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Mega, February 1941: The role of the 1st South African Irish Regiment  [cached]
O.E.F. Baker,S. Monick
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/20-4-356
Abstract: Dr S. Monick and Cmdt O.E.F. Baker, DWD are at present engaged in compiling the work, entitled Clear the way: the military heritage of the South African Irish 1880-1990 (scheduled for publication in mid-1991). As the title implies, the study embraces the contribution of the South African Irish community to South Africa's military heritage, spanning over a century. The main body of the book details the regimental history of the 1st South African Irish Regiment, which has formed the conduit, or channel, of that contribution since 1939. The Regiment was originally conceived as a war service battalion (as was its predecessor in World War I) and officially instituted on 1 November 1939. As is well known, its service in World War II encompassed Abyssinia (January-February 1941) and North Africa; culminating in the Battle of Sidi Rezegh (23 November 1941), which effectively destroyed 5 SA Infantry Brigade and, as a consequence, spelt the demise of the South African Irish Regiment for the remainder of World War II.
SOUTH AFRICA AND THE WAR AGAINST JAPAN 1941-1945  [cached]
W.M. Bisset
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/25-2-249
Abstract: Although South Africa was never attacked by Japan during the Second World War, the threat was considered to be so great that one of our most distinguished soldiers, Brigadier (later Major General) W.H. Evered Poole was recalled from the Western Desert on 26 May 1942 and appointed Fortress Commander at The Castle in Cape Town. South Africa's published Official Histories of the Second World War contain few details of South Africans who served in the Far East. Commander H.R. Gordon-Cumming's unpublished Official History of the SA Naval Forces in the Second World War 1939-1945 includes narratives of the two South African ships which served in the Far East, HMSAS BARBRAKE and HMSAS NATAL, and HMS TEVIOT and HMS SALVESTOR which were manned by the South African Naval Force (SANF).
Alien Liberators and Friendly Occupiers : How West Ukrainian Population Perceived Soviets in 1939–1941
Irina N. Gridina
Bylye Gody , 2012,
Abstract: The article studies the perception of Soviet citizens by West Ukrainian population during the events of 1939–1941, which formed specific stereotypes, still in force and having impact on humanitarian relations between Ukraine and Russia.
DIE MIDDELANDSE REGIMENT  [cached]
G.E. Dokumentasiediens, SAW
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/8-4-757
Abstract: Established in 1934 as an infantry unit with its headquarters at Cradock the writer traces the background to this event and the early years of its existence before the outbreak of the Second World War. In June 1941, after a period of intensive training in the Union as a machine-gun battalion, the unit, departed for Egypt. In the North African campaign various of its companies saw action at Bardia, Sollum, Halfaya, Tobruk and EI Alamein. After the war the regiment was re-established as an armoured-car reconnaissance unit. The writer traces its further development with its change of name in 1954 to the 'Gideon Scheepers Regiment' and in 1960 to the 'Great Karoo Regiment' and a change of function to that of armoured infantry regiment.
THE UNION DEFENCE FORCE ENTERTAINMENT GROUP IN THE MIDDLE EAST  [cached]
M. Swift
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/4-3-917
Abstract: In November 1941, Major Myles Bourke flew from South Africa to Cairo to investigate the possibilities of sending South African concert parties to the Middle East. He was accompanied by Capt (then Lieut) Mrs Sybil Gaiger.
Volcanic caves of East Africa - an overview  [PDF]
Jim W. Simons
International Journal of Speleology , 1998,
Abstract: Numerous Tertiary to recent volcanoes are located in East Africa. Thus, much of the region is made up volcanic rock, which hosts the largest and greatest variety of East Africas caves. Exploration of volcanic caves has preoccupied members of Cave Exploration Group of East Africa (CEGEA) for the past 30 years. The various publications edited by CEGEA are in this respect a treasure troves of speleological information. In the present paper an overview on the most important volcanic caves and areas are shortly reported.
Veterinary education in South Africa : the classes of 1938 and 1939 : historical article  [cached]
R. D. Bigalke
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/jsava.v82i4.73
Abstract: Concise descriptions are given of the life histories of the 10 members of the classes of 1938 and 1939. All of them initially joined the government service, Hugo, Steenekamp and Schatz spending their entire careers in the South African Veterinary (Field) Services. Mansvelt, the first recipient of the much-coveted Theiler medal, was the 2nd veterinarian to be appointed Director of Veterinary Services, a position specially created for the 'Field' in 1962. Having first established a successful private practice, Hofmeyr was appointed as the 1st full-time Professor of Surgery of the Onderstepoort Faculty in 1958 and its 1st full-time Dean in 1976. Albertyn opted for a career in public health, becoming director of 1 of the largest local municipal abattoirs. Turner spent virtually his entire career in private practice and was eventually joined by Brown who had served in the British Colonial Veterinary Service for many years. Fick was a government veterinarian for his entire career, first in South Africa, then in the British Colonial Service (for 13 years) and finally returning to South Africa. Like Hugo, Muller filled a senior position in Veterinary (Field) Services before he opted for a farming career.
UNION DEFENCE FORCES : STATISTICS OF THE WOUNDED AND PRISONERS OF WAR DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR 1939-1945  [cached]
J.E. Loraine-Grews
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5787/15-1-497
Abstract: In 1943, after active service as ROMS of Die Middellandse Regiment in the Western Desert during which he escaped capture at Tobruk and was present at the battle of EI Alamein, S/Sgt later Capt J.E. Loraine-Grews was posted to War Records (now Military Information Bureau SADF) in Pretoria where he was to remain until 1966 when he was transferred to the Military Museum at the Castle in Cape Town. While at War Records he compiled the Union of South Africa Roll of Honour 1939-1945. Capt Loraine- Grews also compiled statistics of the wounded and prisoners of war and since these have never been published, may be of value to researchers and would be a monumental task for a researcher to compile afresh. They are published below.
Negotiating Hinduism in East Africa, 1860-1960
Gijsbert Oonk
Transforming Cultures , 2008,
Abstract: This paper describes how Hindus in East Africa developed from ‘South Asians in Africa’ to ‘Asian Africans’ between 1880-1960. It shows how the Hindu community in East Africa realised their own geographical spaces and areas of interaction. The various cultural encounters of Hindus traders and businessmen with African, Arab and European communities may have been economically profitable, but they harmed cultural pillars of Hindu identity, like notions of caste, purity, food habits and marriage patterns. Obviously, this was not a harmonious process, but one with conflicts in which painful decisions had to be made and legitimised. For others, however, it was an opportunity to free themselves from the burden of religious patronage. The research is based on the history of more than twenty Hindu Lohana families who have lived in East Africa for three generations or more.
Revitalizing Anthropology in East Africa: The Birth of EAAA
Mwenda Ntarangwi
African Anthropologist , 2002,
Abstract: East Africa is known the world over for its extensive contribution to the history of humankind especially through the work of paleontologists and other archaeologists. Yet if one asked an average East African what anthropology is one is likely to be told that it is something to do with looking at old bones or one will have no clue all together. Such responses are instructive of the way anthropology and anthropologists have operated in East Africa specifically and Africa generally. First, anthropology as a discipline is another of the Western social science disciplines that entered the region through the main channel of colonialism. It indeed, reflects a kind of duality that is most likely to have schizophrenic adherents given both the British and American influences. The former which was a major player in the development of East African social sciences as colonizer adheres to a brand of anthropology that clearly separates the discipline into archaeology (which is often seen as a unit of history) while the latter which has become a major player in world scholarship because of its increased economic and political power favors a discipline that combines anthropology into the four fields of linguistic, cultural, physical, and archaeological anthropology. Thus one is able to find an American trained anthropologist in the University of Dar es Salaam unable to use his full anthropological training because he is in an archaeology unit that was structured to augment the work of historians. Second, anthropology has had its share of bad press in Africa for many years because of its association with colonialism although the same critiques have not been extended to other disciplines that are equally guilty of promoting Western superiority over Africa. This led to many anthropologists being unable to assert themselves in their own institutions where no specific departments of anthropology were present and also because of fear of being ridiculed as products of a colonial discipline. But things have changed in the recent past and anthropology has started becoming a respected discipline in the region. Indeed, many government offices, tertiary institutions, and NGO's have realized the critical role that anthropology can play in the social, political, and economic understanding and development of our communities. Inarguably anthropology is the only discipline that can boast of a structure and history of studying and understanding the entirety of human existence which is incredibly critical in Africa todaya continent that continues to be seen as a gone case in matters of global concern. It is the realization of this critical role that anthropology can and will continue to play in Africa that a professional association that would bring together anthropologists in East Africa was deemed necessary. Having returned in the late 90's from the US armed with a doctoral degree in cultural anthropology I was keen on making a major contribution to the discipline in East Africa
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