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Scenarios of disaster, visions of liberation  [cached]
Steven Best
Revista Theomai , 2004,
Abstract: As the planet spirals ever deeper into social and natural disaster, with all things becoming ever more tightly knit into the tentacles of global capitalism, there is an urgent need for new maps and compasses to help steer us into a viable mode of existence. Karl Marx′s 1843 call for a ruthless criticism of everything existing has never been more urgent and appropriate, but all too often today critique is merely academic, stratospheres away from concrete action and progressive social policies. Yet, social critique and change in the slaughterhouse of capitalism needs to be guided and informed by powerful descriptions of what is -- the degraded forfeiture of human potential in a world where over a billion people struggle for mere existence -- but also by bold new visions of what can be, imaginative projections of how human beings might harmoniously relate to one another and the living/dying earth
Reversing brain drain in Africa by engaging the diaspora: contending issues
I Osaretin, A Eddy
Inkanyiso: Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The impacts of brain drain in Africa are phenomenal. In the lst five decades of the continent’s political history, political and economic factors have collectively acted as push factors in the migration of young Africans from the continent. As such, reducing, reversing and mitigated the effects of emigration from Africa have been a tall order. This paper examines the net effects of brain drain on the continent against the backdrop of the global environment. Its data base was drawn from both archival materials and contemporary literature. It discovers that to effectively mobilize the abundant talents and resources need for the continent’s development, Africa diaspora must be collectively engaged. This policy prescription would avail the region the much needed succor in its march towards development.
Rethinking Diaspora
Anjali Gera Roy
Transforming Cultures , 2008,
Abstract: Diaspora, a term used to refer to the dispersal of Jewish people across the world, is now expanded to describe any deterritorialized or transnational population that lives in a land different from that of its origin and whose social, political and economic networks span the globe crossing national borders. Through comparing the Anglo-Indian, the Sikh and the IITian diasporas, this project proposes to deconstruct diaspora as a construct. How does the Anglo-Indian Diaspora formed by conquest and colonization compare with the Sikh diaspora created in the service of the Empire and the highly skilled IITian diaspora? What are the categories through which the three diasporas constitute themselves and how do they define the homeland? While the Anglo-Indian and the Sikh diasporas have a pre-national history originating in the Empire, the IITian diaspora is intertwined with the history of the Indian nation. The three display a wide divergence in their constitutive categories – race in Anglo-Indian, religion and ethnicity in Sikh and skills in IITian and also vary in their myths of origin. While the homeland is defined through the region and sacral place in Sikh diaspora, the IITian diaspora converges on the alma mater and nation. The constitution of the homeland is far more problematic in the case of the Anglo-Indian diaspora. While the Anglo-Indian and Sikh diasporic movements in the past were those of low-skilled workers characterized by traditional migration chain, the high-skilled IITian diaspora fits the open migration chain pattern. Yet the three diasporas intersect as communities formed through strong transnational networks that interrogate the link between space, place and identity in the imagined communities of the nation. I argue that both the mixed race Anglo-Indian narrative, the ‘pure’ discourse of the Sikh imaginary and the knowledge/skills based imagining of the IITian community compels us to rethink essential categories of belonging and identity such as race, nation, caste, ethnicity while intensifying or creating new boundaries that are mobilized in their self-fashioning.
Liberation of Projections  [PDF]
Benoit Collins,Todd Kemp
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: We study the liberation process for projections: $(p,q)\mapsto (p_t,q)= (u_tpu_t^\ast,q)$ where $u_t$ is a free unitary Brownian motion freely independent from $\{p,q\}$. Its action on the operator-valued angle $qp_tq$ between the projections induces a flow on the corresponding spectral measures $\mu_t$; we prove that the Cauchy transform of the measure satisfies a holomorphic PDE. We develop a theory of subordination for the boundary values of this PDE, and use it to show that the spectral measure $\mu_t$ possesses a piecewise analytic density for any $t>0$ and any initial projections of trace $\frac12$. We us this to prove the Unification Conjecture for free entropy and information in this trace $\frac12$ setting.
Assistance and Conflict: The African Diaspora and Africa’s Development in the Twenty-first Century
EO Erhagbe
Africa Development , 2007,
Abstract: Africans in the diaspora contributed laudably to the socio-political liberation of Africa, especially in the southern Africa sub-region. A discernable feature of their involvement in Africa’s political liberation efforts was that they tended to work within the boundaries of ‘the agreed agenda’ of African peoples and governments. With the liberation of South Africa, there has now been an obvious shift in the main agenda of ‘African Liberation’. The emphasis now seems to be on democratisation and the socioeconomic development of Africa. However, the differences of opinion and the conflictive nature of the new programmes of focus require some pertinent questions, in order to chart a realistic, workable and less confrontational agenda and modus operandi for diaspora and continental African co-operation in the years ahead. Among other things, this paper sets in a clear historical perspective the varied ways Africans in the diaspora contributed to Africa before now. It also highlights the shift from the ‘political liberation theology’ to ‘developmental theology’. Considering the rather sensitive and complex issues of national sovereignty, integrity and interventionism, the paper explores whether there is still a basis for diaspora Africans continuing their ‘interference’ in African internal business; who should set the agenda for their involvement; and how should they be involved. A fundamental conclusion of the paper is that the cooperation of diaspora and continental Africans is important in fostering Africa’s development. Nevertheless, such a cooperation should respect the national sovereignty and integrity of African nations and peoples. Consultation and cooperation, rather than antagonism or confrontation between the two groups, stand as the viable and workable option.
Diaspora Design versus Homeland Realities: Case Study of Armenian Diaspora  [cached]
Bahar Baser,Dr. Ashok Swain
Caucasian Review of International Affairs , 2009,
Abstract: Recently the concept of “diaspora” has become a popular subject and two polarized views dominate the study on diaspora behavior: the categorization of the diaspora as good or bad, conflict or peace promoter, spoiler or peace-maker. The majority of the research on diaspora politics places emphasis on its conflict-promoting character. Researchers argue that a diaspora may even act against its homeland’s interests. This paper aims to further explore this behavior of diaspora groups and try to locate the reasons behind this phenomenon. The focus is the Armenian diaspora and its policies, particularly targeting the foreign policy of the host country. Some of the critical issues are the conflict in Nagorno Karabakh and Turkey-Armenia relations, which includes the issues of “genocide” recognition, normalization of diplomatic relations and opening of the borders. With the help of theoretical frameworks, the Armenian diaspora’s positions will be analyzed in this paper.
The Armenian Diaspora and the Need for the “Other”
Bahar Senem ?evik- Ersayd?
Journal of Gazi Academic View , 2011,
Abstract: The Armenian diaspora is one of the most dispersed communities in the world. Contrary to the dispersed population the Armenian diaspora continues to thrive as a strong ethnic identity. This could be linked to the presence of an enemy “Turk” image in which all bad images are projected. This is due to the need to have “enemies” for sustaining the identity and in-group cohesion. In the context of the Armenian diaspora the concept of “other” has become a reason for existence that legitimizes the victim identity rather than a simple need. The collective memory that is created by the need for an enemy and “other” is then intergenerationally transmitted while evolving to a different story. Youth, who are raised with feelings of enmity can pose a threat for the future of the Turkish-Armenian relations.
Globale Diaspora der Hmong [Global Diaspora of the Hmong]  [PDF]
Grit Grigoleit
ASEAS : ?sterreichische Zeitschrift für Südostasienwissenschaften , 2008,
Abstract: Gegenw rtige Diaspora-Konzeptionen führen die Bewahrung der Identit t in der Fremde vor allem auf folgende interne Faktoren zurück: eine institutionalisierte globale Vernetzung, die Konstruktion einer Heimat und eine Rückkehrorientierung. Diaspora-Gemeinschaften werden dabei als in sich geschlossene, homogene Kollektive kontextualisiert. Externe Faktoren wie der Einfluss des Gastlandes, der eine Stratifizierung nach sozialen Klassen, Gender oder Generationen zur Folge hat, sind dagegen bisher wenig beachtet worden. Die in der Diaspora lebende ethnische Gruppe der Hmong versucht gleicherma en ihre Identit t zu bewahren. Die US-amerikanische Gemeinschaft entwickelte zudem diverse Heimatkonzeptionen, die eine Differenzierung nach Generationen zulassen. In diesem Beitrag werden Antworten auf folgende Fragen zur Diskussion gestellt: Welche Unterschiede lassen sich in der Konstruktion der Heimat zwischen der Einwandergeneration und in den USA sozialisierten Generationen feststellen? Gibt es analog zu Eisenstadts Tr gergruppen für die Konstruktion der nationalen Identit t ebenso erkennbare Kollektive in der US-amerikanischen Hmong Gemeinschaft, die eine diasporische Identit t inaugurieren und pr gen?
The Angolan diaspora in Lisbon: An introduction
Economia Global e Gest?o , 2007,
Abstract: this article aims to contextualise the data gathered on informal economy and networks in the angolan diaspora in lisbon within the context of the ?angola em movimento? project. this data derived from a questionnaire. in the discussion of the data the author drew on twenty months of ethnographic fieldwork she has been doing on the diaspora since 2002, she looks at possible ways to interpret this new knowledge. the base consists of 200 valid questionnaires. the findings partly correspond to the author’s experience, as they demonstrate the importance of extended family and kin relations to informal economic transactions and practices.
The Constitution and National Liberation
Emmanuel Lallana
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1986,
Abstract: National liberation is socialism. A liberated Philippines is a socialist Philippines. The Constitutional Commission has not written a socialist constitution nor is the present government socialist. The progressive forces seem to be squandering a tremendous opportunity to transform society.
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