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INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND LABOUR MARKET IMPACTS
Liana SON,Gra?iela Georgiana NOJA
Revista Roman? de Statistic? , 2012,
Abstract: The research aims to identify and analyse the impact of labour emigration on labour markets within the European Union. The analysis is based on developing double-log macroeconometric models that combine cross-section and time series in a panel structure, by using a set of indicators specific for the emigration process and labour market, as main explanatory variables. The results show that an intense emigration process has extremely negative effects on the size and structure of the labour force, generating its significant reduction, especially regarding the highly skilled labour. At the same time, we identified a relaxation of the labour market pressures generated by high unemployment, through a downsize of this rate and a slight increase in employment, mainly due to a general improvement of the local employment opportunities.
Impacts of the current economic crisis on Southeast Asian labour markets  [cached]
John Walsh
Business and Economic Horizons , 2010,
Abstract: The current economic crisis has caused most of the western world to fall into recession because of the credit crunch and the collapse of much of the under-regulated and over-confident banking industry. However, in most of Asia, especially developing Asia, the crisis has affected manufacturing and, hence, employment rather than the finance sectors, especially because the latter had already been restructured following the 1997 Asian Crisis. This paper considers the impact of the crisis on the range of labour markets across the region and assesses the ongoing relevance of the development model that is posited on low labour cost manufacturing aimed at assisting export industries. Impacts considered include migration flows of labour, the possibility of augmenting added value to existing production and the need to upgrade skills and competencies.
Management Science Education, between McDonaldisation of Society and High Quality Economics
Ion Ionascu
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2007,
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to analyse the extent to which the McDonaldisation of society (Ritzer, 2003) affects the university and management sciences education in particular. The paper brings forward to discussion the McDonaldisation phenomenon in the Romanian economic studies faculties, also pleading for an institutional recognition of management sciences in Romanian University.
The use of propensity score-matching methods in evaluation of active labour market programs in Serbia  [PDF]
Ognjenovi? Kosovka
Economic Annals , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/eka0772021o
Abstract: The aim of the paper is to evaluate impacts of active labour market measures in Serbia on the probability of the participants’ employment. In the estimation process of average treatment effects, propensity score-matching method was applied. Its use has considerably reduced the bias in evaluation of the average treatment effects, induced by systematic differences between samples of those who participated in the active labour market programmes and those who did not. The estimated impacts of active labour market programmes on the probability of employment were found to be both positive and statistically significant. .
The determinants of the antibiotic resistance process
Beatriz Espinosa Franco, Marina Altagracia Martínez, Martha A Sánchez Rodríguez, Albert I Wertheimer
Infection and Drug Resistance , 2009, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S4899
Abstract: eterminants of the antibiotic resistance process Review (7476) Total Article Views Authors: Beatriz Espinosa Franco, Marina Altagracia Martínez, Martha A Sánchez Rodríguez, Albert I Wertheimer Published Date April 2009 Volume 2009:2 Pages 1 - 11 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S4899 Beatriz Espinosa Franco1, Marina Altagracia Martínez2, Martha A Sánchez Rodríguez1, Albert I Wertheimer3 1Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza (UNAM), Mexico; 2Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Xochimilco, Mexico; 3Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Background: The use of antibiotic drugs triggers a complex interaction involving many biological, sociological, and psychological determinants. Resistance to antibiotics is a serious worldwide problem which is increasing and has implications for morbidity, mortality, and health care both in hospitals and in the community. Objectives: To analyze current research on the determinants of antibiotic resistance and comprehensively review the main factors in the process of resistance in order to aid our understanding and assessment of this problem. Methods: We conducted a MedLine search using the key words “determinants”, “antibiotic”, and “antibiotic resistance” to identify publications between 1995 and 2007 on the determinants of antibiotic resistance. Publications that did not address the determinants of antibiotic resistance were excluded. Results: The process and determinants of antibiotic resistance are described, beginning with the development of antibiotics, resistance and the mechanisms of resistance, sociocultural determinants of resistance, the consequences of antibiotic resistance, and alternative measures proposed to combat antibiotic resistance. Conclusions: Analysis of the published literature identified the main determinants of antibiotic resistance as irrational use of antibiotics in humans and animal species, insufficient patient education when antibiotics are prescribed, lack of guidelines for treatment and control of infections, lack of scientific information for physicians on the rational use of antibiotics, and lack of official government policy on the rational use of antibiotics in public and private hospitals.
The determinants of the antibiotic resistance process  [cached]
Beatriz Espinosa Franco,Marina Altagracia Martínez,Martha A Sánchez Rodríguez,Albert I Wertheimer
Infection and Drug Resistance , 2009,
Abstract: Beatriz Espinosa Franco1, Marina Altagracia Martínez2, Martha A Sánchez Rodríguez1, Albert I Wertheimer31Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza (UNAM), Mexico; 2Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Unidad Xochimilco, Mexico; 3Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USABackground: The use of antibiotic drugs triggers a complex interaction involving many biological, sociological, and psychological determinants. Resistance to antibiotics is a serious worldwide problem which is increasing and has implications for morbidity, mortality, and health care both in hospitals and in the community.Objectives: To analyze current research on the determinants of antibiotic resistance and comprehensively review the main factors in the process of resistance in order to aid our understanding and assessment of this problem.Methods: We conducted a MedLine search using the key words “determinants”, “antibiotic”, and “antibiotic resistance” to identify publications between 1995 and 2007 on the determinants of antibiotic resistance. Publications that did not address the determinants of antibiotic resistance were excluded.Results: The process and determinants of antibiotic resistance are described, beginning with the development of antibiotics, resistance and the mechanisms of resistance, sociocultural determinants of resistance, the consequences of antibiotic resistance, and alternative measures proposed to combat antibiotic resistance.Conclusions: Analysis of the published literature identified the main determinants of antibiotic resistance as irrational use of antibiotics in humans and animal species, insufficient patient education when antibiotics are prescribed, lack of guidelines for treatment and control of infections, lack of scientific information for physicians on the rational use of antibiotics, and lack of official government policy on the rational use of antibiotics in public and private hospitals.Keywords: antibiotic drug resistance, determinants, social-biological
Simplified Analytical Method for Estimating the Resistance of Lock Gates to Ship Impacts
Lo c Buldgen,Hervé Le Sourne,Philippe Rigo
Journal of Applied Mathematics , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/763849
Abstract: The present paper is concerned with the design of lock gates submitted to ship impacts. In this paper, a simplified analytical method is presented to evaluate the resistance of such structures under collision. The basic idea is to assume that the resistance is first provided through a local deforming mode, corresponding to a localized crushing of some impacted structural elements. For consecutive larger deformations, the resistance is then mostly provided through a global deforming mode, corresponding to an overall movement of the entire gate. For assessing the resistance in the case of the local deforming mode, the structure is divided into a given number of large structural entities called “superelements.” For each of them, a relation between the resistance of the gate and the penetration of the striking ship is established. However, as some results are already available in the literature, this subject is not treated extensively in this paper. On the contrary, the calculation of the resistance of the gate provided through the global mode is detailed and the strategy to switch from local to global deformation is highlighted. Finally, we propose to validate our developments by making a comparison between results obtained numerically and those predicted by the present analytical approach.
Acquired resistance of malarial parasites against artemisinin-based drugs: social and economic impacts
Johanna M Porter-Kelley, Joann Cofie, Sophonie Jean, et al
Infection and Drug Resistance , 2010, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S7454
Abstract: cquired resistance of malarial parasites against artemisinin-based drugs: social and economic impacts Review (3805) Total Article Views Authors: Johanna M Porter-Kelley, Joann Cofie, Sophonie Jean, et al Published Date August 2010 Volume 2010:3 Pages 87 - 94 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IDR.S7454 Johanna M Porter-Kelley1, Joann Cofie2, Sophonie Jean2, Mark E Brooks1, Mia Lassiter1, DC Ghislaine Mayer2 1Life Sciences Department, -Winston-Salem State University, Winston Salem, NC, USA; 2Department of Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA Abstract: Malaria, a disease of poverty and high morbidity and mortality in the tropical world, has led to a worldwide search for control measures. To that end, good antimalarial chemotherapies have been difficult to find in the global market and those that seem to be most effective are rapidly becoming ineffective due to the emergence and spread of drug resistance. Artemisinin, a very effective yet expensive antimalarial, has quickly become the recommended drug of choice when all other possibilities fail. However, for all its promise as the next great antimalarial, the outlook is bleak. Resistance is developing to artemisinin while another effective antimalarial is not in sight. Malaria endemic areas which are mostly in developing countries must deal with the multifaceted process of changing and implementing new national malaria treatment guidelines. This requires complex interactions between several sectors of the affected society which in some cases take place within the context of political instability. Moreover, the cost associated with preventing and containing the spread of antimalarial resistance is detrimental to economic progress. This review addresses the impact of artemisinin resistance on the socioeconomic structure of malaria endemic countries.
MILITARY LABOUR MOBILISATION IN COLONIAL LESOTHO DURING WORLD WAR II, 1940-1943  [cached]
Nombulelo Ntabeni
Scientia Militaria : South African Journal of Military Studies , 2011, DOI: 10.5787/36-2-51
Abstract: In 1940, Great Britain’s wartime exploitation of the human and material resources of its colonial empire was extended to colonial Lesotho (then known as Basutoland). The aim of this article, therefore, is to trace the four-year military labour mobilisation process in that colony, with special attention to the timing, number and procedures of the recruitment campaigns that were launched, the reasons for Basotho men’s willingness or resistance to enlist, and the overall implications for Lesotho of large-scale absenteeism of able-bodied men as migrant and military labour.
The Impacts of Bologna Process on European Higher Education Systems
Zafer ?EL?K
Yüksek??retim ve Bilim Dergisi , 2012,
Abstract: This study aims to examine the impact of Bologna Process on European higher education systems. It focuses on the influences of the main components of Bologna Process (i.e., implementing two-cycle system, increasing the student and academic staffs' mobility, European Credit Transfer System, quality assurance and qualification framework) on the transformation of higher education systems. Although Bologna Process is perceived as a move to increase the quality of higher education system in Turkey, there are very serious criticisms from academics, students, and businessmen to the Bologna Process in various European countries. This study claims that the Process did not achieve its goals, more importantly the main instruments of the Process (qualifications, quality assurance agency etc.) brought about hyper-bureaucratization, hierarchization and standardization of European higher education systems.
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