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Painting and Illustrations
Soumitra Mondal
Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities , 2009,
Abstract: This Creative Section features Painting and Illustrations of Soumitra Mondal
The temperament types of lecturers and students at a pharmacy school  [cached]
W. D. Basson,S. Rothmann,H. S. Steyn
South African Journal of Industrial Psychology , 2001, DOI: 10.4102/sajip.v27i2.782
Abstract: The personality preferences and resulting temperament types of lecturers and students play an important role in their teaching and learning respectively. The objective of this research was to compare the temperament types of pharmacy lecturers and students at a tertiary education institution. Opsomming Die pcrsoonlikheidsvoorkeure en gevolglike temperamcnt tipes van studente en dosente sped onderskeidelik 'n belangrike rol in hulle leer en onderrig. Die doelstelling van hierdie navorsing was om die temperamenttipes van aptekertudente en -dosente aan 'n tersiere inrigting te vergelyk.
Revising the Musical Equal Temperament  [PDF]
Haye Hinrichsen
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Western music is predominantly based on the equal temperament with a constant semitone frequency ratio of $2^{1/12}$. Although this temperament has been in use since the 19th century and in spite of its high degree of symmetry, various musicians have repeatedly expressed their discomfort with the harmonicity of certain intervals. Recently it was suggested that this problem can be overcome by introducing a modified temperament with a constant but slightly increased frequency ratio. In this paper we confirm this conjecture quantitatively. Using entropy as a measure for harmonicity, we show numerically that the harmonic optimum is in fact obtained for frequency ratios larger than $2^{1/12}$. This suggests that the equal temperament should be replaced by a harmonized temperament as a new standard.
Landscape Painting. Rewriting Painting in the Postmedium Condition  [cached]
Gal, Nissim
RIHA Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Is landscape painting still relevant today? To answer this question the article examines the work of the contemporary artist Yehudit Sasportas. Sasporas offers a unique kind of written-drawn landscape painting that moves between the manual and the mechanical. The theoretical perspectives from which it is approached are taken, among others, from Plato, Heidegger and Derrida on the issue of writing. Sasportas painting, which may be characterized as "painting under erasure" or "Landscape Painting", serves as a key to understanding the status of painting as a relevant medium, not because it defines medium according to the modernist Greenbergian formula, but because it enables an understanding of painting as a field that exists in a variety of media. Painting as a field, in Sasportas's art, works and lives within various techniques and materials, even when it includes within itself a melancholic mark indicating doubt about its own relevance.
A Quantitative Approach to Painting Styles  [PDF]
Vilson Vieira,Renato Fabbri,David Sbrissa,Luciano da Fontoura Costa,Gonzalo Travieso
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: This research extends a method previously applied to music and philosophy,representing the evolution of art as a time-series where relations like dialectics are measured quantitatively. For that, a corpus of paintings of 12 well-known artists from baroque and modern art is analyzed. A set of 93 features is extracted and the features which most contributed to the classification of painters are selected. The projection space obtained provides the basis to the analysis of measurements. This quantitative measures underlie revealing observations about the evolution of painting styles, specially when compared with other humanity fields already analyzed: while music evolved along a master-apprentice tradition (high dialectics) and philosophy by opposition, painting presents another pattern: constant increasing skewness, low opposition between members of the same movement and opposition peaks in the transition between movements. Differences between baroque and modern movements are also observed in the projected "painting space": while baroque paintings are presented as an overlapped cluster, the modern paintings present minor overlapping and are disposed more widely in the projection than the baroque counterparts. This finding suggests that baroque painters shared aesthetics while modern painters tend to "break rules" and develop their own style.
The Visual Poetry of Chinese Bamboo: Some Notes on Traditional Chinese Xieyi Painting
Maningning C. Miclat
Humanities Diliman , 2000,
Abstract: Chinese painting (Huo Hua) which dates back to the Han Dynasty (25 A.D.-135 A.D.) has two traditions: the Xieyi and the Gong Pi. Xieyi means "writing the meaning down" and its practitioners are literati artists who execute expressionistic and gestural strokes. Gong Pi painting is known for its application of colors and fine strokes. It is a naturalistic rendition of the subject that imitates the superficial likeness of the world. While Xieyi painting aims to capture the Qi or the vital spirit in the practice of painting and calligraphy,1 the naturalistic rendition of Gong Pi painting exhibits the dexterity of the artist. However, capturing the Qi is a more sophisticated preoccupation as far as the Chinese scholars of the classical times are concerned.Xieyi painting is associated with literati paintings or the Wen Ren Hua practiced by scholars. It includes mainly landscapes, flora and fauna, human figures, and the Si Jun Zi Hua2 or the Four Noblemen Painting. In the Si Jun Zi Hua painting of the Bamboo, the different brushstrokes of Chinese calligraphy are applied.3 Unlike Gong Pi painting, which takes many days or weeks to finish,4 the Xieyi painting is finished in one sitting. A Xieyi painting is composed by the artist on the spot. The blank paper signifies Yin and the brush strokes signify Yang. To balance a composition is to achieve harmony and wholeness. A good composition is achieved when the spirit or the essence of the subject is captured with the masterful brush strokes and a good sense of balance in the composition.In this paper, I will examine the history of Chinese literati painting, its materials, its tradition and milieu, the symbolism of its themes, and its practice in post-Cultural Revolution China.
An Analysis of the Image-Literary Intertextuality Between the Remnant Complex and Literati's Orchid Poetry and Painting Tradition

- , 2018, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2018.05.014
Abstract: 兰花是中国古代诗画中反复出现的文学意象与文化符号。自宋以来,兰花成为文人画的一个重要题材,相应产生了大量以兰花为题的题画诗。特别是那些遗民画家和失意文人,兰花几乎成为他们书写自我、抚慰精神创伤、超越现实政治、寄托文化情怀的典型载体之一。他们围绕兰花创造了一系列文学母题、图像模式和思想结构,在以往以文字为系统表达形式之外,赋予了另一个以图像为核心的新系统,将孔子“空谷幽兰”和屈原“香草美人”的思想和情感表现传统与意义再生产机制推向了新的阶段。可以通过具体的兰花诗画作品,从图-文互文性角度梳理、解读这些审美、思想与意义系统,探讨其中蕴含的复杂的遗民情结、儒家人格理想与超越性精神,这是一条进入中国古代文人心灵和历史世界的通幽曲径。
Orchid was frequently used in ancient Chinese poems and paintings as literary image and cultural symbol. Since the Song Dynasty, orchid has become an important subject for literati painting, and a large number of poems have been produced accordingly. Especially for those painters who survived from former dynasties and frustrated literati, orchids have become one of the typical carriers to write about themselves, soothe trauma, and place cultural feelings beyond the real politics. They have created a series of literary motifs, image patterns, and ideological structures around orchids. In addition to the traditional text-based expressions, they have created another new system centering on images, pushing the tradition of ideological and emotional expression and the meaning reproduction mechanism in Confucius's 'secluded orchid in a deserted valley' and Qu Yuan's 'beauty of perfumed grass' to a new stage. Therefore, through specific orchid poems and paintings and from the perspective of image-literary intertextuality, we can sort out and interpret these systems of aesthetics, thoughts, and meanings, and explore the complicated legacy, Confucian ideals, and transcendental spirits in those works. It is a path into the spiritual and historical world of Chinese ancient literati
Gender and Power ... and perhaps Temperament?
John DiLiberti
International Journal for Equity in Health , 2003, DOI: 10.1186/1475-9276-2-3
Abstract: The interpretations made by these authors appear reasonably self-evident. Anyone who has worked on a hospital ward in the United States or Canada will likely recognize in these vignettes strong similarities to personal observations and/or experiences. Res ipsa loquitur. But in matters this complex do gender and power represent the only two important variables? I can't help but think that temperament makes a large difference in physician – nurse interactions. Little has been published in the medical literature about this subject, but unpublished data indicate major differences among various medical careers on a test such as the Myers-Briggs. Do differences in career choices by temperament play a hidden role in studies such as the one by Zelek and Phillips? Most observers would likely agree that a comparison of neonatology, pediatrics and surgery would demonstrate great differences in temperament between each group, both at the nurse and physician level. During the late 20th century as the proportion of women among matriculating medical students increased markedly, the specialty selections of graduating physicians also shifted considerably, with women selecting areas such as pediatrics disproportionately. Is it possible that we have experienced a differential temperament shift as well? Could historical tensions between male physicians and female nurses be about temperament mismatches as much as about gender and power? Perhaps future research in this area will go beyond the traditional binary perspective and examine a more complex, but richer terrain.
Temperament and Character in Psychosomatic Disorders  [PDF]
Medine Yazici Gulec
Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar , 2009,
Abstract: Personality takes an important role in etiology of psychosomatic disorders. The studies conducted with Temperament and Character Inventory which investigates the personality according to psychobiological model is considered to have a major role in understanding the relationship between personality and psychosomatic disorders. In order to emphasize the previous studies on this subject, we have done database search in Pubmed and Turk Psikiyatri Dizini (Turkish Psychiatry Directory) for the time period between 1991 and 2009 to determine and evaluate the articles conducted among somatization, dermatologic illness, headache, physical medicine, angina, irritable bowel syndrome and asthma patients using Temperament and Character Inventory. The most significant consistent result of these studies was elevated harm avoid-ance scores. Harm avoidance scores still remain high even after controlling for the effect of depression and anxiety. Thus this temperament dimension is possibly an important state and trait feature for development of psychosomatic illnesses. These findings also confirmed that serotonergic systems get involved in the process of psychosomatic organization. In many studies, the mean scores of self direction sub-dimension of Temperament and Character Inventory which has been considered as the fundamental dimension to achieve mature personality, was found to be lower in psychosomatic patient groups than normal healthy control. This result hence supports the notion that process of illness affects the personality among these patients. Detailed evaluation of temparement and character profiles of psychosomatic patients would contribute much into understanding the etiology of these disorders.
Automatic Wall Painting Robot  [PDF]
International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: The Primary Aim Of The Project Is To Design, Develop And Implement Automatic Wall Painting Robot Which Helps To Achieve Low Cost Painting Equipment. Despite The Advances In Robotics And Its Wide Spreading Applications, Interior Wall Painting Has Shared Little In Research Activities. The Painting Chemicals Can Cause Hazards To The Human Painters Such As Eye And Respiratory System Problems. Also The Nature Of Painting Procedure That Requires Repeated Work And Hand Rising Makes It Boring, Time And Effort Consuming. When Construction Workers And Robots Are Properly Integrated In Building Tasks, The Whole Construction Process Can Be Better Managed And Savings In Human Labour And Timing Are Obtained As A Consequence. In Addition, It Would Offer The Opportunity To Reduce Or Eliminate Human Exposure To Difficult And Hazardous Environments, Which Would Solve Most Of The Problems Connected With Safety When Many Activities Occur At The Same Time. These Factors Motivate The Development Of An Automated Robotic Painting System.
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