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Public Availability of Published Research Data in High-Impact Journals  [PDF]
Alawi A. Alsheikh-Ali, Waqas Qureshi, Mouaz H. Al-Mallah, John P. A. Ioannidis
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0024357
Abstract: Background There is increasing interest to make primary data from published research publicly available. We aimed to assess the current status of making research data available in highly-cited journals across the scientific literature. Methods and Results We reviewed the first 10 original research papers of 2009 published in the 50 original research journals with the highest impact factor. For each journal we documented the policies related to public availability and sharing of data. Of the 50 journals, 44 (88%) had a statement in their instructions to authors related to public availability and sharing of data. However, there was wide variation in journal requirements, ranging from requiring the sharing of all primary data related to the research to just including a statement in the published manuscript that data can be available on request. Of the 500 assessed papers, 149 (30%) were not subject to any data availability policy. Of the remaining 351 papers that were covered by some data availability policy, 208 papers (59%) did not fully adhere to the data availability instructions of the journals they were published in, most commonly (73%) by not publicly depositing microarray data. The other 143 papers that adhered to the data availability instructions did so by publicly depositing only the specific data type as required, making a statement of willingness to share, or actually sharing all the primary data. Overall, only 47 papers (9%) deposited full primary raw data online. None of the 149 papers not subject to data availability policies made their full primary data publicly available. Conclusion A substantial proportion of original research papers published in high-impact journals are either not subject to any data availability policies, or do not adhere to the data availability instructions in their respective journals. This empiric evaluation highlights opportunities for improvement.
Review of NGO performance research published in academic journals between 1996 and 2008
Roselyn N.M. Kareithi,Crick Lund
South African Journal of Science , 2012,
Abstract: Globally, literature on the performance of development non-governmental organisations (NGOs) has increased. However, little is known regarding the distinctive characteristics of academic articles on factors influencing NGO performance. In a recent systematic review of research, published in English-language academic journals between 1996 and 2008, factors influencing NGO performance were investigated. From the 31 journal articles that met the inclusion criteria, this study examined the salient characteristics of NGO performance research in terms of, (1) the number of publications, (2) publication outlets (journals and journal cluster), (3) author collaboration (sole or joint authors), (4) author affiliation, (5) study location, (6) study period, (7) study topics and (8) method and sources of information. Findings showed a steady increase in the number of articles, published in a wide array of journals with over half of the articles published in development studies journals. Of the 31 articles, 21 were sole authored. Data were mainly sought from NGO directors, programme staff and donors; comparatively fewer studies collected data from beneficiaries. Studies were mainly conducted in developing countries, whilst most authors were affiliated to institutions in developed countries. Of the 13 authors who conducted studies in Africa only 3 were affiliated to an institution in Africa. This study confirmed the continued need for increased research on factors influencing NGO performance; revealed the low seeking of beneficiaries’ perspectives in NGO performance research despite the rhetoric of participatory development; and revealed the low number of published researchers in Africa and minimal collaborative efforts between ‘Northern’ and ’Southern’ researchers in this field.
Communication research in Spain, 1998-2007. An analysis of articles published in Spanish communication journals  [cached]
Manuel Martínez-Nicolás,Enric Saperas-Lapiedra
Revista Latina de Comunicación Social , 2011,
Abstract: The growth of communication research in Spain in the last decade contrasts with the scarcity of works trying to describe and assess the quality of this research. Attempting to address this problem, this article presents a quantitative content analysis of all the articles published in four years between 1998 and 2007 (1998, 2002, 2003 and 2007) by four of the most important Spanish communication journals, with a total sample of 285 articles, of which 235 are from authors working in Spanish universities or research centres. Results show that the Spanish communication researchers are basically interested in the study of Journalism, and more specifically in the analysis of news discourses. Another finding is that most research is empirically-oriented, but by and large lacks methodological rigour. These deficiencies were decreasing during the period under analysis, but increased once again in the works published more recently.
Investigating Move Structure of English Applied Linguistics Research Article Discussions Published in International and Thai Journals  [cached]
Wirada Amnuai,Anchalee Wannaruk
English Language Teaching , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v6n2p1
Abstract: This study investigates the rhetorical move structure of English applied linguistic research article Discussions published in Thai and international journals. Two corpora comprising of 30 Thai Discussions and 30 international Discussions were analyzed using Yang & Allison’s (2003) move model. Based on the analysis, both similarities and differences regarding the move occurrence, move-ordering patterns, and move cyclicity were found. The marked differences of the two corpora were in the step employment. The findings obtained in the current study are useful particularly for novice non-native writers by facilitating them to better understand the rhetorical structure of research article Discussions in the different publication contexts. In addition, they may provide L2 teachers with insight into effective instructional strategies to help EFL/ESL learners acquire pragmatic knowledge of the rhetorical structure of research article Discussions.
An Analysis of the Research Trends of the Specialized Journals on Tourism ---
Mohammad Ali Zaki, mazaki42@Yahoo.com - ???? ??? ???
Global Media Journal : Persian Edition , 2008,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to provide an analysis of the research trends of the specialized Journals on Tourism using a content analysis of the sample of these journals. Furthermore, the paper will introduce eight trends of these journals, which is considered the contribution of this argument. It should be noted that the development of Tourism industry has attracted the government officials’ attentions in Iran and elsewhere. These developments have caused the academic atmospheres to treat tourism as a discipline and support the scientific research in this field. Along with the disciplinary developments of the field, a special attention also has been placed on the development of specialized journals. In this respect, numerous researches have been made to analyze, assess and evaluate scientific journals in recent decades. Since tourism is also a matter of concern in contemporary Iranian scholarly atmosphere, the paper has taken the cause to develop it into a full capacity academic activity. In order to do that, I have considered the analysis of the research trends of tourism’s journals to be one of the first but formost steps. --- . . . . . . 1990 . .
Abordagens sobre folga organizacional nas pesquisas publicadas em periódicos internacionais: um ensaio teórico APPROACHES TO ORGANIZATIONAL SLACK IN RESEARCH PUBLISHED IN INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS: A THEORETICAL ESSAY
Tiza Tamiozzo Quintas,Ilse Maria Beuren
Revista de Administra??o da UFSM , 2011,
Abstract: The term organizational slack is sometimes recognized as the excess resources in an organization. Since this term does not have a clear definition, it has accumulated over the years concepts of various authors through scientific publications. This study aims to examine the approaches to organizational slack in the context of research papers published in international scientific journals. To do so, a theoretical essay was performed based on international publications making reference to the term organizational slack. The antecedents of organizational slack, a total of 43 papers were analyzed according to the classification proposed by Sharfman et al. (1988), three levels of analysis: industry, organization and interest groups. The study results show that research on organizational slack have varied and evolving concepts and that the approaches to innovation and strategy are key points for research related to the topic, as they were the most found in the literature. However, the measurement of these types of resources slack is still an obscure point in the research developed. The studies of Cyert and March (1963), Bourgeois III (1981), Sharfman et al. (1988), Gulati and Nohria (1996) are branching out to other aspects of the organization. Though, it was concluded that research on definition of organizational slack and its relations with organizational environment aspects are evolving and signal further wider discussion in international scientific journals. O termo folga organizacional é reconhecido, algumas vezes, como o excesso de recursos empregados em uma organiza o. Como esse termo n o tem uma defini o propriamente dita, vem, ao longo dos anos, agregando conceitos de vários autores através de publica es científicas. Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar as abordagens sobre folga organizacional no contexto das pesquisas publicadas em periódicos científicos internacionais. Para tal, foi realizado um ensaio teórico considerando publica es em ambito internacional, tendo como referência o termo folga organizacional. Os antecedentes de folga organizacional, num total de 43 artigos identificados, foram analisados segundo a classifica o proposta por Sharfman et al. (1988), em três níveis de análise: indústria, organiza o e grupos de interesse. Os resultados do estudo mostram que as pesquisas sobre folga organizacional apresentam conceitos diversos e evolutivos e que as abordagens sobre inova o e estratégia s o pontos-chave para as pesquisas relacionadas ao tema, pois foram as mais encontradas na literatura. Por outro lado, a mensura o desses tipos de
The Role of SCM Capabilities to Support Automotive Industry Trends  [cached]
Luiz Felipe Scavarda,Sílvio Hamacher
Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management , 2010,
Abstract: As Supply Chain Management (SCM) becomes essential to generate competitive advantage, the development of capabilities in cooperation with other supply chain members is a premise for success. The goal of this paper is to analyze the role these SCM capabilities play in automotive industry supply chains. The paper offers first a study based in the literature and in interviews regarding trends in the automotive industry, SCM capabilities and their co-relation, which resulted in a formal definition for SCM capability. Then a case study in a European Vehicle Manufacturer is presented and discussed. The case study was conducted with three supply chains embracing, among other significant members, 3 vehicle plants and 2 supplier parks located in Western Europe and in South Africa. Within the case study, we analyze how the SCM capabilities are related to the vehicle manufacturer strategic goals and correlate the trends with the capabilities developed within the three supply chains. The analysis allowed us to conclude that the SCM capabilities identified by the study constitute a response to support trends in the automotive industry, as they intend to bring advantages that obey a new logic in competition based on chains. As a spin off of the research, it was also possible to identify that SCM is still limited to the immediate chain of vehicle manufacturers.
Auditing scholarly journals published in Malaysia and assessing their visibility  [PDF]
A. N. Zainab,S. A. Sanni,N. N. Edzan,A. P. Koh
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: The problem with the identification of Malaysian scholarly journals lies in the lack of a current and complete listing of journals published in Malaysia. As a result, librarians are deprived of a tool that can be used for journal selection and identification of gaps in their serials collection. This study describes the audit carried out on scholarly journals, with the objectives (a) to trace and characterized scholarly journal titles published in Malaysia, and (b) to determine their visibility in international and national indexing databases. A total of 464 titles were traced and their yearly trends, publisher and publishing characteristics, bibliometrics and indexation in national, international and subject-based indexes were described.
Place of scientific research journals in the student research committees  [cached]
Hazhir Seifpanahi-sha’bani,Farshad Rostampour,Akram Ranjbar
Pajouhan Scientific Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Place of scientific research journals in the student research committees
Contribution of Genome-Wide Association Studies to Scientific Research: A Bibliometric Survey of the Citation Impacts of GWAS and Candidate Gene Studies Published during the Same Period and in the Same Journals  [PDF]
Yohann Mansiaux, Fabrice Carrat
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0051408
Abstract: In genetic epidemiology, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are used to rapidly scan a large set of genetic variants and thus to identify associations with a particular trait or disease. The GWAS philosophy is different to that of conventional candidate-gene-based approaches, which directly test the effects of genetic variants of potentially contributory genes in an association study. One controversial question is whether GWAS provide relevant scientific outcomes by comparison with candidate-gene studies. We thus performed a bibliometric study using two citation metrics to assess whether the GWAS have contributed a capital gain in knowledge discovery by comparison with candidate-gene approaches. We selected GWAS published between 2005 and 2009 and matched them with candidate-gene studies on the same topic and published in the same period of time. We observed that the GWAS papers have received, on average, 30±55 citations more than the candidate gene papers, 1 year after their publication date, and 39±58 citations more 2 years after their publication date. The GWAS papers were, on average, 2.8±2.4 and 2.9±2.4 times more cited than expected, 1 and 2 years after their publication date; whereas the candidate gene papers were 1.5±1.2 and 1.5±1.4 times more cited than expected. While the evaluation of the contribution to scientific research through citation metrics may be challenged, it cannot be denied that GWAS are great hypothesis generators, and are a powerful complement to candidate gene studies.
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