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The enlargement of the European Union and the challenges of the reform
Siri?ki Sofija
Medjunarodni Problemi , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/medjp0301007s
Abstract: The successful conclusion of accession negotiations at the Copenhagen summit on December 13th 2002 means that ten countries will join the European Union in its biggest-ever enlargement. After eastward enlargement, the EU will contain 25 members and nearly half a billion people. The accession treaty will be signed at a special EU summit in Athens on April 16th, 2003. After that, the candidates and member-states will have about a year to ratify the treaty and to joint EU as planned on May 1st, 2004. This enlargement is quite an extraordinary challenge for all the parties involved. For the European Union, it is maybe the most ambitious endeavour in the whole history. The accession of ten new members makes it essential for the EU to reform its institutions, decision-making processes, as well as its policies for agriculture and regional aid. Meanwhile the successive challenge to European Common Foreign and Security Policy have highlighted its weaknesses. Newly formed Convention on the future of Europe is struggling with many fundamental questions and proposed a new constitutional treaty, which described the new European identity. The Convention makes several proposals to reshape Europe's institutions, according to several basic principles: the institution should become more effective - meaning that they have to be able to take decisions more speedily; EU institution tend to be cut off form national political systems and the national parliaments scold therefore become involved in the institutional workings of the EU; it is important to preserve the balance between the institutions dominated governments and the "Community" institutions; the structures of the institutions should be simplified. With just five months before the conclusion of the proceedings, and in parallel to the difficult exercise of drafting the new Constitutional treaty, a major effort is necessary to ensure that the various alternatives are explored, and that a final package can be agreed by a considerable majority of the member states.
For a reform of the legal culture in Romania  [cached]
Laura Manolache
Sfera Politicii , 2012,
Abstract: Although in Romania, the judicial reform began a longtime ago, its positive effects fail to appear. In this article, I support the idea of carrying out a real reform of legal culture in Romania to ensure the optimal functioning of the Romanian legal system. In my opinion, this transformation has become necessary, because the level of legal culture in Romanian society is low,and a possible development of it can help reduce criminal acts in our country.
Coordinates of National Bank of Romania Reform
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2006,
Abstract: The reform process of the National Bank of Romania has started sixteen years ago since the communist regime was eliminated. The perspectives of Romania’s EU accession enforced this process and the NBR accounted performances in targeting its objectives. In this study we underline the challenges and consequences of Romanian central bank reform. In spite of a central bank independence, sometimes between monetary and fiscal polices there are no correlation. That’s why we propose the multiannual budgeting as a correspondent in fiscal policy for inflation targeting monetary policy framework. Also we assess the consequences of Basel II implementation for Romanian banking system and, especially NBR responsibilities.
Re(De)-Forming public administration: an expert outlook on reform planning in Romania  [PDF]
Diana-Camelia IANCU
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: It has been argued that the West with its well-established democracies was largely responsible for the filling of the institutional vacuum the East experienced after the fall of totalitarian regimes in the eve of the 90s. Scholars of international relations and public policies loudly debated on the existent causality between the European enlargement and the administrative reforms Central and Eastern European countries experienced in the last two decades. Be it in the form of soft or hard law, financial aid or penalties, Western norms were supposed to have been transferred to acceding countries in a rather alert tempo, and with a high(er) rate of compliance success. This research builds on these arguments without yet embracing them completely and tackles the issue of Western values successful transfer to public administration reform planning in Romania. The main question it attempts to answer is to what extent substantial compliance to the European expectations for building a consolidated public administration was achieved. In doing so, it compares formal national discourses of successful public administration reform with personal experiences of Romanian public managers, four years after Romania’s accession to the European Union. Between 2005 and 2008, the Romanian Government acknowledged the need for developing a highly professional, apolitical category of civil servants later to be called “public managers”. These managers, young people that were offered Governmental grants to train themselves in Western universities, were supposed to guide national reforms from the inside of the system. Their informal role was to use their Western academic and training experiences and place them against the national background so as to plan and execute a “good” public administration reform. Was this achieved? What were the intervening factors? The interviews performed on public managers from central government organizations are placed against the framework of postenlargement Europeanization studies and sustain the original hypothesis of the paper: there is a gap between reform discourse and reform practice, and transfer of Western values is hardly visible when the agents of this transfer are solely public managers.
Emil BOC
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The article focuses on the topic of the reform process in Romania from 2009 and until 2011 and highlights specific measures implemented in different areas such as public finances, education, and the legal system. The global economic crisis is seen as an opportunity, despite its negative economic and social consequences, because it has generated the profound reform of the Romanian state. Structural reforms have been initiated during these years which are believed to positively impact the development of the country in the following years or even decades.
Reform and Management in Romania. Strategy and Structural Change
Calin Emilian HINTEA
Revista de Cercetare ?i Interven?ie Social? , 2011,
Abstract: Reform of public management mean consists of deliberate changes in the structure and processes of public sector organizations with the purpose of making them function better (Pollitt and Bouckaert, 2004, p. 8). Reform efforts need to be deliberate, which means planned ahead and well structured. If after the implementation of reform actions the functioning of the public organization is even worse than at the initial starting point, the reforms cannot be justified. This article offers both a theoretical and empirical perspective on conceptualization and specific components of public sector reform as it developed throughout the recent years in different countries and also a critical view on Romania’s approach to reforming the public sector, since 1989 until now, with a case study on the Romanian public retirement system.
Alan Mayhew
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2003,
Abstract: At the end of every European Union accession negotiation, there is a fight about finance. Yet finance is by no means the most important element of the negotiations. Matters affecting the vital interests of new and old members like the free movement of labour or the representation of the new member state in the institutions of the Union are usually far more important in the longer term. But it is easier for politicians to talk to voters about money than about policy. The budgetary negotiations in this first enlargement to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe were perhaps more important in that these are relatively poor countries compared to the Union average per capita gross domestic product. They all will have to invest heavily in transport and environmental infrastructure in the coming decades in order to catch up with the standards of the EU-15 and support higher economic growth and development. Assuming responsible macro-economic policy in the new member states, EU budgetary transfers can speed up this investment process considerably, allowing these countries to catch up with the old member states in terms of per capita income more quickly. Higher transfers to the new member states means of course larger net budgetary contributions for the old member states (EU-15). This comes at a time when budget deficits are high and rising throughout the EURO-zone and when member states are making politically controversial cuts in social spending. The fiscal discipline involved in membership of the monetary union and implementation of the Broad Economic Policy Guidelines therefore means that the existing member states of the Union are not keen to see their net budgetary position with Brussels deteriorate or even their gross contributions to the budget rise. This paper investigates the background to the budget negotiations and the political economy behind them.
Jacques Pelkmans
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2001,
Abstract: This article provides a critical review of the “terms” of the ongoing EU enlargement, in the light of the European public interest. The European public interest ought to include the prospective (Central European) members, within a perspective of an enlarged Union in 2010, or so. The following forms a personalised summary of a major report published (in Dutch) in September 2001 by the WRR in The Hague (a think-tank, formally under the Dutch Prime Minister, but by statute fully independent). The author was one of the lead-writers of this report. The present article merely focuses on the policy recommendations of the report. It is hoped that these kinds of critical analyses will help to stimulate solid policy debate on the EU in Romania, on the road to EU membership. The article discusses why the notion of a “core-acquis” would improve the enlargement strategy; the application of the core acquis to the internal market, environment and justice and home affairs; judicial and administrative capacity; accession to “euro-land”; the rapid reform of the CAP; a reform of “cohesion” approaches; and a note on the EU budgetary implications.
Enrico Grillo Pasquarelli
Romanian Journal of European Affairs (RJEA) , 2002,
Abstract: This paper is the edited version of the speech given by Mr Enrico Grillo Pasquarelli at the European Institute of Romania on April 12, 2002. In his speech, Mr. Pasquarelli analyzes Romania’s situation in the larger context of the EU enlargement. The main argument throughout the speech is that accession is not about negotiations and transposition of the legislation, but it is about preparations at home. The lack of proper implementation and enforcement of EU conform legislation may result in a paper-only exercise which will further weaken the administrative capacity, resulting in the end in the inability of the Romanian economy to withstand competition in the Single Market. Romania still has to make progress in a number of areas such as civil service reform, independence of judiciary, corruption, environment, and economic reform, including agriculture. Positive developments can be noticed as well, such as a greater civic and democratic maturity of the Romanian society, and progress towards macroeconomic stability.
Cocris Vasile,Capraru Bogdan
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2008,
Abstract: In January 2007, Romania had become a member of the European Union and the National Bank of Romania a member of The European System of Central Banks (ESCB). This event was a confirmation of the success of Romanian reforms, but, on the other hand, it was a beginning of a new stage in the process of accomplishing the nominal and real convergence conditions, set in the Maastricht Treaty. In this study we have done some considerations about the NBR’s reform performances before and after EU accession and, also, we have talked about the main challenges and perspectives for Romanian central bank in the new economic environment imposed by the integration process.
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