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Parents' Involvement in Malaysian Autonomous Schools  [cached]
Aziah Ismail,Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2013,
Abstract: One of the fundamental aspects underlying the implementation of the autonomous schools in Malaysia is the School-Based Management (SBM) practices. Previous studies indicated that SBM is viewed as a means of incorporating the voices of parents, teachers and the community in the school management in a formal manner. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the level of parents’ involvement in Malaysian autonomous school activities as perceived by teachers. The data for the study was obtained using questionnaire from 60 autonomous schools in Malaysia. A set of questionnaire consisting 20 items using the 10 Likert scales were answered by 788 respondents (teachers of autonomous schools). The findings shows that parents are among the stakeholders of Malaysian autonomous schools who are involved in the process of school policy-making and their involvement is relatively high in all school activities, where they always provide moral and material support to the schools; showing concern towards their children’s learning process and school improvement in general; cooperating with schools to improve students’ discipline and; attending periodical parent-teacher meetings. Furthermore, the findings also show that there is a pattern of parents’ involvement in each activity according to varies categories and types of autonomous schools. While, the MANOVA analysis reveals that there is a significant differences among the autonomous schools in the level of parents’ involvement regardless of their types and categories. Thus, the findings verify that the parents’ involvement in autonomous school activities is in line with the tenet of SBM which highlights parents’ roles in improving the function of the school as crucial education provider.
Industrial Disputes in the Construction Sector  [cached]
L.J Perry
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building , 2012,
Abstract: The Cole Royal Commission enquiry into the building and construction (abbreviated to ‘construction’) sector recommended controversial workplace-relation reforms for that sector. The recommended changes are likely to be enshrined in legislation within the year. The Commission drew on analyses of industrial disputes that focused, in the main, on quite recent experience. This paper attempts to give a broader historical perspective on disputes in that sector by considering the pattern of disputes for the entire post-World War II period. Accordingly, data on disputes and employees during the entire period are gathered from Australian Bureau of Statistics current and archived sources. These data are classified according to sector (construction versus non-construction) and analysed. It is found that the strike rate has, on average, been greater in the construction sector than in the non-construction sector. However, there have been periods during which disputes in the construction sector have been relatively low. The most recent period was during the period of the Accord (1983-96), during which the strike rate in the construction sector fell relatively strongly. The analysis of this relatively broad historical period draws attention, among other things, to the possibility that the sort of strategies employed during the Accord years – strategies of cooperation and consensus building – may provide a more effective means of bringing industrial peace to the workplace relations scene of the construction sector than policies that are relatively confrontational.
A Comparative Analysis of the Brazilian Bioethanol Sector and the Malaysian Palm Biofuel Sector  [cached]
AhChoy Er
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n2p74
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to carry out a comparative analysis of the Brazilian bioethanol sector and the Malaysian palm biofuel sector. The major findings for the Brazilian experience are economic nationalism, mandatory policy with initial focus on the domestic market, a nationwide biofuel infrastructure, incentivized mill construction and the adoption of flex-fuel vehicles are the cornerstone of its success. Production factors like abundant sugar cane feedstock and evolving production technologies have made immense contribution. The Malaysian experience however differs from that of Brazil's. The miniscule domestic market, a lack of biofuel infrastructure on a nationwide basis and a small number of diesel passenger vehicles force the Malaysian biofuel producers to be reliant on the international market. The viability of palm biofuel is very much dependent on petroleum prices. If food value is higher than fuel value, palm oil would be diverted towards food production and vice versa.
Sports Involvement and Academic Achievement: A Study of Malaysian University Athletes  [cached]
Chun Cheng Chuan,Aminuddin Yusof,Parilah Mohd Shah
International Education Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v6n2p12
Abstract: Factors that influence the academic achievement of Malaysian university athletes were investigated using 156 field hockey players from several universities. The relationship between team subculture, parental influence, the learning environment, support systems, financial aid, training factors, academic assistance, socialization, and stress level and academic achievements of student athletes were examined using the Team Socialization Scale (Allen, 1997). There was a significant positive relationship between the learning environment and academic achievements of university athletes but a negative relationship was found between support system and academic achievements. Implications and suggestions on how to improve the academic achievement of athletes in Malaysian universities were discussed in the study.
Productivity Growth in the Medium Size Malaysian-industry Level: Primal and Dual Approaches  [cached]
Abdol Samad Nawi,Irwan Bin Ismail,Zainuddin Zakaria,Jannah Munirah Md Noor
Asian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v8n12p249
Abstract: This paper investigates the theoretical relationship between the primal and dual Total Factor Productivity (TFP) from the accounting measurement perspective and also assesses their accuracy in measuring unobserved TFP growth in the presence of market power (MP) and non constant returns to scale (NCRTS) in the case of the medium sized Malaysian industries. In support of this, this paper uses an empirical method to estimate TFP growth by using medium sized Malaysian manufacturing data at 5-digit SIC (Standard Industrial Classification) level. In order to achieve this objective, this paper first tests whether the sample of medium sized Malaysian industries have constant factor shares in total revenue. T-tests have been used to examine the hypothesis stating that factor shares in total revenue are constant over time. Finally, this paper compares the estimates of TFP growth to those of primal and dual TFP accounting measures.
Globalization of the Malaysian Manufacturing Sector: An Agenda for Social Protection Enhancement
Evelyn S. Devadason,Chan Wai Meng
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v1n1p86
Abstract: Globalization offers opportunities for workers to achieve higher levels of economic prosperity. Unfortunately, it also causes job insecurity for specific groups in certain sectors. This is particularly so in the Malaysian manufacturing sector which is actively fragmenting its production structure. There are prior concerns that some workers in certain labour-intensive segments of the production process will be displaced. The issue is whether the country’s current social protection systems are adequate to protect the disadvantaged. The paper first addresses the effects of one perspective of fragmentation on relative labour demand in Malaysian manufacturing. Subsequently, the relevant legislations and schemes enacted and implemented to protect workers are examined. The key conclusions of the study are first, unskilled workers are more likely to lose out from the international fragmentation of imports; and second, the existing social protection systems are inadequate to meet the needs of the unskilled workers.
The Exercise of Social Power and the Effect of Ethnicity: Evidence from Malaysian’s Industrial Companies  [cached]
Kim Lian Lee,Guan Tui Low
International Business Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v1n2p53
Abstract: The writers investigated the managerial power bases on work autonomy and supervisory satisfaction in Malaysian industrial environment. The effect of ethnicity was also explored. Data from 210 respondents from technical and non-technical staff of manufacturing companies indicated that supervision of industrial people were most acceptable through the practice of referent, expert and reward power. Among the power bases, reward power was most often exercised when high work autonomy was accorded. The work autonomy was found to be positively correlated with the satisfaction with supervision. Along the racial line, the Malays rated their superior more positively on the referent power base than Chinese, while the Chinese rated their superior as more coercive than did the Malays
Level of satisfaction and issues with procurement systems used in the Malaysian public sector  [cached]
Mastura Jaafar,Nurhidayah Mohd Radzi
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building , 2013,
Abstract: Since the declaration of Malaysian independence, the public sector has significantly contributed to the country’s development. In the 1990s, a new procurement system was developed due to CIBD various changes in the construction industry. Since that period, the poor quality of public sector projects has started to attract public attention. This paper describes a study that was conducted to identify the dominant public procurement systems in place, the problems associated with these systems, and the satisfaction level of the industry players in the Malaysian construction industry. The results were drawn from 84 survey responses and interviews with industry players. The public sector is using a traditional system inherited from the British, with an intention to adopt new procurement systems. Aside from the disputes that are present in most systems, the public sector seems to encounter particular problems in relation to capabilities, time, and cost of the major procurement systems used. Traditional work culture and the industry environment influence public sector practice, which accounts for the modifications of each procurement system used. Thus, the full advantages of using an alternative procurement system may not be realised in public sector organizations. This produces an average level of satisfaction gained from the procurement system adopted. As a developing country, Malaysia needs to exert significant efforts to improve the public procurement system.
Motivation Model for Employee Retention: Applicability to HRM Practices in Malaysian SME Sector  [cached]
Sakinah Mat Zin,Noorazlina Ahmad,Nazlin Emieza Binti Ngah,Rusnah Binti Ismail
Canadian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720120805.zr0194
Abstract: In the Vision 2020, Malaysian government aims at achieving a developed nation status by the year 2020. To realize the vision, the country needed the support and motivation from all Malaysians. Hence, human resource management (HRM) plays an important role for the said vision since it is a significant capital in the operation of an organization. For Malaysian entrepreneurial firms, it is crucial to retain their employees in order to achieve their ultimate goal i.e. maximizing profits. Such small, growthoriented firms are considered vulnerable to lose even one key employee because it may aggravate extensive consequences and, at the extreme, may imperil exertions to attain organizational objectives. Employee retention becomes a vital human capital objective for entrepreneurial companies which are seeking to grow and capture market share. Motivation is essential in leading the employees towards achieving organizational goals besides fostering the organizational commitment. Such organizational attachment and motivation has implications for whether an employee will opt for remaining with the organization or not. With HRM, the human resource (HR) model would regard humans as being inspired by an intricate collection of interconnected aspects, such as recognition, interpersonal relation, and desire for meaningful work. HR managers must endeavour to redesign the job to be more varied and decentralized in order to encourage sovereignty among employees. Therefore, motivation model is relevant to be employed in HRM practices for employee retention. This paper is primarily based on literature review. Extensive literature study is used to identify relevant information and references. This paper intends to elucidate one particular issue with regards to Malaysian SMEs which is employee retention and in more specifically, this study will aim to produce a model for employee retention conjoining it with organizational strategies, organizational culture and benefits factors. To attain this aim, the two-factor, or motivation-hygiene theory (Herzberg, 1968) was taken as the basic foundation. Key words: Motivation-hygiene; Vital human capital; Sovereignity; JEL Codes: C11, J12
Some development perspectives for industrial sector in Uzbekistan
Aktam Burkhanov
Perspectives of Innovations, Economics and Business , 2010,
Abstract: This paper discusses theoretical aspects of development strategies for industrial companies of Uzbekistan. The author concludes that support of the applied scientific researches and innovations by the government is the key factor in moving the industrial production of Uzbekistan on higher technological level.
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