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Chinese Private Enterprises’ Management Innovation  [cached]
Ri Nan
Asian Social Science , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v9n4p51
Abstract: Since the reform and opening, private enterprises of China have got a rapid development, and have done a great contribution to the continual development of national economy. However, with the change of external and internal situations, private enterprise management appears to be defective, sometimes it even does harm to the development of the enterprises. This reports aims to present of the problem of private enterprises in China. In order to solve this problem, Chinese private enterprises should accelerate the management innovation. We analyzed the necessities of enterprises’ management innovation, the motivation of management innovation, obstacles to management innovation. Finally, it puts forward the countermeasures to solve the problems.
The Construction of Human Resource Management System in Small and Medium-sized Private Enterprises  [cached]
Jieyun Zhang,Juhong Gong
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v4n8p184
Abstract: The small and medium-sized private enterprises (SMEs) play an increasingly important role in creating output value and providing new employment opportunities, but there are a lot of problems with human resources in SMEs, such as poor quality of business owners, lack of strategic planning on human resources, etc. It’s necessary, therefore, for SMEs to strengthen the setup of human resource management system. This paper puts forward some implementation details according to "human resource evaluation, assessment, & examination methods" and "job evaluation table", and draws up the diagram on implementation of these steps, both vertically and horizontally evaluating human resource management system in SMEs.
The Salary Planning of the Private Enterprises
Canadian Social Science , 2007,
Abstract: With the arrival of the era of knowledge-driven economy, private enterprises are required to accommodate themselves subject to the change of economic environment and to be highly innovative and adaptable. As a result, establishing a complete, competitive and motivating salary system is an important issue for private enterprises to face in order to maintain continuous development. There are a lot of problems of salary system in Chinese enterprises, and a lot of private enterprises do not have complete and scientific private salary systems and the regarding motivating systems. This article analyzed the current situation of planning salary of private enterprises in our country, announced the universal question that exists in private enterprises and the produced reasons, and gave some effective tactic on how to optimize the salary planning of private enterprises. Key words: Private enterprises, Salary, Salary planning Résumé: Avec l’arrivée de l’époque d’économie du savoir, les entreprises privées doivent s’adapter au changement de l’environnement économique et devenir innovatrices et adaptatives. Ainsi, établir un système de salaire complet, compétitif et actif est un moyen important pour les entreprises de maintenir le développement continu. Il existe beaucoup de problèmes en ce domaine dans les entreprises chinoises, et pas mal d’entreprises privées n’ont pas de système de salaire complet et scientifique, ni de système de motivations. L’article présent analyse d’abord la situation actuelle de la planification de salaire des entreprises privées dans notre pays, puis révèle la question universelle existant dans les entreprises privées et les raisons, et enfin, propose des tactiques effectives pour optimiser la planification de salaire des entreprises privées. Mots-Clés: entreprises privées, salaire, planification de salaire
Problems in China’s Private Enterprises after They Realize Financing by Going Public and Precautions  [cached]
Chengfeng Long,Shuqing Li
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v1n2p105
Abstract: Most private enterprises face many problems after going public, such as the honesty and credit issue, private entrepreneurs robbing the listed companies’ capitals, and amounts of disposable capitals. All these problems are rooted in private listed companies’ irrational stock structure, poor financial management, and imperfect system. In order to avoid these problems in private enterprises after going public, it is necessary to perfect these private listed companies’ stock structure and stock relationship, improve their financial management, and execute strict and rational system.
The Revelation Research of Huawei Performance Management Mode to China’s Private Enterprises
Mengmeng Shi, Zhenjian Jiang
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1103137
Performance management plays a significant role in current business management. But with the changing environment and economic globalization, the competition among enterprises has become more furious than several years ago, and advanced performance management methods must be used in business management especially in human resource management field. In this paper, we try to analysis the problems existing in the performance management of China’s private enterprises currently, and then research benchmark performance management mode of Huawei and thus illuminate suggestions in view of the performance management problem of private enterprises in Chinese. We hope this article would bring in new enlightenment ways for those in trouble enterprises.
The institutions forming the socioeconomic structure of Turkish private enterprises between the 13th and the 19th centuries: Akhism, the Lonca system and tge Gedik system
?zbirecikli, Mehmet
Pecunia : Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales , 2010,
Abstract: El presente trabajo estudia tres instituciones que constituyen la estructura socioeconómica de las empresas privadas turcas desde el siglo XIII al XIX: Akhismo (siglos XIII-XVI), el sistema Lonca (Gremios) (siglos XVI-XVIII) y el sistema Gedik (Monopolios) (siglos XVIII-XX). El estudio se centra, de forma especial, en las normas sociales y económicas, en el proceso de formación, y en la estructura organizativa de las mencionadas instituciones con el fin de analizar los efectos de la estructura socioeconómica de las compa ías turcas en el desarrollo económico y social de las empresas privadas. El estudio intenta igualmente vincular la normativa actual y la que se aplicaba en el pasado, tal es el caso de las normas sociales y del proceso de formación. Desde un punto de vista económico, tanto la estructura estatal de la nación como la normativa económica de sus instituciones hicieron que las empresas privadas fueran de peque o tama o, lo que les impidió moverse en un entorno competitivo y acumular capital. El resultado fue que las empresas no se pudieron beneficiar de las nuevas técnicas de producción y que la mentalidad empresarial turca quedó estancada en relación con el desarrollo moderno. Por otra parte, aunque esos tres sistemas se abolieron por completo a comienzos del siglo XX, todavía perviven huellas de los sistemas de Akhismo y Lonca. La mayor parte de las normas del Akhismo y algunas de las obligaciones del Consejo de Administración de Lonca, tales como el mantenimiento de unos estándares morales de producción y comercio, nos recuerdan el código de ética profesional de la vida empresarial moderna. En otras palabras: existió un código ético que comerciantes, artesanos, oficiales, aprendices y sirvientes debían observar en la vida empresarial de la época; lo que significa que aun cuando nombres, aspecto y funciones de las instituciones así como el tama o de las empresas ha cambiado a lo largo del tiempo, los principios éticos de la vida empresarial, en esencia, son los mismos. Dentro de este contexto, nos atrevemos a sugerir que las raíces del código ético de la vida empresarial turca se retrotraen en la historia a hace más de 800 a os. Además, la similitud entre el funcionamiento presente y pasado indica que el origen de la formación de los aprendices para las empresas turcas tiene, igualmente, más de 800 a os de historia.This study investigates three institutions forming the socioeconomic structure of Turkish private enterprises between the 13th and 19th Centuries: Akhism (13th-16th century), the Lonca System (the Guilds) (16th-18th century), and
The Character and Improvement of the Financial Management for China Middle and Small Private Enterprises
Tao Gong
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v3n5p100
Abstract: The actuality of middle and small private enterprises is that “slow birth, little growth, quick death and short life”. As viewed from the character of the financial management, they usually have the financial objective with short views and low effectiveness, which is represented from ten aspects. To improve the problems existing in the finical management of middle and small private enterprises, the following aspects including scientific and normative management thinking and management mode, the regulation and system of the financial management, the corporate governance structure and owner structure, the accounting system and professional team, the objective and guarantee model and operation mechanism of the financial management should be strengthened.
Institutional Environment and Capital Structure: Evidence from Private Listed Enterprises in China
Hongbo Duan,Abdul Razak bin Chik,Chonjun Liu
International Journal of Financial Research , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/ijfr.v3n1p15
Abstract: With the rapid development of modern market economy, in order to safeguard the comprehensive competitiveness, enterprises adjust their capital structure based on the external and internal environment. In the selection of enterprises’ financing policies, especially the debt decisions, the macroeconomic condition will be an important factor (Korajczyk and Leny). Studies suggest that macroeconomic condition has great impact on the pace and scale of the capital structure adjustment and the companies’ liabilities (Dirk Hackbarth ect. 2006; Douglas O, Cook and Tian Tang, 2009). The capital structure determines structures of long-term debts and equity capital. The analysis on debt structure and benefits and risks of enterprises is of great importance to maximize the value of enterprises. On the basis of introducing the development of the capital structure theory, this article investigate an important issue in the area of financial economics by analyzing the main factors affecting capital structure and focusing on system environment which has not been fully studied. This article employed empirical method to analyze data of private enterprises in different areas during 2007-2009 which had been listed in Shanghai and Shenzhen stock exchange markets. The conclusion is that changes of the following five factors, government intervention degree, non-state-owned economic structure, market structure, financial structure of commercialization combine with legal system, have great impacts on the capital structure and the development of private enterprises.
Alexander Ildyakov
Sovremennye Issledovania Social?nyh Problem , 2012,
Abstract: The article examines the main issues related to financing innovation in enterprises. The author proves the problem of financing innovation as a key deterrent to the innovative development of Russian enterprises.
Private Family Visits in Canada, Between Rehabilitation and Stricter Control: Portrait of a System  [cached]
Marion Vacheret
Champ Pénal , 2007, DOI: 10.4000/champpenal.2322
Abstract: The question of maintaining social and family ties in spite of imprisonment is an important one, which Canada has attempted to address by introducing programs for family visits in which participants are alone and given intimacy for a three-day period. Although this corresponds to a philosophy of humane punishment focused on the offender’s reinstatement in the community, there is no denying another dimension, the additional control over inmates that these measures give to the prison administration.
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