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Foundations of Byzantine late middle ages architecture thoughtfulness
Milo?evi? Predrag
Facta Universitatis Series : Architecture and Civil Engineering , 2003, DOI: 10.2298/fuace0305395m
Abstract: Only in the recent few years have a number of facsimile publications on architecture offered a possibility of studying the original texts from different time periods. Those, already rare studies on the theory of architecture in the western civilization, almost regularly completely omit the Byzantine achievements in the so-called entirety of thoughtfulness (enkyklios paideia), that was a main characteristic of Byzantine learning. This learning, based on the ancient Greek and Hellenistic foundations, in many ways concern architecture, especially the architectural theory. That is why writing a good account of the architectural theory of this, historically such an important country as Byzantium, in such a long historical period (since 312 till 1453), has been a difficult task (this contribution is just the initial part of the study). One should not be disregarded that the architectural theories are never completely independent of historical geographical or even personal prejudices of their authors. In this sense, a subject matter of this treatise is just one 1141 year long part of the architectural theory of the West (West - in civilizational terms, not a political West), the part that rests on Christian foundations that is the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant ones, mainly. It is all treated in order, from ancient pagan Greece and Rome, ancient and Middle Ages Orthodox Byzantium, until Middle Ages and New Age Europe, altogether, Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant Europe, and then those parts of the world in which the said civilizational circle managed to take root in: parts of Asia, North and South America, parts of Africa and Australia.
Historical Perception of Architecture and Cultural History Approach  [PDF]
Azin Ehteshami
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2018.62008
Abstract: The experts and specialists in the field of architecture have had different viewpoints and approaches in defining the concepts of “history” and “the history of architecture”, all through the compiled history of architecture. Analysis of these viewpoints that are sometimes in contrast and sometimes similar to each other brings forward some questions in the minds of the addressees in the field of history of architecture regarding whether or not there is a comprehensive approach or definition about the history of architecture among the existing approaches! And, in case of a positive response, what are the approaches and what can be their specification? The present article, which is a qualitative study with descriptive-analytical approach, is organized with the aim and motivation to respond to the above questions, and it is done by collecting, interpretation, and analyzing the required data. This study has three main parts, the first of which deals with the redefinition of the concept of “history”, the advantages and applications of the history. The second part analyzes the concept of “history of architecture” and searching in the most important viewpoints about that concept; according to these analyses, “the approach towards the cultural history” is introduced and determined as the most comprehensive approach in defining the history of architecture. The third part, which is indeed the complementary part of the descriptions in the second part, is allocated to the explanation of the components of architectural historical perception based on the cultural historical theory, clarifying that the cultural historical approach is the approach that represents “architectural historical perception” as the comprehensive perception of architecture and its history.
The Vienna School of Art History and (Viennese) Modern Architecture  [PDF]
Jind?ich Vybíral
Journal of Art Historiography , 2009,
Abstract: The essay investigates the way Strzygowski, Dvo ák and Tietze interpreted contemporary architecture, and also traces the basic premises of the Vienna School in their views. Viennese art historians, namely Dvo ák and Tietze, shared a critical attitude toward historicism and eclecticism of he 19th century with their contemporaries. They regarded Otto Wagner as the most influential architect of the generation of 1900, but at the same time, they protested his belief that architectural form could be based solely on constructional reason and utility. They defined the notion that art emerges first from nonmaterial ideals. In opposition against architectural realism, based on the characteristics of technological society, they hold that architecture should be a product of imaginative subjectivity. Unlike advocates of empirical utilitarianism, finding their voice at the time, they stressed on importance of cultivating artistic tradition.
Children and the History of Architecture
—(A Reflecting Consideration towards the Quality of Children’s Familiarity with the Instructions of the History of Architecture)

Azin Ehteshami
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.99096
Abstract: The present article is an introduction on identifying the quality of children’s confrontation with the history of architecture, in which is planned to respond to the question regarding the type of knowledge in the field of the history of architecture that children can learn. Thus, the viewpoints of the scholars in the field of child growth have primarily been dealt with regards to the mental ability of children in learning various subjects. By analyzing the viewpoints for different ages of the children, it has been tried to identify and extract the capacities that are related to the instructions of the architectural history. Thus, 11 cases of the related capabilities are introduced in this paper. The compatibility of each capacity with the perception of the history of architecture for the children is discussed for each case. Moreover, the other considered point for each section is the use of each one of the capacities for the children or the community.
Yvisson Gomes
Psicanálise e Barroco em Revista , 2010,
Abstract: The present article it is about the feminine in the psychoanalysis vision with mythological illustrations. Makes part of that itinerary the desire and the body as metaphorical clothing of the woman’s psyche that takes communion of the not-full enjoyment, of the sexuality and of the language that goes by the road of the mythical symbols to explaining your essenceality in becoming.
Antariksa Antariksa
Dimensi : Journal of Architecture and Built Environment , 2000,
Abstract: In the middle of the 14th century, the Five Temples or Five Mountains (Gozan) of Rinzai Zen sect were developed rapidly in the city of Ky to. The ranking system of officially sponsored by Zen Buddhist monasteries were created by the Kamakura and Muromachi government. The Gozan system originally included three monasteries in Ky to and three in Kamakura, but immediately spread to five monasteries in several cities. While the two great monasteries, are not members of the Gozan group, which belonged to the Rinka group of Rinzai Zen sect temples. The system, which corresponds to a Chinese hierarchical model, was established in Japan during the Kamakura period. The purpose of this study is to attempt to clarify the history and architecture of Rinzai Zen sect Buddhist monastery. The central functioning building of the Zen Buddhist monastery reflects the repetition, consistency, persistence, and order of the monastic ritual.
Architecture of an Antagonistic Tree/Fungus Network: The Asymmetric Influence of Past Evolutionary History  [PDF]
Corinne Vacher, Dominique Piou, Marie-Laure Desprez-Loustau
PLOS ONE , 2008, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001740
Abstract: Background Compartmentalization and nestedness are common patterns in ecological networks. The aim of this study was to elucidate some of the processes shaping these patterns in a well resolved network of host/pathogen interactions. Methology/Principal Findings Based on a long-term (1972–2005) survey of forest health at the regional scale (all French forests; 15 million ha), we uncovered an almost fully connected network of 51 tree taxa and 157 parasitic fungal species. Our analyses revealed that the compartmentalization of the network maps out the ancient evolutionary history of seed plants, but not the ancient evolutionary history of fungal species. The very early divergence of the major fungal phyla may account for this asymmetric influence of past evolutionary history. Unlike compartmentalization, nestedness did not reflect any consistent phylogenetic signal. Instead, it seemed to reflect the ecological features of the current species, such as the relative abundance of tree species and the life-history strategies of fungal pathogens. We discussed how the evolution of host range in fungal species may account for the observed nested patterns. Conclusion/Significance Overall, our analyses emphasized how the current complexity of ecological networks results from the diversification of the species and their interactions over evolutionary times. They confirmed that the current architecture of ecological networks is not only dependant on recent ecological processes.
Engaging Conversationally: A Method for Engaging Students in Their Learning and Examining Instruction  [PDF]
Michael Kiener
InSight : A Journal of Scholarly Teaching , 2008,
Abstract: Under the principles of the scholarship of teaching and learning and action research this study sought to examine how an instructor created and facilitated engagement in his students. The research was primarily undertaken to further define the middle range theory of mutual engagement. Theoretical sampling was used to analyze approximately 100 pieces of data that included instructor notes, teaching observations, feedback from conference presentations, student assessments, and end of semester student evaluations. Engaging conversationally (EC) emerged as the phenomenon that described the instructor’s engagement in the learning process. EC was an ongoing cyclical pattern of inquiry that included preparing, reflecting and modeling. Interconnected in the pattern of inquiry were personality traits, counselor education, and teaching philosophy.
Л.?. Петухова
Information Technologies and Learning Tools , 2011,
Abstract: The urgency of the material, presented in the article, is caused by the need for the implementation of the triple-subject didactic model of a modern teacher training and formation of informatical competences of the future teachers of primary education. WEB-multimedia encyclopedia “History of pedagogy” (http://webhp.ksu.ks.ua) assigns an ideology of the new educational instruments and it is capable not only to provide with the course mastering on a high level, but also to update the content of training course constantly (due to creation and use of new components), it is essential to intensify the process of knowledge, and also to support the individual trajectory of training. Актуальн сть матер алу, викладеного у статт , обумовлена необх дн стю мплементац трисуб’ ктно дидактично модел п дготовки сучасного педагога та формування нформатичних компетентностей у майбутн х вчител в молодшо школи. WEB-мультимед а енциклопед я стор я педагог ки (http://webhp.ksu.ks.ua) зада деолог ю нового нструментар ю навчання здатна не т льки забезпечити засво ння курсу на високому р вн , але й пост йно оновлювати зм ст навчального предмета (за рахунок створення використання нових компонент в), стотно нтенсиф кувати процес п знання, а також п дтримати ндив дуальну тра ктор ю навчання.
A Research on Undergraduate Architecture Teaching Approach Based on Integration of Architectural Design and Architectural History Teaching  [PDF]
Wei Li
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.912135
Abstract: Undergraduate Architecture Education comprises these two major aspects: architectural design teaching and architectural history teaching. Due to different philosophies on curriculum, teaching methods, architectural design teaching and architectural history teaching have been long separated, which led to a disjunction between theory and practice, authentic project and scientific research. Under such circumstances, a new teaching approach based on integration and system optimization of architectural design and architectural history is highly demanded, which is of great significance to teaching. The practice of Architecture Undergraduate Program in Huizhou University signifies an innovative path for teaching research and reform. All steps are organized in a systematic way and the mission that we commit to nurturing graduates with application and innovation is fulfilled.
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