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Medical practice variation  [cached]
Nona Delia Chiriac,Marian Stamate
Management in Health , 2008,
Abstract: What means “medical practice variations”? What causes them and why are they important? To what are they related? Who is responsible? Could they be measured and limited? Should Romania start a practice variations assessment process? Why is it necessary and what is needed to have for it? The article answers to a part of these questions, raising many others
Autonomy and Intervention in Medical Practice  [PDF]
Jianli Song
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2018.83021
Abstract: Autonomy and intervention are two terms of Political philosophy, and they have always been essentially located polar opposites of each other. But in medical practice, it is problematic to stress alone that either side. We should get rid of abstract liberal individual right thinking and reconsider the relationship between the patients and the physicians in all kinds of real situations. Only if we truly worship and praise for the life, including more moral and humanistic concern in abstract right discourse, the more elastic the ethical decision model will be aroused in current medical practice.
Fifty-Year Fate and Impact of General Medical Journals  [PDF]
John P. A. Ioannidis,Lazaros Belbasis,Evangelos Evangelou
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012531
Abstract: Influential medical journals shape medical science and practice and their prestige is usually appraised by citation impact metrics, such as the journal impact factor. However, how permanent are medical journals and how stable is their impact over time?
The Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire: Assessing Faith Engagement in a Brief and Nondenominational Manner  [PDF]
Thomas G. Plante
Religions , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/rel1010003
Abstract: The Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire is a brief (10-item, or five-item short form version), reliable and valid self report measure assessing strength of religious faith and engagement suitable for use with multiple religious traditions, denominations, and perspectives. It has been used in medical, student, psychiatric, substance abuse, and among general populations nationally and internationally and among multiple cultures and languages. Brief non denominational self report measures of religious and faith engagement that have demonstrated reliability and validity are not common?but can have potential for?general utility in both clinical and research settings. This article provides an overview of the scale and current research findings regarding its use in both research and clinical practice.
Understanding the Ethical Theories in Medical Practice  [PDF]
Ahmed Bait Amer
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.92018
Abstract: It is important to understand the basic of the ethical theories and how to utilize them to deal with the ethical dilemma in the medical practice. This article presents a brief review of three of famous philosophical theories of ethics, which may enrich our understanding and guide our behaviour in medical practice. Conclusion: There is no fully adequate moral theory which can singly explain all ethical or moral dilemmas and none of them also can singly explain all ethical or moral dilemmas.
From Faith Healer to a Medical Doctor: Creating Biomedical Hegemony  [PDF]
Anwaar Mohyuddin, Mamonah Ambreen
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.42007
Abstract: The present research was conducted in Zandra village of Ziarat district in the province of Balochistan. Anthropological research techniques were used to collect empirical data. In this article, an effort has been made to understand the natives’ cultural beliefs and practices in health care sector. The main focus of this research was to understand the nature of development, internal and external factors responsible for the changes and the actual beneficiaries of the development. An effort has also been made to find out the health care systems working in the village which included both faith healing and allopathic medicines. Initially the natives were using traditional and spiritual healing systems, but now as their economic condition and literacy rate are increasing, they are more inclined towards the modern methods of treatment. During the last 3 decades, many changes have been witnessed. Awareness through media and shift from subsistence to market economy have increased the use of allopathic medicines due to the fact that the natives have started opting for secondary sources of income. Besides, researcher’s endeavor to explore the shift from traditional to modern healthcare and the disparity between natives’ health related beliefs and practices, the impact of which has been analyzed in light of world system theory at micro level.
Tattoos in the Medical Practice  [PDF]
Nelson Eduardo Alvarez Licona, María Luz Sevilla González, Ricardo Alvarez Sevilla
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2019.91006
Abstract: Since remote times, there have been records that have stated the practice of tattooing in many cultures. The techniques and tools used are related to the senses as well as the functions of social practices, hence the development of diseases is related to therapeutic practices. The purpose of this research is to identify the construct as the foundation of decision making which is related to the reality from the perspective of someone. Tattooing practice possesses a magical sense due to the symbols and the understanding of the body as a map whose functioning and representations have led humans to recur tattooing as a therapeutic resource. Moreover, tattooing practice is about an effect of decision making. This paper registers different techniques from the Western as well as some traditional cultures that use tattooing as a therapeutic resource.
Where is medical practice in India heading?  [cached]
Sunil K. Pandya
Mens Sana Monographs , 2006,
Abstract: Medical practice is based on teaching, learning and examples set by seniors. Past and present practices are briefly analysed. Current trends do not justify optimism. The poor patient is likely to be sidelined as doctors reach out to the rich and powerful in this country and those bringing in American dollars from abroad. While corrective steps are possible, it is unlikely that they will be implemented.
Medical physics practice in the next decade  [cached]
Paliwal Bhudatt
Journal of Medical Physics , 2006,
Abstract: Impressive advances in computers and materials science have fueled a broad-based confluence of basic science breakthroughs.These advances are making us reformulate our learning, teaching and credentialing methodologies and research and development frontiers. We are now in the age of molecular medicine. In the entire field of health care, a paradigm shift from population-based solutions to individual specific care is taking place. These trends are reshaping the practice of medical physics. In this short presentation, examples are given to illustrate developments in image-guided intensity-modulated and adaptive helical tomotherapy, enhanced application of intensity modulation radiotherapy (IMRT) using adaptive radiotherapy and conformal avoidance. These advances include improved normal tissue sparing and permit dose reconstruction and verification, thereby allowing significant biologically effective dose escalation and reduced radiation toxicity. The intrinsic capability of helical TomoTherapy for megavoltage CT imaging for IMRT image-guidance is also discussed. Finally developments in motion management are described.
The problem of theory and practice in the medical profession1  [cached]
Jacques R. Kriel,Pieter van Veuren
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1994, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v59i2.664
Abstract: Scientific knowledge is a symbolic system consisting of hypotheses, models and theories generated by means of a paradigm-mediated interaction between a scientific community and a research domain. Such a knowledge generating paradigm consists of already existing theories, as well as methodological and ontological beliefs or assumptions. In this article it is argued that the meaning ascribed to the central concepts of medical science(such as patient, disease, causality and therapy) are fundamentally determined by the 19th century logical positivist scientific paradigm. The ontological and methodological implications of the postmodern natural sciences (e.g. quantum physics) have not been applied to medical science. The 19th century ‘natural science paradigm’ therefore acts as a metatheory for both medical science and medical practice. However, the theoretical knowledge system generated by medical science acts as the theory for the practice of scientific clinical medicine which therefore functions with the same understanding of the central concepts such as patient, disease and disease causality, therapy etc. The limitations of this paradigmatic monism are illustrated by an analysis of the medical and societal response to the AIDS epidemic and it is concluded that medical science and practice, because of the complexity o f its research and practice domain, must accept in principle the possibility of paradigmatic pluralism (as in the social sciences) or should attempt to develop a holistic paradigm that will cope more adequately with its fields of research and practice.
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