 51,2% lived in medium socioeconomic strata. The prevalence of m d d was 16,5% (95% c i 12,3-21,6). A significant association was identified between the fact of not having a stable couple (p r = 2,11) and the and level of education (p r = 0,41, for 6-11 cursed years, and p r = 0,28, for 12 or more cursed years, compared to five or lesser years of schooling) and the m d d. Discussion: the current prevalence of m d d is high among adult general population from Bucaramanga. This implies the necessity to develop better strategies for an early detection and an integral treatment of m d d cases in order to decrease social and economical costs of m d d.
Pregnant adolescents in the City of Bucaramanga, Colombia. A
Ricardo Ortiz Serrano,Nathalia Isabel Anaya Ortiz,Carolina Sepúlveda Rojas,Silvia Judith Torres Tarazona
MedUNAB , 2005,
Abstract: Many social, cultural and family factors, deeply affect all pregnantadolescents. Therefore a strong support from their families, isurgently needed. Objective: To establish among pregnant adolescents,their demographic, social and family characteristics. Theseteenagers attend a primary care clinic at the City of Bucaramanga.Methods: Cross-sectional study using a self-applied questionnaire.Results: We analyze 336 pregnant adolescents, mean age 17 years(range 13 to 19). Most of them were having their first pregnancy.The mean age for their first sexual relations was at 15 years of age.65.5% of them said they had only one sexual partner. 62.2% werelife partners. 52.15% had or were attending high school. 61.6% hadsome information about pregnancy planning. 31.44 had informationfrom their school. 66.2% followed no planning at all. 59.0% washoping to get pregnant. 26.1% of them had experienced interfamilyviolence and 33.8% said they had a sister with pregnancy duringadolescence. Discussion: an important number of adolescentswant to get pregnant and establish a new home with their partners.Basically they try to get away from their violent original homes. Their partners are usually, older than the adolescent pregnant is. Most of the partners accept, worry, support and have stable relations during the girl’s pregnancy. A good and sound control for preventing teenage-pregnancy should be implemented in family programs for pregnancy planning, including prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and cervical cytology
Concepciones populares sobre soledad de los adultos mayores de Espa?a y Bucaramanga, Colombia
Rubio Herrera,Ramona; Cerquera Córdoba,Ara Mercedes; Mu?oz Mejía,Rubiela; Pinzón Benavides,Erika Alejandra;
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicología , 2011,
Abstract: the goal of the following article is to compare the concepts of loneliness in the elderly people of spain and the elderly people of bucaramanga, colombia; this involved the use of a comparative qualitative design of the results of the "conception of loneliness survey" against item 16 of the questionnaire "the loneliness of the elderly". the sample consisted of 1956 spanish elders and 6607 of bucaramanga, colombia. a minimum age of 65 was held as a constant between both samples. the results showed a predominant negative conception of loneliness, high incidence of family related conceptions, categories referencing isolation (objective solitude) and loneliness (subjective solitude), and positive concepts in the colombian sample.
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