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Islamisation de l’intérieur du Maghreb : les fuqaha’ et les communautés rurales Islamization of the interior of the Maghreb : the fuqahā’ and the rural communities  [cached]
élise Voguet
Revue des Mondes Musulmans et de la Méditerranée , 2012, DOI: 10.4000/remmm.6403
Abstract: L’étude de fatwas maghrébines des xive et xve siècles extraites des compilations d’al-Māzūnī et d’al-Wan arīsī révèle comment les juristes hiérarchisent les différents groupes ruraux qu’ils observent : au sein d’une communauté musulmane idéale qu’ils édifient, villageois, habitants des douars et ‘arab n’ont pas le même statut. Mais cette “construction” ne témoigne pas de la réalité de l’islamisation de la région. Les fatwas en revanche permettent d’entrevoir l’autonomie des groupes ruraux en ce qui concerne leur vie religieuse mais aussi l’éducation de leurs enfants et la gestion de leurs conflits. The study of some maghribi’s fatwas from the XIVth and XVth centuries compiled in al-Māzūnī and al-Wan arīsī collections reveals how the jurists prioritize the various rural groups they referred to : in an ideal Muslim community that they built, villagers, people of douars and ‘arab do not have the same status. But this “construction” does not provide evidence of the reality of the islamization of the region. Fatwas, however, offer the possibility to see the autonomy of rural groups regarding their religious life, the education of their children and the regulation of their conflicts.
La dette des pouvoirs publics  [cached]
Alain Trosch
Pyramides : Revue du Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Administration Publique , 2011,
Abstract: La dette des pouvoirs publics belges constitue depuis une trentaine d'années un élément permanent qui pèse lourdement sur la gestion politique. L'existence de cette dette imposante a justifié l'adoption de multiples décisions impopulaires et a expliqué les refus ou les reports, sans doute encore plus nombreux, de réformes jugées nécessaires ou utiles, par exemple en matière de recherche scientifique, d'enseignement et d'administration de la justice. On a même pu, dans certains cas, présenter ...
Studia austriaca VII (1999)  [cached]
Fausto Cercignani
Studia Austriaca , 2012, DOI: 10.6092/1593-2508/1965
Abstract: Studia austriaca VII (1999) - The Entire Volume
évolution ethnique et dialectes du Maghreb
Fatma Khelef,Redouane Kebièche
Synergies Monde Arabe , 2011,
Abstract: Cet article a pour objet principal de présenter les langues et les dialectes du Maghreb. Après un bref rappel de l’histoire de la langue arabe, sont exposées l’histoire et l’évolution du point de vue ethnique et linguistique des pays du Maghreb et ensuite la situation actuelle de la diversité et de la complexité des langues et dialectes dans cette région, tout particulièrement en l’Algérie.
Markets in Maghreb central during Zayani era  [cached]
Khaled Belarbi
Historical Kan Periodical , 2009,
Abstract: (633–962 ) .
Structure of the Judiciary in Maghreb Central during Zayani era  [cached]
Khaled Belarbi
Historical Kan Periodical , 2011,
Abstract: . " " " " " " ( 791 /1389 ) " : " ". 633 /1235 962 /1554 .
Seismic hazard assessment in the Ibero-Maghreb region  [cached]
M. J. Jiménez,M. García-Fernández
Annals of Geophysics , 1999, DOI: 10.4401/ag-3774
Abstract: The contribution of the Ibero-Maghreb region to the global GSHAP map has been the result of a fruitful cooperation among the participants in the established Working Group including representatives from Algeria, Morocco, Portugal, Spain and Tunisia and coordinated by ICTJA-CSIC, Spain. For the first time, a map of regional seismic source zones is presented, and agreement on a common procedure for hazard computation in the region has been achieved. The computed Ibero-Maghreb seismic hazard map constitutes the first step towards a uniform hazard assessment for the region. Further joint regional efforts are still needed for earthquake hazard studies based on a homogeneous regional earthquake catalogue. Ongoing initiatives in relation to seismic hazard assessment in the Mediterranean should profit both from these results and the established cooperation among different groups in the region as well as contribute to future regional studies.
Trust and stability in relations between the European Union and the Maghreb
Henri Burgelin
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2002,
Abstract: Starting out from the assumption that the Euro-Mediterranean “solidarity” coming out of the Barcelona Declaration of 1995 has played an important role in minimising the effects of September 11 on subsequent events in the Western Mediterranean, the author analyses the Barcelona Process—particularly with respect to Euro-Maghreb relations— and asserts that it needs to be strengthened. Emphasis is on the development of, errors in and the outlook for the three baskets of this process: the political and security basket; the economic basket; and the social, cultural and humanitarian affairs basket.
The Social Cooperation between the European Community and the Countries of the Maghreb
Miquel Palomares Amat
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2000,
Abstract: The objects of this study are the social regulations contained in the accords between the European Communities and the countries of the Maghreb (Algeria, Tunisia, and Morocco –according to the conception of community). The social regulations contained in these cooperation accords, concluded in 1976, have as their aim the granting of certainrights to the nationals of the Maghreb States who find themselves exercising legal and salaried activities within the labor markets of the EU member States. The new Euro- Mediterranean association accords limit themselves to addressing what could be considered as the existent “social heritage”, stemming from both the regulations contained therein and, especially, through their extensive interpretation by the Courts: -no discrimination of nationality in the conditions of work, remuneration and dismissal, as well as in matters of social security; -total coverage for the periods of insurance, employment and residence; -free transference of pensions and retirement income, death inheritances, etc. The new Euro-Mediterranean association accords deposit in the hands of organscreated therein all things necessary to develop these regulations. But as a first assessment, of general character and bearing in mind the objectives of the designated Euro- Mediterranean Association, one thing is certain: the regulations in these new accords do not respond to the declarations that social and cultural cooperation would constitute one of the fundamental dimensions of this initiative.
Injustices sociales et contestations politiques au Maghreb (Social Injustice and Political Protests in the Maghreb)  [cached]
Luis Martinez
Ceriscope , 2012,
Abstract: Les révoltes qui secouent le monde arabe depuis la fin 2010 illustrent le sentiment d'injustice au sein des sociétés de cette partie du monde. Alors que leur population a triplé lors du dernier demi siècle, les pays du Maghreb, pétroliers ou non, ont été incapables de produire un système politique susceptible de prendre en charge les doléances sociales. Avec la fermeture des frontières, l'émigration ne peut plus remplir sa fonction d'exutoire, aussi les plus jeunes - dipl més ou non - sont contraints pour améliorer leur sort de prendre la parole et de dénoncer la concentration des richesses au profit d'une minorité, la corruption et la précarité dans laquelle ils se trouvent. La question sociale constitue au Maghreb un enjeu politique fondamental et la victoire des partis islamistes confirme le besoin, dans la région, d'une plus grande attention aux doléances sociales.(The revolts that have shaken the Arab world since the end of 2010 exemplify the sense of injustice felt in these societies. As the population has tripled over the past half century the countries of the Maghreb, whether oil rich or not, have been unable to establish a political system capable of responding to social grievances. As borders have closed, emigration can no longer serve as an outlet for the discontent. The only means left to the young—educated or not—for improving their situation is to denounce corruption, the concentration of wealth and their own economic insecurity. In the Maghreb social questions are a fundamental political challenge and the victory of Islamist parties confirms the necessity of giving greater attention to social grievances).
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