Search Results: 1 - 10 of 100 matches for " "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item
The Quality of Life and Human Development Index of Community Living along Pahang and Muar Rivers: A Case of Communities in Pekan, Bahau and Muar  [cached]
Sulaiman Md. Yassin,Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril,Md. Salleh Hassan,Mohd Shahwahid Othman
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v5n6p90
Abstract: Rivers have something to do with the improvement of the quality of life of the rural community. A lot of benefits can be offered to the river community. This study intends to reveal the level of quality of life of the rural community living along two major rivers in Malaysia, the Pahang and Muar Rivers. Apart from this, this study intends to investigate the level of Human Development Index of the Pahang and Muar River community by using an established human development index known as the Well-o-Meter. This is a quantitative study, where a total of 900 respondents had been selected. A developed questionnaire was used and survey was employed. Based on the results gained, it can be identified that the respondents studied recorded a high level of mean score in the aspects of social involvement and relationship, home condition, safety at the areas and education. The human development index employed have detected that the respondents studied do have a low level of HDI. The findings of the study were further discussed.
Diversity of Aquatic Insects in Keniam River, National Park, Pahang, Malaysia  [cached]
Mohd Rasdi, Z.,Fauziah I.,Ismail R.,Mohd Hafezan S.
Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: The study on biodiversity of aquatic insects was carried out covering the area of Kuala Keniam to Kuala Perkai River, National Park, Pahang, Malaysia. The macro invertebrate community was found in the different types of micro-habitat and various flowing speed levels in good quality of water of Keniam Rivers consisted mainly of aquatic insects. There are large numbers and wide species of aquatic insects in aquatic habitats make them of great ecological importance. There are three divided strata with total of nine sampling location were carried out within several varieties of microhabitats such as sandy, cobble, gravel, leaf and the pool area. The aquatic insects were collected and sampled by using a D-framed aquatic kick net. There was a wide variety of aquatic insects belonging to at least 8 orders in the study area. The orders of insect were Odonata, Coleoptera, Diptera, Trichoptera, Thysanura, Orthopthera, Hemiptera and Ephemeroptera. Throughout the study period, there is range from total of 140 to 604 individuals of aquatic insect trapped monthly and collected in Keniam River from September 2009 to December 2010. Some group of aquatic insects were found significant (χ2<0.05) different abundance between strata and sampling dates as well as habitat on the diversity of aquatic insects in Keniam River. The abundance and distribution of aquatic insects species were varied and not constant from one month to another during the study period due to biotic and abiotic factors. Species diversity of aquatic insects varied in different strata of the Keniam River. This indicates the richness and diverse groups of aquatic insects in the study area. It adds to the fact that the undisturbed habitat quality is most suitable for insects to breed and multiply under the natural ecosystem with abundant food supply. Moving upstream from Kuala Perkai to lower stream to Kuala Keniam, one can observe various types of habitats for aquatic insects to live.
Variability of Organic Carbon Content in Bottom Sediment of Pahang River Estuary, Pahang, Malaysia  [PDF]
B.Y. Kamaruzzaman,A. Siti Waznah,M.C. Ong,S. Shahbudin
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The percentage organic carbon content of 62 bottom estuarine sediment in Pahang river estuary were analyzed using the wet dichromate oxidation method. In this study, the organic carbon distribution ranged from 0.09 to 2.05%. The high concentration can be found near the Pahang river mouth while the low concentration occurred at upstream. The sediment particle size at the same transects were also measured with the dry sieving and laser diffraction method. The average concentration of organic carbon was 0.88% while the average grain size was 2.44 φ. In this study, the carbon organic showed a significant relationship with the mean size (p<0.05) with the organic carbon content increase with the increase of mean size values.
Levels of Some Heavy Metals in Fishes From Pahang River Estuary, Pahang, Malaysia
B.Y. Kamaruzzaman,M.C. Ong,S.Z. Rina,B. Joseph
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: In this study, the concentration of Pb, Cu and Zn were determined in muscle, gills and stomach of six fish species caught from Pahang river estuary. These metals concentration were measured by ICP-MS in order to assess the fish contamination with these metals. This study showed that all catfishes (Arius sp.) presented the highest metals content. Tissue analysis revealed that the stomach accumulated the highest level of these metals. Based on the results, metal concentration in the edible part of the examined fish (muscle) were in the safety permissible levels for human consumption.
Mangrove Forest Species Composition and Density in Balok River, Pahang, Malaysia  [PDF]
M. Z. Rozainah,M. R. Mohamad
Ecoprint: An International Journal of Ecology , 2006, DOI: 10.3126/eco.v13i0.1624
Abstract: Sixteen mangrove species from 10 families, including four associate species, were recorded in 4 study plots along the riverbanks of Balok river, Kuantan and Pahang. Rhizophora?? apiculata and Xylocarpus granatum appeared in all plots.? R. apiculata shows the highest density (819 per ha) followed by R. mucronata (775 per ha). Highest species diversity was recorded in the order of plots located on downstream to the river mouth, based on the Shannon-Weiner Diversity Index.
Hydrological Pattern Of Pahang River Basin And Their Relation To Flood Historical Event  [PDF]
Pan Ia Lun,Muhd. Barzani Gasim,Mohd. Ekhwan Toriman,Sahibin Abd. Rahim
e-BANGI : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities , 2011,
Abstract: Pahang River is the main channel to drain off water from the inundated area of Pahang Basin to the South China Sea during wet season which is caused by the northeast monsoon. Most of the inundations of lower areas of Pahang River Basin were caused by overflowing of the Pahang River. The statistics of rainfall and hydrological factors were calculated in terms of their means for the period from 1980 to 2009. The highest water level recorded at Sg. Yap was 45.36m and the lowest was 43.49m, whereas for Temerloh, the highest water level was 26.71m and the lowest was 24.73m. Lubuk Paku had the highest water level of 15.23m and the lowest was recorded as 12.70m. Besides that, the highest monthly total rainfall at Sg. Yap was 254.01mm and the lowest was 106.67mm. At Temerloh, the highest monthly total rainfall was 219.83mm and the lowest was 93.75mm. At Lubuk Paku, the highest monthly total rainfall was 324.57mm and the lowest was 79.81mm. The mean discharge of Pahang River (1980-2009) at Sg. Yap was 845.78m3/s, at Temerloh was 1008.50m3/s and Lubuk Paku was 1184.46m3/s. The water levels which beyond the danger level in recent three decades had also been identified.
Identification of Flood Source Areas in Pahang River Basin, Peninsular Malaysia  [PDF]
Wan Nor Azmin Sulaiman
EnvironmentAsia , 2010,
Abstract: The roles of upland watersheds in flood source contribution towards downstream areas in a river basin system are generally neglected in the inclusion of management strategy related to downstream flood management. In this study an assessment on the flood source area of Pahang river basin was attempted. The concept of unit flood response as an index of hydrologic response was used in identifying the flood source areas for the basin. The results indicated that among the 16 sub-basins of Pahang river basin, sub-basin of Sungai Pahang is ranked first in production of flood discharge while Sungai Perting sub-basin is ranked last in term of production of flood discharge. Comparison between maximum daily discharge of upper and lower segments of Pahang river basin indicated that up-stream watershed contributes significantly high and more flood (94.78%) than down-stream (5.22%). In addition, the upland watersheds were found to more efficient in producing surface runoff and send the floodwater to the lower receiving basin of Sungai Pahang. Considering that basin flood response is generally a nonlinear function of many factors, the sub-basins that are located nearest to and most distance from the basin outlet do not necessarily generate the highest and lowest contribution to the flood peak at the outlet. Similarly, sub-basins producing the highest or lowest absolute or specific discharge at their own outlet may not necessarily ranked first and last in flood index.
Distribution of Chromium, Manganese and Cobalt in the Bottom Sediment of Pahang River-Estuary, Pahang, Malaysia  [PDF]
B.Y. Kamaruzzaman,A. Siti Waznah,M.S. Mohd Zahir,M.C. Ong
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Bottom sediments from 62 stations at Pahang river-estuary were analyzed for the concentrations of Chromium (Cr), Manganese (Mn) and Cobalt (Co). Heavy metal concentrations were analyzed by using an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). The average dry weight concentrations of Cr, Mn and Co were 62.80±20.04, 416.21±127.41 and 7.93±3.25 μg g-1, respectively. The observed concentrations of the studied metals were significantly higher near the estuary and declining as the sampling points were further away from the estuary. The Enrichment Factors (EFs) were calculated and all elements showed metal contamination was predominantly of terrigenous in origin.
The Relau River Water Quality Analysis at the National Forest Reserve, Merapoh, Pahang
Kalaivani Nadarajah,Noorliyana Rashid,Yang Farina
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the water quality of the Relau River which is situated within the National Forest Reserve at Merapoh, Pahang. The study was conducted at three stations and water sampling was conducted three times i.e., in October, November and December 2011. The parameters analysed were the temperature, turbidity, Total Suspended Solid (TSS), pH, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), total coliforms and faecal coliforms. In addition to total and faecal coliform, the presence of Leptospira as an additional biological parameter was included due to an increase in the incidence of Leptospira presence in water bodies reported over the recent years. According to the Interim Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (INWQS), the values for all parameters in Relau River, except for the BOD were classified between Class I and Class II. Based on BOD values, the river was categorised as a Class III. The one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with confidence level of 95% shows that all water quality parameters measured exhibited no significant differences between the three sampling stations.
Community Perception, Satisfaction and Participation toward Power Plant Development in Southernmost of Thailand  [cached]
Sarawuth Chesoh
Journal of Sustainable Development , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/jsd.v3n2p84
Abstract: A quantitative–qualitative mixed method was applied to investigate perception, satisfaction and participation of multicultural inhabitants toward the power plant development in Songkhla’s Chana district. A total of 1000 households and 20 community leader were selected and were taken in-depth interviewed annually from January 2005 to December 2008.. Observation, focus groups, citizen dialog and consultative group meeting were also included for data collection. The direct affected inhabitant was expected to exceed 6,325 households in the Nathab River vicinity. Most of the respondents (97%) indicated that they knew various project development programs and overall satisfactions of respondents range from 83 to 95%. Male, education, social status, family income and asset, ability of accessing information, sense of democracy, public interest awareness, resources dependence for livelihood, caliber of project public relation staff, frequencies of community visiting and public activity funding were positively and significantly (p<0.05) associated with level of project participation. Participation model is required for the clear guidelines in all stages based on (1) freedom, ability and willingness, (2) two–way communication, (3) transparency, and (4) co-management practice.
Page 1 /100
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.