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Driving Forces of Globalization in Emerging Market Economies Developing Countries  [cached]
Ghirmai T. Kefela
Asian Economic and Financial Review , 2011,
Abstract: The paper will deal mainly with the macroeconomics of globalization (trade andfinance), but before proceeding, a final distinction needs to be drawn betweenglobalization and liberalization. Developing countries themselves had to take someimportant steps before the full impact of globalization could be felt. Specifically, theyhad to open their own economies, to lower the barriers to trade and capital flows thathad been an important component of the import-substitution industrialization modelthat almost all followed for some period. Without these policy shifts, globalizationwould be much less relevant than it is today, especially in the developing world.Liberalization, then, is the other side of globalization.
The effects of globalization on child labor in developing countries  [cached]
Ozcan Dagdemir,Hakan Acaroglu
Business and Economic Horizons , 2010,
Abstract: This paper inquires the effects of globalization on child labor in developing countries via crosscountryanalysis by decomposing globalization to its components; foreign direct investment(FDI) and trade. The findings reveal that the relationship between the child labor supply andgross domestic product per capita (PCGDP) can be expressed as a U shape. The study indicatesthat the child labor increases in the developing countries whose PCGDP levels are above 7 500USD since the net effect of globalization is positive for the positive substitution effect is biggerthan the negative income effect. Data have been collected from UNICEF and World Bank.
Strategy of Ukraine : Economics, Sociology, Law , 2011,
Abstract: Article contains information concerning the problem of influence of globalization on the financial markets of the developing countries and domestic financial market particularly. The most typical consequences of financial globalization on this segment of market economy are researched. В статье рассматриваются проблемы влияния глобализации на финансовые рынки и отечественный финансовый рынок в частности. Исследуются и выделяются наиболее характерные последствия финансовой глобализации на данный сегмент рыночной экономики. В статт розглядаються проблеми впливу глобал зац на ф нансов ринки, що розвиваються та в тчизняний ф нансовий ринок зокрема. Досл джуються та вид ляються найб льш характерн насл дки ф нансово глобал зац на даний сегмент ринково економ ки.
Per Pinstrup-Andersen, Julie Babinard
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development , 2001,
Abstract: Globalization is here to stay. Those of us concerned about nutrition among low-income families should focus on how globalization can be guided for their benefit. This chapter provides a conceptual framework for assessing the linkages between globalization and nutrition, and suggests action to be taken by governments and civil society. Policy changes are needed in developing countries to give poor people access to productive resources and markets, and to assure that the poor are not marginalized in the globalization process. Policies are also needed to guide domestic markets for imported foods. Industrialized countries must open their markets for developing-country goods and services (including agricultural commodities and processed foods) and remove unfair trade practices. Globalization can help or hurt the poor and malnourished. Accompanying policies will help determine which it will be. (Af. J. Food and Nutritional Sciences: 2001 1(1): 9-18)
Globalization-Economic, Legal and Institutional Aspects in the Light of Developing Countries
Jahangir Alam
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Globalization is a rapidly changing process that has shifted its dimension from merely One World Economy to complete integration that includes economic, social, cultural, and political aspects. This article states the present trend and move of global economy along with its process in legal and institutional aspects. There are potential dangers as well as controversies of globalization especially from the developing countries perspectives. So, these countries should try to formulate necessary safety nets to cope with the present mega trend world economy realizing the challenges of facing costs of globalization so that they can offset the gains with a positive balance.
Occupational health and safety in developing countries and Turkey in globalization process
Fatih Y?lmaz
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: Starting from the 1980s, globalization process has become increasingly visible worldwide. Globalization has mostly taken place in economical arena and manifested itself as the shifting of production in labor-intensive sectors towards developing countries. Globalization of the production canalized by multi-national companies causes an increase in occupational accidents and diseases as an outcome of low level of social protection in these developing countries. Primary reasons lying behind the reason of the increase in occupational accidents and diseases in developing countries are such as insufficient business law and social security, low level of unionization, use of old technologies, unqualified personnel and long working hours. In terms of occupational health and safety (OHS) small and medium sized enterprises (SME) are affected most from this process. In our country industrialization gained speed after the 1980s and as a consequence of the increase in the number of personnel in industry and service sectors, occupational accidents have also risen. In order to diminish the negative effects of globalization in Turkey, primarily the current legislation which has a narrow scope should be widened, a participative OHS management model should be adopted, special measurements should be taken for SMEs, OHS institute should be established and OHS training should be emphasized particularly in school level.
Impact of Globalization on the Human Resource Management Function in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Kenya Public Corporations
HG Gachunga
KCA Journal of Business Management , 2008,
Abstract: Globalization has a major impact on the management of human resources in developing countries including Kenya. It has led to homogenization and convergence in organization strategies, structures and processes as well as in consumer choice. With accelerating globalization, organizations have had to change and new trends have set in even in the management of human resources. Globalization has led to changes in organization design and organization structures are leaner thus improving efficiency but having a negative impact on staff numbers which have had to be reduced. This means employees have been retrenched in many sectors like telecommunications, the Kenya Railways and the Kenya public service sectors in order for those organizations to gain competitive advantage. Reward management systems have changed and even the human resource planning strategy is to have a leaner staff in the core areas and to hire part time workers in a bid to reduce costs and to enable the business to run profitably and efficiently. The non-core jobs have been outsourced which has led to an increase in independent contractors to service industries. However, the homogeneity that results from globalization has had a major effect in developing countries because of brain drain. Globalization can therefore be said to have had a phenomenal impact on a developing economy like Kenya that is both positive and negative as explored in the paper.
The urban environment and health in a world of increasing globalization: issues for developing countries
McMichael,Anthony J.;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862000000900007
Abstract: urban living is the keystone of modern human ecology. cities have multiplied and expanded rapidly worldwide over the past two centuries. cities are sources of creativity and technology, and they are the engines for economic growth. however, they are also sources of poverty, inequality, and health hazards from the environment. urban populations have long been incubators and gateways for infectious diseases. the early industrializing period of unplanned growth and laissez-faire economic activity in cities in industrialized countries has been superseded by the rise of collective management of the urban environment. this occurred in response to environmental blight, increasing literacy, the development of democratic government, and the collective accrual of wealth. in many low-income countries, this process is being slowed by the pressures and priorities of economic globalization. beyond the traditional risks of diarrhoeal disease and respiratory infections in the urban poor and the adaptation of various vector-borne infections to urbanization, the urban environment poses various physicochemical hazards. these include exposure to lead, air pollution, traffic hazards, and the ??urban heat island?? amplification of heatwaves. as the number of urban consumers and their material expectations rise and as the use of fossil fuels increases, cities contribute to the large-scale pressures on the biosphere including climate change. we must develop policies that ameliorate the existing, and usually unequally distributed, urban environmental health hazards and larger-scale environmental problems.
The Ill-effects Of Globalization From The Perspective Of Developing Countries
Lata D. Dhende
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The economic globalisation can be described as “the increasinginterdependence of economics”. Actually the Globalisation is fundamentally a economic phenomenon, but it is also related with almost all the fields of human life. So, it important to develop the human life from all aspects and the globalisation has potential for this. But we are far from full globalization and are trying to achieve the targets which are exactly opposite of objective of world commission on the social dimensions of globalisation.
The Impact of Globalization on Entrepreneurship Development in Developing Economies: A Theoretical Analysis of the Nigerian Experience in the Manufacturing Industry  [cached]
Masoje Oghenerobaro Mamuzo Akpor-Robaro
Management Science and Engineering , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.mse.1913035x20120602.2551
Abstract: The paper examines the globalization phenomenon and its impact on entrepreneurship development in developing economies. It appreciates the various perspectives of globalization concept, however, it narrows the discussion to economic globalization and globalization of business in particular. A focus on the implications of globalization for entrepreneurship development in developing countries is imperative, in view of the role of entrepreneurship as the engine of economic growth,and also, considering the apparent controversy about the role of globalization in national economic growth and development which is polarized between a positive perspective and a negative perspective. The paper presents a critical analysis and appraisal of the impact of globalization on entrepreneurship in Nigeria. The analysis is founded on a blend of scattered observations and some qualified reasoning based on information from literature on indigenous entrepreneurship and economic/industrial activities, since the past one decade when the gospel of globalization began; and the relationship between globalization and entrepreneurship. The analysis reveals that globalization has both positive and negative implications for entrepreneurship development, however it is noted that for developing economies, the negative impact far outweigh the positive impact. It is therefore recommended that developing countries must make conscious effort to engage economic policies and measures to manage the influence of globalization on entrepreneurship development, in a way that reduces the negative impact and promotes the positive impact. In conclusion, the paper emphasizes that developing countries must operate a selective or guided open system with regards to business entry into their economies from outside, to guard against market adverse effect due to globalization. Key words: Globalization; Entrepreneurship development; Impact guided open system; National economic growth and development
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