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SOLU II DE FINAN ARE DURABIL A SISTEMULUI DE S N TATE DIN ROM NIA  [PDF]
Sorin Gabriel Anton
Revista de Economie Sociala , 2013,
Abstract: n Romania, precum n multe alte ri n curs de dezvoltare, sistemul de s n tate se confrunt cu unele provoc ri majore, cum ar fi mb tranirea popula iei, progresul tehnologic, migra ia medicilor, cre terea costurilor cu ngrijirea s n t ii, pandemiile i bolile determinate de stilul de via . n aceste condi ii, identificarea unor resurse financiare suplimentare i utilizarea eficient a resurselor limitate existente ar trebui s reprezinte preocup ri majore pentru orice factor de decizie din sistemulde s n tate din Romania. Scopul lucr rii este de a evalua nevoile de finan are ale sistemelor de s n tate din Romania i de a recomanda solu ii durabile de finan are menite s asigure accesul tuturor cet enilor la serviciile de s n tate.
Rolul administratiei publice locale in corelarea strategiilor regionale si stimularea parteneriatelor de dezvoltare economica si sociala in judetul Gorj
Constan?a ENEA,Amelia Georgiana BONCEA,Constantin ENEA
Revista Transilvan? de ?tiin?e Administrative , 2010,
Abstract: Scopul principal al acestui articol consta in oferirea factorilor de luare a deciziilor a unor informatii detaliate cu privire la procesul de planificare a dezvoltarii economice locale. Cercetare utilizeaza ca metodologie analiza secundara a datelor ce provin de la Institutul National de Statistica a judetului Gorj. Cercetarea evidentiaza principalele tendinte ce se manifesta in judet cu referire la fenomenele care influenteaza dezvoltarea economica locala: consumul, piata muncii, sectorul de afaceri etc. De asemenea, autorii analizeaza programele implentate la nivelul judetului, scopul carora consta in promovarea dezvoltarii economice locale si regionale. In final, autorii mentioneaza o serie de bariere ce exista la nivelul judetului si impiedica dezvoltarea economica, precum si o serie de masuri menite sa adreseze aceste provocari.
Xpros: a Fuzzy Expert System for Prospect Appraisal XPROS : un système expert flou pour l'évaluation de prospects
Li L. H.,Chen H. C.,Fang J. H.
Oil & Gas Science and Technology , 2006, DOI: 10.2516/ogst:1992022
Abstract: We have developed a fuzzy expert system (XPROS) based on the fuzzy multicriteria decision-making paradigm for prospect evaluation. XPROS considers all available information, which are usually fragmentary and imprecise - the kind of information which cannot be incorporated in traditional methods. In essence, XPROS employs fuzzy implications to gauge satisfaction levels associated with each measure of the characteristics associated with the source rock, reservoir, trap, and seal. In this paper we describe XPROS illustrated with a case study. Nous avons développé un système expert flou, XPROS, qui s'appuie sur le paradigme de la prise de décision multicritères en univers incertain pour évaluer un prospect. XPROS utilise l'ensemble des informations disponibles, qu'on ne peut en général prendre en compte dans les méthodes conventionnelles, car elles sont souvent partielles et imprécises. XPROS exploite des implications floues pour calculer les niveaux de satisfaction associés aux diverses mesures des caractéristiques du prospect : roche-mère, réservoir, piège, couverture. Cet article contient la description de XPROS et une illustration sur un cas d'application.
CONOCIMIENTO EXPERTO EN COMPRENSIóN DE NOTICIAS ESPECIALIZADAS Expert Knowledge In Understanding Of Specialized News  [cached]
Iván Jara,Bernardo Riffo
Estudios Pedagógicos (Valdivia) , 2009,
Abstract: El supuesto que subyace al presente artículo es que el conocimiento previo en sus diferentes grados influye en la construcción y actualización del modelo de situación en la comprensión de textos en general, y en la lectura de noticias especializadas en particular. Se presenta los resultados de una investigación cuyo propósito fundamental era establecer cómo y cuánto influye el conocimiento previo experto en la comprensión de noticias especializadas. Los participantes, 40 estudiantes de dos carreras diferentes de la Universidad de Concepción, leyeron dos textos correspondientes a una noticia de su área disciplinar y otra de un área diferente. Además, los sujetos debían responder dos tipos de preguntas entre las que se incluían algunas que exigen disponer de un conocimiento experto para ser respondidas. Los resultados muestran una diferencia significativa de ambos grupos entre el conocimiento experto y su rendimiento, tanto en el tipo de texto, como en el tipo de pregunta. En suma, el conocimiento previo experto favorece el rendimiento de comprensión de noticias de áreas específicas. The assumption that underlying at this paper is that different levels of prior knowledge influence the setting up and realization of situation models in text comprehension in general, and reading specialized news in particular. This paper reports the results of a study intending to prove how and to what extent prior expert knowledge influences specialized news comprehension. 40 participants in the research, coming from two different disciplinary areas of the Universidad de Concepción, read two news texts: one about their own discipline, and one about another discipline. Further, the subjects had to answer two different questions, including those demanding expert knowledge to answer them. The data showed a significant difference between the specialized knowledge of the participants and their test performance, and so it does in the type of text and in the type of question. Briefly, expert prior knowledge enhances performance in comprehension of news about specific areas.
Bioética de la actividad pericial médica Bioethics of Medical Expert-Witness Activity  [cached]
J. Aso Escario
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense , 2009,
Abstract: La Bioética implica hoy en día a toda la actividad médica, habiéndose convertido en un factor crucial a la hora de orientar la acción en muchas situaciones clínicas y evaluar materias médicas tales como publicaciones, artículos y conferencias. Sin embargo, hasta el momento, la Bioética ha prestado poca atención a la actividad pericial médica. Ello a pesar de los importantes problemas que surgen en los peritajes ante los Tribunales. Factores como la cualificación del perito, sesgo, error, confidencialidad, conflictos entre actividad asistencial y pericial, están entre las principales materias potenciales de discusión ética. En Espa a, en particular, hay una falta de regulación de estos aspectos, causando importantes consecuencias sobre todo en casos de litigación por cuestiones de responsabilidad médica. El presente trabajo intenta revisar la situación en Espa a, comparada con las posiciones en el extranjero, y enfatizar la necesidad de una regulación legal, profesional pero sobre todo ética de la actividad pericial médica ante los Tribunales. Bioethics involves the entire medical activity, becoming, in recent years, a crucial factor in evaluating medical matters such as publications, conferences, articles, and clinical cases analysis. Nevertheless, expert-witness testimony is sheldomly included in Bioethic discussions, despite the important problems that arise from medical testimonies in tribunals. Factors as expert qualification, bias, error, confidentiality, conflict between clinical and expert activities, are among the main potential subjects of Ethical discussion. In Spain in particular, there is a lack of regulation in these matters, determining important consequences mainly in professional responsability judgement cases. The present paper tries to review the Spanish situation, compared to abroad positions, and enphasize the need of a more extensive legal, professional but mainly ethical regulation of medical expert testimony in court in Spain.
PROGRAMUL SAPARD I POLITICA DE DEZVOLTARE RURAL  [PDF]
Diana ALEXANDRU
Geographia Napocensis , 2008,
Abstract: Sapard Programme and rural development policy. The financial help offered to the European Union accessing countries represents a subject of great interest, firstly due to the quantity of individually attributed funds, and secondly, due to the manner these funds are distributed according to national territorial necessities. The statistical analysis of financial data synthetically reflects the practical results registered in the territory. Essentially to be mentioned here is the ratio each economic sub-sector of activity benefits of, directly correlated to priorities established by the national rural development plan, at a regional and county level, priorities that would become possible directions of long and medium term rural development. The development of local infrastructure represented a priority proved by the level of initiative shown by the local administrations for the modernization of roads, the construction of water networks, water sewage and sewerage systems. Though this priority had an advantage even from the beginning by receiving half of the non-refundable funds that rural development programme was allocated, they succeeded to entirely absorb the funds allocated to this sector in a short time.
Politica de dezvoltare rurala durabila a UE  [PDF]
Talmaciu M, Mihai C
Scientific Annals of the Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi : Economic Sciences Series , 2005,
Abstract:
ALGUNOS ASPECTOS RELEVANTES DE LA PRUEBA PERICIAL EN EL PROCESO CIVIL SOME RELEVANTS ASPECTS OF EXPERT EVIDENCE ON CIVIL PROCEEDINGS  [cached]
Maite Aguirrezabal Grünstein
Revista de Derecho (Coquimbo) , 2012,
Abstract: El presente trabajo tiene por objeto analizar algunos aspectos procesales de relevancia en torno a la prueba pericial en el proceso civil, con especial énfasis en la transformación que ha sufrido la figura del perito y su institucionalizaron en las reformas procesales chilenas. This paper aims to examine some relevant procedural aspects about the expert evidence in civil proceedings, with special emphasis on the transformation that the figure of the expert wins and its institutionalization in the procedural reforms in Chile.
CONSIDERENTE ASUPRA REFORMEI ADMINISTRATIVE A SISTEMELOR DE PENSII  [PDF]
Dorina LAZ?R,Codru?a F?T
Revista Transilvan? de ?tiin?e Administrative , 2007,
Abstract: The first part of this article emphasises, by means of descriptive statistics, the need for revising pension systems financed by redistribution. The administrative and structural reform of the public pension system represents an important task for many governments around the world. An overview of the main reform as well as an analysis of the way in which the two systems, financed through redistribution, respectively through accumulation, are being exposed to different risks is provided. The work ends by analyzing the situation of the pension system in Romania during the last decade, an analysis based upon the previous calculation of the main indicators characterising such a pension system, and a brief analysis of legislative progress in the structural and administrative framework, that has been achieved by the governments from our country.
ANALIZ COMPARAT A SISTEMELOR DE EVALUARE A PROGRAMELOR EDUCA IONALE
Florin C?RBUN?REAN,Drago?-C?lin SAB?U
Revista Transilvan? de ?tiin?e Administrative , 2011,
Abstract: The major changes that occurred in the higher education systems across Europe led to changes in the functioning of educational programs. These changes have emphasized the need for quality assurance mechanisms. This article begins with a brief presentation of the quality assurance methods and models, focusing afterwards on the European quality assurance systems used in higher education. Some of these systems are analyzed and then we look at the evaluation processes and procedures used to ensure the quality of three master programs from Romania. Comparing the quality assessment models used in some European countries we can state that the criteria and the procedures utilized are quite diverse. Only two criteria have been identified as common to all models, and few more which were common only to some systems. We also found that the beneficiaries’ satisfaction is an indicator used rather often in assessing the quality of the three master programs from Romania. We conclude that the evaluation process has gain in significance and its evolution is likely to be tied to the activity of international quality assurance networks which began to develop guidelines for the national agencies. In addition to that, we witness an increase in standardization.
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