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Hendrik Bosman
Scriptura , 2012, DOI: 10.7833/108-1-6
Abstract: This contribution attempts to interpret the personal diaries and papers of Hendrik Witbooi, an icon of the struggle for liberation in Namibia, in view of postcolonial criticism. It is argued that Witbooi's diaries and papers indicate how he responded to colonial discursive practices by means of assimilation and resistance. Special attention is given to the possibility that an 'exodus theme' was employed as a rhetorical strategy to mobilize the Witboois to relocate to new territory and eventually used to resist colonialism by inciting an uprising against the German authorities. The question will also be posed what type of Bible interpretation Captain Witbooi employed to come to such an understanding of the exodus theme in his diaries within the nineteenth century theological context of providentialism. The article forms part of a research project on "The negotiation of identity and narratives concerning origin and migration in Africa." doi: 10.7833/108-1-6
The theological paraphrasing of history: The Exodus tradition in the Wisdom of Solomon  [cached]
Hendrik L. Bosman
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2012,
Abstract: This study of the reinterpretation of the exodus tradition in the Wisdom of Solomon investigated the possibility that the reinterpretation entailed the alignment of history and wisdom. To come to grips with this alignment, attention had to be paid to its Greco-Roman context, whilst also taking into consideration the literary and theological structure of the Wisdom of Solomon, as well as its rhetoric and genre. In a theologically creative manner, Wisdom (as divine personification) and history (as memories of salvation during the Exodus) were combined in the Wisdom of Solomon to convince the Jews in the diaspora that justice would prevail – not only in this life but also thereafter. By means of poetic imagery, rhetorical skill, historical reinterpretation and imaginative wisdom theology, religious identity were not only bolstered to resist a dominant Greco-Roman culture but also to develop a positive view of creation according to the values of wisdom exemplified by the reinterpreted Exodus traditions.
The Exodus and the spade: The impact of archaeology on the interpretation of the book of Exodus  [cached]
H.L. Bosman
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v58i4.619
Abstract: The interpretation of the book of Exodus is used as an example of the different ways in which archaeological discoveries influenced the course of biblical exegesis. Special emphasis will be placed on matters such as the Amarna letters and the Habiru, Merneptah Stele and the date of the Exodus and the Egyptian background of the Exodus. In conclusion it will be argued that critical dialogue and mutual respect must exist between archaeology and biblical studies. The theological interpretation of biblical texts is inevitably an interdisciplinary endeavor and archaeology is an academic discipline that must be part of the critical dialogue with biblical exegesis.
Funlola Olojede
Scriptura , 2012, DOI: 10.7833/108-1-7
Abstract: Certain elements of the origin and migration narratives of the Yoruba such as a common ancestor, common ancestral home, common belief in the Supreme Deity provide a basis for identity formation and recognition among the people. It is argued that the narratives help to bring to light the memories of the Exodus and Israel's recollection of Yahweh as the root of its identity. The juxtaposition of cosmogonic myths and migration theories foregrounds the elements of identity formation of the Yoruba people and have a parallel in the blending of both cosmic and migration elements in Exodus 14-15:18. This blending also points out clearly the role of Yahweh as the main character in the Sea event. doi: 10.7833/108-1-7
Edwin Zulu
Scriptura , 2012, DOI: 10.7833/108-1-9
Abstract: The interpretation of the Ngoni of Exodus 14:21-31 makes a comparison with the Israelites possible. Both the Israelites and the Ngoni crossed an expanse of water to reach their new land; The Israelites crossed the Red Sea and the Ngoni crossed the Zambezi River. Moreover, just as God provided the Israelites passage by facilitating the crossing of the Red Sea on dry land in a miraculous way, the Ngoni were aided by the locals, the Chikunda people, by carrying them in their canoes to cross the river. The Egyptians perished in the sea; the Ngoni killed the Chikunda after being aided by them. The role of the King is also mentioned; in the biblical story Moses plays a significant role as the agent of God. In a similar manner, King Zwangendaba's role is highlighted in the entire episode. These narratives of origin and migration (both Biblical and Ngoni) are important for the formation of identity amongst the Ngoni in Zambia. doi: 10.7833/108-1-9
Nuptial poetry among the Tiv of Nigeria
M Tsen ngu
Tydskrif vir letterkunde , 2011,
Abstract: This essay first introduces briefly ethnological data of the Tiv, focusing particularly on their marriage forms. The important place of the marriage dance in their marriage ceremony is identified. Also identified is the involvement of poetry in the dance. Three kinds of poetic performances are highlighted. These are the solicited poems from professional poets, the solos performed individually by elderly women during the dances, and the dominant antiphonies that are of general participation. The antiphonies are divided into those that welcome the bride, those that abuse bad wives, those that praise smart grooms, those that demonstrate men’s courting manipulations and those that celebrate sexuality. Each of these divisions is exemplified with poetic illustrations. In conclusion, the artistry and functionality of Tiv nuptial poems are re-emphasised.
Metaphysics and Translating. An Exodus-quotation in Medieval Vernacular Literature.
Edit Anna Lukács
Skepsi , 2008,
Abstract: The Speculum Maius, encyclopaedia of Vincent of Beauvais – and in particular the section titled Speculum Historiale – was one of the most popular objects of vernacular translations in the 14th century. The first chapter contains a metaphysical expository, with some relevant quotations on the divine substance, among which appears the biblical auto-definition of God (Exodus 3:15): ‘Ego sum qui sum, hoc nomen mihi est in aeternum’. The translation of Jean de Vignay (Paris, Antoine Verard, 1496) renders this sentence with an alternative meaning: ‘Je suy ce que ie suy et ce nom est a moy en pardurablete’. Another manuscript version produced by an anonymous translator in Metz (Abrégé lorrain, ms. fr. 9558 of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France) chooses to transcribe the Latin, then the French version: ‘Ego sum qui sum. Je suy qui suy. Cilz noms mest pardurables’. As a matter of fact, Gilson interprets the whole medieval philosophy as an amount of individual positions to the Exodus- manifestation of God.How do these two vernacular accounts behave towards the metaphysics of the Exodus, which philosophical position do they adopt among other Exodus-adaptations? Is it possible to differentiate in this sentence a theological point of view from that of the translator? What’s the relationship generally between the two texts and their translators who consider their work of translation slightly differently?This paper highlights at the same time the use of quotations and the textual equivalence in translations. Questioning this particular case can evaluate the degree of philosophical consciousness and the work of translation in the Middle Ages, exemplified in two philological rarities.
Negotiation Games  [PDF]
Philipp Hoffmann
Computer Science , 2015, DOI: 10.4204/EPTCS.193.3
Abstract: Negotiations, a model of concurrency with multi party negotiation as primitive, have been recently introduced by J. Desel and J. Esparza. We initiate the study of games for this model. We study coalition problems: can a given coalition of agents force that a negotiation terminates (resp. block the negotiation so that it goes on forever)?; can the coalition force a given outcome of the negotiation? We show that for arbitrary negotiations the problems are EXPTIME-complete. Then we show that for sound and deterministic or even weakly deterministic negotiations the problems can be solved in PTIME. Notice that the input of the problems is a negotiation, which can be exponentially more compact than its state space.
Anisotropy in the Ray Tracing with the Emphasis on Hexagonal Symmetry (TIV)  [PDF]
I.A. Mohammed,Wang Jia Ying
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: For ray tracing purposes, the difference between the phase and group velocities is clarified in order to derive numerically the change in ray velocity due to anisotropy. The simplest anisotropy case of broad geophysical applicability is the transverse isotropy or hexagonal symmetry. The main notations introduced by Auld, 1990 to describe the transverse isotropy of vertical symmetry axis (TIV) have been used.
The Information Value of Traditional Tiv Music and Dance in the Age of Modern Communication Technologies
Jude Terna Kur,Nicholas Sesugh Iwokwagh
Asian Journal of Information Technology , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/ajit.2011.101.107
Abstract: This study focuses on the information value of traditional Tiv music and dance in the age of modern communication technologies. The question that guides the analysis is whether traditional Tiv music and dance still provide valuable information at a time which the modern means of communication are credited for providing rapid, spontaneous and swift information on virtually all issues affecting human society directly or indirectly. The analysis argues in support of the idea that traditional Tiv music and dance provide information (though not as rapid, swift and spontaneous as modem means of communication) which contributes to the socio-economic and political development in Tiv society. This information takes the form of education and mobilization of the people. The information is relevant to the people because of the popularity of traditional music and dance among the people. Similarly, the problems of low credibility and information and technological gaps associated with modern means of communication give an added advantage to acceptability and popularity of traditional Tiv music and dance in Tiv society. Traditional Tiv musicians and dancers seize the opportunity of the acceptability and popularity of the music and dance to send across to the people information on social, economic and political affairs that directly and indirectly affect their lives.
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