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An Autonomous Mobile Robotic System for Surveillance of Indoor Environments
Donato Di Paola,Annalisa Milella,Grazia Cicirelli,Arcangelo Distante
International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems , 2010,
Abstract: The development of intelligent surveillance systems is an active research area. In this context, mobile and multi-functional robots are generally adopted as means to reduce the environment structuring and the number of devices needed to cover a given area. Nevertheless, the number of different sensors mounted on the robot, and the number of complex tasks related to exploration, monitoring, and surveillance make the design of the overall system extremely challenging. In this paper, we present our autonomous mobile robot for surveillance of indoor environments. We propose a system able to handle autonomously general-purpose tasks and complex surveillance issues simultaneously. It is shown that the proposed robotic surveillance scheme successfully addresses a number of basic problems related to environment mapping, localization and autonomous navigation, as well as surveillance tasks, like scene processing to detect abandoned or removed objects and people detection and following. The feasibility of the approach is demonstrated through experimental tests using a multisensor platform equipped with a monocular camera, a laser scanner, and an RFID device. Real world applications of the proposed system include surveillance of wide areas (e.g. airports and museums) and buildings, and monitoring of safety equipment.
RFID: Dynamic Surveillance Approach
Indraveer Singh,Harshawardhan Patil
International Journal of Computer Science Issues , 2010,
Abstract: Most of the modern security and monitoring domain is based upon Camera based Surveillance Architecture. Prison cells, corporate offices, government buildings, stock market, supermarkets etc all the seats utilize this structure in core. Most CCTV systems are used for surveillance which can include security monitoring, spying or for safety monitoring purposes. Although this system has been quite popular being affordable and visually administrable, it is no exception to improvements and up gradation. Thus in this paper we have come up with efficient proposals to upgrade the approach for Camera based Surveillance Architecture for security and Administration. This renewed approach is essentially based upon RFID technology where we are utilizing RFID tags and their readers as basic components. Unlike Camera-based surveillance, RFID-based approach can monitor and administer a quarter not only within some region of visibility but can efficiently do the same for locating the individuality (through Dynamic Surveillance as explained further). This approach emphasizes not only on overcoming the demerits of observation-based supervision, but it presents easier and effective monitoring methodologies using radio waves and their usable features in security and administration for areas with consumer pour out.
Review article: locomotion systems for ground mobile robots in unstructured environments
L. Bruzzone,G. Quaglia
Mechanical Sciences (MS) , 2012, DOI: 10.5194/ms-3-49-2012
Abstract: The world market of mobile robotics is expected to increase substantially in the next 20 yr, surpassing the market of industrial robotics in terms of units and sales. Important fields of application are homeland security, surveillance, demining, reconnaissance in dangerous situations, and agriculture. The design of the locomotion systems of mobile robots for unstructured environments is generally complex, particularly when they are required to move on uneven or soft terrains, or to climb obstacles. This paper sets out to analyse the state-of-the-art of locomotion mechanisms for ground mobile robots, focussing on solutions for unstructured environments, in order to help designers to select the optimal solution for specific operating requirements. The three main categories of locomotion systems (wheeled – W, tracked – T and legged – L) and the four hybrid categories that can be derived by combining these main locomotion systems are discussed with reference to maximum speed, obstacle-crossing capability, step/stair climbing capability, slope climbing capability, walking capability on soft terrains, walking capability on uneven terrains, energy efficiency, mechanical complexity, control complexity and technology readiness. The current and future trends of mobile robotics are also outlined.
Mobile Music Distribution: A Multichannel Approach  [PDF]
Marco Furini
Advances in Multimedia , 2011, DOI: 10.1155/2011/706164
Abstract: In contrast to what is happening in the Internet-based scenario, the music market in the mobile scenario is far from being considered a large success. Several studies state that excessive downloading time and high cost are the main burdens. Motivated by the growth of social and mobile applications, in this paper we propose an approach that aims at reducing both the downloading time and the cost to get digital music when acquired in the mobile scenario. The proposed architecture exploits the usage of personal communication technologies embedded in cellphones (e.g., Bluetooth and Wi-Fi) to couple the current distribution model (mainly based on 3G networks), so as to provide a multichannel distribution model where users are free to redistribute digital music. The architecture includes a license-based security mechanism that prevents unauthorized usage of digital music, and makes use of an incentive mechanism to stimulate and reward the music distribution among customers. By analyzing pros and cons of the music distribution chain, results show that the proposed architecture might help in reducing both the downloading time and the cost to get digital music when acquired in the mobile scenario. Therefore, it might be helpful to the success of the mobile music scenario. 1. Introduction The presence of several online music stores, as well as the capability of several devices (e.g., iPods, cellphones, and in-car and home entertainment systems) to play digital music, is an index of the popularity and of the success of digital music. Today, customers can acquire and download digital music with few clicks, and research reports estimate that the digital music market accounted for 29 percent of record companies’ trade revenues in 2010 [1]. Several studies in economic, social, and technological fields investigated the reason of this success: low prices, high-speed residential Net access (e.g., DSL) with flat rate plans, large availability of attractive and cool portable music devices, and an access to an (almost) unlimited music catalog are commonly seen as the key factors that set the success of digital music. Long time has passed since record labels were reluctant, for piracy reasons, to the idea of releasing music for the download scenario. Today, record labels, along with mobile phone producers and cellphone network operators, are attempting to create a ubiquitous and mobile e-music market, with the goal of creating an additional source of income (mobile phone producers hope to refill the market with new cellphones equipped with features more suitable to digital
Advanced Mobile Surveillance System for Multiple People Tracking  [cached]
Sridhar Bandaru,Amarjot Singh
International Journal of Intelligent Systems and Applications , 2013,
Abstract: The paper develops an efficient people surveillance system capable of tracking multiple people on different terrains. Recorded video on rough terrains is affected by jitters resulting into significant error between the desired and captured video flow. Video stabilization is achieved by calculating the motion and compensational parameters using the LSE analytical solution to minimize the error between present and desired output video captured from an autonomous robot’s camera moving on a rough terrain used for surveillance of unidentified people. This is the first paper to the best of our knowledge which makes use of this method to design mobile wireless robot for human surveillance applications. As the method used is fast then conventional methods, making the proposed system a highly efficient surveillance system as compared to previous systems. The superiority of the method used is demonstrated using different evaluation parameters like RMCD, variability and reliability. The system can be used for surveillance of people under different environmental conditions.
Detection of Objects in Motion—A Survey of Video Surveillance  [PDF]
Jamal Raiyn
Advances in Internet of Things (AIT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ait.2013.34010
Abstract:

Video surveillance system is the most important issue in homeland security field. It is used as a security system because of its ability to track and to detect a particular person. To overcome the lack of the conventional video surveillance system that is based on human perception, we introduce a novel cognitive video surveillance system (CVS) that is based on mobile agents. CVS offers important attributes such as suspect objects detection and smart camera cooperation for people tracking. According to many studies, an agent-based approach is appropriate for distributed systems, since mobile agents can transfer copies of themselves to other servers in the system.

Integrated Disease Investigations and Surveillance planning: a systems approach to strengthening national surveillance and detection of events of public health importance in support of the International Health Regulations  [cached]
Taboy Celine H,Chapman Will,Albetkova Adilya,Kennedy Sarah
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-s1-s6
Abstract: The international community continues to define common strategic themes of actions to improve global partnership and international collaborations in order to protect our populations. The International Health Regulations (IHR[2005]) offer one of these strategic themes whereby World Health Organization (WHO) Member States and global partners engaged in biosecurity, biosurveillance and public health can define commonalities and leverage their respective missions and resources to optimize interventions. The U.S. Defense Threat Reduction Agency’s Cooperative Biologica Engagement Program (CBEP) works with partner countries across clinical, veterinary, epidemiological, and laboratory communities to enhance national disease surveillance, detection, diagnostic, and reporting capabilities. CBEP, like many other capacity building programs, has wrestled with ways to improve partner country buy-in and ownership and to develop sustainable solutions that impact integrated disease surveillance outcomes. Designing successful implementation strategies represents a complex and challenging exercise and requires robust and transparent collaboration at the country level. To address this challenge, the Laboratory Systems Development Branch of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and CBEP have partnered to create a set of tools that brings together key leadership of the surveillance system into a deliberate system design process. This process takes into account strengths and limitations of the existing system, how the components inter-connect and relate to one another, and how they can be systematically refined within the local context. The planning tools encourage cross-disciplinary thinking, critical evaluation and analysis of existing capabilities, and discussions across organizational and departmental lines toward a shared course of action and purpose. The underlying concepts and methodology of these tools are presented here.
MOBILE AND WIRELESS ACCESS IN VIDEO SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM  [PDF]
Aleksandra Karimaa
International Journal of Digital Information and Wireless Communications , 2011,
Abstract: Wireless communication and mobile technologies are already well established in modern surveillance systems. Mobile-based client applications are commonly used to provide the basic access to camera video streams and other system resources. Camera site devices might connect to the system core by wireless links to address/overcome the environmental conditions. Finally, the surveillance systems themselves can be installed in portable environments such as busses or trains, which require wireless access for infrastructure and internet services, etc. However, we observe the growing popularity of mobile and wireless access solutions. The technology itself is evolving rapidly providing efficient transmission technology, feature-rich and powerful mobile and wireless devices. The users expect to have seamless access and tools where the functionality does not depend on access technologies or access devices. The same functionality is demanded from local client application and remote mobile browser. The aim of this paper is to explore access scenario where mobile and wireless access methods are used to provide enhanced client functionality. We analyze these scenarios, discuss the performance factors.
The Role of Rural Banks in Providing Mobile Money Services to Rural Poor Communities: An effective integration approach of Rural Banks and existing mobile communications infrastructure  [PDF]
Quist-Aphetsi Kester
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: The rapid spread of mobile phones means that the number of mobile users may already exceed the number of banked people in many low income countries. Mobile phones can also offer a communications channel for initiating and executing on-line financial transactions. This channel may not only reduce the cost of financial transactions for provider and customer, but also allow new entrants to the financial sector, and new relationships to be formed for distributing services. These changes hold the prospect of accelerating access to financial services on the back of the mobile infrastructure. Mobile telephony offers tremendous promise to facilitate the flow of money among rural and poor families at much lower transaction costs, bringing the bank to those currently unbanked. Realizing this promise will require close collaboration among all stakeholders. But most rural banks do not have mobile banking services for their customers. This made it difficult for the full potential and benefits of mobile money financial services to be realized. Most telecommunication service providers run mobile money service solely for their subscribers without an integrated approach of incorporating and integrating rural banking systems into their existing services this makes it difficult for a full fledge exploitation of the mobile financial market. This paper looks at the existing mobile money services and takes critical look at the positive advantages of effective integration approach of Rural Banks and existing mobile communications infrastructure as well as proposing a model for such integration.
Enhancing the Resilience of the Australian National Electricity Market: Taking a Systems Approach in Policy Development  [cached]
Barry Newell,Debborah M. Marsh,Deepak Sharma
Ecology and Society , 2011,
Abstract: As the complexity and interconnectedness of present-day social-ecological systems become steadily more apparent, there is increasing pressure on governments, policy makers, and managers to take a systems approach to the challenges facing humanity. However, how can this be done in the face of system complexity and uncertainties? In this paper we briefly discuss practical ways that policy makers can take up the systems challenge. We focus on resilience thinking, and the use of influence diagrams, causal-loop diagrams, and system archetypes. As a case study, set in the context of the climate-energy-water nexus, we use some of these system concepts and tools to carry out an initial exploration of factors that can affect the resilience of the Australian National Electricity Market. We stress the need for the electricity sector to prepare for the impacts of global change by encouraging innovation and diversity, supporting modularity and redundancy, and embracing the need for a policy making approach that takes account of the dynamics of the wider social-ecological system. Finally, taking a longer term view, we conclude by recommending that policy makers work to reduce reliance on conventional market mechanisms, institute continuing cross-sector dialogue, and promote basic education in system dynamics.
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