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CONTEMPORARY U.S. FEDERALISM: COERCIVE CHANGE WITH COOPERATIVE CONTINUITY  [PDF]
John Kincaid
Revista d'Estudis Autonòmics i Federals , 2008,
Abstract: Contemporary U.S. federalism is a complex mixture of coercive, cooperative,and dual elements. Constitutionally and politically, the federal system hasbecome coercive because there has been a vast expansion of federal-governmentpower over the states since the 1960s. This coercion involves, amongother things, increased regulations attached to federal grants-in-aid, mandatesimposed on the states, and federal preemptions of state powers. Neitherthe U.S. Senate nor the Supreme Court or the president serves as a protectorof state powers today. Administratively, however, intergovernmentalrelations between the federal, state, and local governments remain highlycooperative. State and local officials implement and comply with federalgovernmentpolicies and occasionally obtain concessions and adjustmentsin implementation from federal officials. At the same time, the states stillretain considerable residual powers, which, along with their substantial fiscalcapacities, allow them to engage in independent and innovative policymakingin a large number of policy fields. State policy activism in suchfields as consumer protection, criminal justice, environmental protection,health care, and worker rights has, in part, been a reaction against coercivefederalism and, in turn, has often highlighted weaknesses in comparablefederal-government policies.
Just war in the age of terror  [PDF]
Enric Ibarz Pascual
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 2008,
Abstract: International terrorism and the “war on terror” have led to the advent of a climate of extreme conflict in the international sphere. Humanitarian law and war conventions, the author claims, have been made obsolete as a result of which the need for security is imposedon legality, at the same time as a generalised militaristic discourse which accentuates the “moral polarity” of the two parties in conflict. This article analyses terrorism and the war against samethrough one single framework of ethical reflection (the theory of “just war”), with the aim of outlining impartial definitions, assessing them in terms of justice and proposing global (thoughnot exclusively military) strategies against terrorism. Furthermore, the article warns of the risk of the erosion of democracy that is brought about by prioritising security over freedom and human rights –as the “war on terror” has clearly demonstrated. Finally, by considering terrorism as a problem of distribution of political resources, the study ends with a reflection on the international order and the conflicts that result from same.
The Crime-Terror Nexus: Transformation, Alliance, Convergence  [cached]
Peng Wang
Asian Social Science , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v6n6p11
Abstract: The crime-terror nexus includes two independent, but related, components. First, it incorporates the straightforward involvement in criminal activities by terrorists as a source of funding, and second, it refers to the linkages between organized criminal organizations and terrorist groups. Indeed, the criminal and political organizations appear to be learning from each other, adopting each other’s tactics and strategies and frequently partner with one another. The crime-terror nexus is directly challenging the security of U.S. and other nations, thus having an in-depth understanding of the crime-terror nexus is the first step toward problem solving.
"Times of Terror: Discourse, Temporality and the War on Terror", de Lee Jarvis  [cached]
Aureo de Toledo Gomes
Meridiano 47 : Boletim de Análise de Conjuntura em Rela??es Internacionais , 2011,
Abstract: Resenha do livro "Times of Terror: Discourse, Temporality and the War on Terror", de Lee Jarvis
Review: Liberty in the Age of Terror  [cached]
Thomas Teun Meijer
Amsterdam Law Forum , 2009,
Abstract: A.C. Grayling: Liberty in the age of Terror: a Defence of Civil Liberties and Enlightenment Values Bloomsbury 2009 285 pages
Global war on terrorism and prosecution of terror suspects: Select cases and implications for International Law, politics, and security  [cached]
Srinivasan Sitaraman
Amsterdam Law Forum , 2012,
Abstract: The focus of this article is on the methods employed to confront terror suspects and terror facilitators. The objective is to raise questions about the policies that the United States have adopted in conducting the war on terrorism and study its implications for international law and security. It is to examine whether the overzealousness in the execution of this war on terror has generated some unintended consequences for international law and complicated the global judicial architecture in ways that are not conducive to the democratic propagation of human rights
The “War on Terror” and the Principle of Distinction in International Humanitarian La  [cached]
No?lle Quénivet
ACDI : Anuario Colombiano de Derecho Internacional , 2010,
Abstract: New security threats, which have surfaced in the past few years, areseriously jeopardizing the relevance and implementation of internationalhumanitarian law. This paper investigates the impact of the war on terror on the principle of distinction in international humanitarian law, examiningin particular whether the practices of some States, notably the US, have led to the emergence of new rules in relation to the principle of distinction. For this it looks at the principle from two separate, yet correlated, perspectives: a targeting and a detention perspective.
Ugly Face of Terror  [PDF]
Debidatta Aurobinda Mahapatra
Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The first decade of the 21st century has witnessedhorrendous incidents of terror. While its beginning witnessedthe attack on the twin trade towers in New York, towards itsend another horrible attack occurred in the Indiancommercial centre Mumbai. The attack further reinforcedthat terrorism has no religion, terrorists are not humans,and the terror acts surpass human comprehension. Thebarbaric terror attack in Mumbai in November 2008 killedabout 200 people including women, children and patients.Many foreign nationals including citizens of the US, UK andIsrael too were killed and many others were injured. In asense, the incident not only fortified the global nature ofterrorism but also brought into stark picture the barbarityand the degradation of human mind at its peak.
WAR ON TERROR(ISM) – OR DIALOGUE?  [PDF]
Vidar VABHEIM
Bezbednosni Dijalozi , 2011,
Abstract: The article discusses dialogue as an alternative to the “war on terror”, by posing a question which kind of dialogue is useful in the context of asymmetric conflict, such as the “war on terrorism” that currently dominates on the global scene. Taking into account thatthe “war on terror” is far from being a success, two models of communication are presented: 1) dialogue or negotiations between high-ranking political and military officers; and 2) open meetings and symmetric dialogues between all stakeholders in a conflict, includingextremists.The effects of these two models are discussed in elucidation of three empirical examples of asymmetric conflict: Northern Ireland, Iraq after the US invasion in 2003 andthe US/West vs. Taliban/Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan/Pakistan. The article argues that in the two former cases, mediation and negotiations probably preceded the change of attitude among the belligerents, especially those of the rebel groups using terror tactics. However,in the third case, there is hardly any indication that Jihadists will participate in a genuine dialogue. Consequently, a revised or third model of dialogue has to take the following question into consideration: Can genuine dialogue take place between people who arewidely different not only in terms of power and relation to the conflict, but also in attitude towards dialogue itself? The paper presents a third model for dialogue that embeds symmetric dialogues in a wider structure of dispute and dialogue.
Regarding Terror: On Art and Politics
Jolanta Nowak
EMAJ : Electronic Melbourne Art Journal , 2008,
Abstract: ‘Regarding Terror: The RAF Exhibition’, held in Berlin in 2005, presented art works and documents dealing with the Red Army Faction (or Baader-Meinhof Group), a left-wing terrorist association active in Germany from the late 1960s until well after the controversial deaths of key members of the group in 1977. For some, the initial plans for the exhibition threatened to turn the RAF into heroes at the expense of any acknowledgement of the RAF’s victims. As a result, the government withdrew its funding, the exhibition was reconceptualised, and it was decided to present the material in as unbiased way as possible. The controversy and discussion surrounding ‘Regarding Terror’ exposes some critical issues regarding art’s relationship with politics. It is argued in this article that while individual art works and curatorial decisions influence our responses to political issues, shortcomings exist in the way the relationship between art and its subject matter is implicitly understood. These issues are explored by investigating the extent to which the fears about the exhibition and the debate surrounding it are indicative of a need to rethink the relationship between art and politics in the light of considerations of the implications of art’s autonomy and of art’s relationship with reality. Such a rethinking would bring into focus the nature of art’s responsibility to politics
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